1
vote
0answers
37 views

Linguistic marking of generality and specificity and attunement to audience's state of knowledge

Like the air we breathe, native English speakers generally don't appreciate the importance of the use of the articles 'a' and 'the' until they are missing, as in Japanese. In addition to conveying ...
5
votes
0answers
17 views

Is there a hierarchy of gestalt visual stimuli processing?

Let's say that we have a set of shapes. They can be grouped according to the different Gestalt laws of grouping. However, different Gestalt principles will divide the set into different groups, e.g. ...
4
votes
2answers
66 views

Why do those with viral infections feel better after wrongly taking antibiotics?

Though I'm unversed in science, I accept and understand that bacteria differ from viruses; so antibiotics don't help in viral infections. Regardless, because older family members still allege that ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

What is the evidence to suggest that the introvert/extrovert distinction is a shallow distinction?

The author here claims: A great leader knows that making room for both extroverts and introverts to share their thoughts could be the key to whether or not their next project succeeds or fails. ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Is there a name for the psychology behind lowering your bets?

I'm having a hard time phrasing my question into words, so I'll provide an example: Imagine you ask someone how much it'll take to eat a worm. The person says they would eat a worm for \$20. Instead ...
5
votes
3answers
92 views

Does pessimism lead to greater happiness because low expectations lead to less disappointment?

One might think that optimists would be obviously happier. However being a pessimist means that your expectations will usually be worse than the reality. Presumably when reality exceeds your ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Where do you get your news? [closed]

I'm a software developer. Many of us get our news from http://news.ycombinator.com Where do cogsci people get their news from? I'd like to read the latest trends and discoveries in cogsci research. ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

What are the effects of the “blue eyes/brown eyes” racism exercise?

In the "blue eyes/brown eyes" exercise created by Jane Elliot in the 1960s, she divided a group of schoolchildren by eye color and characterized one of them (e.g., the blue eyed group) as an inferior ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Obsessions: Synopsis and Effects

I've been thinking about this topic quite a lot recently. What exactly is obsession ? Is it a good trait indicating perseverance for a goal ? Or is it a sign of a psychological disorder ? Is it a sort ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

What makes disengaged participants tired / exhausted after corporate meetings?

Why do disengaged people feel tired, fatigued or unfocused after long, "boring" corporate style meetings? (there is an agenda, but not everyone participates?) Over the years I've observed dozens of ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Is there another word for 'affective control'?

In this paper, the authors use the term 'affective control' or the slightly longer form 'affective cognitive control capacity' to mean 'the ability to regulate emotions or manipulate emotional ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

Why might a person get widely varying scores on different online IQ tests?

Online IQ tests often yield wildly varying results (say 60 - 150). These are actual values obtained by repeated measures. It is puzzling, because it's such a wide range. How can the same person be ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

What's the difference between simultanagnosia and neurological extinction?

Both of these terms describe the inability to perceive more than one object at a time. I'm not too sure what the big difference is between them. Note that I'm referring to 'extinction' as used in ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Study showing how different ages of children learn about balancing objects

I'm trying to track down a source for an idea I saw in a documentary a while ago (sorry, no idea where!) It demonstrated how children learn differently at different ages, through showing them ...
2
votes
2answers
88 views

Is there a term for enjoying or liking the feeling of guilt

Obviously not sociopathy - or anything like that. I just wondered if there was a term for enjoying the sensations of guilt :) EDIT can you go on - and say something about the differences between ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

What clustering algorithms are most similar to how humans cluster data?

Clustering algorithms group unlabelled data, such as in the following example: Which clustering algorithms are similar to how humans do clustering? (e.g. Connectivity based clustering (hierarchical ...
3
votes
1answer
39 views

How does Parkinson's disease result in tremors?

From what I understand, Parkinson's disease is caused by the death of dopamine producing cells in the substantia nigra, however I don't understand how that causses the symptoms of Parkinson's. I am ...
5
votes
0answers
28 views

How does de-myelination occur in multiple sclerosis? [closed]

From what I understand, only the oligodendrocytes are affected in multiple sclerosis, and they are attacked by T cells which cross the blood-brain barrier. This leads me to two questions: How is the ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

What are the brain regions related to tinnitus shown in this figure?

I am interested in learning about the neural mechanisms behind tinnitus, and was wondering if someone could help me to name the parts of the brain on this image that show increased activity in ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Optical illusions : human universal vs environmental influences

It's well known today that the susceptibility to optical illusions are influenced by the environment: multiple studies with the Müller-Lyer illusion conducted in Zambia proved this environmental ...
4
votes
0answers
19 views

How is brain processing different for situation-less emotional faces vs. situated emotional faces?

In traditional emotional face perception paradigms, participants are shown circle cut-outs of emotional faces. All context has been removed. Participants only see the face. However, it's well ...
4
votes
1answer
69 views

Difference in frequencies of mistakes between use of left-right vs. up-down

I have no hard data, but from my personal experience in people specifying right or left directions (similarly east or west) and up or down (north or south, top or bottom), people frequently make ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

How to describe research on the effect of expectations on memory?

I wanted to test a persons expectation Vs. memory. To put it simply, I want to see whether or not a person will remember more information when told they have a larger/smaller amount of information to ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

How can I measure aggressive behavior in an online study?

Can you point me to a reliable and valid measure of aggressive behavior that might be used in an online study? Do you know published studies in which this was done? With aggressive behavior I mean ...
3
votes
0answers
26 views

Does deep, slow breathing increase mental performance?

Emotional Intelligence 2.0 said that breathing deeply and slowly increases mental performance, but I couldn't find any studies that really study the claim, and the book is a self-help book, which tend ...
3
votes
0answers
11 views

Are there theories on how vocabularies for the Semantic Pointer Architecture are created?

The semantic pointer architecture is a vector symbolic architecture where high-dimensional sparse vectors represent concepts. These concepts can be mathematical, linguistic or sensory. In all of the ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Are you more successful if you publicly commit to pursuing a difficult goal?

If you have an ambitious goal, does it help to publicly commit to that goal? (I am training for my first long distance triathlon, for example. This is pretty hard and I don't know whether I will be ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Name this partner selection experiment where participants can see the value of others but not themselves and seek to pair with high value others?

A group of students is given playing cards to put on their head. They do not know the value of their card but can see the value of others. The goal of each student is to partner with the highest ...
6
votes
1answer
76 views

Is the depletion effect of self-control reliable?

Although a lot of research (Muraven, 1998) has indicated the ego depletion of self-control, a recent paper (Xu, 2014) claims that they fail to replicate the depletion effect: impaired performance in ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Why don't we get regular checkups for mental health, as in physical health?

It's standard practice to get a checkup from your primary care doctor once a year. Why is this not so for a mental health professional? Is your primary supposed to catch possible mental and emotional ...
2
votes
0answers
16 views

How can Semantic Pointer Architecture be used to capture dynamical systems?

Most uses of SPA I've seen seem to be representing static systems, such as recognizing digits, categorizing images, rapid variable creation and planning a path for writing those digits back out. Can ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Sleep deprivation and task performance

Can some one please confirm the below points, Case: In case of a adult, the average adult sleep time required is 7.5 to 8 hours , Say if the person(aged between 23-29) has a sleep only for 6 hours or ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Is it possible to block out reality completely?

Is it possible for an individual to block out all reality and see objects, colors and hear voices and sounds that are non-existent non-stop?
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Is volition a reality or an illusion?

Keeping religious sentiments aside, here is a question raised on the Buddhism SE that attempts to answer a similar question from the Buddhist point of view. You see, Buddhism has a concept of anatman ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

Which areas of the brain make up the brain stem?

I am trying to learn the anatomy of the brain and am getting rather confused. When it comes to the brain stem, I have seen some sources say that it consists of the midbrain (mesencephalon) and ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

How did the concepts of left and right direction develop in the human mind?

I hope this is the correct forum to ask; if not, please migrate to a better place. How did humans came to agree on a distinction between the directions "right" and "left"? I could think of two ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

How else can we eliminate wrong underlying beliefs, when even science fails?

Source: Why Do Many Reasonable People Doubt Science?, 2015 March, by Joel Achenbach [Andrew] Shtulman [of Occidental College] ’s research indicates that as we become scientifically literate, we ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Is there a term to describe the tendency to attribute the cause of a bad outcome to a recent event?

I've noticed that when something goes wrong, people have a tendency or a bias to associate its cause with a recent event. The following may not be a great example but here goes. Imagine a game of ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Can I use other softwares than Linger to run a self-paced reading task

I want to run an SPR experiment where participants will read sentences at their own pace. My problem lies in the fact of using 2 different languages English and Arabic at the same time. I tried it ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Does listening to music precludes fMRI thought recognition?

Imagine an experience which the target is to read the thought in words from fMRI heatmaps. Does listening to music prevents the recognition of words derived from thought? In other words I'm asking if ...
3
votes
1answer
17 views

Why superimposing PET data on MRI scan images instead of doing fMRI scans?

I'm currently reading this paper: Savic & Lindström (2008). PET and MRI show differences in cerebral asymmetry and functional connectivity between homo- and heterosexual subjects. It certainly ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Can positive self-affirmation improve mood?

Most people get "depressed" every now and then - nothing serious, but people sometimes feel down. I am wondering if positive self-affirmation can make you happier by physically increasing the ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

What causes someone to frequently see particular patterns of digits when they look at a clock?

Over the past few years when I randomly choose to look at a clock I typically see particular patterns of times. The main pattern is repeating digits (e.g., 04:04; 11:11; 16:16). This occurs on ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

What is an acquired taste?

Some foods are delicious. People love eating them, and the experience has a positive reinforcement. Thus, people will eat the food again. Some foods are instead "challenging", at least initially. For ...
6
votes
2answers
146 views

Do women talk more than men?

If you believe the stereotype, women are much more talkative then men. Is there a kernel of truth to this stereotype? I have seen media reports of studies trying to debunk this as a myth. However, ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

What are the pros and cons of the hot sauce paradigm to measure aggression?

The hot sauce paradigm is a way to measure aggressive behavior in the lab. Participants are asked to give a portion of hot sauce to another person (who they know hates hot sauce) and who will have to ...
7
votes
0answers
30 views

What was the first area of the brain to be associated with a specific function?

I have read on this website that broca's area was the first area of the brain to be associated (correctly!) with a specific function, in that case language. But I couldn't find any other source for ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

Do introverts engage in too much self-control or do they lack impulsivity?

Regardless of whether people are extraverts or introverts, if they are asked to act in an extraverted way, this improves their mood (for example Zelenski and others 2012). My question is concerns the ...
18
votes
1answer
1k views

What color is this dress? — And why do some see it as white and gold and others see it as black and blue?

Here's the dress (and keep reading, this is actually a serious question): This question about this image has apparently become quite a rapidly spreading meme on the internet. And after conducting ...
7
votes
2answers
86 views

What's the difference between repetition suppression and habituation?

Neural repetition suppression seems to be describing behavioral habituation on a neuronal level. What's the difference between these two terms?

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