2
votes
0answers
31 views

How do lay people develop psychological theories about themselves and the world?

Are there models that attempt to chart how lay people develop psychological theories about themselves and their interactions with the world? For what it's worth, every time I read a post about ...
1
vote
2answers
140 views

Selective Attention v. Sensory Adaptation

I'm currently taking AP Psychology and we recently learned about sensory adaptation and selective attention. I was just wondering if there is any actual difference between the two? They seem pretty ...
2
votes
2answers
63 views

How long does it take for electrical impulses from neurons to travel in the human brain?

Consider the maximal distance between two separated areas in the human brain. How fast can information via neuronal excitement travel between these two locations?
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Quit smoking supported by mental training

Given that mental training/workout releases acetylcholine (something I read in a popular-scientific book and on Wiki, see also below) , and that acetylcholine and nicotine bind to the same receptors. ...
5
votes
1answer
35 views

Empirical proof for social network models

I've recently encountered the domain of social network modelling while reading the papers on models of strategic voting (unpublished), opinion dynamics and influence spread. All of these papers ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

Quantifying chromatic adaptations made by the brain

What are the ways one can use to measure the kind of adaptations done by the brain to provide colour constancy? Has this been done before?
5
votes
0answers
77 views

Is intelligence (or mental ability) genetically transferred (inherited characteristic) from the parent to the offspring or is it an acquired trait?

The question is simple- whether our mental ability i.e. ability to acquire and store knowledge and comprehend and analyse the stored bits, an inherited trait (i.e. genetically transmitted from the ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Types of thinking [closed]

In general psychology, there are 3 types of thinking according to the way solving a problem: practical thinking, specifically visual thinking and theoretical thinking. Can you explain and give me some ...
9
votes
1answer
232 views

How much power, in watts, does the brain use?

When IBM's Watson won on Jeopardy a few years ago, it did so using a room full of servers with a cooling system and a fat power feed, competing against a couple of humans powered by the equivalent of ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

The NART as a measure of premorbid IQ in serious mental illness

How reliable is National Adult Reading Test in estimating premorbid IQ in schizophrenia? Is it compromised if the difference between current IQ and the NART is a standard deviation or more?
4
votes
0answers
27 views

How separate are the left and right hemisphere vasculature?

It appears as if there are communicating arteries between the right and left hemispheres of the brain, but it is difficult to grasp the larger picture. To what extent is the blood supply to each ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

How should medication for the treatment of ADHD symptoms be calibrated?

My understanding is that the treatment of ADHD symptoms with stimulant medication is a balancing act between alleviating ADHD symptoms, and not producing unwanted side effects like insomnia or ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

For comprehension and critical thinking examinations, is recognition sufficient, or is recall more imperative for success?

Recognition is the ability to retrieve information given a set of stimulus, be it a cue, a hint, a reference to a term then asking one to elaborate. Recall is the ability to produce content without ...
5
votes
1answer
83 views

Are there studies on the effect of nicotine patches on dream vividness and dream recall?

Acetylcholine plays an important role during REM Sleep. I cite an answer to the question "Why do dreams lose clarity quickly over time after we awaken?": Activity in the PFC during sleep may be ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Do online mental age tests have any scientific validity?

If you google for 'mental age calculator', you can find several tests that claim being able to assess your mental age, as opposed to your chronological age. Is 'mental age' a valid scientific ...
4
votes
1answer
90 views

How do some humans seemingly naturally have positive or mitigated appraisal of stressful events?

Appraisal is how an individual interprets a stressful event or a problem. For recurring problems, I understand that there are neuroanatomical structures that play a role in the appraisal of recurrent ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Manipulating behavior with External Attribution [closed]

A quick background on me. I am a mid level software engineer at a mid sized and growing software company (200+ engineers) I want to help our company's development department by encouraging the idea ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

Can a brain be modeled as a simplified interaction of different states and their triggers?

I've long been interested in the concept of "states of mind", which influence the perception of the outside world and outlook on past, present and future. They can be thought of as "colored lenses" ...
6
votes
0answers
87 views

Why do we talk unconsciously while sleeping [closed]

Somniloquy is very fascinating. It is unclear what are the causes, but most of the time it is not seen as a medical condition. "Sleep talking usually occurs by itself and is most often harmless. ...
3
votes
0answers
100 views

The disadvantages of high IQ [closed]

Some disadvantages about being intelligent are supposedly: 1. You make conclusions too fast 2. If you insist on logic, you must work as an engineer because nobody else cares about logic. 3. You have ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Why is Wernike's area of the brain called Wernike's area?

My teacher told us that this area of the brain helps with the comprehension of language and it is located in the temporal lobe of the cortex, but she never told us why is was called Wernike's area and ...
3
votes
0answers
39 views

Any link between IQ and a person's ability to create or mimic sounds?

Reading some articles about animals and speech, and it just brushes a bit of the neurology of it, but that got me curious: Is there any link between a person's (or an animal's) mimicry skill and/or ...
3
votes
0answers
28 views

Why do I enjoy low-mid level pain? [closed]

For example, say if I have really dry elbows. They become cracked and begin to flay, yet I continue to rub them against various kinds of surfaces for the different sensations of pain. It hurts alot, ...
3
votes
0answers
102 views

What problem-solving skills are essential for the Allen AI Science Challenge?

Recently, many in cognitive science and machine learning circles are very interested in the 'The Allen AI Science Challenge' that was recently announced. Here is a brief description: The Allen ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

When would an offender be sent to correctional psychotherapy? [closed]

Picture a 25-year old man with multiple (minor) prior convictions who gets arrested for squatting / obstruction of justice. Is it conceivable that the offender would be committed to correctional ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

What brain areas are involved in memorizing sections of a song?

Typically when I listen to a song, the song will have different sections (e.g. chorus, verses, etc). As a composer, I have found that many songs use this structure to create a sense of repetition and ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Are there innate differences between men's and women's behavior?

A stereotypical man is aggressive and competing. A stereotypical woman isn't aggressive and tends to cooperate rather than compete. A stereotypical boy have toys like cars and plastic soldiers. A ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

How are friend pairs similar in terms of personality and individual differences?

Lay psychology holds different opinions on whether having similar or different personalities promotes friendships between people. A case in point may be the conflicting idioms of "birds of a feather ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Why ADHD instead of ADD? / Why predominantly hyperactive-impulsive instead of predominantly-impulsive?

The types of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are: predominantly inattentive predominantly hyperactive-impulsive combined Not sure I understand. People with ADHD are hyperactive because of ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

What is the relationship between anger management difficulties and ADHD?

According to Wikipedia, "Difficulties managing anger are more common in children with ADHD" Is it that the anger is due to ADHD specifically? Is the anger suggestive of a comorbid disorder? Could it ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Do antidepressants reduce displays of anger prevalent in those diagnosed with ADHD?

I read that antidepressants are sometimes used in treating symptoms of ADHD. Is this related to the observation that some people with ADHD have difficulties in managing anger? (according to Wikipedia ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

What is the underlying genetic basis for ADHD?

According to Psychcentral depression, bipolar disorder, ADHD, schizophrenia and autism are traceable to the same inherited genetic variations According to AsapSCIENCE, depression could be genetic due ...
3
votes
3answers
108 views

Why does even the most rational brain forget logic in a dream?

Scenario 1) Now we all know gravity is real. Yet when we dream that we are flying we forget/or are oblivious to the entire concept of gravity as if you have never experienced gravity. Scenario 2) ...
8
votes
2answers
98 views

How is saccadic movement managed in the brain?

I haven't been able to find any decent articles on this specific topic. So I have three (hopefully quick) questions: What part of the brain is actively controlling saccadic movement? If this part ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Processing Inverted English Script

I was sitting in a restaurant when I realized that it was relatively easy to read this list of a few locations in inverted English script. It made me curious about how it is possible to read this with ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Is psychology a science or magic? [closed]

What makes a person to be ever smiling to an extent that they just can't be angry or actually show they are angry even if they are?
4
votes
1answer
68 views

Is semantic pointer architecture compatible with a predictive coding account of the brain?

Both SPA (Eliasmith et al.) and predictive coding (Friston, Clark, Rao, et al.) seem to have a lot of explanatory power. My understanding of SPA is probably rudimentary, but Eliasmith and others ...
4
votes
2answers
202 views

Is it possible to run Psychtoolbox or PsychoPy on Raspberry Pi 2 for simple perceptual experiments?

We are considering setting up a few testing computers using Raspberry Pi 2. There was an interest in this a few years ago, but due to limitations of OpenGL in Raspberry Pi it did not go far. I was ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Source of sensory data related to cognitive effort

How does the brain assess cognitive effort? Is there a chemical that is being created or consumed at a rate that is proportionate to the amount of effort felt? I'm mostly interested in short term ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Are Free Will and Motivation related?

I'm aware of numerous experiments, like Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment which indicate that humans can act in ways opposite to their best intentions. For the purposes of this ...
2
votes
2answers
117 views

Attributing change in DV to IV manipulation: between-groups (control group) vs mixed-model (pre&post measure)

One often sees researchers attributing a change in the dependent variable to their experimental manipulation, semingly without considering whether this change in DV occurs between or within groups. ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

Why is my mind working against me? [closed]

I have recently read that most of the thoughts in our head are automatically produced by our subconscious mind and that the conscious mind is there to focus on those thoughts or not. I wanted to ...
10
votes
1answer
151 views

What happens in your brain when you see a dinosaur in this stenographic image?

You might have come across stereographic Images like the one shown below (found here): What happens in your brain when you observe the dinosaur? (as you put your face on the image by touching your ...
4
votes
0answers
27 views

Adaptation to Discrete Perturbation in Sleep?

Generally, are there and how long do lingering affects of polar sleep patterns affect someone? For example, assume someone slept for 2 hours one day and then slept for 14 hours the next. Their 2 day ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

Interpretation & Actual Result of “10% of your brain” Myth

It is well known that the common myth that an individual only ever uses 10% of their brain is.. well, a myth. I had a question about a possible interpretation of this idea, and a follow-up question ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

What is the difference between Psychology, and Thymology?

I understand Thymology to not merely be a synonym, but to be a branch or area of Psychology, however I am at a loss of how to properly distinguish the two. What distinguishes Thymology from ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

High Density Signal Meaning

When I was reading an article, I found that it describes the EEG signal as a high-density signal. So what is that mean? EMG is high temporal resolution and moderate spatial resolution ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

How to write a neuroscience research abstract?

I might have to start working on a research abstract for college soon, and I am looking for basic tips on beginning one. I don't mean information about the research specifically; I simply mean ...
8
votes
2answers
237 views

The prisoner dilemma does not violate classical probability laws

To read before (following some answers or comments) My background: As a mathematician, probability theory is my field of research; please do not answer/comment just to refer to a course on ...
8
votes
2answers
93 views

Is the split-brain, dual consciousness experiment from Rhawn Joseph valid?

I have been reading about the problem of possible dual consciousness in split brain patients and I came across this wikipedia page. In the "other experiments" section, the two last paragraphs about ...

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