5
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3answers
181 views

How do memories come up for no apparent reason? Is this evidence that we remember everything?

As I was driving, all of a sudden the name "Holden Caufield" came to my mind. It sounded really familiar. I googled the name and it was the main character in The Catcher in the Rye. The last time I ...
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2answers
2k views

Why do some people only work well under pressure?

It is common for people to procrastinate. Putting off tasks until the resulting deadlines get closer and there comes a point at which the person will fire into action. (whether this point leaves ...
5
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2answers
142 views

How can surprise be labelled conscious when mismatch negativity shows that surprise takes place earlier than conscious states?

Mismatch negativity (MMN) is the brain response to violations of a rule. The MMN peaks at about 100–250 ms after change onset. If MMN occurs so early, before conscious perception, why is surprise ...
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3answers
1k views

Training for the corpus callosum?

Since reading is done in the left hemisphere of the brain, does reading text in the left visual field train the corpus callosum? For instance, I am interested in knowing whether training may lead to ...
5
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2answers
129 views

Do humans mentally discretize numbers?

It seems reasonable to me that humans discretize numbers: this number is bigger than than number, or when faced with a series of numbers that range from 0 - 100, 50 is "middling", 10 is "low" and 90 ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Why does a stuffed up nose clear up momentarily when the person having it is startled or has an orgasm?

I have experienced this phenomena many, many times and I'm sure it's not only me. I guess the sudden rise in arousal opens up the nostrils in a kind of fight or flight response, but I'm interested in ...
5
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3answers
117 views

What do we call the “middle” variables in a complex research model?

Basic theory building goes like this: you create a theory which has an independent variable and a dependent variable. I have also been taught to use "explanatory variable" as synonym for "independent ...
5
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3answers
309 views

Does associating a color with numbers improve math learning?

I have heard a number of reports that some mathematical savants associate particular colors with numbers. It got me wondering, if colors are associated with numbers during mathematical teaching, ...
5
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2answers
191 views

Effectiveness of recalling information in the same location it was learned

In an interview with Robert A. Bjork this article claims that it is easier to recall information where it occurred: Similarly, studying in only one location is great as long as you’ll only be ...
5
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3answers
114 views

Is there a term for a person who moves from one field of expertise to a new field and has an inflated belief in their competence in the new field?

Person A has led a successful career and is very well renowned in field A. Later in life, person A moves to field B, a field they're curious about but have very little experience in. Person A ...
5
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2answers
140 views

Is the concept of conservation fundamental to understanding fairness and capacity in “love”?

I heard this comment on a radio program about Child parenting by psychologists: "A child will not comprehend an explanation that, a parent loves each sibling equally, as they do not have abstract ...
5
votes
4answers
121 views

Introductory material on psychophysics with a focus on visual stimuli

Is there any introductory-level material available on psychophysics that you can recommend to someone without a background in cognitive sciences? Visual stimuli is the main area of interest. Edit: ...
5
votes
2answers
453 views

Free software to run questionnaire based experiments

I am looking for free software to build experiments that do not heavily rely on accurate timing (where I use PsychoPy and heard a lot of good things about OpenSesame) but more on an easy way to ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

How much alcohol is negative for brain function?

How much alcohol can you consume before it starts to kill a single neuron or interfere with proper brain functioning? Does it happen: If you take just a few drops of alcohol? If you drink a rum and ...
5
votes
1answer
84 views

If we concentrate on our disappointment do we really get more disappointment?

On the blog, Positive Psychology Review, I read the following: TRAIN YOUR BRAIN - LAW OF ATTRACTION Dwelling on disappointments mentally and physically trains your brain to attract more ...
5
votes
2answers
262 views

Would the Milgram Experiment results be replicated in Eastern cultures?

When the Milgram Experiment was performed in the 1960s and replicated multiple times up until the 1980s, it was performed in Western cultures. When it was replicated in 2006, it was again performed in ...
5
votes
2answers
388 views

Is the 'addiction' to receiving sympathy similar to substance addiction or just a deficit of resilience?

A lot have encountered people who seem to be addicted to receiving sympathy - before getting to my question, allow me to clarify, what I am referring to are people for whom, knowingly portray ...
5
votes
1answer
200 views

Is it possible to become totally envy free?

Can we develop a particular mind set for being totally envy free; to stop envying others?
5
votes
1answer
640 views

Is the decline of fluid IQ with age less severe for professors and scientists than it is for other people?

This article in Time magazine suggests that engaging in challenging mental tasks may be associated with lower rates of mental decline in older adults. The article states that: In one study, ...
5
votes
3answers
126 views

Are there any cognitive models for visual navigation?

I've seen a few neuroscience accounts of visual navigation and many A.I. projects, but no psychologically plausible accounts that actually solve the computational problem (i.e. produce a working ...
5
votes
2answers
65 views

Sensitivity of human eye to luminance

I heard once that the human eye has a logarithmic scale for luminance, e.g. to "feel" that a surface is three times as luminous compared to another, the former emits a light 8 times more powerful than ...
5
votes
1answer
155 views

Any studies on the phenomenon of photo-taking even in dire situations?

I have noticed a tendency these days for people to take pictures of the things they see in the public with their phones. This is fine, but I have found that it has gone to an extend where in a dire ...
5
votes
2answers
165 views

Name of the bias when one expects you to possess his knowledge

What is the name of bias or fallacy when, often while in argument, someone expects you to know the same things as he does. Usually, you just say "well, how should have I known that. I'm not inside of ...
5
votes
2answers
225 views

Relationship between social psychology and educational psychology

For some time I have been trying to figure out what the connection between social psychology and educational psychology is. By their definition, it seems that there at least one (major) point of ...
5
votes
3answers
133 views

Which morals are universal across the species?

This is the first of a series of three questions about morality: There are sets of moral standards within any given society. What one society deems as acceptable may be deemed as abhorrent in ...
5
votes
2answers
138 views

Are motivation and efficiency inversely correlated?

Observation: Motivation and efficiency seem appear to me to be inversely correlated for most people. That is, I know some people who tend to get very excited about a goal and take large amounts of ...
5
votes
2answers
196 views

Heart rate monitor for scientific study

I want to measure heart rate as part of a controlled experiment I am setting up. I've been trying to find information on which heart rate monitor to buy, but it's unclear to me which heart rate ...
5
votes
2answers
399 views

Teaching Problem Solving : Mastering bit by bit Vs Try it all by yourself?

Background: I'm a teacher who trains hundreds of high school students in Math, Physics & Chemistry to crack probably toughest competitive exam in India. I deal with the students who are ...
5
votes
1answer
232 views

Is there a lot of redundancy in written and spoken language?

I read years ago in a pop science book that written and spoken language can be shown to have a high level of redundancy. The speculation was that this served to allow error correction because language ...
5
votes
2answers
207 views

Minimum duration for presenting a visual stimulus on screen

My experiment involves presenting simple visual stimuli briefly on screen (200 ms to 1000 ms). The stimuli would be simple enough (e.g. a circle and a line) but I want to use a range of durations to ...
5
votes
1answer
168 views

Desire to climb from evolutionary perspective?

When I go near a hill or dune, I feel desire to climb there and have a wider look on the surroundings. I know a lot of people who love mountains and want to climb higher and higher, but never have ...
5
votes
1answer
318 views

Why do people regret actions they didn't take when looking back on their lives?

Is it true that individuals often regret recent actions (i.e., last few months) but when they look back on their lives, they tend to regret things that they have not done (or lack of actions) ? If ...
5
votes
2answers
331 views

Why do people donate money to others engaging in activities for charity?

In the UK and elsewhere individuals often engage in activities (e.g., running, shaving your head, etc.) for the purpose of eliciting sponsorship. The money raised is then donated to charity. ...
5
votes
3answers
51 views

What is the field that studies community responses to incentives?

Having recently read Freakonomics I was particularly interested by the idea of the responses of a community to incentives - as an example, the tale of a school which tried to introduce a financial ...
5
votes
3answers
68 views

Is there a name for a scientist's resistance to disconfirmation of his or her theories?

Confirmation bias is the tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one's beliefs or hypotheses. And some results illustrate that people set higher standards of evidence ...
5
votes
2answers
128 views

What is the minimum angle off horizontal before a line visually appears inclined at first glance?

Here is a straight line, which visually looks like a straight line: At first look (lets say minimum 2–3 sec.) the line below looks straight, but after some time you can see that it is actually an ...
5
votes
2answers
161 views

What effect does the colour of an “Open” sign have on people's behavior?

I am in the process of designing a nice OPEN sign, and I noticed that the vast majority of them are red. This seems bizarre to me, yet green open signs look odd. I just wondered if anybody knew why ...
5
votes
3answers
170 views

How has geometry been applied in cognitive science?

What areas of geometry are used in psychology/cognitive science/neuroscience? Are the applications of a sophisticated nature or superficial?
5
votes
1answer
181 views

How important is eye contact for hypnotism?

We had the funny situation where an ambiguous question was asked and then edited to go two ways. Thus, I've reposted the edited version of the question that was not retained, particularly so that the ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

Mental illness developing in midlife

There is much research about personality development and childhood. The onset of many mental disorders and illnesses, will occur in early adulthood. Studies are done to link certain childhood ...
5
votes
2answers
470 views

Devices that detect when someone is falling asleep

I'm wondering what types of devices exist that can detect how close someone is to falling asleep. I have heard of several devices that may be able to do this, but I haven't been able to find very ...
5
votes
1answer
132 views

Why does speaking with rhythm help a subject get into a trance?

Various hypnotism teachers tell you to speak with a relaxed voice with rhythm. You can see Derren Brown on this in The Experiment - The Assassin (from 4:48 to 5:40): Soft, rhythmical language, ...
5
votes
1answer
159 views

Does empathy extend to animals?

I've read that humans are able to empathize with other humans, to feel as another person does, through mirror neurons. I'm guessing that they're able to empathize with primates too, as they share ...
5
votes
3answers
382 views

What is the mechanism behind “gut feelings”?

I'm thinking of a phenomenon that I've first observed in myself when taking an IQ test. Upon looking at the question, I selected an answer, but got this "gut feeling" or a hint that something was ...
5
votes
1answer
558 views

How do you know if it's psychosomatic or not?

"It's in your head" is often true and often offensive. But as your head can invent any number of psychological and physiological symptoms how can you distinguish whether something is or isn't ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

Is there any evidence to support a correlation between how much bodily energy you are using, and how quickly time appears to pass?

It seems to me that time passes more slowly when I am drinking coffee, but when I stop, or I am tired it seems that time passes a lot faster. Could this have something to do with the sampling rate at ...
5
votes
2answers
88 views

Are Rorschach (inkblot) tests still used as a diagnostic tool?

Are Rorschach tests still used as a diagnostic tool today, or are they just a relic from the 60's? If they are still in use, what sort of information do they provide?
5
votes
2answers
113 views

Where does Freud say, “The unconscious mind can only wish?”

Where does Freud say, "The unconscious mind can only wish?" I've been tasked with either agreeing or disagreeing with this statement, but I cannot find exactly where Freud is said to have made this ...
5
votes
2answers
296 views

Is depression an inflammatory disease?

In the paper: Michael Berk et al, So depression is an inflammatory disease, but where does the inflammation come from?, BMC Medicine 2013, 11:200, doi:10.1186/1741-7015-11-200 it is presented as ...
5
votes
2answers
111 views

Is paraphilia a disorder?

There has been some confusion in recent questions about the term paraphilia. In most questions and answers, including my own, paraphilias have been seen as disorders that might require treatment. But ...

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