1
vote
1answer
57 views

Why is the sound of running water soothing?

What is it about the sound of running water that soothes the brain and the soul? This is what I found on the internet: Our species evolved where trees met savannahs and where freshwater sources ...
4
votes
3answers
427 views

Are mnemonics by creating associations good for memory?

I read a book which says that to remember the lists of arbitrary objects, we should take a well-known ordered list (so that you know what is on the first place, what is on the second) and associate ...
2
votes
1answer
9 views

What is the optimal combination of text and background color for EEG experiments?

Most studies that I know of use yellow text on blue background (though with different hues). This choice is mostly motivated by tradition ("We always did it like that. Never touch a running ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Is a person with a psychopathic disorder aware of it?

A (former) friend of mine shows lots of symptoms of a psychopathic disorder. Years later after we both met the last time, I'm still not sure whether he is/was aware of this disorder or not. So my ...
2
votes
0answers
11 views

How to compare tasks completed by neural architectures objectively?

When I first saw this video of Spaun and the tasks it can complete (solving the Towers of Hanoi problem, completing the Raven matrices), I was really impressed, but then I realized I didn't really ...
4
votes
1answer
803 views

How does the brain read rotated text?

Suppose a human ran across a letter written at a 45 degree angle. How does the brain read this text? Most people don't often see text written at an angle, so it seems safe to assume that the brain ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

3D Glasses Aftereffect

I am wearing a pair a 3D glasses. The left lens is red and the right lens is cyan. However, when I take them off, my left eye sees in cyan and my right eye sees in red, the complete opposite of the ...
4
votes
3answers
164 views

How do memories come up for no apparent reason? Is this evidence that we remember everything?

As I was driving, all of a sudden the name "Holden Caufield" came to my mind. It sounded really familiar. I googled the name and it was the main character in The Catcher in the Rye. The last time I ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

What is the metabolic load of the visual system?

The brain consumes energy at eight times the rate that would be predicted from mass alone (20% of total organismic load). How much of this is drawn from the visual system? How does the metabolic load ...
2
votes
3answers
49 views

Does stress impair your short term memory?

I have noticed frequently, when in a very stressful situation (particularly emotional stress), I will forget things very quickly. To give an example: Recently, I got in a heated argument with a ...
14
votes
2answers
282 views

How rare is synesthesia?

I visited a neuropsychologist recently who told me I have Synesthesia. I never really knew what it was, but it's fascinating and I can't believe it isn't the norm among people. For me, certain numbers ...
32
votes
3answers
2k views

What makes people easily subscribe to pseudoscientific theories?

There are many theories/disciplines that have been categorized as pseudoscience in the scientific community. The list includes many things that are regularly even quoted in media like graphology, ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

How would self awareness be limited without languages

Is it possible to posses a self awareness without having any sort of language at hand, not even a personal sign system. How would such an languageless experience be like? I am not sure if this can be ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

Time passing faster now as compared to 50 years (or 1000yrs) back ? [duplicate]

I asked 200 people (who include my friends and family members in age group of 15 to 70 years living in cities) how they feel about time ? Do they feel that the time is passing faster as compared to ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Does not seeing sunlight for several days impair moral judgment and lower mood?

Background: In winter, daytime is very short where I live. A few months ago, due to a bad sleeping habit, I had not seen sunlight for almost a month. Then I noticed some strange things had been ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

How can we define “sanity” across cultures? [migrated]

I have witness the following scene in my childhood : A group of tribe people abducted a newborn baby from a village close to the forest they lived in. The purpose of the abduction was to sacrifice ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Can brain hemisphere activity/ dominance be inferred from the test subject's drawings?

I'm aware that all tasks that a person undertakes involve both halves of the brain. At the same time, there are studies of people who have communication between brain halves severed or suppressed and ...
3
votes
4answers
353 views

Computational Neuroscience software

What are the most common software tools you use in your day to day work in computational neuroscience? I am referring to neuroscience tools like GENESIS and NOT to generic tools like Excel.
5
votes
1answer
72 views

What delay between two audio sources is seen as “noticeable” to most people?

I'm completing a project that involves synchronising two audio sources over a network, and I need to find some figures that represent what kind delay would be seen as "noticeable". I've tried ...
31
votes
4answers
4k views

Is Golden Ratio's association with perceived beauty a myth?

Many people advocate using the Golden Ratio in design (e.g. logo design). Is the Golden Ratio's purported aesthetic appeal supported by scientific evidence?
17
votes
3answers
2k views

Why do you sometimes write down one word while actually intending to write another?

I've caught myself writing (typing) "possible" instead of "possibly" a few times over the past few days, while I do intend to write "possibly". Only upon rereading the sentence I notice my mistake. ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

What's the difference between injunctive norms and descriptive norms?

I can't seem to understand the difference. From wikipedia Injunctive norms involve perceptions of which behaviors are typically approved or disapproved They assist an individual in determining ...
26
votes
3answers
981 views

Is the Myer Briggs Type indicator (MBTI) a reasonable scientific theory?

Background: MBTI stands for Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. It's a theory that suggests that people can be divided into 16 types, based on the way they percieve and analyse information (whether they make ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Criterion for Asperger's Syndrome

I realize that the diagnostic criteria for Asperger's Syndrome (AS) have changed with the latest version of the DSM, but there was a criterion in the DSM-IV for AS that I didn't understand: "marked ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

According to MBTI tests results are woman more Judging than men?

Since I lack of academic formation please be tolerant if I write something not correct. As you know MBTI test is based on 4 personality dimension (E/I, S/N, T/F, J/P) each of which can assume two ...
5
votes
2answers
124 views

Why do people get “too old to learn”?

This may be a stereotype, but many of us encounter a lot of people who insist that they can't learn a new technology because they're too old. Some of these people can be brilliant learners in their ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

Relation between Nengo, SPA and NEF with respect to other Neural Models

I'm working through How to Build a Brain and I keep getting confused on the relation between Nengo, the Semantic Pointer Architecture (SPA) and the Neurological Engineering Framework (NEF). Are there ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Learning vocabulary: Is it better to learn the word through translations?

Suppose that you have a student that is bilingual. Take for example that the student speaks Chinese and English. Suppose that said student is very fluent in Chinese, but not so fluent in English. ...
-3
votes
2answers
103 views

Inducing long term low latent inhibition [closed]

From what I have gathered of low latent inhibition, it is an extreme increased level of dopamine in the brain.. dopamine is a neurotransmitter and hormone. Increasing it has many advantages and a ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

How to temporarily induce low latent inhibition?

As the Wikipedia article says, High levels of the neurotransmitter dopamine (or its agonists) in the ventral tegmental area of the brain have been shown to decrease latent inhibition. Certain ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

How do we now that someone is staring at us? [duplicate]

Everyone has that ability that they come to know whenever someone is staring at anyone. So my question is that can anyone explain in non-medical terms that how do we know when someone is staring at ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

What is actually going on in your brain during a night terror?

I used to have really bad night terrors back in the day, where I would think I was floating and I would wake up and actually my vision would be very fuzzy - so I just want to know.. What is actually ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

How long does it typically take before a new environment starts forming part of one's dreams?

Background : I have noticed that when I move to a new environment (e.g., when I get a new job or relocate to a new country) that it seems to take a few months before the experiences of the day and my ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

How to create an online test of bias using preference judgements on pairs of pictures?

I am looking to input pictures into a system to successful measure potential biases. For example let's say I have a set of pictures and I would like the user to press either left or right once they ...
2
votes
3answers
24 views

What terms describe “schema” at various stages of acceptance?

According to WordNet 3.0, quoted at TheFreeDictionary.com, in psychology, schema means "an internal representation of the world; an organization of concepts and actions that can be revised by new ...
6
votes
1answer
55 views

What can be inferred about the strength of the synapse from an electron microscope image?

In the following EM image (1um scale), there are several synapses: Image or HD Version What information about the synaptic strengths can be extracted from this image? Does vesicle count contain ...
2
votes
1answer
23 views

Is there any file format standard for EEG data?

I have started to do some research on EEG analysis. One of the challenging things I have found is the variability on the formats for the EEG files. What do you do when you receive data your software ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Effectiveness of spaced learning when the data have personal meaning

There is much study of spaced learning (expanded retrieval, spaced retrieval, spaced repetition system, gradual-interval recall, etc), and much of the discussion is about around the optimal ...
3
votes
3answers
109 views

How are personality traits “encoded” in the brain?

How are personality traits – such as optimism, sensation seeking or need for cognition – "encoded" in the brain? Do people with different levels of, say, extraversion have different neuronal ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

What topics are included in theoretical cognitive science?

What topics would fall under theoretical cognitive science, if there could be such a term? I am referring to the more mathematical, foundational topics vs. topics dealing with specific cognitive ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Early Alzheimer's and cognitive remediation programs

Early symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) includes the loss of short term memory including prospective memory. On a physical level brain cells are being destroyed and that disrupts the neural ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Brain damage / change in long term psychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia

There seems to be evidence to suggest that long term psychiatric conditions have effects on grey matter in the brain and the development of certain sections of the brain. Do antipsychotics have a ...
3
votes
1answer
26 views

Does explaining a visual guidance system affect visual attention distribution?

I'm working on a driving simulator that uses an eyetracker to monitor the users gaze behavior. Based on a study I modeled an optimal scanpath that the users should follow in order to best maneuver ...
11
votes
2answers
163 views

Do the students that report “friendly” teachers perform better on standardized tests?

I'll preface this by saying that I've been considering this question in light of the "Summer of Love" initiative and subsequent blog posts, which are looking at the extent to which comments are ...
-3
votes
0answers
26 views

Impact of religious beliefs in cognition

I'm an atheist, but I wanted to understand the impact of religion in cognition. For example, Kurt Gödel was a central figure in mathematical logic of the twentieth century. I studied his proof; it's a ...
90
votes
6answers
4k views

How is it that taking a break from a problem sometimes allows you to figure out the answer?

As a computer programmer, I have noticed an interesting phenomenon: If I am stuck on a particular problem in my work, often if I stop thinking about the problem and do something else, the answer will ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

How does Classical Conditioning and Operant Conditioning really differ?

I was taking a practice ap psychology test and was curious how operant and classical conditioning are different. My test claims that the difference comes from the fact that Classical conditioning is ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Inability to express emotion or feelings

I am writing a novel and was wondering if there was a specific term for someone unable to express his own emotions or feelings. The catch here is, this doesn't mean he doesn't know what anger or love ...
3
votes
1answer
30 views

Morita therapy - does it have a western counterpart?

I have recently read interesting article about Morita therapy. I have a hard time finding articles,books or research on this subject, and how it works in the West since this therapy was developed and ...
9
votes
2answers
429 views

What is the optimal repetition pattern to maximize long term memory?

Which is the appropriate repetition pattern to aid long term memory, in terms of time between study sessions? I have been reading about Ebbinghaus and doing some related research, but I can't find a ...

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