5
votes
0answers
52 views

Why does injury cause brief unconsciousness?

I suppose I'm thinking specifically about head injuries, though this question applies to any injury that causes unconsciousness for, say, a few minutes. If you would revive so soon, why would you fall ...
5
votes
0answers
100 views

Why has behaviourism fallen out of favour?

Despite the catchy title, I'm not interested in personal opinions here. I am however, interested in feedback on how to better phrase the question so as to avoid personal opinions. After some ...
5
votes
0answers
59 views

What functions does the brain perform to recognize a familiar object unconsciously?

Let's say a person's brain experiences how a vehicle/object looks for the very 1st time. It would require lot of attention/focus/processing to analyse the object, extract features and train its neural ...
5
votes
0answers
56 views

Does a loser prefer the winner to subsequently lose or win?

Most major league sports have some form of tournament bracket where there are several rounds of elimination before a winner is determined. In most of them, the winning team is undefeated over the ...
5
votes
0answers
106 views

What to do when you have a speed-accuracy trade-off in your data?

Many studies report that a speed-accuracy trade-off (SATO) did not occur in the data since there is a positive correlation between RTs and error rates. In other words, people took longer to respond ...
5
votes
0answers
686 views

Body Language: Why do we give each other the grumpy/frowning fake smile?

I've recently become aware of this - I kinda knew I was always doing it, but just now it got me self conscious and thinking about it: When crossing paths with a stranger, you are supposed to be ...
5
votes
0answers
23 views

Is it possible to imitate two way communication between a brain and a limb?

Human muscles are controlled by action potentials that travel along the nerves. Below is an image of a train of action potentials that are decoded by the brain into a sensation or interpreted by a ...
5
votes
0answers
169 views

Is there evidence to suggest that music can trigger release of a particular kind of neurotransmitter?

I've recently listened to a podcast, "The music in your brain", in which Dr. Daniel Levitin suggests that: Soothing music can trigger release of oxytocin Sad music triggers release of prolactin An ...
5
votes
0answers
38 views

What kind of feed-back scheme is there for a back-propagation feed-forward ANN for self-learning of touching a coordinate with robot arm?

I'm a beginner in this topic and are learning how to build an artificial neural network and different types of training associated with them. Right now, I'm trying to figure out self learning. For ...
5
votes
0answers
30 views

Why do I type “it's” when I know it should be “its” [duplicate]

I know the difference between "its" and "it's". When I read it, even in my own writing, I can see incorrect usages almost instantly. However, when I type, I often type "it's" when I should write ...
5
votes
0answers
105 views

What is the neurobiological basis of Spearman general factor of intelligence?

I found here a brief intro to genetic factor of human intelligence: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1036362 Also there is known that gyrus hipocampii is basis of STM which have role in general ...
5
votes
0answers
40 views

Current directions in emulation theory

Over the decades there have been several theories from various aspects of cognitive science that have appealed to a link between perception and action as a way of understanding information processing ...
5
votes
0answers
51 views

How to compute auditory steady state responses?

Simple question: How does one usually go about computing an auditory steady state response (ASSR)? I have data where speech was amplitude modulated to a 40 Hz sine tone. There's 3.5 minutes of data; ...
5
votes
2answers
717 views

What is the difference between hypnosis and meditation?

It seems that many people say that hypnosis and meditation are very similar. But what are their key differences (both in a soft and hard way)?
5
votes
0answers
81 views

What are the most well-understood vocal animal languages? [closed]

There are many examples of animal language that involve vocal pattens or "grammar". For example, there is the the Bee dance, bird songs, whale songs, dogs. Bird vocalization includes both bird calls ...
5
votes
0answers
188 views

What happens neurobiologically when people “think fast”? [closed]

This question is related to this one: How long can a person stay happy, excited and motivated about something new? I found a couple of references to research that links "thinking fast" to mood lift: ...
5
votes
0answers
95 views

Technical model of how babies and young children learn suited to a parent with an engineering background?

Background: I'm looking forward to be a father come fall. My son will have Downs Syndrome, so there are a lot of early interventions we have to think about to support our son - logopedics, ...
5
votes
3answers
114 views

Does pessimism lead to greater happiness because low expectations lead to less disappointment?

One might think that optimists would be obviously happier. However being a pessimist means that your expectations will usually be worse than the reality. Presumably when reality exceeds your ...
5
votes
1answer
139 views

What adjectives can be used to describe emotional intelligence competences?

After reading the book Emotional Intelligence by Daniel Goleman, I'm having a difficult time comparing emotional intelligence (EQ) with Intelligence Quotient (IQ). When talking about someone's IQ we ...
5
votes
1answer
55 views

Do Kahneman–Tversky results hold for longer periods and aggregate behavior?

Kahneman and Tversky (1979) show findings that can be summarized in this plot: They show that humans dislike losses "more" than they like comparable nominal gains. The results come from a series of ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there a relationship between schizophrenia and genius?

When reading the biography of renowned personalities recognized as "geniuses" such as great mathematicians, painters or poets, I was surprised by the fact that a great portion of this population that ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the definition of sanity? How can I prove someone either sane or insane?

In my experience the definition of insanity is thus: Insanity: The state of being seriously mentally ill, mad, and/or irrational. Is there a proper scientific definition of this term? While ...
4
votes
4answers
482 views

Computational Neuroscience software

What are the most common software tools you use in your day to day work in computational neuroscience? I am referring to neuroscience tools like GENESIS and NOT to generic tools like Excel.
4
votes
3answers
306 views

what is the reptile brain?

As a Carl Sagan fan, I remember (in Cosmos TV shoe) "territoriality, aggression and ritual" are products of the reptile brain while higher-level stuff like loyalty, planning for future are mammalian, ...
4
votes
4answers
219 views

What is a good book for studying incentives?

I am looking for a book, which gives a broad overview of all the main theories regarding incentives. Using this book, I would like to further my understanding of things like: Why slot machines ...
4
votes
2answers
307 views

What skills are required to build simulations of the human brain? [closed]

I want to build a system that has the ability to gather data from the internet in order to build a cognitive model of the human brain. The model should be able to answer the questions required by a ...
4
votes
2answers
774 views

How to measure emotional intensity?

This is a follow-up question to: Do people feel emotions less strongly as they grow older? Basically - I'm wondering - has anyone ever made an empirical measurement of how strongly someone felt ...
4
votes
1answer
248 views

Is it possible to become addicted to sleep deprivation?

Background: After staying awake for an entire night without sleeping medication, some individuals report feeling tired while others report feeling euphoric and at some point begin to hallucinate with ...
4
votes
5answers
465 views

Is there any good alternative to the International Affective Picture System (IAPS)?

I'm looking for (particularly negative) emotion inducing pictures or videos. After some research, I think the best known and widely used database is the International Affective Picture System (IAPS). ...
4
votes
3answers
731 views

What exactly is IQ, and how to develop or improve it?

Some people are said to have exceptionally high IQ. What exactly is that supposed to mean? Is it possible to develop high IQ if one doesn't have it? If yes, then how?
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How do we get used to smells?

How do we get used to smells? For example, you walk into a room with a certain stench, but it seems no matter how strong it may be, spending enough time in the room will allow you to stop smelling ...
4
votes
1answer
260 views

Does “The Brain Machine” work?

I came across this article on Make Magazine on "The Brain Machine" which will supposedly put one into a trancelike meditative state via a combination of sound and light pulses. Is there any ...
4
votes
2answers
138 views

Does fixing cognitive biases do more harm than use?

The Kahneman–Tversky interpretation of biases as deviation from rationality was challenged by Gigerenzer on the basis that heuristics help making decisions and, thus, rational from the evolutionary ...
4
votes
3answers
170 views

Which personality traits cause “non-cruelty”?

Human behavior towards other living beings can be classified into three categories: altruistic: actively caring for the well-being of others cruel: deliberately inflicting pain and suffering ...
4
votes
2answers
82 views

Are there peer-reviewed psychology or neuroscience journal articles that include the raw data (data set)?

I am hoping to carry out a pedagogical analysis of some peer reviewed papers, preferably on topics in cognitive science. This would be easier with the raw data its self, in additional to the results ...
4
votes
1answer
872 views

Have different mental strengths evolved in men and women?

I think that men and women are different mentally (but nonetheless equals), however this way of thinking is very hard for me to explain philosophically, so I'd like to learn about what roots this ...
4
votes
2answers
199 views

What is the difference between social anxiety disorder and shyness?

It seems that there are similar symptoms shown by people who suffer social anxiety and shyness, but what is actually the main difference between them? Thank you.
4
votes
3answers
141 views

What do we call the “middle” variables in a complex research model?

Basic theory building goes like this: you create a theory which has an independent variable and a dependent variable. I have also been taught to use "explanatory variable" as synonym for "independent ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it possible for non-BDSM relationships to learn anything from slave-master relationships?

I am interested in research on slave-master relationships within the BDSM spectrum. This questions concerns people who do not just engage in BDSM recreationally, but rater define their relationship ...
4
votes
1answer
615 views

Is mutually consensual BDSM a symptom of a sick mind or an expression of freedom from social constraints?

BDSM an acronym for bondage and discipline; dominant and submissive; sado-masochism; slave and master. Assume such a relationships or sexual practices are genuinely mutually consenting; and by ...
4
votes
3answers
123 views

Is it possible to master two different typing keyboard layouts?

I am a good typist with qwerty keyboard, I came across other keyboard layouts (eg: Dvorak keyboard). I believe I will never be able to master these two typing layouts simultaneously. Am I right? or ...
4
votes
2answers
71 views

Why do those with viral infections feel better after wrongly taking antibiotics?

Though I'm unversed in science, I accept and understand that bacteria differ from viruses; so antibiotics don't help in viral infections. Regardless, because older family members still allege that ...
4
votes
2answers
117 views

Why is it so difficult to use a “true mirror” as a mirror

This Youtube video shows what a "true mirror" is: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSxCZCy5Wsk In short, when you look into a true mirror you look at yourself (among other things) as you really are, ...
4
votes
2answers
173 views

Why does a neuron choose to connect to another?

I have been reading about neuron creation, guidance cues and all sorts of highly complex mechanisms used to allow one neuron axon to extend or connect - but to what end? Why does one neuron end up ...
4
votes
2answers
358 views

Duration-independent intelligence tests

Being able to measure intelligence (or the problem-solving aspect of it) quantitatively could be indispensable in fields like cognitive science or artificial intelligence. Obviously, IQ tests aren't ...
4
votes
2answers
177 views

Ignoring minority while generalizing about a group, any theoretical reference?

In conversation, we might define a particular group by the characteristics that the majority of that group holds even if a minority in that group doesn’t possess those characteristics. Some ...
4
votes
2answers
104 views

Does pain reduce cognitive abilities?

Does subjecting a person to pain reduce his cognitive abilities? If so, what is the process that reduces the ability? (By process, I mean the changes happening in the nervous system as a result of ...
4
votes
1answer
202 views

Physiological differences between brains of Conservatives and Liberals

I work for a non-profit research organization and I have been assigned to do research on this topic. I have been doing my best to find studies on this topic but every website and article seems to ...
4
votes
3answers
140 views

Is there a complete cortico-cortical connectivity map based on a useful partitioning of the cortex?

I have something like Brodmann Areas in mind, but any complete list of cortex regions would do. I'm primarily interested in human brains here. Ultimately I'd like enough information to be able to ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

How can fear be a positive emotion?

Fear is something we all feel, and we typically experience it as negative. It seems difficult to treat it as a positive emotion or find any satisfaction in overcoming it. So my question is: Can ...

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