4
votes
1answer
167 views

Solving T-shaped maze (probability learning): differences between rats and humans

From Jonah Lehrer's book "How We Decide", he mentions the experiments with rats and Yale undergraduates. I found the paper that (presumably) matches the experiment of rats. Brunswik, E. (1939). ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Does music affect heart-rate?

I've read that the body attempts to match its heart-rate with the tempo of music being listened to. Rhythmic Entrainment: 'This refers to a process whereby an emotion is evoked by a piece of ...
4
votes
1answer
207 views

Sensory dissonance: Will the visual or auditory channel win?

Is there any research showing that our visual channel takes precedence over the auditory channel (or vice versa) if there is some dissonance between them? Examples: Say a person driving a car ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Does long-term alcohol use permanently change one's thought processes?

Is long-term alcohol use really capable of permanently changing one's thought processes? In what ways is this possible, and through what physical changes in the brain does this occur?
4
votes
1answer
119 views

Is “doing everything in your head” a good proxy for intelligence?

Suppose Bob never takes notes in class and just mentally "gets" a subject. Is this ability of mentally learning a subject without actively recording the information a good proxy for intelligence?
4
votes
1answer
238 views

What causes some women to have repeated abortions?

Fisher et al. (2005) studied the characteristics of women who have repeated abortions. The study was conducted in countries where reliable contraception and education about birth control are readily ...
4
votes
1answer
424 views

Possibility of using the effects of sleep to induce a virtual environment?

I'm not sure what this guy is trying to say, or why his question got closed, but I think I can build upon it and form a solid question. When the brain enters REM Sleep, all sensory input to reality is ...
4
votes
2answers
105 views

Eye movement tendencies for shades, sizes, shapes, and colours

I was asked this question yesterday Which of the following statements regarding research principles in visual attention is TRUE? The eyes tend to move from: a. Light to dark (shade) b. Large to ...
4
votes
1answer
71 views

Why different responses to target and distractor in three-stimulus oddball procedure?

In the three-stimulus oddball procedure, there is an infrequent target in a background of frequently occurring standard stimuli and infrequently occurring distracter stimuli. My question is, since the ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

What is the upper bound on rate of learning in young adults?

I was wondering how a normal adult in their 20s could best structure their life to make best use of their capacity to learn. I am no expert in cognitive science, so I assume just a really common ...
4
votes
1answer
464 views

Dyslexia and IQ

Background Information of my questions: At the age of eight I was "diagnosed" with Dyslexia, I am now 47. I went from not being able to read and barely able to write to a college reading level in 9 ...
4
votes
1answer
139 views

What is the definition of pathology?

While trying to get more information for my previous question, I found several different definitions for the terms "pathology" and "pathological." While under normal circumstances I'd be inclined to ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

What's the name of the quantifying preference for visual stimulus by varying size or distance as compared to a reference task?

Say that you enjoy looking at two beautiful paintings (A and B). But you really can't tell which one you like more, and you want to (quantitatively). So, you compare them both to your favorite ...
4
votes
1answer
114 views

A psychological theory that explains why people remember only the outcome?

I've read somewhere about a psychological theory that people often remember the end results or the outcome of a certain situation/discussion/conversation/etc, but not the details of it. In other ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

How effective are high audio frequencies in commercials in getting audience attention?

Does anyone know of a peer reviewed article that describes how commercials will often contain high audio frequencies in order to attract the viewer's attention? Referrals to commercials using any ...
4
votes
1answer
28 views

How to foster an environment for appreciation

I'm a teacher at a highschool and currently we've been working on projects that are supposed to make the kids appreciate those around them especially the other teachers and workers at the school. ...
4
votes
1answer
68 views

Is there terminology for perceptual illusions at the moment that figure-ground reversal occurs?

I'm looking for a term in the perception / cognition area of research. I recently saw this visual illusion that 'flips' what is negative-space and what is positive-space. This is known in the arts ...
4
votes
2answers
105 views

Best ways to improve memory

I've once watched a movie in which CIA agent went into a room just for a few seconds and on the next day he could recall every detail of that room, including what was on the monitors. And I am ...
4
votes
2answers
138 views

What are the most effective psychological techniques for unlearning information

What are the most effective psychological techniques for unlearning information? Let me given you a simple example for clarity's sake: In high school, you learn that electrons orbit around a nucleus, ...
4
votes
1answer
32 views

Quantifying chromatic adaptations made by the brain

What are the ways one can use to measure the kind of adaptations done by the brain to provide colour constancy? Has this been done before?
4
votes
1answer
41 views

EEG Alpha waves during eyes open mindfulness training - any research on this subject

I recently conducted an experiment recording EEG during an eyes open mindfulness meditation. I saw a substantial amount of alpha bursts throughout the meditation both in the occipital and frontal ...
4
votes
1answer
60 views

Taking into account reliability of Raven's Matrices and Self Monitoring tests

I've results of two tests administered to university students: the 18-item true-false version of the Self-Monitoring Scale (Snyder & Gangestad, 1986); the Raven Progressive Matrices Test (John ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

What physical process governs which details are retained in memory?

With long term memory, there is loss of information. For example, we don't seem to retain all the details of every image we see. What is the physical process those details undergo which cause them to ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Why do people bite their nails even when they do not want to?

Why do people bite their nails? People seem to be doing it primarily while contemplating something, or during problem-solving tasks. They seem to understand it is a bad habit, and sometimes they seem ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

How common are aromantics?

(Aromantic means lacking romantic attraction to others.) What percent of people are aromantic? While the percentage of people who are asexual seems to be 1%, I couldn't find anything on what percent ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

What is the relation between fun and motivation? Are they the same?

Are 'having fun in doing something' and 'being motivated to do something' the same thing? If not, how are fun and motivation related? Is there any formal definition on this? Would it be possible to ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Connections between different theories of personality

There are a several theories on personality: the Big Five personality traits, Watson en Clark's extraversion en neuroticism, Grey's Behavioural Inhibition & Behavioural Activation (BIS/BAS), ...
4
votes
1answer
559 views

Survey Questionnaire design - What are the alternatives to Likert scale in measuring attitudes?

I work in Social Science Research (Management) In my school, Likert Scale is extensively used to measure attitudes.(Strongly disagree to Strongly agree). So, I kind of assumed that it's an absolute ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

Does the brain need more sleep after heavy load?

Does the brain require more sleep in the following night, if you have used a lot more of its capacity that day than usually?
4
votes
1answer
78 views

What to call theory where next activity following a fun activity is also perceived as fun?

What is the name of the theory that states: "if someone is having fun beforehand, the next activity they do will also seem fun regardless of what the activity is." so like continuing fun... Any ...
4
votes
1answer
470 views

Body Language: Why do we act differently around someone we're attracted to?

Many professionals have said that when you're attracted to someone, you tend to fidget, run your hands through your hair, sit with your legs facing them, and that our faces light up around them, which ...
4
votes
2answers
104 views

This is the 2,000th question posted. Why do people care about big round number events more than the surrounding events?

People seem to have a preference for celebrating "big round numbers", like the 2,000 post in the forum (although the 10,000 post would probably be more "special" - but not the 10,234 post, so it's not ...
4
votes
1answer
31 views

How does the timing work out for dopamine to affect the development of long-term potentiation?

I just recently learned (indirectly from this source) that long-term potentiation/depression only takes place when you have large/small amounts of dopamine present at the relevant synapse. However, my ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

How does an understanding of the brain explain why people experience strong emotional responses to major sporting events?

Anyone know studies or theories that explain how massive competition events between countries or parties, like the Soccer World Cup Tournament finals or Olympic Games affect our brains? Why do people ...
4
votes
1answer
67 views

When does anchoring improve our judgement?

Anchoring is the behavioral pattern where the first piece of information we receive about a situation is what all other data points are compared to. For example, the price of the first menu item we ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Name for the need to reply “you can’t fire me, I quit”

It’s a cliché in movies. The boss fires the employee, and they reply “you can’t fire me, because I quit”. Similarly, when in a romantic relationship, one person may decide to end it and the other ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

What human limitations are there to object tracking and recognition?

I'm thinking about trying to implement object recognition/tracking using a silicon retina (also known as the Dynamic Vision Sensor) and using the Semantic Pointer Architecture as my cognitive model. ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Two different values for criterion in signal detection theory?

I'm a signal detection theory newbie. I have data with a classical SDT design: the participants can answer YES or NO to a question where the correct answer is YES or NO, depending on the presence or ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

Efficiency drop when joining and splitting teams

What will happen when a team is either split or joined with another team? After reading about Tuckman's stages of group development, I understand that the new team will probably start at the beginning ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

Why past events reappear in dreams after a certain delay?

I know that Freud in his "Interpretation of dreams" provides a number of examples of events influencing dreams several days to several months after the event has occurred. For example, a person sees a ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Why do we stress over the smallest things?

I'm just curious to know: why do people stress over the smallest of issues? Not only is it common to almost everyone I know, but it is something that can drive people crazy. For example, getting ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Book about Asperger's for Asperger's

Is there a book that people with Asperger's can read to better understand their diagnosis and how to cooperate with people?
4
votes
1answer
124 views

What makes some criminals glamorous to others?

Some murderers are glamorized by society while others labeled monsters. In both cases, they can commit the same terrible crimes and cause the same amounts of pain - yet one can be romanticized the ...
4
votes
1answer
212 views

“Memory and the Computational Brain” by Gallistel & King

I am looking for opinions on this book particularly whether it is a suitable intro to the field of cognitive neuroscience. What I would not like is a book that is really a collage of introductory ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

When rating, is it better to set the expected goal in the middle with hard to reach upper bounds or higher with desired outcomes at the upper bounds?

The actual implementation that I'm interested in is a set of five scores from 1-5 (whole numbers) that are averaged together to compute an overall score (decimal values). However, I prefer to look at ...
4
votes
1answer
502 views

How do you run a risk / gambling experiment using Qualtrics or Amazon Turk?

I want to run a simple probability matching gambling experiment: Each round has the participant pick Up or Down. The computer picks Up with a probability (p=0.7). If the participant gets it correct, ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

Does the person's walking say anything about the person's cognition?

This afternoon I've been observing people at a local park and came up with some observations that lead me to this question: Can the person's gait (manner of walking) say something about the person's ...
4
votes
0answers
41 views

Why does learning new mental skills lead to headaches?

Why is deliberate practice uncomfortable? For example, during learning college math and playing the piano. Why do we get headaches after long hours of practice? According to this question, learning ...
4
votes
0answers
46 views

Does spanking a child teach them that it's ok for another person to touch them against their will?

The debate over whether spanking is an appropriate punishment largely revolves around proponents saying that it creates a more "disciplined" person and opponents saying that it traumatizes the child ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

What factors influence a person or group of people's empathy toward another group?

The recent Paris terrorist attack highlights the discrepancy in the levels of empathy that Western people feel toward other Western people, compared to the empathy they feel toward Middle-Eastern ...

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