1
vote
2answers
107 views

About the possibility of 'Robot Psychology'

If a Robot system with an advanced A.I. operating system had the 'ability' to 'do' 'undirected' or 'semi-undirected' introspection and 'form' all sorts of 'thought' structures about any subject matter ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Are there any legitimate, and reasonable circumstances, where self-delusion is acceptable and/or required? [closed]

Can anyone point out a situation, based in real world events, or an entirely hypothetical situation, where it would be ok/right for someone to delude themselves into believing something false? For ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Memory - Remembering a Source

So I study information systems technology, networking, programming, system security as my main focuses on school with a lot of reading material and a ton of independent research. My major problem is ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

How can I dream things that are impossible?

I remember having dreams whose contents were physically impossible, to the point that when I thought about them afterwards, I couldn't reconcile them with reality in a meaningful way, although when I ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Evolutionary motivation for the existence of pleasure

Firstly, I'd like to understand, what exactly is pleasure? If we presume we are streams of thoughts, thoughts being neurons activated in some pattern, and that basically anything what the conscience ...
-1
votes
1answer
93 views

Water Jug Problem in AI [closed]

You are given two jugs whose capacity are 5 litre and 3 litre. No jugs have any measuring marks on it. You have one source of water. How can you measure 4 litre of water in 5 litre jug ?
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Is there a name for having an obsessive interest in new topics for short periods of time?

I have the tendency to get obsessively interested in a subject for 2 weeks, get bored, and then move on to something else. For instance I have just started learning about chess and find myself ...
4
votes
1answer
43 views

Study of recollection of drawings based on labels

I remember stumbling across a very interesting study/experiment a few months ago. Now I want to try to find it again. Unfortunately I cannot for the life of me recall the name of the experiment nor ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

How to interpret a BBC news article on the effect of race on intelligence?

In spring 1998, Robert Plomin claimed to have discovered a gene linked with intelligence. More recently, the Human Genome Project was cautious when approaching areas implying racial differences ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Is there a name for highly aggressive non-violent people?

I know an individual who has incredibly aggressive mannerisms including snatching things, raising voice and speaking with a very aggressive tone of voice. However, since this person is completely ...
3
votes
2answers
204 views

The psychology of nymphomania

So this is a question that requires maturity and discretion. I present it as an authentic point of research for a class I am taking. I understand the basic principles of mania, psychomania, and ...
3
votes
2answers
51 views

Reconciling one-dimensional valence with distinct mechanisms for reward/punishment

It is a widespread notion in psychology that there are two dimensions to emotion: valence (aversiveness or attractiveness of some entity) and intensity. However, recent experimental studies in ...
1
vote
0answers
188 views

Difference between forms of Culture Fair Intelligence Test (CFIT) scale 3

I would really like to know what are the differences between the form A and form B of Cattell's Culture Fair Intelligence Test scale 3? To my knowledge (reading the "methods" section in the ...
2
votes
2answers
94 views

Perception of abrupt noise

First question - sorry Cognitive Science is a closed book to me so I hope someone can give me an insight into this phenomenon. We have a child's toy that is activated by clapping of the hands. To me, ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

What is the effect of irrelevant reading after study on memory consolidation?

I heard and experienced a little that unconscious mental processes involved in storing memories work really well when you are not thinking about your study subject during rest. However, I'm not sure ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

How to test for malingering in criminals trying to deny capacity for criminal responsibility?

Psychiatrists and psychologists are often tasked with assessing a criminal defendant's competency to stand trial or his capacity for criminal responsibility. What objective tests are useful for ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Why is it easier to search memory for words starting with a particular letter than for words with that letter in a later position?

Tversky & Kahneman (1974) asserts that it is so, and some scrabble-playing experience convinces me that it's true. However, I've never seen an explanation of why it is true. I assume it has ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

Finding consciousness through EEG

I've read an article about the consciousness in vegetative patients. Adrian Owen is one of the neuroscientist making research on this field. The article published on "Le scienze" was about the usage ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

How can I embed language proficiency assessment within an unrelated experiment design?

I'm in the process of designing a self-paced-reading & a grammaticality-judgment-task experiment, which should be performed by second language learners. It is crucial to the study is how the ...
5
votes
2answers
101 views

Can our auditory perception be used to trick our visual perception?

"Our consciousness lags 80 milliseconds behind actual events...The 80-millisecond rule plays all sorts of perceptual tricks on us. As long as a hand-clapper is less than 30 meters away, you hear and ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

Can prosopagnostic (face-blind) people draw other people recognizably?

Is it possible for people with face blindness / prosopagnosia to draw other people (whose faces they cannot recognize) such that non-face-blind people can recognize the people being drawn ?
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Is there a psychometric tool for measuring the difficulty of mental activities?

It is often stated that Alzheimer's disease can be prevented to some extent when a person engages more often in challenging mental activities ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Annoyance in animals

When my dog (an English Cocker Spaniel, for what its worth) is behind some glass (e.g. a glass door or a car window) and someone taps on the glass, even just a little bit, she gets into a fit of rage. ...
4
votes
2answers
165 views

Why does a neuron choose to connect to another?

I have been reading about neuron creation, guidance cues and all sorts of highly complex mechanisms used to allow one neuron axon to extend or connect - but to what end? Why does one neuron end up ...
5
votes
1answer
94 views

What differences of opinion led to the Kahneman-Gigerenzer feud?

I have found many allusions to this feud, e.g. from http://nickdunbar.net/2012/05/23/thinking-fast-and-slow-by-daniel-kahneman/ and in Kahneman's trade book "Thinking, Fast and Slow". However, I have ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Is there a standard list of Default Answers which are used in Likert 'type' Scales

I have always had some trouble deciding what to use as the default answers when using Likert 'type' scales. Is there a default list of accepted answers to particular types of questions which are used ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

Neuropharmacology and Simulation [closed]

I've been wondering whether neural simulations have had applications in (cognitive)neuropharmacological research already. One always reads about the promise of the technology in helping us cure ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

Why does munching sound unpleasant to most people? [closed]

When someone who eats food is munching, it sounds quite unpleasant for most of the people. What is the reason for this?
6
votes
2answers
229 views

Why is MATLAB so common in Neuroscience?

It is common knowledge that neuroscience -- particularly experimental neuroscience -- uses MATLAB more than any other programming language. I have always just taken this as a given, and pointed to ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

For what kind of concepts do we really need an analogy?

Literature suggests that analogies are helpful in teaching and learning science concepts. But every concept can not and should not be taught using analogies as there are some concepts that can be ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Are there any fMRI decoding papers examining the relationship between attentional cueing and activity in V1?

I'm interested in reading on the influence of exogenous attention on cortical representations in early visual areas, but so far my google-fu seems to be failing me. There seems to be some literature ...
4
votes
0answers
57 views

Are innate intersubjectivity and theory of mind opposing theories or are they reconcilable?

What I get from Trevarthen's theory of innate intersubjectivity (2010) and the theory of theory of mind (Perner, 1999) is that they don't agree. A considerable number of studies in theory of mind ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

How many action potentials from presynaptic neurons would be required to make a postsynaptic neuron fire?

I am looking for a rough estimation of the number of action potentials from other neurons required to cause a neuron to fire? I read here that a potential of ~ -55mv must be reached before an action ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

How do people respond to auditory warning signals?

I am working on a literature review of total reaction time to an auditory alert, in a transport context. All of the literature I can find about perception-response times are in the context of visual ...
5
votes
1answer
136 views

Has there been any serious research on subliminal messaging?

I certainly don't question the existence of subliminal perception which has been demonstrated many times in priming studies like those of Daniel Schacter and many others, nor do I reject the notion of ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

How to compute weights and bias for a McCulloch-Pitts neuron?

I am trying to learn how to manipulate McCulloch-Pitts neurons in order to determine their weights and bias based off of inputs. In this example I have inputs: x, y, z ∈ {−1,1} The neuron's output ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Are there any serious neuroscientific theories of emotional valence?

Could anyone tell me if there are any serious neuroscientific mechanisms that have been proposed to explain how feelings of body states take on a positive or negative character (valence)? An example ...
1
vote
1answer
491 views

What does double dissociation really tell us?

In psychological research, a single dissociation is when a manipulation leaves one cognitive function (say, A) intact whilst severing another (say, B). This indicates the functions A and B are at ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Record an eye blinking waveform signal from EEG signals

I want to Record an eye blinking waveform signal from EEG signals , but it need to make a quiscent periods of recording , So how to make this quiescent periods(i.e the signal has a zero amplitude at ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Neural robots vs conventional robots

My friend is working on a robot that can be mind controlled. He basically wears a headset, and that headset translate brain signal into control signal to move a robot. ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

What's a “mental disorder”?

Most people are held accountable for their actions. If diagnosed with a "mental disorder" however, they are often forgiven/treated more leniently and exempted from punishment. The same thing ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Difference between meditating and watching a movie [closed]

If I meditate, I concentrate on my breathing; if my mind wanders, I bring its attention back to my breathing. If I watch a movie/show, I concentrate on it; if my mind wanders, I bring its attention ...
9
votes
3answers
239 views

Why do people avoid taking the last “donut”?

In many contexts (family, colleagues, etc), say there is a box of donuts for people to take (or any kind of treat or snack). A lot of the times we can observe that there will be only one left and ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Is there a name for a personality trait (or psychological condition?) for adopting the accent, mannerisms, idioms or traits of others? [duplicate]

Is there a name for a personality trait (or psychological condition?) for adopting the accent, mannerisms, idioms or traits of others? I mean, unconsciously adopting, not "consciously making fun of". ...
6
votes
0answers
94 views

Which statistical tests to use when analyzing NASA TLX?

The NASA Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) is a subjective, multidimensional assessment tool that rates perceived workload. A set of different scales (Mental Demand, Physical Demand, Temporal Demand, ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Analysis according to Jung's Psychological Types

Recently I read Jung's Psychological Types out of self-questioning. I would like to analyze myself in such a fashion more "professionally", however I do not profess to be able to do that myself, ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Where in the brain is meaning extracted from visual information?

I am looking into several systems for improving learning speeds and ran into a question I seem unable to answer on my own: When we read a word, it somehow gets converted into it's abstract meaning. ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

Does learning too much useless information weaken my memory?

From what I understand, since we receive a lot of information every day, our brains are tasked with remembering the few important bits and ignoring (or forgetting) everything else. I also know of ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Is there any scientific literature on the “shower principle” (i.e., taking a break from a task leads to unexpected insights)?

Folk cognitive psychology has it that doing activities that remove you from your intellectual work (such as taking a shower or, like Einstein is reported to have done when it a rut, playing the ...
6
votes
1answer
46 views

Number of presynaptic inputs per cell in primary visual cortex

I have been digging in the literature lately, but I haven't found a nice answer with clear cut numbers (avg +- std) to this question: How many presynaptic inputs receives a pyramidal cell in primary ...

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