6
votes
2answers
186 views

How do neurons decide how to alter their output signals?

In computer science, neural networks are trained using backpropagation and other methods. Backpropagation heavily relies on mathematical formulas to describe how the weights should be changed ...
4
votes
1answer
190 views

Does high IQ give cause to doubt an ADHD diagnosis?

My friend was diagnosed with ADHD as a kid, but her parents disagreed with such a diagnosis on the grounds that she had a high IQ which was discovered when her psychologists and psychiatrists were ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

What is the relationship between dopamine and mathematical ability (if any)?

I am curious to know if there is any existing literature that suggests that an increase in dopamine lends itself to an increased interest in solving problems of a mathematical nature.
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the role of Chloride (Cl- ions) in membrane potential?

This Membrane Potential article mentions only that Cl- ion is used to model inhibitory GABA synapses. Does it have another role besides hyper-polarizing the cell due to inhibitory neurotransmitter ...
5
votes
0answers
59 views

Would courts sentence differently if we used a different numeral system?

I hear a lot in the media about people sentenced to go to jail for a number of years divisible by 10. Does our numeral system affect it? Would courts sentence the same if we counted - for example - ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Can humans really successfully multitask? [duplicate]

It seems to be a quality parents want to instill in their children, as well as i.e.- teenagers bragging about having music playing, texting, video chatting, all while doing homework, they claim is the ...
3
votes
1answer
582 views

Why would I be asked to count backwards by 3, from 100 in a psychological test?

On an initial mental health consultation with a psychiatric nurse practitioner, I was asked, among many other odd questions, to count backwards by three. 100, 97, 94... This was quite a number of ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

What is happening when i focus my attention on a particular body part?

In an article i saw that "Thinking about an activity can actually activate the parts linking to that activity". So i thought of giving it a try and i started to focus on the digits of my feet (they ...
0
votes
1answer
789 views

How to train our brain to see everything in slow motion? [duplicate]

People who had near death experience often found that they were able to see everything in slow motion and capture every details in their surrounding at that particular period. Because the brain ...
6
votes
0answers
66 views

Why does appreciation make us happy?

Why does one crave facebook likes or a pat on the back. Our actions are always governed by this phenomenon, and I don't understand why.
1
vote
3answers
145 views

Is gender biologically or socially determined?

I guess the word "gender" needs to be defined, but that is part of the problem I suppose, since it can mean many different things to many different people. By gender, I do not mean anatomical physical ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Which format of secret would be the most efficient for human memory?

In information security a shared secret is often used to authenticate users. (so-called sth-you-know authentication factor; examples include passwords, passphrases, numeric pin-s, graphical passwords (...
0
votes
2answers
163 views

What is the relationship between the ego, amygdala and consciousness? [closed]

I've been reading a lot about emotional responses lately, and the following points seem to surface in different writings: "Amygdala is a very ancient system, intended to quickly alert a person ...
3
votes
0answers
30 views

Is it conceivable that even basic human behavior is genetically determinined only to a very limited extent?

I'm wondering whether even basic human behavior (beyond what appears to be directly wired into our nervous systems, like swallowing and face-related mirror neurons) are indeed facilitated by ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

What is the relationship between perceived difficulty and mistakes/errors?

I'm looking for any empirical research about the correlation between the perceived difficulty level of humans and the mistake / errors they make while performing a task. I would prefer studies with ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

What kind of journal 'The Journal of Neuroscience Methods' is? [closed]

I am looking for some journal that publishes neuroscience research with focus on computational and/or methodological aspects. The Journal of Neuroscience Methods appears on a Google search but it has ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Objective test for self-awareness?

Are there any means by which an observed entity (e.g.: an AI) can be tested for self-awareness using/applying/affecting mainly its visual-oral-auditory-senses and observed responses of same? Failing ...
3
votes
0answers
31 views

Why do we train the threshold as a weight in neural networks?

Why do we train the threshold as a weight? I understand the process of how to do it (the bias and augmented weight vector) but do not get the importance or practical applications of doing so.
4
votes
1answer
99 views

What is the relationship between top-down mechanism and priming the visual system in the following experiment?

I am currently conducting an experiment where a subject is shown a series of photographs of various objects. Each photo contains a single object. Before showing the photograph, a screen with a text ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Thinking consciously or unconsciously - Any difference in brain scan?

I've been wondering how a person would be affected if brain activity that is normally done automatically and unconsciously in a normal human being has to be done consciously by him, or vice versa. ...
6
votes
1answer
115 views

Could ketosis be therapeutic for ADHD based on the neuro-energetic theory of attention?

I'm a complete neuroscience novice so please bear with me. One of the more interesting theories of the etiology of ADHD that I've read posits that the disorder may be one of neuroenergetics - the ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Are people who are very “aware” of the world that way because their brains are more advanced or les advanced? [closed]

Usually when we think of people who are very aware of their surroundings or very sensitive to the subtleties in all situations, we assume that it is because their brains are more advanced so they can ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Unified Theory of the Human Brain [closed]

I'm a junior researcher(Life Sciences undergraduate) starting out in computational genetics of neuroscience, and I want to create a Unified Theory/Computational Model of the human brain and all its ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Madness from Depression [closed]

I have been wondering about this for a while... I've known people that struggle against depression and are medicated with SSRIs but there was a case that I found quite intriguing. There was a nineteen-...
5
votes
1answer
325 views

How can psychometric or behavioural tests be used in banking to evaluate creditworthiness?

Suppose an entrepreneur or borrower with little credit or business history goes to a bank or some financial institution to borrow money. Banks can use, as an alternative to a credit or business ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Is psychological shock a valid construct?

Rather than shock as a physiological reaction to bodily trauma, does anyone know of research on the validity of psychological shock? I'm not referring to shell shock, or the original name for PTSD. ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Taking into account reliability of Raven's Matrices and Self Monitoring tests

I've results of two tests administered to university students: the 18-item true-false version of the Self-Monitoring Scale (Snyder & Gangestad, 1986); the Raven Progressive Matrices Test (John &...
1
vote
0answers
111 views

Lifelong avoidance coping style [closed]

Suppose someone has been using avoidance coping style for most of his or her life. The avoidance tendency is present in a broad range of situations, relatively constant through his or her life, not ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Can memorising a new thing erase existing memories?

Homer: But every time I learn something new, it pushes out something old. Remember that time I took a home wine-making course and forgot how to drive? Marge: That's because you were drunk. Yeah,...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Is the logic of “Herrnstein's syllogism” sound, and are its premises true?

Herrnstein (1973) wrote My theory hinges on an argument in the form of a syllogism: 1) If differences in mental abilities are inherited, and 2) If success requires those abilities, and 3) ...
2
votes
0answers
11 views

Cognitive arguments as rationalizations of emotional processes that preceded them? [duplicate]

I heard the following argument on German talk radio: Modern cognitive science indicates that our conscious arguments are only rationalizations of emotional processes that preceded them. Where ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Where to find recent most important studies and researches? [closed]

Is there any website or journal that publishes most significant recent studies and articles in psychology? I have access to EBSCO database, but there are thousands of articles and most of them of ...
5
votes
1answer
185 views

How long does the trace of a memory last in the brain?

With long-term plasticity one refers to the phenomen by which synapses are modified by neural activity and these modifications last for long times, a day perhaps of the order of days. This phenomenon ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

Which intervention improves the ability to remember names the most?

Is there research about psychological interventions to help the average person remember names? If so, which intervention or interventions have the best evidence base to support them? Are there good ...
-1
votes
1answer
61 views

How do you make psychology experiments? [closed]

Have you used Inquisit, E-Prime, DirectRT, or Qualtrics to make psychology experiments? I worked in a psychology lab as a programmer and I thought these programs felt very outdated and not user ...
6
votes
1answer
77 views

Do people low on agreeableness swear more?

Reading through a scientific report on Big 5 characteristics in everyday life, I found a -.28 correlation for Agreaableness and swearing. http://dingo.sbs.arizona.edu/~mehl/eReprints/EARlensmodelJPSP....
5
votes
1answer
107 views

If you sleep during the day, do you need less sleep at night?

If, say, you sleep 2-3 hours during the day (in the afternoon) - Do you need less sleep at night? After all, subjects feel less tired in the evening after sleeping during day. Can sleep hours be ...
11
votes
4answers
348 views

Why do humans cry?

People cry when they experience intense emotions. Crying seems to occur most frequently in intense episodes of sadness and fear, but sometimes also happens when people are very happy or angry. What is ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Are new memories stored in new neurons generated in the hippocampus?

I heard recently from Demis Hassabis that if the hippocampus is damaged that new memories cannot be formed. I also heard recently that it has been discovered that new neurons continue to be produced ...
3
votes
2answers
84 views

Are action potentials necessary for experience?

We know that, for example, during brain surgery, electrical stimulation in certain parts of the cortex is sufficient for experience, and result in reportable experiences in human subjects. We also ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Word for the opposite of “hypochondriasis”

This question was posted in English.stackexchange. Is there a word for the opposite condition of hypochondriasis? For example, someone who denies being sick when they clearly are? I would ...
3
votes
3answers
101 views

Scientific name for the phrase: “The first image is the image that stays”

I've always heard about an effect that is entitled: The first image is the image that stays. It comes from a translation from a portuguese phrase, I don't know if it's properly translated. It seems ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

In NEURON simulator, how do you pan and zoom a plotted graph?

How do I zoom in and move around a chart after it has been plotted?
7
votes
1answer
408 views

Does Wim Hof really consciously control his autonomic nervous system?

While there is no question about the validity of Wim Hof's abilities, I question some of the claims made about his ability. He is claimed to be able to consciously control certain aspects of his ...
6
votes
1answer
73 views

Transmission of beliefs through networks

I recall seeing references to studies about the spreading of true/false beliefs through social networks. I think this research tends to be grounded in game theory or evolutionary theory (like gene ...
4
votes
0answers
104 views

What effects does multitasking have on comprehension and memory of audiobooks/speech?

I've heard around that our comprehension of audiobooks versus read books is roughly on the same level (the processes aren't really all that different, usually when we read we vocalize the words in our ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Mental illness vs mental condition vs mental disorder

I posted this at English.SE, but I'm wondering if you guys can also shine some light here. Is there perhaps a distinction between mental conditions that are disruptive and mental conditions that just ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

How is ADHD different to internet/social media/information addiction?

One of the concerns about ADHD diagnosis is how is it not just inattentiveness due to the modern hazard of instant gratification via social media/the internet. Here's a post of a wrote on the ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

How is it the case that it is easy to voluntarily trick our sense of sound, but not any of our other senses [closed]

Consider this, you are standing in line for groceries and you start thinking of your favorite song. As you are remembering the sounds that make up the song, you could say that you are hearing the song....
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Analyze subconscious/unconscious scientifically [closed]

Is there a way to analyze human subconscious/unconscious scientifically in some way? I mean for example to help me better understand my fears, insomnia etc. There are many people out there who offer ...

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