2
votes
1answer
94 views

At what age do children typically reach adult reading speed?

A kid who just started to read puts a lot of effort in processing sentences. These efforts will decrease as he/she gets older and, at some point (around 12, 15?), will read as fast as an adult. Is ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

How does ethnic identity contribute to a person's self esteem

The process of ethnic identity development is similar to the process of identity development in general. Often the precipitating event involves an experience during which the individual encounters ...
2
votes
1answer
477 views

Why does sensory deprivation cause hallucinations?

John C. Lilly performed the seminal experiment about sensory deprivation. The author isolated people in a sensory deprivation tank and they reported having experienced hallucinations. Richard ...
2
votes
2answers
122 views

What experiment can be devised to find out whether I am awake or in sleep

As he saw; he could see a packed court and his ministers coming up to him for advice and then he felt his eyelids shutting down...We he opened them he found sitting at a street corner asking for ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Why do humans enjoy works of fiction?

Why humans (most of them, and certainly all those around me) enjoy fictional stories in one form or the other - novels, films, theater performances? The starting assumption is that there must be an ...
2
votes
2answers
130 views

Why do soldiers seldom “fight to the death” even if they are going to be killed anyway?

At the siege of Masada, a group of heavily outnumbered Jewish soldiers elected to commit suicide en masse, rather than to be captured by the besieging Romans, who would probably have committed them to ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Do graphemes relate to communication and thought disorders?

The question Does language and/or culture affect an individual's cognitive capacity? explores the possibility of differences in cognition based on language and cultural variations. In this question ...
2
votes
1answer
255 views

Can motivation for sex be transformed into productive motivation?

Sex seems to be a fundamental drive. To satisfy sexual desire, a person will often masturbate or have sex. What happens if a person abstains from anything sexual? Can this drive be "transferred" ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

How do people develop abstract thought processes?

By abstract thinking, I am referring to not only notions of self and identity, but also aspects that can not be directly observed and 'thinking outside of the box'. Essentially, from my own ...
2
votes
1answer
336 views

How does personality moderate or mediate the relationship between stress and burnout?

My research is on work related stress and burnout amongst healthcare professionals and the role that personality play in either reducing or increasing levels of stress and burnout. I'm using the big ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

What is it called when a student tends to speak about what he knows?

Sometimes, a student who has a lack of knowledge, tries to change the topic of a question so that it will be about what he knows and can speak about. Is this a known phenomenon in psychology?
2
votes
1answer
216 views

Is acrophobia connected to falling in dreams?

I'm interested in the link between phobias and related nightmares. Specifically, is acrophobia (i.e., irrational fear of heights) connected to falling in dreams?
2
votes
1answer
233 views

What are some examples of emergent abilities?

By emergent ability I mean this: suppose that competently performing ability Z is contingent on, and only on, having skill X and skill Y developed to a certain level (that is, ability Z is a ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Combinatorial woes

I am interested in the creation of chunks (aka configural nodes) from smaller chunks and input features (only interested in System 1 cognition). Unitization studies (e.g. Goldstone (pdf)), suggest ...
2
votes
1answer
388 views

Beyond a certain level, is reading comprehension affected more by psychological intuition than by verbal intelligence?

Certainly, you have reading comprehension passages on the SAT, GRE, and LSAT. But beyond that point, is it really possible to measure reading comprehension through multiple-choice tests? There are ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

What is the biological reason behind disorganized thinking and disorganized behavior in thought disorders?

Having disorganized thinking is different for everyone. But, it is sometimes described as not being able to connect thoughts together. I am asking about disorganized thinking other than communication ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Effective sampling rate in human visual system

The [stroboscopic effect][1] is often explained as one of the problems of sampling. If sample rate is too low, you might have the impression of the signal frequency being low or even reverse. There ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Is there any scientific basis to different learning styles?

People often identify themselves are visual, audio or kinesthetic learners. This at first sounds plausible, but when I reflect on myself, I find that I am unable to define exactly what it means to be ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

'Always Give a Reason Why' - How to describe this subject area?

I summarise http://rayedwards.com/always-give-a-reason-why/: In Dr. Robert Cialdini’s book, Influence, he cites a research study showing that simply adding the word “because” to a request ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Is there a difference between the time/effort it takes for the blind and the sighted to learn to read Braille?

The visually deprived brain undergoes extensive remodeling due to cross-modal plasticity. This leads to increased areas of the cortex being available for other purposes such as tactile processing. Now ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Is cortisol an effective measure of stress for pre and post task performance?

I have a teleoperation system and I want to see how much stress a person is under before during and after operating it. I thought cortisol would be a correlate of stress. Can I measure levels rapidly, ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Perception of abrupt noise

First question - sorry Cognitive Science is a closed book to me so I hope someone can give me an insight into this phenomenon. We have a child's toy that is activated by clapping of the hands. To me, ...
2
votes
3answers
98 views

Neurological basis of selfishness?

Is there a neurological component to selfishness? Awhile back, I witnessed a mentally retarded person who was severely possessive of a water fountain, claiming it was "his". I've also seen ...
2
votes
3answers
91 views

Why dreams can be surprising?

If we all agree that dreams are created by our own minds, then how could some dreams surprise us, since, after all, all the things that could happen in a dream are made up by us, and should be utterly ...
2
votes
2answers
150 views

What is it called to think without language? Are there studies around it?

I think there are two types of thinking: With and without language. For my entire life, in my opinion I have always thought without language. Some ppl say its impossible and that we think with ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Verifying this statement in a movie named Oculus

I just want to verify this statement if this is a fact. "When people can't process something horrible. The mind creates all kinds of protections to help them cope. Once that belief's taken root, ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Difference Between Schema and Mental Model

What are the differences between a schema and a mental model? Do they overlap, or is the mental model a subtype of the schema?
2
votes
1answer
94 views

How many synapses in the average human brain?

Knowing there are 100,000,000,000 neurons in an average human brain, and 7,000 dendrites in each neuron, and neurons are connected to each other by dendrites and axon terminals, how many synapses are ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Can a self-paced-reading & grammaticality judgment task be programmed in PsychPy or Open Sesame?

I want to know if it is possible to design an experiment on PsychoPy or Open Sesame in which the subject does a self-paced reading (with measuring the reading times for each word), and then after ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

What hardware setup is commonly used for low-latency audio stimulation?

I need to carefully control the latency and timing of auditory stimulation in an upcoming experiment. Some of this depends on software, but my question is specifically relating to hardware, drivers ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

A type of long-term memory where I can remember full dialogues

My female colleague cannot remember a discussion (dialogue) from a couple days ago or even yesterday, much less the full, exact sentences spoken. She jokes about having sclerosis. I can remember many ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Variables in positive reinforcement in human beings

I've been thinking about positive reinforcement occasionally, and I've always found myself wondering about various things that can influence it. So, I'm looking for information (results of empirical ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Is there a psychological explanation for the age of 18 being important in many societies?

The age of eighteen is an age that in many societies gives rise to various additional rights and responsibilities. Is there a scientific reason for assigning such right and responsibilities at the ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Is Clare W. Graves a credible author?

I stumbled upon the book "The never ending quest" by Clare W. Graves. It looks interesting to me, but I suspect that he is not as scientific as he pretends to be. Is this author's theory of hierarchy ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

How to assign numbers to response options on a bipolar scale?

Does it matter which one of the three scales we use: A, B, or C in the attached questionnaire? Each one will have a different interpretation of the data. Please advise how should we analyze the ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

What test could I use to measure the short-term memory capacity of a group of people?

I want to start a project about the best schedules for learning activities focused on college students. Since sleeping patterns are totally different in a young adult/teenager, and many of the classes ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Why do some people believe that life is a zero-sum game and that if you harm someone, you will benefit?

I have a strong feeling that many people consider life as a zero-sum game, i.e. they always assume that you'll benefit, if you harm/disadvantage someone. Any research on this?
2
votes
1answer
45 views

How to create an online test of bias using preference judgements on pairs of pictures?

I am looking to input pictures into a system to successful measure potential biases. For example let's say I have a set of pictures and I would like the user to press either left or right once they ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Are there any recorded cases of hearing the outside world while in a coma?

There are plenty of stories flying around of people having been in a coma, but able to hear the outside world. They usually include either hearing malicious things said by staff, or encouragement by ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

How do thoughts work at the neuron level?

How does thought work at the biological level of individual neurons? I believe there are many neurons which are active in the brain at the same time. For example, our senses are constantly taking in ...
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Are people who have a crush on someone generally delusional with respect to their crush?

This question came up in relationships.SE (still in beta) in this lengthy thread (which I hope you can get access to). Basically the disagreement goes as follows: Telling somebody with a crush ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

What are the visual cognitive abilities of a new born?

We know that a newborn (3 days or less) can mimic facial expressions such as tongue protrusion and head movement. This means that the child can detect faces, segment various parts of face like tongue, ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

How did Ebbinghaus decide on his number of words in a series?

Herman Ebbinghaus discovered the forgetting curve, by memorizing series of non-sensical syllables like "zod", "byh", "tef", etc., and than seeing how long it took to forget them. The results are ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

What is the psychological cause and meaning of “common sense”?

To what extent is common sense innate versus influenced by interactions with others? If someone has grown up with minimal interaction with other people, would their common sense be different?
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Why does splitting attention between a primary task and another task appear to improve performance on the primary task?

I've been thinking about my performance at various tasks and where my focus is at during them and something's really got me confused. It makes sense that devoting all my focus to a task while I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Does physical aerobic exercise ameliorate depression?

Studies seem to find correlation, but has the causal link been established?
2
votes
1answer
132 views

What is the typical relationship between time and remembering details of events from the past?

When I try to recall details for the past few days, I can recall today's events well, yesterday's events less well, and when it comes to the day before, things start to be fuzzy and this is as fuzzy ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Effect of time limits on problem solving

I recently took part in psychological testing as part of a recruitment process to a job. I was not happy about the evaluation I got and I asked for a feedback discussion with the psychologist. The ...
2
votes
1answer
302 views

Does initial 0-3 years of age have any effects for a permanent bonding to happen between the parents and their children?

My brother (age: 37) is least attached to our parents. At the time of his birth, our parents had left him with our grandmother. He saw our parents, for the first time, at the age of 3 years. He has ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Pathological distress caused by being discouraged to say “thanks” on online communities

The Stack Exchange network users are not encouraged to leave comments expressing thanks. Please do not add a comment on your question or on an answer to say "Thank you". Comments are meant for ...

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