2
votes
1answer
43 views

Terminology for when a person starts to like something they previously didn't like due to exposure from a friend

What is the term for when a person starts to like something they previously didn't like due to exposure from a friend? What is the term for such phenomenon in social psychology? For example, I don't ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

What brain regions are activated when a dream is remembered?

Some people remember dreams, others don't. The same person can wake up with dream recall one day and without on other days. I know that the association between REM sleep and dreaming was initially ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

How long could Henry Molaison keep his memory of the present?

I'm talking about Henry Molaison (HM), the famous memory research patient. I hear that he could converse normally with a researcher until he "got distracted", at which point he no longer remembered ...
0
votes
1answer
198 views

Super polymath feasibility: Is it possible to have the highest intellectual ability in every area?

Could a single individual have the abilities of Gauss in mathematics, play soccer like Messi, write like Dostoyevsky, play chess like Carlsen, have ideas in physics comparable to those of Einstein, ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Are there any recorded cases of hearing the outside world while in a coma?

There are plenty of stories flying around of people having been in a coma, but able to hear the outside world. They usually include either hearing malicious things said by staff, or encouragement by ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Which are the most accredited tests for measuring personality traits?

I'm lacking of an academic background. I thought there were only 4 or 16 personality traits. But a fast search on google is showing a huge number: according to this link they should be 638. Is this ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Where to find statistical prevalence data for psychopathology over time?

Are there any places where is possible to find historical data for trends of psychological disease? For example some Google website (similar to google trends or NGrams)
4
votes
1answer
146 views

Do introverts tend to experience more psychological problems?

Are there any evidence suggesting that the more introvert people could be more subject to psychological problems? Is possible to hypothesize that one of the causes is the lack of ideas in comparison ...
0
votes
1answer
587 views

Is there psychological research on seduction?

I've been reading a lot of books about seduction. Most of them rely on (approximative) psychological basis and presents really interesting insights. Robert Greene - Art of seduction, for example ...
4
votes
0answers
34 views

How to select vocabulary items for a test designed to expand vocabulary in English as a second language students?

I am developing a personalized android program designed to expand vocabulary for students learning English as a second language. It includes "story-reading" and "Word-Meaning Quizes". First, ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

What are the effects of antipsychotic medication on brain volume?

I have read numerous different papers each claiming that antipsychotic medication either helps maintain brain volume or causes brain volume reduction in patients with schizophrenia and other psychotic ...
2
votes
2answers
371 views

Is it possible to permanently improve long-term memory?

Many similar questions here ask either about working or short-term memory, or about various tricks and techniques to efficiently remember information. My question is, is it possible to improve the ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Is Allen Carr's “easy way to stop smoking” a form of cognitive therapy?

David Burns is a cognitive therapist, who in his Feeling Good describes how to overcome depression. He states that depression is a logical result of irrational negative thoughts, which can be ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

How is “mislabeling” cognitive distortion different from “labeling”?

David Burns in his book Feeling Good describes "labeling and mislabeling" cognitive distortions: Personal labeling means creating a completely negative self-image based on your errors. It is an ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Would a patient benefit from continuing cognitive therapy even after solving his pathology?

According to this question: Would most people benefit from psychotherapy? most people would benefit from psychotherapy. I'm trying to narrow that question to only the people who have experienced some ...
5
votes
2answers
139 views

Where does Freud say, “The unconscious mind can only wish?”

Where does Freud say, "The unconscious mind can only wish?" I've been tasked with either agreeing or disagreeing with this statement, but I cannot find exactly where Freud is said to have made this ...
2
votes
0answers
393 views

Is it true that drinking water before bed causes dreams to be more vivid?

Pavan Teja says on Psychtronics: Drink a lot of water. The more water you drink before bed, the more vivid your dreams. Is this true? Is this because I'm more alert not to, you know, and ...
1
vote
1answer
300 views

Are there scientific alternatives to Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP)?

According to these answers 1, 2 and to wikipedia, NLP seems to be a pseudoscience, which has shown no real effectiveness, and so on. Are there scientific proved alternatives to NLP?
1
vote
0answers
122 views

Is Brain Sync music effective in increasing cognitive functioning? [duplicate]

From the website: BRAIN SYNC meditation CDs and guided imagery techniques are proven to significantly improve mental performance. In two decades, nearly 3 million Brain Sync users have ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Is Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) a science or pseudoscience?

Are there some branches of NLP which are considered scientific? Bandler and Grinder also claim that NLP can treat problems such as phobias, depression, habit disorder, psychosomatic illnesses, ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

12 percent of our dreams are in black and white?

Pavan Teja says on Psychtronics: Did you know that ... 12 percent of our dreams are in black and white? Is this true?
4
votes
1answer
133 views

How would self awareness be limited without languages

Is it possible to posses a self awareness without having any sort of language at hand, not even a personal sign system. How would such an languageless experience be like? I am not sure if this can be ...
4
votes
0answers
61 views

Evidence for a 2-component framework of visual attention distribution

As part of my bachelor thesis on eyetracking-based gaze guidance, I've done quite a bit of reading (again) on visual attention and visual attention distribution. What caught my attention (haha) ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

Why do we stress over the smallest things?

I'm just curious to know: why do people stress over the smallest of issues? Not only is it common to almost everyone I know, but it is something that can drive people crazy. For example, getting ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Do we only hear what we want to hear?

When I Google this, the results are about misinterpreting what we hear to suit what we want or expect. However, I'm interested to know if we ignore specific things we hear and focus on things we are ...
4
votes
0answers
42 views

Can split-brain patients sleep like whales?

Regular split-brain patients still have some remaining connection between the hemispheres, but would it be possible for their hemispheres to fall asleep independent of the other? What about when not ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Is there a correlation or cause-effect relationship between attractiveness and feet?

My psychology professor is very hard to understand and can't speak English well. She was saying something about a study was done that found the best indicator of a physical attractiveness is feet, and ...
7
votes
2answers
192 views

Can a person “self-induce” the placebo effect?

Despite a recent dubious claim that placebos don't require deception (critiqued here), placebos appear to function on the basis that a subject believes X will have ...
0
votes
2answers
75 views

Which personality traits relate to prosocial values?

Which personality traits are strong in people with values such as: kindness humility sympathy empathy abnegation church-professed values solidarity love for others forgiving the other defending ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Scientific term for people who value following the rules

What is the psychological term for people who believe that: they have strong rights that others should be nice that others should respect unwritten rules that others should not lie They believe ...
4
votes
3answers
138 views

What do we call the “middle” variables in a complex research model?

Basic theory building goes like this: you create a theory which has an independent variable and a dependent variable. I have also been taught to use "explanatory variable" as synonym for "independent ...
-2
votes
1answer
75 views

Modern name for the two kind of ethics proposed by Nietzche

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Master%E2%80%93slave_morality Nietzsche argued that there were two fundamental types of morality: 'Master morality' and 'slave morality'. Slave morality ...
6
votes
2answers
184 views

Does taking a deep breath reduce reduce the experience of stress and negative emotions?

Sometimes when I have negative feelings, it seems that a deep breath resets these feelings. Does that really happen? Is there any research on the effect of taking a deep breath on reducing the ...
-1
votes
2answers
59 views

Increasing the quantity of something which is initially good will always lead to an excess?

Take this sentence from a psychological article on wikipedia about the comfort zone: However, White (2009) also observes that if the work of Robert Yerkes (1907) is considered in which he ...
1
vote
3answers
133 views

Are most self-help books properly rooted in cognitive sciences?

The following books are explained from a cognitive sciences perspective and rely strongly on psychology or sociology. Self-help books Dale Carnegie - Social Intelligence (empathy, emotional ...
6
votes
1answer
78 views

Can attention be improved to reduce the frequency of mistakes?

There is a class of error that is sometimes colloquially referred to as "not paying attention". These are the sorts of error where the subject knows the correct way to perform a task, but fails to ...
0
votes
1answer
182 views

Can a strong lack of empathy be considered a disorder?

Premise from Wikipedia: More recently, popular science writer and Psychologist Daniel Goleman has drawn on social neuroscience research to propose that social intelligence is made up of social ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

What are the differences between Asperger's Syndrome and Schizoid Personality Disorder?

They are specifically listed as two separate disorders in the ICD, but what are the differences between Asperger's Syndrome and Schizoid Personality Disorder? Since both result in a withdrawal from ...
1
vote
2answers
150 views

What are the DSM requirements for 'Paranoid Personality Disorder'?

What are the requirements for Paranoid Personality Disorder as specified by the current revision of the Diagnostic Statistical Manual?
-4
votes
1answer
84 views

Could an ethic stating that everyone should care about himself go into justifying exploitment?

Let's assume that one man has the following belief: 1) Everyone has to take care of himself; it's not mandatory for people to be nice and good, it's mandatory to defend ourselves from others and to ...
5
votes
3answers
179 views

Is it possible to induce the processes that occur during sleep such as memory “garbage collection” without actually sleeping?

Some time ago I opened a question comparing drug withdrawal and sleep deprivation symptoms. In fact, my main objective for that question was to know if there was by any chance, a possibility to live ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Why is the sound of running water soothing?

What is it about the sound of running water that soothes the brain and the soul? This is what I found on the internet: Our species evolved where trees met savannahs and where freshwater sources ...
1
vote
2answers
809 views

Why (and how) do people seek acknowledgement?

I don't think I need to give evidence that people do seek acknowledgement; if it's not from parents, it's from lovers or friends. It can be things as big as life ambitions/achievements (e.g. 'I will ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Sense of time: Evaluation and correlation with psychological traits and states

Some of us are often in hurry and always late. Some make mistakes while evaluating time-needs for tasks. How is our sense of time connected with our personality? Is it more correlated with the process ...
1
vote
3answers
85 views

Is there a scientific definition of “fairness”?

The concept of fairness, in my opinion, is somehow defined by the concept of empathy through some searches by Daniel Goleman in his book Social Intelligence. The book deals with scientific ...
3
votes
0answers
172 views

How does the body experience free-fall during a hypnic jerk

Today I learned that a sudden jerk that you sometimes experience when you are just about to fall asleep due to a sense of free-fall or weightlessness is called a hypnic jerk. If, while sleeping, I ...
4
votes
1answer
276 views

What is the difference between computational neuroscience, theoretical neuroscience, and neuroinformatics (if there is one)?

In particular, theoretical and computational neuroscience seem to be synonymous with each other. Neuroinformatics at least seems to deal somewhat more with solving things numerically and the usage and ...
6
votes
1answer
61 views

Does it take more cognitive effort to tell the time when reading a digital clock instead of analog?

Following a question on UX.Stackexchange about whether or not to use an analog or digital clock on a website from a user-interface perspective it occurs to me that there is probably a psychological ...
-2
votes
1answer
86 views

Is it hard to change people's beliefs without resorting to marketing techniques? And if so, why?

Background: Dale Carnegie was the developer of famous courses in self-improvement, salesmanship, corporate training, public speaking, and interpersonal skills. He was the author of How to Win ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Why are most people not persuaded by rational arguments?

The sentence could look as a provocation for many people, but the thoughts are not always rational and linear. But why this happens? Is it possible to give a short answer? "Counter to what you might ...

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