4
votes
1answer
201 views

Can working memory actually be improved?

I'm skeptical of the claim that brain training (dual-n back) can improve working memory; the improvement seems to be task-specific rather than generalize. The average human being can only keep 7 ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

What is the lifetime of the synapse in the mature brain?

I know there is synaptic plasticity in the mature brain. There is a great number of plasticity mechanisms like LTD and LTP, acting on different time scales. Apart from the synaptic weight change, ...
4
votes
1answer
114 views

How to create an effective and efficient team - with the same or different cognitive style?

We've all participated in team building activities, where the goal is to get the team working better together in an environment very different from their usual occupation situation. As a team member ...
4
votes
1answer
312 views

Can our brain do trigonometry?

I was sitting in college today today doodling around as I was bored, when I drew an arrow onto my paper, Looking at the arrow, I predicted that the arrow would move in the direction it was facing. ...
4
votes
2answers
209 views

Is it possible to objectively measure the amount of pleasure a person is experiencing?

I'd like to know if it's possible to quantify somebody's "fun meter". Maybe by measuring the amount of endorphin produced. Because every person is unique, I don't expect that amount to make another ...
4
votes
2answers
217 views

Which physical properties of a stimulus can a human attend to?

I am not only curious about speech, but for concreteness in illustrating my question, I consider the case of speech perception. Assume a listener is presented with an acoustic waveform. The wave ...
4
votes
2answers
166 views

Why do we anchor our happiness to short term situational comparisons rather than large scale events?

Why does our happiness seem to be most affected by recent, short term happenings rather than the high level trends of our lives? For example, a person has begun their life in a very humble or even ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Why do humans' eyes enter an unfocused gaze when recalling a memory or imagining something?

The question is self-explanatory (I hope). Is this trait unique to humans? Does the direction of the unfocused gaze indicate anything about which physical part of the brain is being utilized? Is ...
4
votes
2answers
144 views

Can we enter data at the speed of thought?

I have the subjective personal experience that the speed at which I can enter information in a computer through a keyboard is so slow and my thoughts "run" so fast, that I find it an especially ...
4
votes
1answer
726 views

Why does sensory deprivation cause hallucinations?

John C. Lilly performed the seminal experiment about sensory deprivation. The author isolated people in a sensory deprivation tank and they reported having experienced hallucinations. Richard ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the dangers of using mindfulness-based techniques for individuals suffering from Schizophrenia?

I am unable to find much research on the application of mindfulnesss for those suffering from Schizophrenia. A recent study by Chien and Lee (2013) focuses on the application of a psychoeducation ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

How does chronic stress improve memory processes?

There seems to be more information on the detrimental effects of stress on memory. There is evidence to the contrary. Stress effects on memory: an update and integration. Schwabe L, et al doi: 10....
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Why does a person temporarily go blind without any apparent cause?

A person experiences the alternating, intermittent, and temporary, loss of different sensory and motor functioning, such as finding himself unable to see or walk. None of these symptoms are caused by ...
4
votes
1answer
418 views

Does looking into a mirror relieve eye strain in a similar way to looking at distant objects?

Sometimes when having an eye exam the eye chart is viewed through a mirror to increase the distance between the person and the chart. When using consoles, it is recommended to look away from the ...
4
votes
1answer
325 views

Are individuals who are generally jealous more likely to experience sexual jealousy?

Some people are just jealous of many things they perceive others to possess. Materially or as part of that person. Is a person who is prone to jealousy more likely to be jealous in romantic ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

Are imprinting and computer literacy connected?

I've recently became aware of the phenomenon of imprinting, in which baby animals start to associate with the first moving object with eyes that they see during a critical period of their infancy. ...
4
votes
3answers
583 views

Why do individuals initially dislike things that they end up ultimately liking?

Background: I noticed with a lot of things, but especially music I tend to hate certain songs and albums initially but they always seem to grow on me, and vice versa. I noticed this pattern in a lot ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Comprehensive list of cognitive techniques in CBT

I'm not a cognitive science student, but I'm interested in CBT (Cognitive Behavior Therapy) and I'm using it to overcome some of the problems I have. However, I have difficulty in finding resources ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Is there a variance in acceptance of conspiracy theories by occupation?

For some time I have been very interested in the intelligent design (ID)/creationism vs. evolution debate. My parents are both medical professionals and consider themselves creationists. I have many ...
4
votes
2answers
564 views

What brain skill does Nonogram (Picross) games develop?

I've been playing Nonogram Picross a lot lately. I really like it and you can always find a harder challenge but I would hate to waste my time for nothing. What brain skill does Nonogram (Picross) ...
4
votes
4answers
523 views

What is the fastest language to think in?

If you think in any language you're never misstaken on what word you mean even if there are many words that are spelled/pronounced the same. This causes a language with only one word meaning every ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Does the Hodgkin-Huxley Model take into account the action of the ion pumps (e.g., Na-K-ATPase)?

After the firing of a neuron, the sodium and potassium concentration differences vanish. It requires some time for cell to actively transport the ions in and out to re-establish the balance. Does ...
4
votes
1answer
424 views

Are there statistics about how many assertive people there are in the world?

Based on my own experience, assertiveness is a rather rare commodity to be found among people, which in my opinion causes most of the troubles this world has. Are there any statistics that attempt to ...
4
votes
1answer
722 views

Is there a technical term for “fear of the unknown”?

I'm writing paper about climate change and its economic impacts on society. Is there a generally accepted technical term for "fear of the unknown" in psychology?
4
votes
1answer
92 views

Should always selecting the same response on the IOWA Gambling Test result in a good value?

I was taking the Iowa Gambling Task. I examined what happens when the same option is selected on every run. To my surprise I got a pretty good value when choosing options C and D (\$4500) in every ...
4
votes
1answer
896 views

Reducing adverse impact, discrimination and unfairness when using psychological assessments for selection purposes

How can we reduce adverse impacts such as bias, discrimination, and unfairness when using cognitive ability tests and personality tests for selection purposes in an international context?
4
votes
2answers
302 views

Defining shyness towards strangers in confrontational situations

First of all, I would like to stress that I am not a cogsci person and I have almost no background in those areas of science. The question is whether there exists a definition of a phenomenon I ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

Can the effectiveness of antidepressants be explained by a placebo effect?

A friend of mine showed me a paper (Kirsch, 2014) where the author claims that antidepressants work mostly through a placebo effect (backed up with relevant citations). Antidepressants are generally ...
4
votes
1answer
27 views

Could physically simulating neural structure on a fundamental level yield superior results to machine learning algorithms?

My curiosity is merely of whether (in a future where we have computers with the processing power of the human brain) it's possible that actually simulating a neural network's physical behavior on the ...
4
votes
1answer
39 views

EEG Signal quality

I'm a EEG hobbyist using Olimex EEG SMT, and I'm using 4 dry, active electrodes to record EEG signals (the Olimex uses bipolar montage, so I actually have 2 channels). However, I cannot measure any ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

In what order do you preprocess EEG data?

I am fairly new to EEG research and I am unsure what the best ordering is for preprocessing data. Do you correct for baseline and filter the data before you go on with artifact rejection/correction, ...
4
votes
3answers
114 views

Why is it easier to see black text on a white background?

I'm wondering why it's easier to see black text on a white background than it is to see white text on a black background. I say that it's harder based on life experience (Hate webpages with black ...
4
votes
2answers
223 views

Is it possible to run Psychtoolbox or PsychoPy on Raspberry Pi 2 for simple perceptual experiments?

We are considering setting up a few testing computers using Raspberry Pi 2. There was an interest in this a few years ago, but due to limitations of OpenGL in Raspberry Pi it did not go far. I was ...
4
votes
1answer
43 views

When was statistics used in psychology research first?

I am wondering about the origin of statistics' usage in psychology. Psychology was rooted in philosophy. At that time there were no experiments and analysing the data, but I guess that there must be ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Handwriting analysis by profession (muscular control) - Athletes, musicians, etc

Is there any scientific study on handwriting by profession? In the whole world, the people with the most control of their muscles are athletes. Or pianists, who have extremely good control of their ...
4
votes
1answer
208 views

Applications and Limitations of EEG Electrode Pooling - Averaging across time series

Is there any literature that has addressed electrode pooling? In particular, are there any standards concerning what pools (e.g. frontal, central, posterior vs. electrode pairs) could be used or any ...
4
votes
1answer
45 views

Where can I find decent descriptions for each Big5 facet?

I need some decent explanations/descriptions for each of the 30 Big5 facets, like a1, a2, a3 etc etc. I have been googling around for it, but all I have found are very short descriptions that vary too ...
4
votes
1answer
37 views

What is general fluid intelligence?

I'm currently reading about executive control, a lot of papers (e.g. Kane and Engle 2002) discuss general fluid intelligence but don't explain it. What is general fluid intelligence?
4
votes
1answer
48 views

What is the phenomenon that one can recognize a movie after seeing a scene for a fraction of second called?

I have experiences that while I was walking around the street, I saw a scene on a TV for a fraction of second, and I instantly recognized the correspondent movie. This is very interesting since at the ...
4
votes
1answer
412 views

Is it possible to improve interoceptive awareness/accuracy? If so, how?

For those unfamiliar, interoceptive awareness/accuracy involves awareness of, and sensitivity to, internal physiological sensations ("My heart is beating fast"). Interoceptive information is ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Why don't we get regular checkups for mental health, as in physical health?

It's standard practice to get a checkup from your primary care doctor once a year. Why is this not so for a mental health professional? Is your primary supposed to catch possible mental and emotional ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

How to measure precision in classical test theory framework?

What methods or approaches exist or might be developed to measure precision of measurement in a classical test theory framework? Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (American ...
4
votes
1answer
383 views

What are presynaptic puncta?

What are presynaptic puncta? And what makes them different from presynaptic terminals?
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Is there a part of the human brain responsible for triggering imagination, fantasy and coming up with unusual stories?

I'm trying to understand if there's a specific process or part of the human brain which, when activated, causes the person to daydream, engage in fantasy or come up with ideas that are far from common ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Is there a difference between the time/effort it takes for the blind and the sighted to learn to read Braille?

The visually deprived brain undergoes extensive remodeling due to cross-modal plasticity. This leads to increased areas of the cortex being available for other purposes such as tactile processing. Now ...
4
votes
2answers
275 views

Terminology for introvert's frustration after excessive social exposure

Does anyone know if there is a phrase or term that describes the frustration an introvert experiences when they have had too much social exposure and need to be alone? As an analogy, I recently heard ...
4
votes
1answer
214 views

Is the SPAD-T textual analysis software still available?

I am looking for an old program called SPAD-T that is still used for textual analysis (especially in psychology). Can anybody tell me where I can download or purchase a legal copy? Failing that, ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

Optimal number of dimensions in multidimensional scaling

I have run an experiment on consonance-dissonance evaluation of musical intervals on 40 individuals using all the possible intervals from 3 registers (plus their inversions), and I want to apply a ...
4
votes
1answer
31 views

What study showed that humans can successfully detect objects within images once they are able to recognize those objects?

A professor in an online lecture I was watching referenced a study which he said showed that our ability as humans to detect objects within scenes (especially complex scenes) was very much connected ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

If one is flexing a muscle, for any given motoneuron involved, how many action potentials occur per second to keep the muscle flexed?

Also, will the axon terminals in a given motoneuron ever run out of neurotransmitters to release if they are constantly undergoing action potentials (say in the situation outlined above where a muscle ...

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