1
vote
3answers
170 views

Why do people try to make themselves feel better by treating others poorly?

I'm looking for an explanation for why people will try to make themselves feel better by treating others poorly. For example, imagine a group of girls are sitting in a cafe. Within that group are two ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

What are the underlying mechanisms for optimism bias?

I have asked a question before about how does smoker's decision react to new personal health information. Link here. How do people estimate smoking's impact on their mortality? Now I have a ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Brain after (electrical) blackout

I was wondering what happens if we lose all electrical impulses in our nervous system for a minimum amount of time. So first of all it is obvious that we will break together, as we are dead while we ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

What background is required to understand the book “Principles of Neural Science”?

What is the necessary background to read this book and comprehend it? I've taken Calc I-II, Chem 1A and Bio 1A. Is this enough?
1
vote
1answer
39 views

How cognitive science explain the stylistic convention in text writing?

Some researchers and writers published books about this topic: how the psychology influence the taste of the readers. It's very intuitive that the word choice matters when we want to be persuasive, ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

Does the brain burn more calories when “thinking quickly”? [closed]

If a person intentionally "thinks quickly" would this affect how much glucose the brain consumes? Or would it not be very significant?
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Research into relation between constructed language choices and measurable cognitive skills

From my own anecdotal evidence: Two individuals with similar linguistic background, age, education, overall IQ, etc. prefer markedly different programming language styles: one individual prefers ...
4
votes
0answers
31 views

Is the mind's adaptation to increased traveling speeds, physical or psychological?

When a motor vehicle increases in speed, we soon adjust to the faster pace of movement; seemingly by processing incoming information faster. Is this purely psychological, with the brain "dropping" ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

About the Turing test and a Robot's psychology [duplicate]

If an A.I. system ( 'housed' in a Robotic exterior) actually passed the Turing test and was therefore 'functionally similar to the human 'mind-brain' would it also have the potential for information ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

What is the concept that schema is opposed to

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schema_(psychology) In psychology and cognitive science, a schema (plural schemata or schemas) describes an organized pattern of thought or behavior that ...
2
votes
2answers
316 views

What is the source and real meaning of “provisional living ” concept and is there an equivalent term?

I found in this blog post the following definition : Psychologists have a concept they call “provisional living.” That’s the insistence, so often heard from people whose lives are stuck on a ...
4
votes
2answers
189 views

Terminology for introvert's frustration after excessive social exposure

Does anyone know if there is a phrase or term that describes the frustration an introvert experiences when they have had too much social exposure and need to be alone? As an analogy, I recently heard ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

Universal Mind? Nature or Nurture? [closed]

I have been reading a book entitled "The Geography of Thought" by Richard Nisbett. He talks about how easterners and westerners think differently. I am not all the way through it, but I agree with a ...
1
vote
2answers
112 views

About the possibility of 'Robot Psychology'

If a Robot system with an advanced A.I. operating system had the 'ability' to 'do' 'undirected' or 'semi-undirected' introspection and 'form' all sorts of 'thought' structures about any subject matter ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

Are there any legitimate, and reasonable circumstances, where self-delusion is acceptable and/or required? [closed]

Can anyone point out a situation, based in real world events, or an entirely hypothetical situation, where it would be ok/right for someone to delude themselves into believing something false? For ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Memory - Remembering a Source

So I study information systems technology, networking, programming, system security as my main focuses on school with a lot of reading material and a ton of independent research. My major problem is ...
1
vote
2answers
104 views

How can I dream things that are impossible?

I remember having dreams whose contents were physically impossible, to the point that when I thought about them afterwards, I couldn't reconcile them with reality in a meaningful way, although when I ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Evolutionary motivation for the existence of pleasure

Firstly, I'd like to understand, what exactly is pleasure? If we presume we are streams of thoughts, thoughts being neurons activated in some pattern, and that basically anything what the conscience ...
-1
votes
1answer
130 views

Water Jug Problem in AI [closed]

You are given two jugs whose capacity are 5 litre and 3 litre. No jugs have any measuring marks on it. You have one source of water. How can you measure 4 litre of water in 5 litre jug ?
0
votes
1answer
101 views

Is there a name for having an obsessive interest in new topics for short periods of time?

I have the tendency to get obsessively interested in a subject for 2 weeks, get bored, and then move on to something else. For instance I have just started learning about chess and find myself ...
4
votes
1answer
43 views

Study of recollection of drawings based on labels

I remember stumbling across a very interesting study/experiment a few months ago. Now I want to try to find it again. Unfortunately I cannot for the life of me recall the name of the experiment nor ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

How to interpret a BBC news article on the effect of race on intelligence?

In spring 1998, Robert Plomin claimed to have discovered a gene linked with intelligence. More recently, the Human Genome Project was cautious when approaching areas implying racial differences ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Is there a name for highly aggressive non-violent people?

I know an individual who has incredibly aggressive mannerisms including snatching things, raising voice and speaking with a very aggressive tone of voice. However, since this person is completely ...
3
votes
2answers
239 views

The psychology of nymphomania

So this is a question that requires maturity and discretion. I present it as an authentic point of research for a class I am taking. I understand the basic principles of mania, psychomania, and ...
3
votes
2answers
53 views

Reconciling one-dimensional valence with distinct mechanisms for reward/punishment

It is a widespread notion in psychology that there are two dimensions to emotion: valence (aversiveness or attractiveness of some entity) and intensity. However, recent experimental studies in ...
2
votes
0answers
213 views

Difference between forms of Culture Fair Intelligence Test (CFIT) scale 3

I would really like to know what are the differences between the form A and form B of Cattell's Culture Fair Intelligence Test scale 3? To my knowledge (reading the "methods" section in the ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

Perception of abrupt noise

First question - sorry Cognitive Science is a closed book to me so I hope someone can give me an insight into this phenomenon. We have a child's toy that is activated by clapping of the hands. To me, ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

What is the effect of irrelevant reading after study on memory consolidation?

I heard and experienced a little that unconscious mental processes involved in storing memories work really well when you are not thinking about your study subject during rest. However, I'm not sure ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

How to test for malingering in criminals trying to deny capacity for criminal responsibility?

Psychiatrists and psychologists are often tasked with assessing a criminal defendant's competency to stand trial or his capacity for criminal responsibility. What objective tests are useful for ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Why is it easier to search memory for words starting with a particular letter than for words with that letter in a later position?

Tversky & Kahneman (1974) asserts that it is so, and some scrabble-playing experience convinces me that it's true. However, I've never seen an explanation of why it is true. I assume it has ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Finding consciousness through EEG

I've read an article about the consciousness in vegetative patients. Adrian Owen is one of the neuroscientist making research on this field. The article published on "Le scienze" was about the usage ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

How can I embed language proficiency assessment within an unrelated experiment design?

I'm in the process of designing a self-paced-reading & a grammaticality-judgment-task experiment, which should be performed by second language learners. It is crucial to the study is how the ...
5
votes
2answers
109 views

Can our auditory perception be used to trick our visual perception?

"Our consciousness lags 80 milliseconds behind actual events...The 80-millisecond rule plays all sorts of perceptual tricks on us. As long as a hand-clapper is less than 30 meters away, you hear and ...
2
votes
2answers
179 views

Can prosopagnostic (face-blind) people draw other people recognizably?

Is it possible for people with face blindness / prosopagnosia to draw other people (whose faces they cannot recognize) such that non-face-blind people can recognize the people being drawn ?
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Is there a psychometric tool for measuring the difficulty of mental activities?

It is often stated that Alzheimer's disease can be prevented to some extent when a person engages more often in challenging mental activities ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Annoyance in animals

When my dog (an English Cocker Spaniel, for what its worth) is behind some glass (e.g. a glass door or a car window) and someone taps on the glass, even just a little bit, she gets into a fit of rage. ...
4
votes
2answers
170 views

Why does a neuron choose to connect to another?

I have been reading about neuron creation, guidance cues and all sorts of highly complex mechanisms used to allow one neuron axon to extend or connect - but to what end? Why does one neuron end up ...
5
votes
1answer
106 views

What differences of opinion led to the Kahneman-Gigerenzer feud?

I have found many allusions to this feud, e.g. from http://nickdunbar.net/2012/05/23/thinking-fast-and-slow-by-daniel-kahneman/ and in Kahneman's trade book "Thinking, Fast and Slow". However, I have ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Is there a standard list of Default Answers which are used in Likert 'type' Scales

I have always had some trouble deciding what to use as the default answers when using Likert 'type' scales. Is there a default list of accepted answers to particular types of questions which are used ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

Neuropharmacology and Simulation [closed]

I've been wondering whether neural simulations have had applications in (cognitive)neuropharmacological research already. One always reads about the promise of the technology in helping us cure ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

Why does munching sound unpleasant to most people? [closed]

When someone who eats food is munching, it sounds quite unpleasant for most of the people. What is the reason for this?
6
votes
2answers
266 views

Why is MATLAB so common in Neuroscience?

It is common knowledge that neuroscience -- particularly experimental neuroscience -- uses MATLAB more than any other programming language. I have always just taken this as a given, and pointed to ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

For what kind of concepts do we really need an analogy?

Literature suggests that analogies are helpful in teaching and learning science concepts. But every concept can not and should not be taught using analogies as there are some concepts that can be ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Are there any fMRI decoding papers examining the relationship between attentional cueing and activity in V1?

I'm interested in reading on the influence of exogenous attention on cortical representations in early visual areas, but so far my google-fu seems to be failing me. There seems to be some literature ...
4
votes
0answers
63 views

Are innate intersubjectivity and theory of mind opposing theories or are they reconcilable?

What I get from Trevarthen's theory of innate intersubjectivity (2010) and the theory of theory of mind (Perner, 1999) is that they don't agree. A considerable number of studies in theory of mind ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

How many action potentials from presynaptic neurons would be required to make a postsynaptic neuron fire?

I am looking for a rough estimation of the number of action potentials from other neurons required to cause a neuron to fire? I read here that a potential of ~ -55mv must be reached before an action ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

How do people respond to auditory warning signals?

I am working on a literature review of total reaction time to an auditory alert, in a transport context. All of the literature I can find about perception-response times are in the context of visual ...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

Has there been any serious research on subliminal messaging?

I certainly don't question the existence of subliminal perception which has been demonstrated many times in priming studies like those of Daniel Schacter and many others, nor do I reject the notion of ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

How to compute weights and bias for a McCulloch-Pitts neuron?

I am trying to learn how to manipulate McCulloch-Pitts neurons in order to determine their weights and bias based off of inputs. In this example I have inputs: x, y, z ∈ {−1,1} The neuron's output ...
1
vote
2answers
60 views

Are there any serious neuroscientific theories of emotional valence?

Could anyone tell me if there are any serious neuroscientific mechanisms that have been proposed to explain how feelings of body states take on a positive or negative character (valence)? An example ...

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