# All Questions

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### What kinds of information can (and cannot) be extracted from connectome?

Several scientific projects are trying to map the connectome, such as The Human Connectome Project. The connectomes of other organisms, such as C. elegans, have been mapped already. Having an ...
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### Books/guides to improve conversation skills [closed]

I would like to improve my conversation skills. Thanks, Bernardo
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### Does a loser prefer the winner to subsequently lose or win?

Most major league sports have some form of tournament bracket where there are several rounds of elimination before a winner is determined. In most of them, the winning team is undefeated over the ...
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### Can reading [self-help] books aid in therapeutic treatment of the Narcyssistic rationalization pattern?

I've dealt with a few people having a narcissistic personality trait / disorder. For me it's interesting to see the defense pattern they adopt through rationalization to defend their self-image and ...
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### Difference between real time and old information processing in the brain

Can we differentiate between the following two processes? Brain receives information via senses, such as eye, ear, nose, skin and tongue. That is, vision, hearing, smell, touch and taste. Brain ...
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### When should a percentage be written as a percentage and when should it be written x out of n?

People perceive numbers, percentages and values in different ways depending on what it is and how it is presented. I'm looking for research on when to communicate with an actual percentage and when ...
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### How is an emotion different from a thought or a sensation?

I don't know any good definition of emotion. I don't know what they really are, subjectively. I don't understand what makes an experience an emotion, as opposed to a thought or a sensation. What is ...
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### Could markers on cars indicating a common destination improve highway driving efficiency?

This question is a bit of a long shot for this site but it is psychology-related so I thought I'd give it a try. This is a little thought exercise. I was driving down the expressway toward downtown ...
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### Why is it easier to fall asleep in the dark?

I'm curious if there is any neurological mechanism that explains why falling asleep is easier in the dark. I recognize that this isn't true universally -- a phobia of darkness might make it easier to ...
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### Is the theory of Information Metabolism a reasonable scientific theory?

Background I have been checking out various personality typing assessments lately when I came across a Personality typing system known as Socionics which aims at explaining relationships between ...
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### What is the difference between you and your self, if any? [closed]

I have wondered what is the difference between a human and their self. Note, I said "their self", not "theirself". I want to know if there is any difference.
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### Is there some hierarchy of the human senses?

What I mean by this is to ask if each of the sensory inputs can be quantified by the amount of information the brain is receiving: For example, Brain says: currently receiving 10 packets of visual ...
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### Structure for General Intelligence

I've just read Dan Rasmussen's paper on general intelligence and I was wondering what other approaches for complex, scalable and adaptable learning have been tried in the past? This question's scope ...
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### Are mnemonics by creating associations good for memory?

I read a book which says that to remember the lists of arbitrary objects, we should take a well-known ordered list (so that you know what is on the first place, what is on the second) and associate ...
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### Where is knowledge of how the brain works stored?

If we are our brains, and our brains know how they work, this means that this information is stored somewhere in the brain, like the inferior temporal cortex is the part of the brain that recognizes ...
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### How are autistic savants able to perform certain mathematical computations so quickly?

How do autistic savants (or other people with these abilities) compute equations like $81^{100}$ in 2.5 minutes? Which algorithms do they use? Is it an efficient one, or do they just have a lot of ...
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### Are desires influenced by beliefs?

I refer it especially to what men and women look for in the partner. Of course, this is a generalized speech. There is a correlation between the model of beauty proposed to men and what men sees as ...
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### What is the most common form of delusional misidentification?

The delusional misidentification syndrome (DMS) is a condition in which a patient consistently misidentifies persons, places, objects, or events. Broome (2004) affirms that: The most common form ...
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### How common are visual hallucinations in Schizophrenics?

The typical "Hollywood" representation of Schizophrenia involves vivid visual hallucinations. However, in practice, the dozen or so people with a diagnosis of Schizophrenia I have worked with have ...
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### How many synapses in the average human brain?

Knowing there are 100,000,000,000 neurons in an average human brain, and 7,000 dendrites in each neuron, and neurons are connected to each other by dendrites and axon terminals, how many synapses are ...
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### What's the explanation of this optical illusion where many coloured arcs radiate from a central point?

I saw the image below on facebook. At first, I thought it's a GIF animation since it doesn't appear static but it turned out to be a static JPEG image and the apparent motion is caused by the brain. ...
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### Does co-ordination prevent people from arm-wrestling between their left and right arms? [closed]

Suppose I want to know which of my arms is stronger without using any external object. I set up an arm wrestling challenge between the two arms. It is well known that The right side of the brain ...
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### Is there an experiment where participant tries to move object with brain-machine interface and object is moved by someone else?

Psychological experiment where subjects are first taught to move a object just by thinking about moving it (subject's brains are being read with a machine that moves the object). Then the object is ...
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### What is a good rough rule of thumb regarding required sample size for questionnaire studies?

I need to perform a questionnaire as part of my final project. What are the quick-and-dirty rules for knowing how many respondents I need to get meaningful results?
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### Personality disorder beginnings in parental narcissism and eating disorders

During childhood, are parental narcissism coupled with a pre-teen eating disorder good indicators of adult personality disorders, such as classic or covert narcissism? If an eating disorder occurs at ...
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### Can brain hemisphere activity/ dominance be inferred from the test subject's drawings?

I'm aware that all tasks that a person undertakes involve both halves of the brain. At the same time, there are studies of people who have communication between brain halves severed or suppressed and ...
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### Can a self-paced-reading & grammaticality judgment task be programmed in PsychPy or Open Sesame?

I want to know if it is possible to design an experiment on PsychoPy or Open Sesame in which the subject does a self-paced reading (with measuring the reading times for each word), and then after ...
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### Does associating a color with numbers improve math learning?

I have heard a number of reports that some mathematical savants associate particular colors with numbers. It got me wondering, if colors are associated with numbers during mathematical teaching, ...
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### What is the modern definition for problem solving?

Apart from Polya's definition of problem solving in 1981, "finding a way out of a difficulty, a way around an obstacle, attaining an aim that was not immediately attainable.", is there a better modern ...
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### Research connecting reflection/introspection in computing and metacognition

I would like to know if the notion of reflection/introspection in computing has prompted research in other fields other than computer science, e.g cognitive sciences. In particular, I would love to ...
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Performance on secondary tasks next to a primary task are sometimes used to assess mental workload (GD Ogden, 1979). For example the Stroop test as a secondary task has been evaluated by Gwizdka, ...
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### Can one become less neurotic?

Is it possible to become less neurotic? If so, how? The only methods I've found are meditation and "death contemplation", and I don't know if those have any scientific support. "Individuals who score ...
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### How does the unconscious mind work and can we consciously have any control over its contents and functions?

I have read up that the unconscious mind has substantial influence over our decisions, reactions and behaviors. Can we have much influence on how it functions and can we use it to our benefit? Also, ...
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### What evidence is there to suggest that delayed gratification is taught and learned and not genetic?

Every evening I spend considerable time and energy trying to get my kids to eat their dinner, holding off treats such as chips or dessert. My experience was that my parents did the same. I have ...
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### Is it possible to think in a second language?

Those who have learned a second language are guaranteed to consciously think of words and their corresponding meaning in your native language or vice versa. This is common with more "complex" ...
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### Vivid dreams by electric shocks?

what told me in a comment, that of course anything that will disturb your sleep but not quite wake you will induce vivid dreams, because vivid dreams happen in the shallow sleep phases. I agree, ...
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### Effects of Social Networking websites on Humans?

What are the effects of social networking websites in the evolution of humans (behavioral, intellectual, etc.)? Have their been any studies (published research, articles) on positive or negative ...
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### What is the impact of showing the amount of unattended notifications to the user?

What is the difference in cognitive effects on the user between simply showing that there are 'some' unattended notifications, or showing how many notifications there are? Take Facebook's ...
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### What is the effect of displayed online personal identifiers on online communication?

Online interaction provides an interesting avenue for experiment and experience. People are able to hide or fabricate their personal details including age, sex, and appearance. For the purposes of ...
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### Do only humans spend a lot of time daydreaming (or having “stimulus-independent thoughts”)?

A paper Killingsworth et al., A Wandering Mind Is an Unhappy Mind, Science 12 November 2010: 932 (or a free pdf) starts with the following statement: Unlike other animals, human beings spend a ...
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### Why do dreams lose clarity quickly over time after we awaken?

Right after you wake up from a dream, you seem to be able to remember most if not all of the details. Then, over time, these details fade and often disappear. Is this a form of regression? Why is ...
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### Are Rorschach (inkblot) tests still used as a diagnostic tool?

Are Rorschach tests still used as a diagnostic tool today, or are they just a relic from the 60's? If they are still in use, what sort of information do they provide?
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### “All lay loads on a willing horse”

Is there any research on an effect described in the proverb in the title, i.e. when people who work well are requested to work even more, while weak workers are usually left without attention?
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### Why do we have so many wishes and desires?

Two years ago I started to learn (as self-education) evolution theory and neurobiology for to understand - who we are and where we came from? Now I see clearly that we are our brains, which are the ...
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### Why did Richard Feynman appear to recommend replication before manipulation when conducting lab experiments?

In Richard Feynman's classic Cargo Cult Science speech. He talks about a type of scientific error made, where a person takes a previous experimental result for granted when designing an experiment. ...
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### How does the timing work out for dopamine to affect the development of long-term potentiation?

I just recently learned (indirectly from this source) that long-term potentiation/depression only takes place when you have large/small amounts of dopamine present at the relevant synapse. However, my ...
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### Study Effectively [closed]

I have 1day for the exam and there is much to study and Is there anyway to study Effectively.. This is not just for tommorrow this is for the entire life.. I'm feeling little low. Is there any ...
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### Are there any programmes to identify modular “NeuroBricks”?

In synthetic biology, an organization called the BioBricks Foundation tries to identify modular biological components that are amenable to engineering design, and publishes them in the Registry of ...