All Questions

9
votes
3answers
299 views

Do measures of Big 5 personality have a positive bias towards extraverted, conscientious, emotionally stable, ageeable and open individuals?

Background: One free measures of the Big 5 is the IPIP. I have noticed that IPIP items seem to have a positive bias towards items loading on the extraversion (EX), emotional stability (ES), ...
2
votes
2answers
60 views

Can repetitive sports-related head injuries make a person senile many years later?

Would repetitive football injuries to the cranium show up decades later, causing symptoms resembling mild retardation, OCD, etc.? What is the best way to determine this in terms of imaging, testing, ...
4
votes
1answer
49 views

How do people respond to auditory warning signals?

I am working on a literature review of total reaction time to an auditory alert, in a transport context. All of the literature I can find about perception-response times are in the context of visual ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

What to call theory where next activity following a fun activity is also perceived as fun?

What is the name of the theory that states: "if someone is having fun beforehand, the next activity they do will also seem fun regardless of what the activity is." so like continuing fun... Any ...
3
votes
1answer
25 views

Cognitive bias - Confirming the attitudes of your peers

Is there a well-studied cognitive bias that describes a situation in which a person expresses a positive attitude towards something because his or her's friends have a positive attitude about that ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Concept maps. What exactly they are?

I would like you to recommend me a definitive book about concept maps. I've been taking a look to a wide variety but none of them seemed clear to me.
2
votes
1answer
112 views

How to better remember your dreams?

Often times, I wake up with an amazing, yet fleeting glimpse of a dream I had. I would like to recollect those events I had in my dream, and try to adopt ways to better remember those dreams. There ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Reference request in Circuit and Signals for Computational Neuroscience

In the area of computational neuroscience, there are basic theories from electric circuits and signal processing to be applied. For background study, which reference will be more suitable ? ...
0
votes
2answers
196 views

Is there a limit to how many skills a person can master?

Given that the different parts of our brain are constantly competing for brain real estate and learning requires brain real estate, is it the case that we can only master x amount of skills due to the ...
4
votes
0answers
34 views

Are some facial features more important than others in human facial recognition?

I'm often surprised by the human ability to correctly identify other individuals despite significant modifications due to ageing, hairstyle, injury etc. But, sometimes the addition of a beard and a ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

For what kind of concepts do we really need an analogy?

Literature suggests that analogies are helpful in teaching and learning science concepts. But every concept can not and should not be taught using analogies as there are some concepts that can be ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

So why might people post seemingly excessive concerns regarding the danger in their neighbourhood?

Background: The reason for this post is that I have noticed that many people have a desire to make that which is pretty safe seem dangerous. It is very perplexing to me. Despite holding a master's ...
7
votes
1answer
672 views

What makes someone attractive psychologically?

What makes a person particularly attractive to another person, specifically the opposite sex? Why would the brain evolve this trait to target specific genes (that make someone look pretty), and ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Automatically register data from paper forms

I'm going to perform an experiment in which we're using a lot of different paper forms to collect data, all of them with multiple choice designs. Is there any way to automatically register this data ...
20
votes
9answers
3k views

How can I create computer based psychology experiments using OS X?

I've used E-prime to create computer based psychology experiments (you know, the kind where you for example show a number of pictures to the participant and record their responses to them, for example ...
1
vote
0answers
7 views

Determining the position of the calcium ion in the three dimensional space

Is it possible to determine the position of a single calcium ion or its population in the context of a three dimensional space with relatively good time frequency, say 1 Hz, taking into account ...
5
votes
2answers
118 views

Is there anything in Freudian psychoanalytic theory that is scientifically sound?

I guess this question is quite context dependent, and here in Sweden there is a general movement for more evidence-based psychology. I think one of our biggest medical universities recently abandoned ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Is there scientific evidence on the benefits of binaural beats?

I tried to google, but a lot looks like fake evidences and not having any scientific evidences. Is there one?
1
vote
0answers
30 views

How long do dreams last?

What is the relationship between time perceived in a dream and time in the external world? Is time running in dreams always faster than the time running in the real world? Is it ratio of real time ...
6
votes
3answers
320 views

Is it possible for humans to conceive of being dead?

I am reading Stephen Cave's book Immortality, and one of the claims he makes early on is that there is a "mortality paradox." This is the phenomenon that humans know that they will die (based on ...
3
votes
0answers
21 views

The role of Anticipation in acquisition, consolidation, retrieval of memory

I was wondering if there is any neurological/neuropsychological difference between the anticipation of an event to come, and the remembrance of that event. More specifically, is there any difference ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Can reading [self-help] books aid in therapeutic treatment of the narcissistic rationalization pattern?

I've dealt with a few people having a narcissistic personality trait / disorder. For me it's interesting to see the defense pattern they adopt through rationalization to defend their self-image and ...
2
votes
0answers
9 views

What's the difference between divisive and soft normalization?

I know that recursive neural integrators (let me know if I need to clarify this term) can be considers soft normalizers, since their feedback loop means that any stimulus eventually saturates the ...
3
votes
0answers
11 views

What's the relation between BCM and Oja's learning rule?

A software I'm using has implemented two unsupervised learning algorithms, Oja's and Bienenstock, Cooper, Munro's (BCM) learning rule. I understand that they are two very different algorithms for ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

What more important to an authoritative person, to be liked or respected?

To the person in authority, with the objectives of creating a good and productive working environment. What's more important - to raise the affection of the workers, or respect?
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Does learning too much useless information weaken my memory?

From what I understand, since we receive a lot of information every day, our brains are tasked with remembering the few important bits and ignoring (or forgetting) everything else. I also know of ...
0
votes
2answers
73 views

Does the heart play a role in the occurrence of emotions?

It is a common belief that the heart is somehow related to emotions. When we are nervous,our heartbeat is effected (increased heart rate) and when we are happy, another pattern in heart function can ...
10
votes
2answers
101 views

How distantly related are research in computational neuroscience and neural networks/machine learning?

If one is more interested in understanding how algorithms in the biological brain solve problems (theoretically, particularly the mathematical aspect), and possibly in building brain-inspired ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Why do we see unknown people and places in dreams?

People often see unknown things, places, and people in their dreams. How is it possible to have such perceptions in our dreams that go beyond our actual experiences and memories?
0
votes
1answer
29 views

What is an example of a learning machine that achieves zero variance?

I'm attempting to find an example of a learning machine/neural network that achieves zero variance, but I am having a hard time finding an example anywhere. Variance is defined as the generalization ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

How are these review-forgetting curve calculated?

I saw quite some illustration about how reviewing helps remembering. Like: SOURCE: http://www.mentormegate.com/wordpress/2014/06/10/mentor-me-gate-the-forgetting-curve/ I wonder how are these ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

Is there a word for the type of behaviour where a person makes themselves feel better by treating others poorly?

Is there a word for the type of behaviour where one person makes themselves feel better by treating others poorly? For example, imagine a group of girls are sitting in a cafe. Within that group are ...
8
votes
2answers
362 views

Which equation is Ebbinghaus's forgetting curve and what do the constants represent?

First off, I've come across two different forgetting curve equations. $$R = e^{-\large \frac{t}{s}}$$ where $R$ is retention, $t$ is time and $s$ is strength can be found on Wikipedia. And $$b = ...
32
votes
3answers
1k views

Can critical thinking be taught?

Critical thinking is central to the scientific method and believed to be essential to a successful democracy. Recently, the 2012 Texas Republican platform voiced the party's opposition to the teaching ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

Is cortisol an effective measure of stress for pre and post task performance?

I have a teleoperation system and I want to see how much stress a person is under before during and after operating it. I thought cortisol would be a correlate of stress. Can I measure levels rapidly, ...
10
votes
1answer
271 views

Is the theory of Information Metabolism a reasonable scientific theory?

Background I have been checking out various personality typing assessments lately when I came across a Personality typing system known as Socionics which aims at explaining relationships between ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Using CBT for a justified fear?

I am a speech language pathologist. I have a 19 year old patient who grew up with a number of different speech impediments (not a stutter). He was bullied a lot, and because of this he is very ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Pupillometry: how long needs the pupil to respond towards an cognitive stimuli?

I would like to know if somebody could give me some literatur advice about the latency response of the pupil after a cognitive stimuli. I know that the light reflex response is quiet fast compared to ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

What is the best short (i.e., roughly 20 item) measure of Big Five personality?

What is the best short set of 20 questions that can give meaningful information about a person's big five personality? In case that's not possible with 20 questions, what's the minimum and where do I ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Analysis according to Jung's Psychological Types

Recently I read Jung's Psychological Types out of self-questioning. I would like to analyze myself in such a fashion more "professionally", however I do not profess to be able to do that myself, ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Why dreams can be surprising?

If we all agree that dreams are created by our own minds, then how could some dreams surprise us, since, after all, all the things that could happen in a dream are made up by us, and should be utterly ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Do all humans have some amount of prions?

I understand that some humans can have prions that develop into neural diseases, but do all of us have at least some amount of prions in our bodies, and more specifically our brains?
1
vote
2answers
66 views

What background is required to understand the book “Principles of Neural Science”?

What is the necessary background to read this book and comprehend it? I've taken Calc I-II, Chem 1A and Bio 1A. Is this enough?
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Human's psychology about learning

I'm not someone studying psychology, but I do think know a little about psychology will help a lot. Here is some thing I have observed for the last two years of my life: I found everything you ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

What hardware setup is commonly used for low-latency audio stimulation?

I need to carefully control the latency and timing of auditory stimulation in an upcoming experiment. Some of this depends on software, but my question is specifically relating to hardware, drivers ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Body Language: Why do we act differently around someone we're attracted to?

Many professionals have said that when you're attracted to someone, you tend to fidget, run your hands through your hair, sit with your legs facing them, and that our faces light up around them, which ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

About the possibility of 'Robot Psychology'

If a Robot system with an advanced A.I. operating system had the 'ability' to 'do' 'undirected' or 'semi-undirected' introspection and 'form' all sorts of 'thought' structures about any subject matter ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

What are the underlying mechanisms for optimal bias

I have asked a question before about how does smoker's decision react to new personal health information. Link here. How do people estimate smoking's impact on their mortality? Now I have a ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

How effective are high audio frequencies in commercials in getting audience attention?

Does anyone know of a peer reviewed article that describes how commercials will often contain high audio frequencies in order to attract the viewer's attention? Referrals to commercials using any ...
0
votes
2answers
134 views

does getting top marks and ranks in school or college make one intelligent?

Please do not discuses about IQ tests that have problems like: 2,4,8,16,... what is the next number? having the answer as 32, because one can relate any number of random numbers mathematically! ...

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