# All Questions

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### Importance of Neural Synchrony to Cognition

Is there a consensus on whether computation using Neural Synchrony is reasonable or not? In "How to Build a Brain", Chris Eliasmisth cites Yuko Munakata and R. C. O'Reilly as saying that "the ...
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### A type of long-term memory where I can remember full dialogues

My female colleague cannot remember a discussion (dialogue) from a couple days ago or even yesterday, much less the full, exact sentences spoken. She jokes about having sclerosis. I can remember many ...
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### What study showed that humans can successfully detect objects within images once they are able to recognize those objects?

A professor in an online lecture I was watching referenced a study which he said showed that our ability as humans to detect objects within scenes (especially complex scenes) was very much connected ...
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### Grating orientation & frequency which induces highest gamma

I am doing some research on perception and gamma activity in V1 area. To check some of my results I need to find an experimental result, from which I would know which orientations and frequencies of ...
1k views

### Is there evidence that brain and mind are separate?

I've heard countless discussions about whether or not the mind is separate from the brain, but they have all been philosophical. I am looking for peer-reviewed studies that suggest the mind is not ...
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### Assuming everything has conciousness, can technical hardware have higher level of conciousness than a rock? [closed]

If we assume that everything has conciousness – plants, animals, even rocks, then can we say that technical hardware, like a calculator for example, has a higher level of conciousness than a rock?
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### Are there any cognitive test (or test suites) available on the iPad?

I find the IPad to be a great piece of hardware that is easy to bring along and that has an intuitive touch interface. This would make it an ideal platform for many cognitive tests such as n-back. As ...
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### What indicates an extreme worry about privacy?

Some persons pretends that to be curious of other's people life facts is disrespectful. I imagined that this belief comes from coherence and a projection on others of our worrying about privacy. I'm ...
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### Why aren't Connectionism and Dynamicism considered part of the Computational Theory of the Mind?

In the Wikipedia article for Computational Theory of the Mind (NOT to be confused with Computational Representational Understanding of Mind which includes Connectionism), it is mentioned that ...
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### How does an understanding of the brain explain why people experience strong emotional responses to major sporting events?

Anyone know studies or theories that explain how massive competition events between countries or parties, like the Soccer World Cup Tournament finals or Olympic Games affect our brains? Why do people ...
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### NEO-FFI $t$-score calculation

I am a CS student who has to do an analysis on the NEO-FFI test. I have the results of the questionnaire, however, I couldn't find how to calculate t-scores or raw scores. There are lots of academic ...
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### Does explaining a visual guidance system affect visual attention distribution?

I'm working on a driving simulator that uses an eyetracker to monitor the users gaze behavior. Based on a study I modeled an optimal scanpath that the users should follow in order to best maneuver ...
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### How higher/lower taxes can affect reward system and overall satisfaction of someone

I'm curious about how the tax system affects the reward center in the brain and how that influences the perception of happiness with one's life. My hypothesis is that subject ...
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### Best way to capture effect of making people upset?

I am an undergrad, I am planning to do some research to see how much I enjoy it before I apply for grad programs. I am researching the effects of a certain characteristic of a presenter making people ...
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### Best way to capture effect of making people upset? [duplicate]

I am an undergrad, I am planning to do some research to see how much I enjoy it before I apply for graduate programs. I am researching the effects of a certain characteristic of a presenter making ...
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### Is there a method to count objects without a pattern?

Is there a method in mnemonics to quickly find out the number of objects in, for example, a heap of tooth picks. There is this scene in the movie Rain Man, where the autistic protagonist can tell the ...
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### Are there any proven ways to increase concentration and focus?

There are lots of popular articles out there giving listings of steps one can do to concentrate and focus better. But they seldom or never give links to studies that prove any of the steps work, at ...
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### Variables in positive reinforcement in human beings

I've been thinking about positive reinforcement occasionally, and I've always found myself wondering about various things that can influence it. So, I'm looking for information (results of empirical ...
1k views

### Does anger increase your body strength?

Will anger increase your body strength or not? If you get angry, you may think that i can break anything or fight anyone but sometimes you almost lose control on your body completely (or probably ...
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### How to train oneself in the art of obfuscation [closed]

I really liked the movies Frost/Nixon, Thank You for Smoking, The Social Network and then I found this Doonesbury comic strip. I want to know how to train oneself in this art of obfuscation. I am not ...
6k views

### How to temporarily induce low latent inhibition?

As the Wikipedia article says, High levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine (or its agonists) in the ventral tegmental area of the brain have been shown to decrease latent inhibition. Certain ...
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### What do we mean by saying: Narcissist are not empathetic?

I was amazed by finding out the dark triad But I have a doubt. I know some "narcissists" and I would not say that they cannot see other people emotions. I would say that they think they have the ...
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### Is sleep time related to any other characteristic?

Some people say that smart people sleep less, other say that smart people sleep more. I also heard that Napoleon used to sleep 4h/day. Is sleep-time related to any other characteristics like ...
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### Is there a psychological term for finding your former partner sexually attractive?

Is there a psychological term for finding your former partner sexually attractive, or for wanting to get back with your ex? How does science describe this condition?
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### When does anchoring improve our judgement?

Anchoring is the behavioral pattern where the first piece of information we receive about a situation is what all other data points are compared to. For example, the price of the first menu item we ...
646 views

### Why is storytelling an effective way to transmit information between people?

Parables, fables, myths, whatever you might call them, stories have always been part of human consciousness. Within recent decades, storytelling is recognized as a big component of advertising and ...
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### Do we have a predisposition to view visual stimuli in a clockwise pattern?

I understand that we typically view the center of the image first and then are likely to move on a horizontal axis, but is there evidence that we tend to follow a clockwise path when viewing more ...
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### Is “brain training” effective?

We've had quite a few questions about "brain training" on this site (see questions tagged brain-training). And the effectiveness of "brain training" has been touched on in several questions (this ...
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### List of affective states for a study?

I am putting together a study that attempts to assess whether people assign particular affective or emotional states to images--specifically, animated GIFs. Is there a "standard" list of emotional ...
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### Is remembering a list of words an example of semantic or episodic memory?

I'm having a hard time making a clear distinction between semantic and episodic memory. When presented with idealized examples, I find the breakdown clear; describing a trip to Paris is an example of ...
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### What is, formally speaking, major depressive disorder?

DSM and ICD define a mental disorder called major depressive disorder (MDD), and I suppose the notion of MDD defines quite rigorous criteria and methods to diagnose it in people. I don't know, how MDD ...
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### Name of a cognitive test assessing whether a child can think independently

I am looking for a names / examples of a tests that determine if the child is thinking on its own (I have tried searching on wikipedia topics about cognitive sciences/ psychology etc. with no luck). ...
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### Is there a research field which holds close connections between computational neuroscience and classical robotics

Is there a research field which holds close connections between computational neuroscience and classical robotics, particularly building corresponding robots to implement and test the theories from ...
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### Where do our memories get stored and how are they retrieved again? [closed]

In one of Karl Lashley's 1950 papers, it is pointed out that information is not stored locally in certain area of the brain. Instead, it's stored distributively over the structure of the brain. I'm ...
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### Is there a correlation between online and offline vandalism?

I did some searching but I was not able to find anything substantial on this topic either for or against. I am mainly trying to figure out whether online trolling is a way of redirecting otherwise ...
393 views

### What types of sounds do young infants prefer?

I've learned through course lectures that infants can recognize faces shortly after birth (Slater & Quinn, 2001), and have a visual preference for human features as young as 1-month-old (Sanefuji ...
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### What do brains do when processing information, that Von Neumann machines cannot (yet?) imitate?

What makes a human processing information so different from a set of instructions in a computer? Solving a problem for any human operating with concepts is still much superior to lots of computer ...
168 views

### Is it possible to detect the mental flow state with EEG?

I know that it is possible to detect "focus" with a consumer EEG with a single electrode and a reference point (ear clip), even without conductive gel, but is it possible to detect a flow state with ...
154 views

### Can hypnotherapy help to change my tastes in food?

First a few disclaimers: I am from a scientific background but a marine biology and computing one, so I apologise if I get any concepts wrong, but I will try my best. I have never been hypnotised, ...
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### If one is flexing a muscle, for any given motoneuron involved, how many action potentials occur per second to keep the muscle flexed?

Also, will the axon terminals in a given motoneuron ever run out of neurotransmitters to release if they are constantly undergoing action potentials (say in the situation outlined above where a muscle ...
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### Is there a term for a person who moves from one field of expertise to a new field and has an inflated belief in their competence in the new field?

Person A has led a successful career and is very well renowned in field A. Later in life, person A moves to field B, a field they're curious about but have very little experience in. Person A ...
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### Is rapport a cognitive phenomenon?

"Building rapport" is often mentioned as one of the most fundamental sales techniques, but I had a hard time understanding the cognitive mechanism behind this. Is this really a state of awareness that ...
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### How does appreciation for music change over time for the same person?

I know that there's a concept of acquired taste, where a child may find certain tastes, like peppers and beer unappealing until certain age or frequency of exposure. Is there something similar to ...
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### How to get more involved with personality psychology as a hobby? [closed]

My favorite thing to do is to think about why people behave the way they do. I found that in Psychology there is a branch called Personality Psychology which deals with this kind of stuff. I would ...
51 views

### How is averaging used in calculating the Bereitschaftspotential?

I have a question about the averaging involved in the Bereitschaftspotential. On http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bereitschaftspotential you can read that, because it is so small, the ...
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### Are hot-streaks in athletics real, and if so, is there a known psychological basis?

It is common to refer to an athlete who is enjoying a sustained period of success (e.g. a long consecutive game hitting streak in baseball) as being "hot", suggesting that something about their ...
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### Why do we find things fun?

One may cause to argue that Fun activities are solely based off psychological and physical identification with certain activities, but surely there is a deeper analysis on why we find things fun. ...
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### Which is more likely to cause a person to devalue some other person?

Scenario: Mary and John are in a relationship. Elen is Mary's best friend. What will make Mary devalue Elen more? Hearing that Elen likes John (romantically) or hearing that John likes Elen? Let's ...