3
votes
0answers
12 views

What is the most comprehensive model of executive control?

Wikipedia has a nice summary of the various models of executive function, but what is the most comprehensive one? That is, the one that accounts for the most cognitive variations among subjects and ...
3
votes
0answers
16 views

Effectiveness of implicit measures of deception (e.g., sweating, eye focus, EEG) when filling out online questionnaire

I'm working in my master thesis on a method of detecting user deception or lying when answering online questionnaires using his implicit feedback like sweating, eye focus, EEG etc. I would like if ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

What are the practical uses of ontologies?

I have read many papers and books about ontologies and I am trying to figure out that how they are used in a real project? For example how the ontology for a soccer player robot can be defined and ...
3
votes
0answers
21 views

How does conscious rational internal thought gets initiated - what gives rise to it on any given day?

I'm reading a book called "The power of now" by Ekhart Tolle, and in that book he suggests that internal dialogue/monologue/planning/judging can be first observed, then disidentified with and ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

How effective are online providers of paid participants for psychological experiments?

I'm looking for places to recruit participants for online experiments, and in particular, for experiments using Inquisit Web. My lab used to recruit participants through M-Turk but that's no longer an ...
3
votes
0answers
12 views

Is there a criteria in the design of a cognitive control task (Flanker task with letters H and S)?

In this task, there are 4 trial types : congruent (HHHHHHH, SSSSSSS), incongruent (SSSHSSS, HHHSHHH). In order to collect enough ERN (error-related negativity), a component elicited after an error, ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Why is it so difficult to recall dreams?

You see a dream and wake up during or after it and you remember the dream. Why is it so difficult to remember the dream in the morning, unless you write it down directly when woke up in the night?
3
votes
0answers
30 views

Confirmation vs peak-end bias - when does it make sense to “save the best for last”?

This question is inspired by Should I give the interviewers surprise? on Academia.SE. The strategy of "save the best for last" seems to be affected in conflicting ways by two cognitive biases: ...
3
votes
0answers
20 views

Is it sufficient to say self control eliciting the reduced ERN (error-related negativity) in cognitive control tasks?

The limited resource model of self control suggests that the exertion of self control can impair performance in subsequent cognitive control tasks (for details on the model, check this question. Most ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views

Can long-term antidepressant use reduce memory and emotion?

Can long-term (~3-4 years) antidepressant use reduce memory and emotion?
3
votes
0answers
30 views

Research on gift structure and satisfaction: one large gift or two small ones?

I'm familiar with some research into the subject of gift giving, for example Dan Ariely suggests that giving cash is less effective than buying somebody something. Other studies show that money spent ...
3
votes
0answers
34 views

How do mammals explore state spaces in reinforcement learning tasks?

Reinforcement learning is the act of learning how to preform a task given punishment and reward. A "state-space" is the space of choices in a context. When performing a reinforcement learning task, is ...
3
votes
0answers
19 views

What neurophysiological mechanisms are typically associated with distraction?

I've been looking into focus aids and I've come across some music which markets itself as entertaining your "limbic system". Although it's been asked before how music can affect mental states, I'm ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

Objective differences between extroverts and introverts

What are the empirical, measurable, objective differences between extroverts and introverts? I'm not interested in self-report studies, only objective measurements.
3
votes
0answers
31 views

Are there parts of the brain which don't change over a lifetime?

We know that during our lifetime the brain develops new neural connections and also there is pruning of neural connections. These phenomena together are called neuroplasticity. Is there any research ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

What are other methods to induce ego depletion besides using emotional videos and thought suppression?

Muraven and Baumeister (2000) proposed that self-control is a limited resource akin to strength or a muscle, to deplete this limited resource leads to subsequent self-regulatory failure. Ego ...
3
votes
0answers
20 views

Comparative functional neuroanatomy: humans & octopodes

Cephalopod brains are toroidal (high surface area to volume ratios!), with the esophagus passing through the, uh, donut hole; octopodes are very intelligent, particularly spatially. Where can I find ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Is the VALS framework still relevant to market segmentation?

The VALS framework stands for ("Values, Attitudes And Lifestyles") [and] is a proprietary research methodology used for psychographic market segmentation. Is VALS still relevant, outdated or ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

What are the meanings of the word 'gender'?

Gender is often loosely described as the psychological parallel of sex. But this is more like a simile than a description. When you look for a more complete description results vary. It is sometimes ...
3
votes
0answers
58 views

What makes you feel smarter after sprinting? [closed]

Background: Every time I sprint, I feel smarter the day after. Why would someone feel smarter after they have been sprinting?
3
votes
0answers
35 views

How does diet affect OCD?

Background: I have read that caffeine is not a good drink for sufferers of anxiety disorders. This is common sense given that it may increase agitation. I noticed when I started a low carb diet that ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

The accuracy & malleability of memory for color

How accurate is colour memory for the standard person? It would seem most people are quite good at remembering the colour of objects by visualising the object. But in some cases peoples visualisation ...
3
votes
0answers
33 views

Age of learning versus relative mastery - are they linked?

Infants learn different things in different ages. Let's say infant A learns to speak at age 1 (I have no idea what is normal), and infant B learn to speak at age 1.5. Does the age of learning say ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views

What neurotransmitters can be suppressed/promoted by tDCS

Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) has been shown to modify suppression in the visual cortex and GABA suppression in motor control. As of now, the exact neurobiological mechanism that ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

Do more creative people have more unusual dreams?

Title says it all: Do more creative people have more unusual dreams?
3
votes
0answers
38 views

Dependancy EEG signals from regions of the brain

When we record an EEG signals , we apply an ICA on it , this algorithm assumes that the sources of signals are independent , could I assume that each region in the brain work independently , i.e the ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Why is it so problematic to read in a dream?

Many activities are possible in dreams, but reading (and related tasks) is not one of them. In an dream with awareness, trying to read a label or enter a phone number can be very frustrating and can ...
3
votes
0answers
58 views

Influence of antidepressant drugs upon personality

How do antidepressant drugs influence someone's personality? Do they induce a major change in an individual's personality, or do they just negate the influence of depression? Basically, is the ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

How does neurotransmitter distribution and usage vary thought the brain?

I understand that neurotransmitters are used to send signals between neurons in the brain and that some are used for rather specific functions. However, is the exact ...
3
votes
0answers
106 views

How to work on a research problem while sleeping?

Put it more formally, how to let your mind subconsciously work on a research problem when you are not actively thinking about it, e.g., during sleep, dinner, walking, or shower? Often I hear stories ...
3
votes
0answers
17 views

What's the difference between divisive and soft normalization?

I know that recursive neural integrators (let me know if I need to clarify this term) can be considers soft normalizers, since their feedback loop means that any stimulus eventually saturates the ...
3
votes
0answers
19 views

What's the relation between BCM and Oja's learning rule?

A software I'm using has implemented two unsupervised learning algorithms, Oja's and Bienenstock, Cooper, Munro's (BCM) learning rule. I understand that they are two very different algorithms for ...
3
votes
0answers
34 views

The role of Anticipation in acquisition, consolidation, retrieval of memory

I was wondering if there is any neurological/neuropsychological difference between the anticipation of an event to come, and the remembrance of that event. More specifically, is there any difference ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Does the brain burn more calories when “thinking quickly”?

If a person intentionally "thinks quickly" would this affect how much glucose the brain consumes? Or would it not be very significant?
3
votes
0answers
28 views

Is the mind's adaptation to increased traveling speeds, physical or psychological?

When a motor vehicle increases in speed, we soon adjust to the faster pace of movement; seemingly by processing incoming information faster. Is this purely psychological, with the brain "dropping" ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

Neuropharmacology and Simulation [closed]

I've been wondering whether neural simulations have had applications in (cognitive)neuropharmacological research already. One always reads about the promise of the technology in helping us cure ...
3
votes
0answers
70 views

Tendency to see novelty in mundane and trivial statements

There exists a psychological phenomenon whereupon a person may encounter a rather trivial or mundane statement or thought, but would not recognize it as such; instead a person would experience a sense ...
3
votes
0answers
32 views

Frequency estimation in binary prediction task

In a binary prediction task, people often match choice probabilities to outcome probabilities (a phenomenon known as probability matching). However, under certain circumstances (eg, existence of a ...
3
votes
0answers
130 views

What causes post-masturbation guilt? [closed]

Is there a study regarding guilt complex associated with masturbation? I am interested to what it can be traced down to. I wonder what actually happens in the brain before, during, and after the ...
3
votes
0answers
24 views

What is the effect of income on an adolescent's reward response to monetary vs. social reward?

I am asking a question related to adolescents and their response to either monetary or social reward. What is the effect of income levels on monetary vs. social reward? Do higher income children ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

What is the most common form of delusional misidentification?

The delusional misidentification syndrome (DMS) is a condition in which a patient consistently misidentifies persons, places, objects, or events. Broome (2004) affirms that: The most common form ...
3
votes
0answers
31 views

Research connecting reflection/introspection in computing and metacognition [closed]

I would like to know if the notion of reflection/introspection in computing has prompted research in other fields other than computer science, e.g cognitive sciences. In particular, I would love to ...
3
votes
0answers
35 views

Cognitive (neuro)science and related mailing lists

I am looking for cognitive neuroscience (and related) mailing lists. For some time I have been subscribed to Visionlist and found it to be a tremendous source of information about conferences, PhD and ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

What is a good general reference on cognitive science in military training?

I know that one of the application of cognitive science is military science. Unfortunately I haven't found a good source on how cognitive science could benefit military training. Is there any ...
3
votes
0answers
94 views

What causes people to rapidly lose skill after becoming moderately good at something?

I've noticed that people often manage to become moderately good at something, but seem to reach some sort of peak at that level and then rapidly start getting worse again. I've seen this happen with ...
3
votes
0answers
32 views

What is the source for the W3C's Contrast Ratio formula?

The Word Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has a formula for the contrast ratio of any two arbitrary colors, which they use to set minimum standards for text legibility: ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

Why does clickbait use numbers?

Around the Internet, especially in social media, we see examples of hyperlinks in a common format that has been cynically dubbed "click bait" or "link bait". The idea is that authors publish these ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

Does limiting mental activity during the day increase mental performance later in the day?

Is there any scientific evidence to support the idea that you only have so much cognitive energy in a given day; and if so, would the mental abilities of someone who focuses on as little as possible ...
3
votes
0answers
60 views

What brain regions are activated when a dream is remembered?

Some people remember dreams, others don't. The same person can wake up with dream recall one day and without on other days. I know that the association between REM sleep and dreaming was initially ...
3
votes
0answers
56 views

Evidence for a 2-component framework of visual attention distribution

As part of my bachelor thesis on eyetracking-based gaze guidance, I've done quite a bit of reading (again) on visual attention and visual attention distribution. What caught my attention (haha) ...

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