# All Questions

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### Does the effect of naturalistic exposure on second language acquisition vary with age?

A while back, I watched the movie The Terminal and the main character played by Tom Hanks learns to speak fluent English while he is stranded in the airport for more than a year. Which seems somewhat ...
289 views

### Is the theory of Information Metabolism a reasonable scientific theory?

Background I have been checking out various personality typing assessments lately when I came across a Personality typing system known as Socionics which aims at explaining relationships between ...
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### What cognitive processes occur during a mental exhaustion or 'burnout'?

Mental burnout - or mental exhaustion is not very pleasant, when one feels completely overwhelmed, something 'snaps' and it is hard to concentrate and maintain motivation. What are the cognitive ...
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### Phase locking value (PLV) between $x(t)$ and $x(t-T)$

I have been trying to calculate PLV using the hilbert transform (reference). To test if it even works or not, I calculated PLV between $x(t)$ and $x(t-T)$. i find that it drops to zero very quickly as ...
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### What is the neurological basis of maintaining self discipline?

Self Discipline, as defined in this meagre Wikipedia article as being as the ability to motivate oneself in spite of a negative emotion This is partly distinct from self control and willpower ...
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### What is the effect of displayed online personal identifiers on online communication?

Online interaction provides an interesting avenue for experiment and experience. People are able to hide or fabricate their personal details including age, sex, and appearance. For the purposes of ...
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### Can SSRI make things worse in the long term or cause delayed depression?

I found two articles that mention that taking SSRI for depression can actually make the depression worse. "Now Antidepressant-Induced Chronic Depression Has a Name: Tardive Dysphoria" on Psychology ...
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### What personality traits does sexy and revealing clothing correlate with?

Is there some unifying characteristic that distinguishes women who wear form-fitting, lowcut, see-through and other kinds of revealing outfits? Are they more extroverted, do they rate higher in ...
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### What causes introverts to lose “energy” in social settings and require recovery afterwards?

Over the years I've seen numerous articles about introverts that mention that they dislike large social interactions (meetings, parties, etc) because they drain their energy. These articles mention ...
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### How do laypeople form a judgement that another person is smart or intelligent?

I am curious: When do we label a person as being 'intelligent', 'smart' or 'clever'? This is subjective, and it seems unlikely that it is possible to reach a bulletproof definition. A high IQ has been ...
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### How are qualia localized in consciousness?

I understand that evolution incorporated arbitrary qualia into the default network to inform consciousness (the largest cranial global processing information subnetwork) about properties and qualities ...
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### Do Kahneman–Tversky results hold for longer periods and aggregate behavior?

Kahneman and Tversky (1979) show findings that can be summarized in this plot: They show that humans dislike losses "more" than they like comparable nominal gains. The results come from a series of ...
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### Survey Questionnaire design - What are the alternatives to Likert scale in measuring attitudes?

I work in Social Science Research (Management) In my school, Likert Scale is extensively used to measure attitudes.(Strongly disagree to Strongly agree). So, I kind of assumed that it's an absolute ...
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### Why does munching sound unpleasant to most people?

When someone who eats food is munching, it sounds quite unpleasant for most of the people. What is the reason for this?
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### What brain wave states are associated with hypnosis?

What brain wave states are most correlated with deep hypnosis?
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### Is there any evolutionary theory for self-destructive behavior?

Self-destructive behavior is usually related to the stress response. Given that the world is a big source of stress and stress usually is also a source of evolution (since we must adapt to survive), ...
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### Is there evidence to suggest that music can trigger release of a particular kind of neurotransmitter?

I've recently listened to a podcast, "The music in your brain", in which Dr. Daniel Levitin suggests that: Soothing music can trigger release of oxytocin Sad music triggers release of prolactin An ...
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### Is there a psychological basis for getting hiccups?

Is getting the hiccups sometimes related to our mental condition, i.e., stress level, etc?
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### Are any kinds of behavior proved to correlate with testosterone levels?

Are any kinds of behavior proved to correlate with testosterone levels? Any studies done on this? Any indications of such correlations?
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### How to quantitatively measure strength of friendship using observable factors?

Is there any quantitative measure associated with the strength of a friendship or relationship? Ideally it should be able to be calculated based on observable factors, but should not require ...
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### Universal Mind? Nature or Nurture?

I have been reading a book entitled "The Geography of Thought" by Richard Nisbett. He talks about how easterners and westerners think differently. I am not all the way through it, but I agree with a ...
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### Body Language: Why do we act differently around someone we're attracted to?

Many professionals have said that when you're attracted to someone, you tend to fidget, run your hands through your hair, sit with your legs facing them, and that our faces light up around them, which ...
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### How does the body experience free-fall during a hypnic jerk

Today I learned that a sudden jerk that you sometimes experience when you are just about to fall asleep due to a sense of free-fall or weightlessness is called a hypnic jerk. If, while sleeping, I ...
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### Do different methods of testing memory for character sequences result in different brain activation?

Assume a certain sequence of N characters, displayed on a screen one by one, that should be memorized. The speed of the display is such that it doesn't produce much extra stress. You may assume that ...
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### Can short-term hunger influence anger?

We know that hunger, whether short-lived or prolonged, causes physiological changes in our bodies. These may have psychological effects too as brain functions are slowed down and can have an impact on ...
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### How, other than pharmacotherapy, can those diagnosed with thought disorders be treated?

In general, major depressive disorder is treated with pharmacotherapy, and talk therapy, as well as other little things written below: People know what the little things you can do if you're ...
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### Logical Skills and mathemtical skills of people with ADHD?

I am suffering from combined type of ADHD (Both Inattention and Hyperactivity). I would like to know the below 2 points How do the rationality and logical thought processes those with and without ...
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### Do more accidents happen when you cross the street on red light(as a pedestrian)?

As I wanted to have concrete question in the title I've chosen this one. But my real toughts behind that is if you have ever heard about anything like, I would call it, the 'Red-Light-Theory'? It ...
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### Reconciling one-dimensional valence with distinct mechanisms for reward/punishment

It is a widespread notion in psychology that there are two dimensions to emotion: valence (aversiveness or attractiveness of some entity) and intensity. However, recent experimental studies in ...
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### Is it possible to permanently improve long-term memory?

Many similar questions here ask either about working or short-term memory, or about various tricks and techniques to efficiently remember information. My question is, is it possible to improve the ...
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### Is there any scientific study of private day dreaming that involves movement and verbalising?

Background: When I'm alone and imagining a scene in my head, I make the shapes I'm imagining with my hands, blinking a bit and making the noises I imagine. I get so absorbed that I don't even see my ...
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### What is a neurometric function?

Is the output of neurometric function the output of the pattern classifier i.e is it calculated from processing the imaging data of brain as a prediction of what choice was made through psychometric ...
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### Brainwave audio recordings and beta waves: how do they affect positivity?

I know a little bit about negative and positive energies of human bodies and how it all works. Recently, on Facebook, I saw an ad promoting some sort of audio recording and that it has something to do ...
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### Where do our memories get stored and how are they retrieved again?

In one of Karl Lashley's 1950 papers, it is pointed out that information is not stored locally in certain area of the brain. Instead, it's stored distributively over the structure of the brain. I'm ...
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### asymetric bodily development correlating to asym. brain development?

The left side of my body has consistently less hair and muscle than my right, making me believe it is less mature. I'm wondering, is this correlated to assymetric maturity if the brain hemispheres? If ...
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### What is the name of a cognitive bias by which existing facts are tailored to fit a personal hypothesis?

What is the name of a cognitive bias where a person takes all of their knowledge of a particular subject (at a point in time) and arranges it in a hypothesis or world model that makes sense to that ...
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### Can artificial intelligence be creative?

Creativity is considered to be one part of the human intelligence. Can it be also one part of the artificial intelligence? If yes/no, why? Are there any examples of artificial intelligence been ...
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### So why might people post seemingly excessive concerns regarding the danger in their neighbourhood?

Background: The reason for this post is that I have noticed that many people have a desire to make that which is pretty safe seem dangerous. It is very perplexing to me. Despite holding a master's ...
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### Memory - Remembering a Source

So I study information systems technology, networking, programming, system security as my main focuses on school with a lot of reading material and a ton of independent research. My major problem is ...
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### Can reading [self-help] books aid in therapeutic treatment of the narcissistic rationalization pattern?

I've dealt with a few people having a narcissistic personality trait / disorder. For me it's interesting to see the defense pattern they adopt through rationalization to defend their self-image and ...
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### What do people who have phobia do to keep themselve at ease?

Specifically regarding people with fear of the unknown, how do they keep themselves at ease and rationalise their actions? This is not about the treatment, but about the actions motivated by fears ...
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### Brain damage / change in long term psychiatric conditions such as schizophrenia

There seems to be evidence to suggest that long term psychiatric conditions have effects on grey matter in the brain and the development of certain sections of the brain. Do antipsychotics have a ...
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### Do humans look favorably upon unselfish/mysterious actions?

Science and morality are separate spheres of reasoning. Only by recognizing them as separate can we have them both. If discrimination is wrong only if group averages are the same, if war and ...
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### What is the personality of a woman who will kill for her freedom?

The scenario: A woman has been abducted. She is treated well and not abused. There is no immediate threat to her life, but the uncertainty of what awaits her. Suddenly there is a chance to kill her ...
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### what are the brains limits of human trauma

are there any limits on trauma I want to know how resilient the human mind is and what are the limits to trauma. Can we ever be "truly broken". Trying to see how our brains react to different trauma, ...
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### Research on people turning around to look back when walking away

When people say goodbye and walk away from each other, either the person will just walk away without looking back or they will look back. Looking back would appear to be a normal thing for people who ...
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### The effects of casual sex on men

There is a lot of research citing that men are more physically primed for sex than women. The following article discusses this difference and other differences of strength and vulnerabilities between ...
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### Can laughter help a person influence another person, especially when appearing harmless?

While watching TV, I noticed an old TV show - particularly, George Lopez on Nick at nite - playing. This show consisted of a family doing certain things. Of course, this can be ingrained in the ...