8
votes
4answers
1k views

Why do humans need emotions?

If the emotions' only purpose is to stimulate certain behavior, why can't this task just as effectively, or even more effectively be done by the reasoning part of the brain? Are emotions really ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Can the knowledge and the tools we acquire in conscious brain become tools for the unconscious brain?

I am reading this intriguing book titled Consciousness and the Brain, Deciphering how the brain codes our thoughts by Stanislas Dehaene. In one of the chapters he talks about how the brain has natural ...
4
votes
2answers
65 views

Are there peer-reviewed psychology or neuroscience journal articles that include the raw data (data set)?

I am hoping to carry out a pedagogical analysis of some peer reviewed papers, preferably on topics in cognitive science. This would be easier with the raw data its self, in additional to the results ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

How can I avoid biases? [duplicate]

Our brains can be very powerful. Although this is a good thing most of the time, the complexity of it may sometimes affect decisions making, judgement and various other things. Is there any way to ...
3
votes
2answers
63 views

Do hints improve memorization when using spaced repetition?

For example, I'm learning geography using the spaced repetition method. I have some program which asks me questions like, "In which country Melbourne is located?", and I have to recall the country ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

rat 3D Brain Atlases [closed]

I'm looking for publish an image of the rat brain for an article with a specific places selected on 3D. Just like this picture: I heard about the Elsevier program BrainNavigator 3.2, but the ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Research on the van Norden percept

What are the latest research and explanations concerning this auditory effect? I haven't managed to turn up much on the net, so just to check that I've named it correctly, my experience of it was ...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

Do 10.000 hours of practice make you an expert?

With his book "Outliers" Malcolm Gladwell has widely popularized the idea that the requirement to become an expert in any field is largely to invest at least 10.000 hours of deliberate practice. ...
3
votes
0answers
18 views

Measuring short-term, long-term and sensory memory in adolescents?

I would like to measure the short-term memory, long-term memory and sensory memory of children between 10 and 15. If possible, I would prefer a single test or battery. What tests are used to measure ...
5
votes
1answer
60 views

What are proper EEG frequency bands and electrode placements for imagined speech?

I am doing an EEG experiment about imagined speech recognition. Which frequencies will have the most relevant information? I chose the frequency band [4-40] Hz as a start, mainly because of signal ...
8
votes
2answers
213 views

What is the relation between measures, constructs and concepts?

It is uncontroversial to say that the cognitive sciences do not exclusively deal with directly observable phenomena, but nonetheless aim to study the physical causes of behavior and cognition ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

How to Focus on One thing at a time? [duplicate]

My Mind is always filled with useless some many thoughts at a single moment, that i feel hard to focus , concentrate my attention on one task at a time. My attention span is very low. I get distracted ...
4
votes
0answers
61 views

What causes loss of the memory of an argument?

Background: After arguing, especially after bad arguments, I can't seem to remember what was I was arguing about. I have a general idea, but I can never remember most of the specific dialogue that ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

How can items from a general self-esteem/efficacy measure be changed to measure context specific self-esteem/efficacy?

I am very interested in a survey employing a Likert type scale in my research. I have come across the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. I would like to use this scale to get a sense of how subjects feel ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

What are the neural substrates of retrieval induced forgetting?

Retrieval-induced effects It is well known that practicing retrieval of remembered items increases the probability of correctly recalling that item in future tests: the testing effect. ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

Are there any EEG procedures currently available/in development that can formulate letters/words from deliberate, internal monologue?

I am thinking of the combination of an EEG-like device and software to monitor and analyze (very) deliberate thoughts of letters/words. The input would be in the form of raw electrical brain ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Are Pareto charts identified in the cognitive sciences (and for willpower in particular)?

I'm a layman when it comes to the cognitive sciences. I've read some number of popular self-help books, but not any academic journals. I've noticed that many times a book suggests some techniques for ...
5
votes
3answers
506 views

How valid are reaction times collected from online studies?

Online studies promise the possibility of greatly increased numbers of and variability in populations to study, but there are many potential concerns and need for validation, and diving in head first ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Psychological problem with glasses and hats on head? [closed]

I knew a kid who, when they was little, they would have attacks when a relative removed their glasses. She would sometimes do it on purpose in front of them and they would have emotional outbursts ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Why do some researcher still prefer Myers-Briggs Type Indicator over Five-Factor model? [closed]

Big Five or Five-Factor model has 32 traits while Myers-Briggs Type Indicator has only 16. But inspite of this, there are still people who use MBTI over Big Five.
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Are there any reliable type descriptions for Big Five personality traits?

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) model of personality provides a list of 16 personality types with accompanying descriptions, like this. Are there analogous types for the Big Five model of ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Can animals think intuitively? [closed]

We agree that human beings have intuition - "the ability to understand something instinctively, without the need for conscious reasoning." And the level of intuition varies from people to people. Can ...
2
votes
2answers
176 views

Efficient learning strategies?

When learning a new subject or a skill, is it more effective to break practice into small sub-skills and focus on them for months until they have been fully mastered, or to practice each small ...
3
votes
0answers
22 views

Does the type of informational representation of a question in a research survey affect answers?

Does the type of data format used to represent questions in empirical research affect the depth and quality of that research? For example, most questionnaires use written text as a data format. Would ...
3
votes
0answers
18 views

Curved/angled geometrical forms and association with femininity/ masculinity

Is there any research or theoretical reasoning on a strong inclination of human mind to associate curved forms with femininity and angled ones with masculinity? (A similar concept of association is ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Tell-tale signs of ability to present information in clear and elegant visual form [closed]

How does one's ability to present (systemize) information into a clear and understandable format (e.g. through tables/ diagrams/ interactive interfaces/ multimedia/ etc) usually show? (In other ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Are there working computational frameworks for human behavior and personality?

I've been scanning through the web, looking for some ideas and theories about computational modules of human behavior and personality, but so far all I could find regards to procedural programs and ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

Do people “subvocalize” during thinking or “internal monologue”

I've recently became aware of the concept of subvocalization, where people make tiny motions with their vocal cords when reading. I'm looking for a clarification on the subject: Does subvocalization ...
8
votes
1answer
92 views

Do alpha waves vanish when I open my eyes in a dark room?

Alpha brain waves show up in your EEG when you close your eyes. Do they vanish when I open my eyes in a dark room? To put it in a different way: Is it necessary to have your eyes shut or that you ...
4
votes
1answer
44 views

Correlation between selfie and Narcissism

Are there scientific evidence to correlate selfie pictures and Narcissism? I am curious when and after what threshold does self love move into the Narcissistic phase?
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Linguistic marking of generality and specificity and attunement to audience's state of knowledge

Like the air we breathe, native English speakers generally don't appreciate the importance of the use of the articles 'a' and 'the' until they are missing, as in Japanese. In addition to conveying ...
5
votes
0answers
19 views

Is there a hierarchy of gestalt visual stimuli processing?

Let's say that we have a set of shapes. They can be grouped according to the different Gestalt laws of grouping. However, different Gestalt principles will divide the set into different groups, e.g. ...
4
votes
2answers
66 views

Why do those with viral infections feel better after wrongly taking antibiotics?

Though I'm unversed in science, I accept and understand that bacteria differ from viruses; so antibiotics don't help in viral infections. Regardless, because older family members still allege that ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

What is the evidence to suggest that the introvert/extrovert distinction is a shallow distinction?

The author here claims: A great leader knows that making room for both extroverts and introverts to share their thoughts could be the key to whether or not their next project succeeds or fails. ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Is there a name for the psychology behind lowering your bets?

I'm having a hard time phrasing my question into words, so I'll provide an example: Imagine you ask someone how much it'll take to eat a worm. The person says they would eat a worm for \$20. Instead ...
5
votes
3answers
94 views

Does pessimism lead to greater happiness because low expectations lead to less disappointment?

One might think that optimists would be obviously happier. However being a pessimist means that your expectations will usually be worse than the reality. Presumably when reality exceeds your ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Where do you get your news? [closed]

I'm a software developer. Many of us get our news from http://news.ycombinator.com Where do cogsci people get their news from? I'd like to read the latest trends and discoveries in cogsci research. ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

What are the effects of the “blue eyes/brown eyes” racism exercise?

In the "blue eyes/brown eyes" exercise created by Jane Elliot in the 1960s, she divided a group of schoolchildren by eye color and characterized one of them (e.g., the blue eyed group) as an inferior ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Obsessions: Synopsis and Effects

I've been thinking about this topic quite a lot recently. What exactly is obsession ? Is it a good trait indicating perseverance for a goal ? Or is it a sign of a psychological disorder ? Is it a sort ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

What makes disengaged participants tired / exhausted after corporate meetings?

Why do disengaged people feel tired, fatigued or unfocused after long, "boring" corporate style meetings? (there is an agenda, but not everyone participates?) Over the years I've observed dozens of ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Is there another word for 'affective control'?

In this paper, the authors use the term 'affective control' or the slightly longer form 'affective cognitive control capacity' to mean 'the ability to regulate emotions or manipulate emotional ...
4
votes
1answer
68 views

Why might a person get widely varying scores on different online IQ tests?

Online IQ tests often yield wildly varying results (say 60 - 150). These are actual values obtained by repeated measures. It is puzzling, because it's such a wide range. How can the same person be ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

What's the difference between simultanagnosia and neurological extinction?

Both of these terms describe the inability to perceive more than one object at a time. I'm not too sure what the big difference is between them. Note that I'm referring to 'extinction' as used in ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Study showing how different ages of children learn about balancing objects

I'm trying to track down a source for an idea I saw in a documentary a while ago (sorry, no idea where!) It demonstrated how children learn differently at different ages, through showing them ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

Is there a term for enjoying or liking the feeling of guilt

Obviously not sociopathy - or anything like that. I just wondered if there was a term for enjoying the sensations of guilt :) EDIT can you go on - and say something about the differences between ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

What clustering algorithms are most similar to how humans cluster data? [closed]

Clustering algorithms group unlabelled data, such as in the following example: Which clustering algorithms are similar to how humans do clustering? (e.g. Connectivity based clustering (hierarchical ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

How does Parkinson's disease result in tremors?

From what I understand, Parkinson's disease is caused by the death of dopamine producing cells in the substantia nigra, however I don't understand how that causses the symptoms of Parkinson's. I am ...
5
votes
0answers
29 views

How does de-myelination occur in multiple sclerosis? [closed]

From what I understand, only the oligodendrocytes are affected in multiple sclerosis, and they are attacked by T cells which cross the blood-brain barrier. This leads me to two questions: How is the ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

What are the brain regions related to tinnitus shown in this figure?

I am interested in learning about the neural mechanisms behind tinnitus, and was wondering if someone could help me to name the parts of the brain on this image that show increased activity in ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Optical illusions : human universal vs environmental influences

It's well known today that the susceptibility to optical illusions are influenced by the environment: multiple studies with the Müller-Lyer illusion conducted in Zambia proved this environmental ...

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