5
votes
2answers
174 views

Name of the bias when one expects you to possess his knowledge

What is the name of bias or fallacy when, often while in argument, someone expects you to know the same things as he does. Usually, you just say "well, how should have I known that. I'm not inside of ...
6
votes
1answer
345 views

Is there a conflict between Mindfulness-based and Acceptance-based Therapies and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)?

Mindfulness-based and Acceptance-based therapies are gaining vast momentum in the treatment of mental illnesses. These therapy modalities are seen to share some similarity with Cognitive Behaviour ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Is workaholism similar to any addiction or are there other neurological mechanisms at play?

Some people are seemingly 'addicted' to their work and by doing work itself, almost to the point of precluding all other activities and interactions (usually social). By this question, I mean when ...
3
votes
1answer
435 views

Why do “cool” colors, which are actually warmer, look cool, and vice versa?

Why do cool colors look cool that are in fact warmer, and why do warm colors look warm when they are actually cooler? Blue wavelength has higher energy than red, i.e, blue flame is hotter than red ...
5
votes
0answers
96 views

Does correcting responses after feedback lead to better learning?

In a typical supervised learning experiment, one might present visual stimuli, e.g. faces, one after another and ask participants to classify each one into one of two categories, e.g. A and B. Usually ...
6
votes
1answer
99 views

Waking around the same time without an alarm

Anecdotal background I find that regardless of what time I go to bed, or how exhausted I am, I always wake up the next morning between 5 and 6am. This is despite my alarm being consistently set for ...
4
votes
0answers
33 views

What kind of feed-back scheme is there for a back-propagation feed-forward ANN for self-learning of touching a coordinate with robot arm?

I'm a beginner in this topic and are learning how to build an artificial neural network and different types of training associated with them. Right now, I'm trying to figure out self learning. For ...
5
votes
0answers
77 views

How to set up a binocular rivalry experiment, that splits a single image in two separately controlled ones?

The question is about the actual physical setup and steps needed to take in order to experiment with the phenomena. I found a tutorial on jove.com, "How to Create and Use Binocular Rivalry", and it ...
5
votes
3answers
114 views

Frequency at which electrodermal response should be measured

I'm computer science graduate working on a health monitoring device. How much is the delay in electrodermal response? i.e., the time it takes before which an electrodermal response can be realized. ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

What are the neurological and psychological bases for chromophobia

According to this amusing, yet informative Cracked article, Phobia-source article and Chromophobia: do you have a fear of colours website, chromophoba is a fear of bright colours. This condition is ...
3
votes
0answers
805 views

Differences between the way men and women interpret body language

There are many socially accepted ideas about the differences between men and women, I am wondering how much of this is misconception or based in reality. I was reading this question: How important is ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

What is actually going on in your brain during a night terror?

I used to have really bad night terrors back in the day, where I would think I was floating and I would wake up and actually my vision would be very fuzzy - so I just want to know.. What is actually ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Articles about model of eye movements and trajectories

I need to work with data from an eye tracker. I have raw data about eye coordinates. I need to reconstruct trajectories of eye movements. Since I know modern science has several methods for this task, ...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

What is the psychology of notification colour?

After reading the question What is the impact of showing the amount of unattended notifications to the user, it occurred to me that many notifications (certainly not all) are red, two examples being ...
2
votes
2answers
130 views

Why do soldiers seldom “fight to the death” even if they are going to be killed anyway?

At the siege of Masada, a group of heavily outnumbered Jewish soldiers elected to commit suicide en masse, rather than to be captured by the besieging Romans, who would probably have committed them to ...
3
votes
2answers
229 views

Why do people get syllables mixed up when trying to recall words?

This question is related to this question. It could be a dupe, but I am more interested in whether this is a form of "dyslexic" thinking (for want of a better expression)? I posted this question on ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Why do people remember things when they stop trying to remember? [duplicate]

I posted this question on SE English: Antonym for ameliorate I had been trying to recall a word and it's recollection kept evading me. I remembered the word as soon as I posted the question; which ...
4
votes
1answer
263 views

Dreams and sleep phases, and duration of dreams

Supposedly, people mainly dream during REM sleep, and dreams last up to 20 minutes (see for example the first paragraphs of the Wikipedia article on Dreams). My subjective experience differs: No ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

How does chronic stress improve memory processes?

There seems to be more information on the detrimental effects of stress on memory. There is evidence to the contrary. Stress effects on memory: an update and integration. Schwabe L, et al doi: ...
7
votes
1answer
110 views

Why does strobe lighting trigger seizures in photosensitive epilepsy?

Photosensitive epilepsy (PSE) is a form of epilepsy in which seizures are triggered by visual stimuli that form patterns in time or space, such as flashing lights, bold, regular patterns, or ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Diet for brain stimuli

I want to ask which foods or supplements enhance brain function and how,like for example protein is good after a muscle workout what is the equivalent for the evolving of the brain,antioxidants are ...
6
votes
0answers
30 views

Does distraction cause us to skip to the next step in a motor plan?

Often, if one is concentrating too hard on a particular task, it seems as though it's quite easy to skip to the next step of a plan of action. For example, a baseball infielder may attempt a throw to ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

Are liars inclined to lie to themselves?

Reading the famous quote of Oliver Sacks, can we draw conclusions about liars? "We speak not only to tell other people what we think, but to tell ourselves what we think. Speech is a part of ...
5
votes
0answers
30 views

Why do I type “it's” when I know it should be “its” [duplicate]

I know the difference between "its" and "it's". When I read it, even in my own writing, I can see incorrect usages almost instantly. However, when I type, I often type "it's" when I should write ...
4
votes
0answers
174 views

Is “Biophysics of Computation” still a good book?

To begin with, I hope this is the right place to ask - if not, please don't be too mad about it :) Currently I'm studying mathematics (2nd year) and I think I'm pretty into neuroscience. To "test" ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

Can the brain work better in stressful conditions?

I was watching a documentary about the brain the other day, BBC's Human Body - Brain Power. It said that the perception power of the brain increases when you are in a tense situation. For example; if ...
5
votes
1answer
88 views

What is the impact of showing the amount of unattended notifications to the user?

What is the difference in cognitive effects on the user between simply showing that there are 'some' unattended notifications, or showing how many notifications there are? Take Facebook's ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Why do people make rants on Meta Stack Exchange sites?

Meta stackexchange sites are often the venue for immature rants authored by disgruntled members of the site. The Math stackexchange and meta stackoverflow includes a lot of this behavior. During a ...
4
votes
0answers
68 views

Does winning the Fields medal decrease subsequent research achievement?

I just stumbled on this summary in Slate of a study by Borjas and Doran (2012, FULL TEXT PDF). To quote the summary: According to a new study by Harvard's George Borjas and Notre Dame's Kirk ...
12
votes
2answers
391 views

Is photographic memory possible?

Photographic memory is a fairly well known phenomena, but is it theoretically possible? In Marvin Minsky's The Society of Mind claims it is a myth: "...we often hear about people with ...
3
votes
3answers
96 views

Research software for conducting a task between card sorting and sketch map drawing

I'm doing research in Spatial Cognition and am looking for software which will allow me to conduct the following task: Participants will walk around a space and sit down to a computer task ...
7
votes
1answer
496 views

Are Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development supported by empirical evidence?

I've just come across a (very basic) description of Kohlberg's stages of moral development, and I found the section on the Pre-conventional level of moral reasoning rather suprising. In particular, ...
5
votes
1answer
71 views

How to design ballot papers with a large number of candidates in a preferential system?

Background: In the 2013 Australian Federal election, several parties were elected to the senate seemingly because of usability issues related to the ballot paper (see here for discussion). For ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

Diagram of the peripheral nervous system of different animals?

Can anyone recommend a good resource (free or paid) for finding detailed images of the nervous systems of various animals? In particular I am looking for images of the peripheral nervous system of ...
4
votes
1answer
224 views

What causes seizures to develop years after a childhood brain injury?

A friend of mine told me that her daughter was in an accident prior to the age of 12 which resulted in head trauma and brain damage. The child went through an extensive recovery process (relearning ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

Does a baby go for the most hard-to-get out of two presented objects?

While writing an essay I'm searching for some reliable source for the following experiment: A baby is placed in front of two identical fruits, one which is covered with a transparent box. I think ...
5
votes
2answers
108 views

Retrieving information: how can we know so fast that we don't know something?

If someone asks us something that we don't know, how can we know so fast that that's the case? Shouldn't we spend a considerable amount of time scanning our memories until we realize the information ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

What is the neurobiological basis of Spearman general factor of intelligence?

I found here a brief intro to genetic factor of human intelligence: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1036362 Also there is known that gyrus hipocampii is basis of STM which have role in general ...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

Descriptions of human behavior should be extensible and reducible. Why?

In Prometheus Rising, Robert Anton Wilson explains Timothy Leary's theory of personality types, the "interpersonal grid", the diagrammatic representation of which consists of a circle divided by the ...
5
votes
0answers
96 views

Is abstract knowledge incompatible with literal memorization?

Let me describe 2 interesting cases : Solomon Shereshevsky (Luria, 1968 - the Mind of a Mnemonist) had an almost perfect literal memory. He remembers strings of hundreds of digits for years after ...
5
votes
1answer
35 views

Does fluency on a psychomotor task result from practice and a focus on accuracy?

I know this formula, and I don't know where did I read it (or maybe heard about): Conscious accuracy + continuous practice = spontaneous fluency It's an educational technique for long-term ...
7
votes
0answers
64 views

Lecture versus problem-based learning of psychology

Studying psychology at a German university, the first two years of your curriculum will be almost entirely filled with lectures: students sit in an auditorium, listen to the professor talk for 90 ...
2
votes
2answers
244 views

The relationship between working memory and emotion

I stumbled up on this article about working memory. Within a table of indicators of good or poor working memory, it listed the following for adult working memory: Indicators that a working memory ...
3
votes
3answers
111 views

Failing to recognise one's own work

Disclaimer: This is not a self help question, I am using myself as an example to illustrate my question. Example: I have posted many questions and answers on this site within a relatively short ...
1
vote
1answer
356 views

The genetics of handedness

In response to these questions: Are there benefits to learning to write with your non-dominant hand? Spontaneous change of handedness I used myself as an example for spontaneous handedness change. ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Spontaneous change of handedness

I read this question Are there benefits to learning to write with your non-dominant hand?. It got me thinking. Disclaimer: This is not a self help question I am using myself to illustrate the ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Are there benefits to learning to write with your non-dominant hand?

There are some articles on the web that recommend learning to write with your non-dominant hand to get in touch with your inner child or a higher power, increase your creativity and be more ...
10
votes
2answers
281 views

Why do we not remember things from the first couple of years of childhood?

As parents of a soon-to-be three-year-old, my wife and I spend a lot of time planning activities and trips for our son. However, my wife wanted to hold off on some of the big ones (i.e. Disney ...
10
votes
1answer
123 views

Are the incidents of autism spectrum disorder on the rise, or is there an increase due to better definition of diagnostic criteria?

Statistics offered by the CDC indicate that the prevalance of autism spectrum disorder in the U.S. went from 1-in-150 children in 2002, up to 1-in-88 by 2008: A new report released in 2013 shows ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the most effective maximum work duration per day?

A related question asks about the best work-break schedule for an effective eight hour work day. This question presupposes that eight hours of work per day is a good duration and that all you need is ...

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