3
votes
1answer
141 views

Where can I find a database, preferably OWL-based, that contains structured information about everyday objects?

I'd like a database that has information like that fact that a table is made of wood is composed of a top and legs is used for eating food off etc And I'd like this information to be semantically ...
5
votes
1answer
202 views

What is the difference between Megalomania and Narcissism?

As far as I can tell, both megalomania and narcissism are found in [delusions of] grandiosity. Perhaps megalomania has more focus on power, rather than just being well liked? What is the primary ...
7
votes
2answers
60 views

Biologically plausible cognitive model of Wisconsin card sorting task

As discussed previously, there are a wide range of models that have been applied to the Wisconsin card sorting task. However, which one is most biologically plausible? That is, uses a realistic model ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

What causes impostor syndrome?

I couldn't find any valid information on what causes impostor syndrome. Are there any studies of it?
3
votes
0answers
40 views

How do mammals explore state spaces in reinforcement learning tasks?

Reinforcement learning is the act of learning how to preform a task given punishment and reward. A "state-space" is the space of choices in a context. When performing a reinforcement learning task, is ...
6
votes
2answers
97 views

Is it really impossible for a hypnotist to make a participant do something against their will?

Is there any evidence of a hypnotist making someone do something against their will while in a hypnotic state? I know there are many sites by practicioners that state it is impossible, but they have ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

What do you call the inability to see alternative solutions to a problem?

Once I "learned" for a condition in which you have a specific solution of a problem, but you are only thinking of it and do not realize there are other / probably more appropriate / solutions. ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

What does speaking in third person denote?

Is speaking (or preferring to speak, even if not actually doing it) about oneself in third person a symptom of any specific mental condition? I can remember a person in an IRC role playing chat room ...
-1
votes
1answer
38 views

What are the possible causes of sometimes using incorrect word ordering when speaking?

A friend sometimes speaks with incorrect word ordering. However, he writes English at a professional level. How could this be? His vocabulary is fine, just the word ordering is weird sometimes when he ...
4
votes
1answer
263 views

Is it possible to become addicted to sleep deprivation?

Background: After staying awake for an entire night without sleeping medication, some individuals report feeling tired while others report feeling euphoric and at some point begin to hallucinate with ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

Why do people have different sense of humour? [closed]

Why some people find dark humour funny but other people feel embarrassed when they hear such jokes? Some people laugh at cabarates but other feel bored watching them. What is the reason that people ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

What is the relation between fun and motivation? Are they the same?

Are 'having fun in doing something' and 'being motivated to do something' the same thing? If not, how are fun and motivation related? Is there any formal definition on this? Would it be possible to ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

How to transform data to a frequency spectrum?

Recently, I studied a paper called "What Does Your Chair Know About Your Stress Level? It can be download at the link below. ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Isolating the desired event in EEG signals [closed]

When we took an EEG data from subjects, does the subject have to be in "neutral state" i.e there is no anger, no sadness, no happiness ...etc. and they also in situation that they neither do any ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

“Need” vs “Want” in psychology

In marketing the terms needs and wants are usually used to refer to different concepts. It is not clear to me what exactly they mean. In psychology what are the definitions for needs and wants? What ...
5
votes
0answers
118 views

Is there a relation between speed of executing a task and ones intelligence?

I recently came across a code refactoring problem. Considering the risk of getting into a risky bug later I switched to my usual mode of think and solve it, rather than go and make the changes fast. ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

What neurophysiological mechanisms are typically associated with distraction?

I've been looking into focus aids and I've come across some music which markets itself as entertaining your "limbic system". Although it's been asked before how music can affect mental states, I'm ...
4
votes
0answers
67 views

Objective differences between extroverts and introverts

What are the empirical, measurable, objective differences between extroverts and introverts? I'm not interested in self-report studies, only objective measurements.
3
votes
0answers
26 views

Does research support the notion of Mirroring building trust?

Mirroring is the behaviour in which one person subconsciously imitates the gesture, speech pattern, or attitude of another. Has there been any scientific research on the effects of mirroring? If so, ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

What characterises people who stay calm in crisis situations?

When something critical and bad happens, like a house on fire with people inside it, people react very differently. Some persons will usually panic, cry and can barely be soothed. Some persons will ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

What are presynaptic puncta?

What are presynaptic puncta? And what makes them different from presynaptic terminals?
5
votes
1answer
105 views

Removing ocular artifacts from EEG signals

I have read the following paper , which is try to remove EOG artifacts from EEG signal , the authors give the following figure . The authors claim that components 1 and 2 represent ...
5
votes
1answer
186 views

How is the signal-to-noise ratio of an event-related-potential measured?

I often encounter publications where the authors try to "increase the SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals". Some define a numeric value of SNR of EEG signals, but I am ...
6
votes
1answer
72 views

Visual acuity and offset stimuli

I'm currently setting up and experiment that utilises a visual search task that contains a circular array of target letters and a distractor that falls outside the circle. Obviously the further away ...
4
votes
1answer
71 views

What kind of memory it is?

I was reading about various memory techniques : mnemonics, memory space, peg system, space repetition etc . They are used when I have to memorize something by myself for longer duration. There are ...
4
votes
0answers
29 views

Neurophysiological indications of focus and motivation

Is there any way to detect a subject being focused or highly motivated (assuming that these two states are essentially the same) using any sort of external detection, such as fMRI or EEG? How would ...
9
votes
2answers
124 views

How is the biological accuracy of ANNs typically measured?

I am referring to the computational neuroscience side of neural network research that focuses on biological accuracy. I've read references to improving biological realism (using say spiking neurons ...
3
votes
0answers
35 views

Are there parts of the brain which don't change over a lifetime?

We know that during our lifetime the brain develops new neural connections and also there is pruning of neural connections. These phenomena together are called neuroplasticity. Is there any research ...
5
votes
0answers
50 views

What are other methods to induce ego depletion besides using emotional videos and thought suppression?

Muraven and Baumeister (2000) proposed that self-control is a limited resource akin to strength or a muscle, to deplete this limited resource leads to subsequent self-regulatory failure. Ego ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Psychology of intelligence [duplicate]

I studied some cognitive psychology of problem solving. But I havent studied the psychology of intelligence in depth. I wanted to ask, to what extent do IQ/psychometric tests predict academic ...
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Is the consciousness currently in oneself the same as the consciousness that used to be or in the future will be in oneself?

People seem to believe that one's consciousness is a "different" consciousness than that of others, but the "same" consciousness as the one that has been in one's body in the past and the one that ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Consistency Theory - Why do we go back on promises

I'm fairly new to the field of social psychology so forgive me if this sounds like a naive question. I just read about the consistency principle - "Once we make a choice or take a stand, we will ...
8
votes
2answers
130 views

Do lonely people get addicted more easily than social counterparts?

The so-called "Rat Park" study conducted in the late 1970s indicated that lonely rats get drug addicted more easily than social ones. Does anyone know if there are more recent studies about the ...
1
vote
1answer
103 views

Short term memory and an effective learning strategy [duplicate]

What is the most efficient method learning multiple academic topics in parallel with each other. I propose, for a small number of different things (say 4), the best method is to cycle the topics, over ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Acoustic and light wave coherency?

I know how some music notes combinations sound pleasing, yet others do not. Does the same occur with different frequencies of light (colors)? Since spectral color and acoustic pitch are both defined ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

The 'self' and partitioning of the brain [duplicate]

I would be very grateful if someone could direct me towards any literature on the following thoughts: I have always wondered if my brain were split into 2 and separated while being kept alive and ...
4
votes
1answer
131 views

Why do some people stutter only when they are nervous?

Background: I don't stutter at least not always. For example, if I be reading out a article to myself, It is sure that I will not stutter even that I am reading it out loud. The times when I do ...
9
votes
1answer
134 views

How does glial cell activity influence fMRI, EEG signals?

Glial cells comprise about 80% of the cells in the human brain. But physiological models of EEG and fMRI often relate only to neuronal activity. How do glial cells affect large-scale imaging ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

What evidence is there for a correlation between being tightly focused on a problem and only using one part of your brain?

I've seen people tightly focused on a problem, in a state of 'flow' and when you break out of it there seems to be a couple of seconds of confusion when they adjust to the circumstances at hand. It is ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Number of exercises and the learning of some subject?

For example, I show to my students that XY=Z, so I ask for them to do some exercises, so in the future, they will always know that XY=Z. Is there any known study relating the numbers of exercises ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Research on computational models of physiological mechanisms in affective neuroscience at a biochemical level

As computational neuroscience has the mainstream on single neuron/network modelling for biochemical aspect, and computational modelling of physiological mechanism of hippocampus for analytic study of ...
8
votes
1answer
63 views

Definition of or research on fun

What does research have to say about defining "fun"--what it is or when it happens? I've found some research on whether or not people rate specific things as fun, and lots of misleading titles with ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Approaches to life coaching

I work on a theological reflection of coaching. I would like to list some basic directions/approaches/ways/schools that differ each other. My attempt: Neuroscience based coaching Systemic coaching ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Central and peripheral route dilemma

Pretend a woman watching tv and she is moved by the speaker's credibility and his ability to speak at length on the new product. She also notes that he is attractive. So in this case she is likely ...
6
votes
1answer
251 views

Does your voice pitch affect your perceived authority?

I heard a claim that people with lower voice pitch are perceived as more credible than people with higher pitch. Is there any research on this?
3
votes
0answers
36 views

Where to find images of the same faces with and without glasses for experiment?

I am looking to replicate the findings of Leder, forster, and Gerger (2011) in their publication of the glasses stereotype revisited. I intend to examine the same conditions of no-glasses, rimmed ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

sources on ethical replication of pain for testing effects on cognitive functions

I have devised a study that may provide an ethical way to invoke similar behaviours in participants, as those demonstrated by individuals in pain. Obviously it is extremely hard to correctly test ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

What study examined the effect of number of traumatic life events on falling into poverty?

I recall a study that concluded the risk of falling into poverty / homelessness increases dramatically after experiencing 5 (or 7?) traumatic life events, such as Death of a loved one Abandonment by ...
8
votes
1answer
91 views

Comparative functional neuroanatomy: humans & octopodes

Cephalopod brains are toroidal (high surface area to volume ratios!), with the esophagus passing through the, uh, donut hole; octopodes are very intelligent, particularly spatially. Where can I find ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between pre-synaptic versus post-synaptic?

I am unclear as to the exact meaning of the terms pre-synaptic and post-synaptic. Specifically, do they refer to the same neuron, either transmitting or receiving, before and after the chemical ...

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