1
vote
2answers
49 views

Are there any serious neuroscientific theories of emotional valence?

Could anyone tell me if there are any serious neuroscientific mechanisms that have been proposed to explain how feelings of body states take on a positive or negative character (valence)? An example ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

What does double dissociation really tell us?

In psychological research, a single dissociation is when a manipulation leaves one cognitive function (say, A) intact whilst severing another (say, B). This indicates the functions A and B are at ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Record an eye blinking waveform signal from EEG signals

I want to Record an eye blinking waveform signal from EEG signals , but it need to make a quiscent periods of recording , So how to make this quiescent periods(i.e the signal has a zero amplitude at ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Neural robots vs conventional robots

My friend is working on a robot that can be mind controlled. He basically wears a headset, and that headset translate brain signal into control signal to move a robot. ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

What's a “mental disorder”?

Most people are held accountable for their actions. If diagnosed with a "mental disorder" however, they are often forgiven/treated more leniently and exempted from punishment. The same thing ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Difference between meditating and watching a movie [closed]

If I meditate, I concentrate on my breathing; if my mind wanders, I bring its attention back to my breathing. If I watch a movie/show, I concentrate on it; if my mind wanders, I bring its attention ...
4
votes
0answers
88 views

Why do people avoid taking the last “donut”?

In many contexts (family, colleagues, etc), say there is a box of donuts for people to take (or any kind of treat or snack). A lot of the times we can observe that there will be only one left and ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Is there a name for a personality trait (or psychological condition?) for adopting the accent, mannerisms, idioms or traits of others?

Is there a name for a personality trait (or psychological condition?) for adopting the accent, mannerisms, idioms or traits of others? I mean, unconsciously adopting, not "consciously making fun of". ...
4
votes
0answers
34 views

Which statistical tests to use when analyzing NASA TLX?

The NASA Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) is a subjective, multidimensional assessment tool that rates perceived workload. A set of different scales (Mental Demand, Physical Demand, Temporal Demand, ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Analysis according to Jung's Psychological Types

Recently I read Jung's Psychological Types out of self-questioning. I would like to analyze myself in such a fashion more "professionally", however I do not profess to be able to do that myself, ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

What are the different types of cognition?

I am not a cogsci person trying to get a basic understanding of cogsci. I have just heard of the terms embodied cognition and distributed cognition. Are there other kinds of cognition theories as ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Where in the brain is meaning extracted from visual information?

I am looking into several systems for improving learning speeds and ran into a question I seem unable to answer on my own: When we read a word, it somehow gets converted into it's abstract meaning. ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

Does learning too much useless information weaken my memory?

From what I understand, since we receive a lot of information every day, our brains are tasked with remembering the few important bits and ignoring (or forgetting) everything else. I also know of ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Is there any scientific literature on the “shower principle” (i.e., taking a break from a task leads to unexpected insights)?

Folk cognitive psychology has it that doing activities that remove you from your intellectual work (such as taking a shower or, like Einstein is reported to have done when it a rut, playing the ...
6
votes
1answer
40 views

Number of presynaptic inputs per cell in primary visual cortex

I have been digging in the literature lately, but I haven't found a nice answer with clear cut numbers (avg +- std) to this question: How many presynaptic inputs receives a pyramidal cell in primary ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Body Language: Why do we act differently around someone we're attracted to?

Many professionals have said that when you're attracted to someone, you tend to fidget, run your hands through your hair, sit with your legs facing them, and that our faces light up around them, which ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

How does performance relative to others affect motivation and absolute performance?

Suppose someone is given performance feedback relative to others, for example via a ranking procedure like a leaderboard. Is it best for later performance and motivation to receive feedback showing ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Using CBT for a justified fear?

I am a speech language pathologist. I have a 19 year old patient who grew up with a number of different speech impediments (not a stutter). He was bullied a lot, and because of this he is very ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Is the SPAD-T textual analysis software still available?

I am looking for an old program called SPAD-T that is still used for textual analysis (especially in psychology). Can anybody tell me where I can download or purchase a legal copy? Failing that, ...
5
votes
1answer
34 views

What's the functional difference between the NEF and normal ANNs?

Aside from obvious biological plausibility, from a computational standpoint, what's the motivation of using the Neural Engineering Framework (NEF) instead of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) for ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Differences between the many versions of neuromorphic hardware

There is a ton of neuromorhpic hardware being pumped out these days. Off the top of my head, I can name IBM, Qualcomm, Neurogrid, Spinnaker, (questionably) Peter van der Made's chip. However, has ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Are there any models of human cognition that do not depend on physicalism or materialism?

Are there any models of Human Cognition that do not depend on Physicalism or materialism? Could Cognition models that say 'mind' states are actually 'brain states' and that we are therefore ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Does nearing sleep onset distort our conscious imagination?

My imagination is pretty real, when I imagine lifting my hand there, I instantaneously feel it. But I tried to imagine at night on the bed that I am diving in the ocean, and every time I dive 1-2 ...
2
votes
2answers
74 views

What's the term for people who deny others' achievements?

I know a bunch of people that are always in deep denial (at least trying to appear so) of other people achievements. It can be another country or another group or another religion. For example, when ...
-1
votes
3answers
59 views

Would it be possible for a person to have social anxiety and yet be an extrovert who shows signs of extreme empathy? [closed]

I don't understand how these two characteristics can occur in the same person.
5
votes
1answer
56 views

What tools are available for EEG analysis on the R platform?

I'm starting some EEG studies on attention, and would really like to use R for preprocessing (filtering/artifact rejection), visualization, and analysis, but I can find very little in the way of ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Why do children sometimes not do what they are told, even though their environment supports them fully to do so?

I see many children that do (at times) not listen to their parents, or even do the complete opposite of what other people want them to do. That while the social environment supports them (with ...
2
votes
3answers
58 views

What sort of things are considered as “data” in cognitive science?

I understand that the field is very broad, but I'm trying to arrive at a better idea of how different disciplines use the word "data". For example, for computers it is: the quantities, ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

Why do people commit suicide?

I don't understand why people commit suicide. If I imagine myself in a really bad situation and make a list of what kind of things I would do in that situation, I don't have suicide even in my ...
2
votes
3answers
86 views

Neurological basis of selfishness?

Is there a neurological component to selfishness? Awhile back, I witnessed a mentally retarded person who was severely possessive of a water fountain, claiming it was "his". I've also seen ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Optimal number of dimensions in multidimensional scaling

I have run an experiment on consonance-dissonance evaluation of musical intervals on 40 individuals using all the possible intervals from 3 registers (plus their inversions), and I want to apply a ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Tendency to see novelty in mundane and trivial statements

There exists a psychological phenomenon whereupon a person may encounter a rather trivial or mundane statement or thought, but would not recognize it as such; instead a person would experience a sense ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Is there an inexpensive, consumer version of this Fp1 Reading dry EEG?

Is there any, publicly available system like the one used at Keio Univeristy, that cost less than $1000? ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

A condition where a person doesn't feel pain

Congenital insensitivity to pain is a rare condition where a person cannot feel pain (physical). Is there any condition relates to emotional pain or any pain not related to physical that a person ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Was the anthropological “Negroid, Mongoloid, Caucasoid” distinction inspired by the Bible story of Noah's sons? [closed]

I'm sorry if this is off-topic, but I think the users of this SE site would be best equipped to answer it. It's a question about the historical development of an anthropological idea. If you are ...
-1
votes
2answers
59 views

Extreme empathy and social anxiety

Do extreme feelings of empathy often accompany social anxiety disorder? Also can extreme feelings of empathy be detrimental to ones emotional well being?
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Simple cognitive model for a customer

I'm trying to model the cognitive model of a customer buying a product for the purposes of building an agent based model. I wish to devise a model that takes as parameters $\rm product_1,\ ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

Frequency estimation in binary prediction task

In a binary prediction task, people often match choice probabilities to outcome probabilities (a phenomenon known as probability matching). However, under certain circumstances (eg, existence of a ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Can microdialysis be made in Drosophila melanogaster?

Microdialysis is a common method to study the effects of drugs on specific mamal brains zones (mostly in rats), in order to study the it's interaction with the function of those specific areas that ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Are there validated measures to perception of decision making process alignment?

I want to test an idea about how the perception of decision making process alignment with another party influences the tendency to accept information from that party. For example, if my wife and I ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Are sensations of turbulence after flights proprioceptive hallucinations?

I noticed on several occasions after long-haul flights (greater than eight hours) that I would still feel a sensation of turbulence or movement as if I were still in the aircraft. These would be ...
4
votes
2answers
88 views

Origin of group-level statistics in psychology and cognitive neuroscience

In experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience today, with the exception of a few specific subdisciplines, the consensus seems to be that an experimental study has to be performed on a group of ...
3
votes
2answers
42 views

How do humans learn to combine tasks?

I've been reading about hierarchical learning (a variant of reinforcement learning from what I understand) and how it is shown to allow learning of a higher-level task (the main example is assembly). ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

How does subjective experience arise from matter?

Forgive me for lacking rigor, but if what I know is correct, it is established that consciousness and other higher functions characteristic of humans are a consequence of our cortex, specifically ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

What causes words repeated in your head to start fading away from consciousness?

Background: I tried to do a self-control exercise that involved doing something boring like folding clothes while the exercise part involved repeatedly saying "focus" in my head, to stop daydreaming. ...
5
votes
3answers
78 views

Is there a name for a scientist's resistance to disconfirmation of his or her theories?

Confirmation bias is the tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one's beliefs or hypotheses. And some results illustrate that people set higher standards of evidence ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

What books should I study to have a decent understanding of psychology?

Background: I am a student currently doing my undergraduate degree (Electrical and Electronics, if it interests anyone). I am very much interested in studying psychology. I have read quite a bit on ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

What causes post-masturbation guilt?

Is there a study regarding guilt complex associated with masturbation? I am interested to what it can be traced down to. I wonder what actually happens in the brain before, during, and after the ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Why dreams can be surprising?

If we all agree that dreams are created by our own minds, then how could some dreams surprise us, since, after all, all the things that could happen in a dream are made up by us, and should be utterly ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

What causes an inability to recall a melody, beat, or music?

Background: I have never been able to recall melodies to songs. I can play a song over and over again but the moment it stops, I cannot remember what it sounds like. I am referring to the ...

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