# All Questions

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### What are the key dates for the development of operant conditioning?

I am trying to build up a timeline of the development of operant conditioning. So far I have the following $1898$ - Thorndike performs experiments using his puzzle box of which Skinner based his ...
56 views

### What is the difference between creators of derivative works of art and original creators? [closed]

I like to write and am a frequent user on writers.stackexchange.com. Many questions there and in other writing or art related communities ask a variation of: I want to use the setting / characters ...
56 views

### Is the weight of neural inputs in the human brain as central as it is for neurons in an artifical neural network?

As an example of an artificial neural net (ANN), a neural processing unit (NPU) is able to encode previous (learned) information by storing a weighted resistance for each input. Since ANN's are ...
114 views

### Is there a way to compare the subjective experiences of two different subjects upon an object?

It is the major problem of all cognitive sciences to deal with subjectivity. On the other hand, in order to figure out what is cognition or psychology, one must ultimately deal with this problem. As a ...
88 views

### Is there scientific evidence that narcissists cannot be treated?

I've often heard that people affected by narcissism cannot recover. I can understand that it's a long path and that a narcissist may lack the motivation and so on, but I wonder why cognitive therapy ...
48 views

### What is the phenomenon that one can recognize a movie after seeing a scene for a fraction of second called?

I have experiences that while I was walking around the street, I saw a scene on a TV for a fraction of second, and I instantly recognized the correspondent movie. This is very interesting since at the ...
35 views

### Spontaneity as object of investigation in the cognitive sciences

What are known studies, experiments, thoughts and literature on spontaneity? I am looking for anything relating to questions like "What does it mean for someone to be spontaneous?" or "What factors ...
58 views

### How successful are modern (2015) sentiment analysis algorithms for identifying emotion?

I see a number of questions about implementing text sentiment analysis algorithms on StackOverflow, and am interested - how effective are sentiment analysis algorithms at identifying the mood/emotion/...
56 views

### Why aren't more students tested for aptitude at a younger age? [closed]

I've discussed this topic with multiple former professors, particularly in vocational training, and they all seem to agree that it would have been more helpful for students if they had known what ...
31 views

### What is the best way to learn in an environment that only has delayed feedback?

There are some skills that take a lot of time to learn because feedback is delayed. Examples I have in mind are weightlifting, healthy eating, and mindfulness. The promised effects of practicing these ...
122 views

### What research has been done on brain-to-brain interfaces?

Is there an existing research area focusing on brain to brain interfaces? If so, what are some papers that have been published in this area?
30 views

### What is the evidence for linguistic determinism?

Lately, I have been pondering whether the idea of linguistic determinism has empirical support. Background: I know a couple languages, and I am proficient in 2 of them. So sometimes if I need to ...
121 views

### How technical can cognitive science get during a Master's?

Nice to find this resource on the internet, I’m in need of advice from knowledgeable people in the field regarding the choice of CogSci Master’s program. My situation is that I have an undergraduate ...
211 views

### How respected is Viktor Frankl's logotherapy among modern psychologists?

Is Viktor Frankl's logotherapy still a live option in modern psychology, or is it considered outdated? I've heard it referred to as the "third Viennese school of psychotherapy", but my wife's ...
227 views

### Is it actually helpful to write todo lists?

I've watched these two videos recently How to Get things done which contains some tips from David Allen's book, "Getting Things Done", and the other video How to hack your todo list which also ...
156 views

### Why do people look in the face or eyes while communicating?

While communicating, people tend to direct their gazes to the face (particularly eyes) of people. Why don't rather we look at their neck or just their chest or even their hair while communicating with ...
143 views

### In the theory of planned behaviour, what is the general term that captures attitudes, norms and perceived behavioural control?

The theory of planned behaviour is a model of behaviour that in simple terms assumes that attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioural control influence intention, and intention and actual control ...
283 views

### What is the correlation between self-monitoring and the Big 5 factors of personality?

Self-monitoring as a trait refers to a tendency "to closely monitor an audience in order to ensure appropriate or desired public appearances". It is commonly measured using the Revised Self-Monitoring ...
280 views

### Which schools of psychotherapy are most credible to a hard scientist?

There is a problem in all therapies that if the client doesn't have faith or trust in the therapist then it is unlikely that anything can be achieved. Therefore effective therapy for an extreme ...
554 views

### Can hypnosis stop cigarette smoking?

Alas, advertisements or commercials for "hypnotherapy" to stop any number of bad habits from smoking to weight gain are almost unavoidable now days. Are there any actual unbiased studies or hard ...
81 views

### Why does “six months” seem like a “long time” even when it isn't?

Background: I had a (rental) property that I was planning to put up for sale. Then I "changed my mind" and said that I wanted to wait for the current year's appreciation, and sell in "six months" (...
113 views

### Is there a specific name for the emotion I'm feeling? [closed]

I looked around and it doesn't seem to match the definition of guilt NOR shame. I made up a lie that works this way: 1.Tell people someone I made up is "special," "unique," and a variety of other ...
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### Can observing neutral objects prime the brain to integrate them into new ideas in the waking state?

I'm aware of a few concepts, primarily from dream research, which indicate that dreams feature or integrate observed objects from the past several days into dream content. For example, seeing a bike ...
184 views

### The “Backwards Bike” and implications for how we think

Here's a video of a guy learning to ride a "backwards bike", if you turn the handles left, then the wheel goes right. It took the guy forever to learn to ride a backward bike. He kept remarking that "...
131 views

### How to measure verbal and visual working memory?

I need a task which can measure verbal also visual working memory. I am not going to run the test, this is just for theoretical interest. Which tests can be used in this research?
471 views

### Is critical thinking associated with IQ?

I consider myself a person with reasonable intelligence. In my job, I require a lot of critical thinking. I am good at think laterally, but sometimes I feel I missed important critical evaluations of ...
65 views

### Continuous Basic EEG analysis [closed]

So, I have continuous EEG data from a control group and a test group. The recording was done while the participants were at rest, so no task was performed. I want to start with some basic analysis, ...
91 views

### A measure of creativity from mind maps

I have an experiment with 500 students who where asked to solve a general problem. Each student had the assignment to find as many solutions as possible to the problem in 15 minutes. Solutions where ...
837 views

### Why are counsellors not supposed to give advice or lead the client? Is it possible for a counsellor not to be leading?

I’ve taken a course on counselling psychology and have attended a counselling sessions myself. All the literature I’ve read has said counsellors should not give advice. My question is why is this ...
5k views

### How can we scientifically measure love?

I want to understand the psychology of love, and I found the Triangular Theory of Love on Wikipedia from this question, which I think is very believable. However, there is a big section on mixed ...
249 views

### Are mentally ill people more violent?

A lot of people are afraid of people with mental illnesses because they think they're more violent but is that true? I think it's wrong even though I don't really understand the pages I found on ...
189 views

### Intuitive explanation of MBTI test and it's gender bias

According to this data there is a small bias related to the gender and some traits of MBTI. Is it scientifically possible to provide an explanation for these differences? My intuitive definition ...
388 views

### Thinking, Fast and Slow vs. Mindfulness vs. Flow

I've been wondering how dual-process theory, which is described in Daniel Kahneman's book "Thinking, Fast and Slow", relates to mindfulness and the state of being in the present moment and the flow ...
4k views

### Difficulty of expressing thoughts verbally

Some people find it difficult to express their thoughts verbally. They may often feel that their words don't give their thoughts enough justice, and that their thoughts could've been verbalized better....
1k views

### What is the psychological effect of wearing black clothes?

Background: I read that black is usually favored by people who are dominant. I read that the black color projects dominance, and also hides the person's feelings. Police, for example, adopt black as a ...
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### Do distractors create false learning in multiple choice questions?

I use quizzes in teaching, but have started to worry that they do more harm than good. Here's why: We have all learned from "the testing effect" that the act of taking a test is part of the practice ...
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### When using APA style citations, is it acceptable to have page numbers for everything?

I am taking a psychology class. The professor wants us to use APA format for citations. I have read that if I am not quoting material directly, then the page numbers are not required. However, I ...
28 views

### Evolution of laughter

In one of his books (cannot recall title now) Konrad Lorentz (ethology study) describes the phenomenon of the appearance of a friendly smile as a spontaneous inversion of a warning grin. He does not ...
126 views

### How much sleep is needed for peak cognitive performance?

How much sleep is needed for peak cognitive performance? If some were to, for example, wake up one morning at 12:30PM, would a sleeping pill help obtain better sleep required for that performance the ...
195 views

### Does social interaction increase intelligence?

Unless I am mistaken, I recall hearing an English teacher say that social interaction can increase IQ, but I found no sources discussing this when I searched on Google and Google Scholar for it. So, ...
224 views

### The mind as a state of matter or physical system?

What examples of attempts to formalize a principled physical basis for consciousness and/or a general theory of the mind exist? I read a fascinating ArXiV preprint last year called Consciousness as a ...
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### How to reconcile contrast model (of similarity judgment) with anchor-and-adjust?

Hastie & Dawes (2009) claims that humans judge whether an instance belongs to a class using the contrast model, where "we perceive similarity by making (very rapid) comparisons of the attributes ...
250 views

### Questionnaire regarding the motivation to be physically active

Does anyone know a questionnaire regarding the motivation to be physically active? That is, the motivation to move more (i.e. walk, cycle, run) and sit less on a daily basis.
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### Is movement/activity level related to serotonin availability or reuptake rates in the brain?

I'm aware of this research article that explores the relationship between motion and serotonin systems: 5-HT and motor control: a hypothesis. Based on the article above, it seems to me that a "very ...
318 views

### How can we realize when a sociological question is impossible to answer?

In my language there is a famous common sense statement which tells the populations are swinging back and forth from one extreme to the other. The idea behind is that, at a sociological level, the ...
39 views

### Ability to learn math and age of children

Is age of children strongly related to ability to learn various mathematical topics (e.g., percentages, common fractions)? I ask because many students in the elementary grades struggle with math ...
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### Where can I find stimuli for steady-state visually-evoked potentials?

I am a student working on a project which deals with Steady State Visually-Evoked Potentials (SSVEP) Stimuator. Does anybody know where can I find stimuli (checkerboard or single graphic) as a video ...
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### Could a painful stimulus be effectively used as a learning aid?

In rats, the application of a painful stimulus has shown an increase in overall arousal and the ability to learn certain behaviours (The study is neatly summed up in this video: Motivation and Reward ...