7
votes
4answers
199 views

Can the brain be trained into a state of persistent happiness?

Happiness is a state of mind. Can we retain this state even in the case of sadness, depression, or a dire situation through training? What methods could one use in order to train the brain to retain ...
7
votes
1answer
61 views

Is procrastination associated with overweight?

I came to think of how working out requires a will to "get things done". Some people are successful in their career while working regularly out at the same time, and some people are procrastinating ...
5
votes
1answer
83 views

Name of cognitive bias when you diminish one's competency based on someone else's for the same function?

Let's say you have a REALLY good manager, and he leaves. So you tend to underestimate/judge the next manager's competencies because the previous one was really good. How you call the cognitive bias ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Name this partner selection experiment where participants can see the value of others but not themselves and seek to pair with high value others?

A group of students is given playing cards to put on their head. They do not know the value of their card but can see the value of others. The goal of each student is to partner with the highest ...
4
votes
0answers
61 views

Measuring attitude towards learning another language?

Does a validated scale to asses a person's attitude towards learning a new language exist? So far I have only found the following questionnaires: Language Learning Attitudes Questionnaire ...
10
votes
1answer
201 views

Do people who lose their faith tend to replace it with other non-evidence-based reasoning?

I was watching this talk by Phil Plait given at TAM(The Amazing Meeting) 8. You can find a partial transcript here. It will help provide some context. In the talk he makes the following claim: ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Is there a relationship between gender and the effectiveness of various psychotherapeutic methods? [closed]

While doing research on various existing psychotherapeutic methods and perspectives, I came to wonder whether there were any existing relationship between gender and the responsiveness to given ...
5
votes
1answer
134 views

What causes people to rapidly lose skill after becoming moderately good at something?

I've noticed that people often manage to become moderately good at something, but seem to reach some sort of peak at that level and then rapidly start getting worse again. I've seen this happen with ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Spiritual interpretation of dreams vs. scientific interpretation of dreams [duplicate]

What is the spiritual interpretation of dreams and the scientific interpretation of dreams? How are they different? Please give evidence.
4
votes
0answers
26 views

Has anyone ever conducted a psychological experiment to test whether an arbitrator appointed by one party tends to judge in favour of that party?

I am interested in the case where the arbitrator has been unilaterally appointed by one of the parties in a conflict. Assume that economic rewards are not involved. I am only interested in knowing if ...
4
votes
1answer
143 views

Solving T-shaped maze (probability learning): differences between rats and humans

From Jonah Lehrer's book "How We Decide", he mentions the experiments with rats and Yale undergraduates. I found the paper that (presumably) matches the experiment of rats. Brunswik, E. (1939). ...
6
votes
1answer
138 views

Is the logic of self-reported thoughts related to psychological disorders?

Depression seems to be a disruption in thought patterns. In particular, it is characterized by repetitive thoughts. Is it possible to characterize psychological diseases by looking at the logical ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

What study examined the effect of number of traumatic life events on falling into poverty?

I recall a study that concluded the risk of falling into poverty / homelessness increases dramatically after experiencing 5 (or 7?) traumatic life events, such as Death of a loved one Abandonment by ...
6
votes
2answers
171 views

What is the neurobiological basis of the “inner voice” used for thought or reading?

I've recently experienced a number of hypnogogic near sleep states characterized by change in thinking (stage 1-2 sleep). I noticed that if I let go and get absorbed in the state, I can follow it. I ...
3
votes
0answers
41 views

Does any theory explain the tendency for toddlers to desire objects held by other toddlers?

Very often, I observe that a toddler A who currently focuses their attention on a specific toy or activity becomes distracted if another toddler ...
5
votes
0answers
16 views

What is “Predictive Reverse Engineering” and how can it be used for understanding brain structure?

Here is a quotation from the paper Markram et al., Introducing the Human Brain Project : New informatics and modeling approaches are making it possible to reverse engineer the detailed structure ...
12
votes
2answers
469 views

Is the theory of Information Metabolism a reasonable scientific theory?

Background I have been checking out various personality typing assessments lately when I came across a Personality typing system known as Socionics which aims at explaining relationships between ...
27
votes
3answers
18k views

Why would the brain flip the images perceived by your eyes?

The following is a common scientific statement, which you don't have to google long for to find: The eye views images upside-down in the manner of a camera lens, but our brains reinterpret this ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

What are the neural substrates of retrieval induced forgetting?

Retrieval-induced effects It is well known that practicing retrieval of remembered items increases the probability of correctly recalling that item in future tests: the testing effect. ...
4
votes
3answers
195 views
3
votes
1answer
285 views

How does the brain physically get tired?

When engaging in physical work-outs, people often research how regular muscles store energy, how to eat and exercise cleverly so that the exercises actually make them stronger and more healthy instead ...
5
votes
1answer
108 views

Do widespread brain toxins explain violence rates?

Saw this: http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2013/01/lead-crime-link-gasoline Lead emissions from tailpipes rose steadily from the early '40s through the early '70s, nearly quadrupling over ...
4
votes
1answer
40 views

Does Spaun's serial memory exhibit proactive interference and serial searching

Xuan Choo recentely created a model of serial working memory for Spaun. Does this model of working memory exhibit the effects of proactive interference (as well as changing data types yielding freedom ...
4
votes
0answers
31 views

How to obtain well-written demographic items?

I've noticed over the years supervising student projects that it is actually surprisingly difficult to write good demographic items. Specifically, I'm thinking about questions related to gender, age, ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

What drives users to play Reddit's “The Button” game?

There's this amazing social experiment going on Reddit - the Button as of April 1 2015. Here's an example of a website that tracks statistics of the experiment: http://button.mtsanderson.com/ Reddit ...
7
votes
1answer
127 views

Evidence of 'virtually limitless' long-term memory

In his paper, 'What do People believe about Memory?', Professor Svein Magnussen of University of Oslo claims: ... memory science is not aware of any limitation on the amount of information the ...
4
votes
1answer
69 views

What's the difference between executive functions and cognitive control?

I suspect that the difference between these terms may vary from researcher to researcher, since the wikipedia page treats them as synonymous. What's the difference between executive functioning and ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Is it possible to bridge implicit and explicit memory?

It is self evident, from the various studies of Skinner and Pavlov, that a traumatic - or one of a similar nature - experience possesses the tendency to reside within certain schemas through the ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Spreading Activation Theory

Two questions, (im trying to get my head around this area of study, my assignment is on neurophysiological differences of t/f memory not theories, but reading up on the topic has had me thinking and I ...
7
votes
1answer
124 views

How do moral judgments change for older adults?

There have been numerous studies that compare the moral judgment/sensitivity of adults and children (a good example is this paper by Decety, Michalska and Kinzler, showing significant differences ...
7
votes
1answer
111 views

Phase locking value (PLV) between $x(t)$ and $x(t-T)$

I have been trying to calculate PLV using the hilbert transform (reference). To test if it even works or not, I calculated PLV between $x(t)$ and $x(t-T)$. i find that it drops to zero very quickly as ...
3
votes
0answers
42 views

Brain Theory and Paradigm

In this short piece, physicist Dmitri Krioukov makes the case that we must expect complex systems (such as brains) to reduce to simple physical systems. Furthermore, he cautions that the pure ...
4
votes
0answers
28 views

Why can't subjective utilities take probabilities into account?

If my understanding of expected utility theory is correct, it is rational for a decision maker to have subjective utilities for objective consequences. For example, it can be rational for a ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

What are the neurobiological factors related to depression?

While it is agreed that neurotransmitters aren't the primary "cause" of depression, what other factors are a part of this mental illness that focus on the neurobiological aspects of it?
8
votes
4answers
663 views

What are the mathematical models of memory?

Are there mathematical models of memory in humans or animals? I want to know how neuroscientists use mathematics to describe memory in living creatures. How do neuroscientists model memory and show ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

image of eyes to brain [duplicate]

If the eyes image is upside down before brain processes it, then do that mean an alzeiheimers patient in end stage see images upside down at all time because of a deteriorating brain?
2
votes
0answers
18 views

Are there cognitive models that distinguish semantic and episodic memory?

From various amnesia cases it has been shown that semantic and episodic memories reside in different parts of the brain. Are there any cognitive models that distinguish these two types of memories? If ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Does short-term memory decrease after working memory, or does it decrease before working memory?

I see contradicting claims. This book shows working memory peaking in 20s, short term memory peaking out later (not doing badly until one's 40s), but this paper shows STM peaking out earlier than ...
5
votes
1answer
34 views

Reference request for creator of heuristic for processing fMRI data (T.Nichols)

I am using nilearn and nipy package for python processing FMRI data. When computing mask, it says: Compute and write the mask of an image based on the grey level This is based on an heuristic ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Wisconsin Card Sorting task timing information

I've been trawling through the literature and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task and I've yet to find any information regarding the timing of neuro-typical subjects vs. those who suffer from either brain ...
2
votes
2answers
78 views

How to know whether a methodological technique is quantitative or qualitative?

How do you classify NASA TLX, ANOVA, Matched Pair T-Test, Self-Efficacy Scale, and System Usability Scale? Are these types of data analysis considered quantitative or qualitative? Please answer ...
10
votes
2answers
186 views

How to computationally model the Wisconsin Card Sorting task?

The Wisconsin Card Sorting task is rather famous but appears to be quite difficult to model computationally. I work in RL and I am interested in how people learn the optimal strategy. I'm interested ...
5
votes
1answer
280 views

Information sampling task

There is a lot of research done on impulsivity trait. Here is detailed wikipedia article and here is one interestiing video of biological and psychosocial causes of impulsivity. In wikipedia article ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

Theory about use of concept maps?

My background is Computing Science and I want to research how people use concept maps? By doing some google search I found the following link https://www.msu.edu/~luckie/ctools/ What I want to ...
5
votes
1answer
85 views

What kind of Psychometric test is this

I’ve taken this exam as a requirement for a job. Unfortunately, I forgot what the exam was called. All I can remember is that the exam has 100 items grouped into five or four. Each group of five or ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

What is the situation called where a strong party uses logical reasoning based on a flawed foundation?

I am interested in the situation where two parties (people or organisations) differ in their commitment to exert power where party has more commitment to exert power than the other. The two parties ...
3
votes
3answers
672 views

Impact of the first love experience [closed]

When we become adults, we think that love is for adults only associating it with sexual relations but I'm sure that all of us have loved or have had some admiration for the daughter of the ...
3
votes
0answers
17 views

What is the equivalent of a Hamming network in the NEF?

After doing a bit of research, I'm somewhat convinced that Hamming networks are networks that classify, but only put out a single result, as opposed to other networks which output multiple results. In ...
4
votes
1answer
359 views

Body Language: Why do we act differently around someone we're attracted to?

Many professionals have said that when you're attracted to someone, you tend to fidget, run your hands through your hair, sit with your legs facing them, and that our faces light up around them, which ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Does anyone know of any clinical psychology journals that use a double-blind review process?

Through this question: What kind of cognitive psych journals are receptive to clinicians without any publications? I found out that a colleague of mine should submit a paper she is writing to a ...

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