5
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1answer
81 views

Neural Processes of Inducing Flow

Related to my previous question: Improved Typing as a result of slight movement For context: slight movement (<1 inch in any direction) improves typing, piano-playing, and writing, among other ...
5
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1answer
1k views

How to create a course that will give you synesthesia?

I'm thinking of creating a Memrise course that will include numbers and letters with corresponding colors, personality and sounds with aim of trying to develop some synesthesia in myself and anyone ...
5
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2answers
202 views

Are there useful applications for three channel consumer EEG?

I stumbled upon the consumer EEG Melon (at Kickstarter). It has three electrodes and is advertised as measuring how "focused" you are. In the FAQ it says: The Melon headband has three electrodes. ...
5
votes
1answer
149 views

When can anchoring backfire?

Anchoring is a well-known phenomenon [1]. However, I just ran an experiment where the effect seemingly backfired. Basically, I asked people to estimate the number of jelly beans in a jar. In my anchor ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Cheapest way to measure arousal levels

I'm interested in performing a psychological experiment from my own home (the research is controversial; not that it's unethical, but rather I won't be able to aquire funding for it) and in it I would ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

What is a “delayed match-to-sample task”?

This question talked about how a "delayed match-to-sample task" can be used to measure an animal's working memory. What is a delayed match-to-sample task and how can it be used to measure working ...
5
votes
2answers
122 views

Summary of meta-analytic correlations between self- and other-report measures

It is well known that the correlation between personality measures obtained from self-ratings and ratings by others are imperfect. There are many different traits that could be rated (e.g., ...
5
votes
1answer
82 views

Are there studies on the effect of nicotine patches on dream vividness and dream recall?

Acetylcholine plays an important role during REM Sleep. I cite an answer to the question "Why do dreams lose clarity quickly over time after we awaken?": Activity in the PFC during sleep may be ...
5
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1answer
44 views

What are 'gap junctions' (electrical synapses) for?

I was reading this and I found the following sentences: Apart from chemical synapses neurons can also be coupled by electrical synapses, so-called gap junctions. Specialized membrane proteins make ...
5
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1answer
56 views

Predictive Experiments on Neuroscience of Free Will

It seems to be very interesting that we can use modern neuroscience and cognitive science research to inform us about the ages-old question of free-will vs. determinism. The standard experiment was ...
5
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1answer
114 views

Is a fear response to the sight of predators innate or acquired?

Kids of very small age has less knowledge. They have very limited knowledge about harm, fear etc.., Is it possible that kids can feel fear with that much less knowledge? Let us assume a kid is ...
5
votes
4answers
135 views

What is different between children and adults that cause children to forgive so quickly?

Today I observed three children at a birthday party become involved in an extremely serious altercation including the use of (toy) weapons. Tears were dropping, threats issued, punches and kicks ...
5
votes
1answer
210 views

Do repeated measures designs in cognitive research permit causal inference?

Can someone please explain this to me because it's driving me bonkers. In cognitive research when one group of participants are exposed to a number of crossed factors manipulated by the researcher, is ...
5
votes
1answer
228 views

What is the correlation between self-monitoring and the Big 5 factors of personality?

Self-monitoring as a trait refers to a tendency "to closely monitor an audience in order to ensure appropriate or desired public appearances". It is commonly measured using the Revised Self-Monitoring ...
5
votes
1answer
216 views

What's the difference between executive functions and cognitive control?

I suspect that the difference between these terms may vary from researcher to researcher, since the wikipedia page treats them as synonymous. What's the difference between executive functioning and ...
5
votes
1answer
130 views

How can items from a general self-esteem/efficacy measure be changed to measure context specific self-esteem/efficacy?

I am very interested in a survey employing a Likert type scale in my research. I have come across the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. I would like to use this scale to get a sense of how subjects feel ...
5
votes
1answer
88 views

Difference in frequencies of mistakes between use of left-right vs. up-down

I have no hard data, but from my personal experience in people specifying right or left directions (similarly east or west) and up or down (north or south, top or bottom), people frequently make ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

Does deep, slow breathing increase mental performance?

Emotional Intelligence 2.0 said that breathing deeply and slowly increases mental performance, but I couldn't find any studies that really study the claim, and the book is a self-help book, which tend ...
5
votes
2answers
115 views

Can our auditory perception be used to trick our visual perception?

"Our consciousness lags 80 milliseconds behind actual events...The 80-millisecond rule plays all sorts of perceptual tricks on us. As long as a hand-clapper is less than 30 meters away, you hear and ...
5
votes
4answers
396 views

Can changing attitude cure depression?

There's a proverb: "everything's decided in mind" - changing attitude of thing may help going through things. Does it also mean that if someone is depressed then there'd be enough to change how he ...
5
votes
2answers
165 views

Does not seeing sunlight for several days impair moral judgment and lower mood?

Background: In winter, daytime is very short where I live. A few months ago, due to a bad sleeping habit, I had not seen sunlight for almost a month. Then I noticed some strange things had been ...
5
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2answers
171 views

Why do people get “too old to learn”?

This may be a stereotype, but many of us encounter a lot of people who insist that they can't learn a new technology because they're too old. Some of these people can be brilliant learners in their ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

Technical term for the temporary loss of understanding a word

I am basically looking for two words which are related to some degree. Ultimately the same word might even be the answer to both parts of this question. I split them up into two questions (see also ...
5
votes
1answer
84 views

12 percent of our dreams are in black and white?

Pavan Teja says on Psychtronics: Did you know that ... 12 percent of our dreams are in black and white? Is this true? EDIT The 12% even split up between young and old. From "Do we only dream ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

Would most people benefit from psychotherapy?

At least in my country, undergoing psychotherapy is perceived negatively. People in my country perceive people as either healthy (normal), or mad and in need of a psychologist. My perception is ...
5
votes
1answer
60 views

What is it about our brain that breaks when we hear ourselves with a delay?

If you've ever heard an echo of yourself on phone or video chat, you've probably noticed the phenomenon that you completely forget what you were talking about when you hear yourself talking. Have ...
5
votes
1answer
349 views

The Ben Franklin effect and cognitive dissonance

The Ben Franklin effect is the phenomena that if a person does a favor toward another person, there is an increased likelihood that the person will do another favor for that person. The same is true ...
5
votes
1answer
166 views

Why is my Gabor patch not resizing as a function of the bounding box?

I'm trying to create a Gabor patch of variable size for an upcoming experiment. Below is the python function used to generate the code. The code was ported from this tutorial for Matlab (assume ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Does anger increase your body strength?

Will anger increase your body strength or not? If you get angry, you may think that i can break anything or fight anyone but sometimes you almost lose control on your body completely (or probably ...
5
votes
1answer
484 views

Dreams and sleep phases, and duration of dreams

Supposedly, people mainly dream during REM sleep, and dreams last up to 20 minutes (see for example the first paragraphs of the Wikipedia article on Dreams). My subjective experience differs: No ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

Descriptions of human behavior should be extensible and reducible. Why?

In Prometheus Rising, Robert Anton Wilson explains Timothy Leary's theory of personality types, the "interpersonal grid", the diagrammatic representation of which consists of a circle divided by the ...
5
votes
1answer
37 views

Does fluency on a psychomotor task result from practice and a focus on accuracy?

I know this formula, and I don't know where did I read it (or maybe heard about): Conscious accuracy + continuous practice = spontaneous fluency It's an educational technique for long-term ...
5
votes
1answer
7k views

How important is eye contact for attraction between a man and woman?

How important is eye contact for creating/inducing attraction & showing showing "confidence" towards them? What is the optimal eye locking duration between 2 persons for inducing this attraction? ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

How is sample size determined in animal research?

In human research, we define our universe and estimate the effect size we expect to observe, then we can draw the a sample of a given size. How is sample size determined for experiments in the animal ...
5
votes
2answers
91 views

Do different meta-cognitive measurements depend on the same mechanism?

There are different meta-cognitive judgments: feeling of knowing, ratings of warmth, confidence, judgments of learning, tip-of-the-tongue or not, insight or not, etc. Are these judgments based on ...
5
votes
2answers
704 views

What is the standard error of measurement for teacher made multiple choice tests?

Assume a teacher constructs a four-choice multiple choice test. Each item has only one correct response. The test is scored from 0 to 100 representing the percentage of items answered correctly. I ...
5
votes
1answer
456 views

What are the effects of social rejection on the brain?

What are the effects of social rejection on the brain? If the external circumstance can not change, how can the impact on the brain be reduced? What is the average sensitivity to social rejection ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

Are there any standard psychometric scales that are only applicable to within-subject designs?

A while ago, I asked the question whether Presence questionnaires are valid in between-subject designs (see the question for the background to this assumption). While the question garnered some ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

Are there professional cognitive science test subjects?

I'm interested in how cognitive science experiments are designed and executed. Up until now, all of the papers I've seen dealing with cognition use availability of test subjects as one of the major ...
5
votes
2answers
135 views

Is there an actionable branch of cognitive science?

I'm not sure what is the name of a branch of cognitive science that deals with the application of cognitive science to the real world. I know that in Biology, there are fields like genetic ...
5
votes
1answer
165 views

How does language change the understanding of a complex concept?

For example, does breaking down a complex concept, initially described with scientific and uncommon terms, into less complex language degrade the understanding of the concept or can it maintain all ...
5
votes
1answer
149 views

Measuring meta-intelligence

Does anyone know of any research in measuring metacognitive abilities (i.e. metacomprehension, metamemory, meta-emotions(?), etc) in people? In other words, I'm wondering if the same way we have IQ ...
5
votes
2answers
427 views

What is a source of case studies of personality disorders?

What is a good source for case studies on a broad range of personality disorders? I'm a writer and I'm interested in reading some case studies for character work. I've found some websites with ...
5
votes
1answer
49 views

Is there a neural network model of Pavlovian Learning?

I am trying to find a computer simulation of Pavlovian learning. i.e. an action such as salivation in response to a stimulus such as a bell ringing. Most neural network models I've seen seem to be ...
5
votes
2answers
78 views

Why vision cannot count things instantly?

If vision can instantly "see" 30x30 grid, why does the brain often need to count rows and columns for understand there is 30 rows and 30 columns? Why does the brain fail to instantly count?
5
votes
1answer
87 views

Is it ethically appropriate for a client to buy their psychologist a gift?

I have been having free psychology therapy in my school for almost one year. Now the therapeutic relationship is coming to end. I want to give a small gift to my therapist to show my gratitude when my ...
5
votes
2answers
67 views

Is the Flynn effect in conflict with other studies of intelligence heritablity?

Studies comparing identical and fraternal twins, or occasionally identical twins reared apart have mostly concluded that there is a pretty high heritability of IQ. These studies, in particular the ...
5
votes
1answer
41 views

Research that shows that people infer causation from correlation

It is well known and frquently quoted that "correlation does not imply causation". Nonetheless, I've scoured the wikipedia article "Correlation does not imply causation" and the relevant keywords in ...
5
votes
1answer
248 views

How can psychometric or behavioural tests be used in banking to evaluate creditworthiness?

Suppose an entrepreneur or borrower with little credit or business history goes to a bank or some financial institution to borrow money. Banks can use, as an alternative to a credit or business ...
5
votes
2answers
147 views

How does an animal learn what a predator is?

A while ago I heard the following anecdote: "On some tropical island, explorers infested the island with rats that wrecked the native ecosystem. To get rid of rats, people introduced cats ...

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