# All Questions

318 views

### Are presence questionnaires valid in a between-subjects design?

Usoh et al. (PDF) applied presence questionnaires (which are usually designed to measure one's feeling of presence in a virtual environment) in both a virtual and a real world environment in a ...
107 views

### Reproducible meta-analysis in psychology

I am a big proponent of reproducible data analysis. In particular, I like when researchers share documents in formats like Sweave and knitr which weave statistical output (e.g., text, tables, and ...
267 views

### What explains involuntary imitation of behavior such as shrugging?

Recently, I watched a discussion program on TV and one of the participants shrugged. I found that, not only did I do the same, but I seemed to do it in synchrony the speaker. I didn't want to do this, ...
480 views

### Is there a scientific term for when you fall asleep because you can't handle something?

I'm wondering if there is a scientific term that describes when you fall asleep or pass out after some traumatic event? This effect happens when people witness something gruesome (a friend being ...
564 views

### Why do one's surroundings still seem to rotate when you stop whirling around?

When you spin your head around in circles, the world appears to continue to spin. Why do one's surroundings still seem to rotate when you stop whirling around in a circle? What is happening in the ...
3k views

### To what extent is time to complete an intelligence test incorporated into the IQ score?

In this previous question on scoring IQ tests the OP asked about the effect of speed of test, but it was a bit peripheral to the core question. So I thought I'd ask it as a separate question. To ...
942 views

### Is consistent dual n-back training likely to improve the performance of analysis (mathematics) students?

Suppose you isolate a class of undergraduate mathematics majors who are about to enroll in a semester of real analysis (rigorous, proof-based calculus) and split them into two groups. Then, you ...
238 views

### Name of the bias where someone really needs something after they find out it exists

I'm looking for the name of the cognitive bias that is expressed in the following story. A fellow coworker was instrumental in getting a 75 gallon fish tank installed in the lobby of the company that ...
334 views

### EEG correlates of handedness

Can any one suggest a good article about features of EEG of left-handed people? I was surprised when find that there are only few old articles about it. I find only one new article by Propper, Ruth ...
311 views

### For depression diagnoses, does one make a clear distinction between endogenous and exogenous causes of depression?

Roughly speaking, we might imagine that people have depression predominantly for one of two reasons: Endogenously induced: The person has some inherent inballance between different ...
97 views

### What is the correlation between objective indexes and aggregated self-report measures of life satisfaction?

The Better Life Index and other indices seek to overcome the limitations of GDP in assessing social progress. They provide a composite score with which to rank nations on a range of indicators such as ...
154 views

### How do neurons decide how to alter their output signals?

In computer science, neural networks are trained using backpropagation and other methods. Backpropagation heavily relies on mathematical formulas to describe how the weights should be changed ...
108 views

### How do cognitive scientists measure creativity?

Einstein said once something like creativity is more important than intelligence. Intelligence as it is measured is really one's speed and efficiency at processing information. How one processes the ...
90 views

### Correlation between selfie and Narcissism

Are there scientific evidence to correlate selfie pictures and Narcissism? I am curious when and after what threshold does self love move into the Narcissistic phase?
77 views

### How do people estimate smoking's impact on their mortality?

I am working on a project that looks at how information about one's health affects smoking decisions. I have an economic background, and not familiar with the psychology literature. So my questions ...
250 views

### Is paraphilia a disorder?

There has been some confusion in recent questions about the term paraphilia. In most questions and answers, including my own, paraphilias have been seen as disorders that might require treatment. But ...
670 views

### Reducing ceiling effect with a Likert scale measure

I am designing a psychology study in which the main endpoint is the perceived effectiveness of various medical treatments. In pilot trials, we used a bipolar Likert scale to measure perceived ...
4k views

### Why do people say they hate drama?

On social sites sometimes people will state, "I hate drama!", as if to say "if you cause drama, please go away." My theory is the people who say this, in fact, actually like drama... as evidenced by ...
361 views

### Psychologically, how does volunteer work help the volunteer?

This question has intrigued me for a long time, ever since I experienced it first hand (and continue to do so). Some feel a compulsion to 'step up' and lend a hand to someone in need. An example, ...
731 views

### How is age related change in IQ measured if tests use age specific norms?

In a comment to this question about age related IQ decline in professors and scientists, the following comment was left: I noticed that lot of IQ tests (RPM or California) have different norms ...
127 views

### What are the mechanics behind the mind of a conspiracy theorist?

Conspiracy Theorists, in my opinion, are people I don't like except for some exceptions. However, this question will not be answered with my irrelevant opinions on said people.. Now, here is the ...
2k views

### Aesthetic preference for even or odd numbers

In my experience most people prefer the appearance of even numbers or numbers divisible by 5. Is there any research which proves or disproves my theory? Is it all about symmetry? I expect that ...
353 views

### Is sub-vocalization when reading and writing merely a symptom of lack of fluency?

In reading & writing, I for one, find myself subvocalizing the statement to myself. This behaviour is language-independent. However, the effort and subvocalization involved is greater in any ...
245 views

### How can psychometric or behavioural tests be used in banking to evaluate creditworthiness?

Suppose an entrepreneur or borrower with little credit or business history goes to a bank or some financial institution to borrow money. Banks can use, as an alternative to a credit or business ...
146 views

### Why might a person get widely varying scores on different online IQ tests?

Online IQ tests often yield wildly varying results (say 60 - 150). These are actual values obtained by repeated measures. It is puzzling, because it's such a wide range. How can the same person be ...
28 views

### Is it sufficient to say self control eliciting the reduced ERN (error-related negativity) in cognitive control tasks?

The limited resource model of self control suggests that the exertion of self control can impair performance in subsequent cognitive control tasks (for details on the model, check this question. Most ...
184 views

### Why do battered persons love their partners?

Many persons who have been beaten by their partner, no matter how violently, claims that they do not want to leave their abusive partner because they still love them. A common phrase is: "I love ...
95 views

### Is cognitive science a concentration of psychology?

Is cognitive science apart of psychology? If I major in psychology, will it be easy for me to be a cognitive scientist?
104 views

### Research operationalizing so-called strategic thinking?

Is there contemporary research in trait psychology, which attempts to operationalize the structures behind a strategic thinking style? I'm thinking of a style of problem solving as taught in officer ...
31 views

### Why do I type “it's” when I know it should be “its” [duplicate]

I know the difference between "its" and "it's". When I read it, even in my own writing, I can see incorrect usages almost instantly. However, when I type, I often type "it's" when I should write ...
3k views

### Current theories of the psychology of ambivalence

This question querying the authenticity of people's words and actions and the resulting commentary after this answer, has led me to ask this question. Ambivalence is a state of having simultaneous, ...
131 views

### Does chewing gum mentally help basketball players make foul shots?

I often see basketball players chew gum while making foul shots. Does this help in their accuracy? Any embodied cognitive explanation for this?
101 views

### Is there a function between loss of memory and time?

I have 2 related questions with regards to memory capabilities and time: "Is there a function (e.g. $e^{-\Delta Time}$) with regards to memory loss?" Everyone is bound to forget over time. Is there ...
1k views

### How to create a course that will give you synesthesia?

I'm thinking of creating a Memrise course that will include numbers and letters with corresponding colors, personality and sounds with aim of trying to develop some synesthesia in myself and anyone ...
716 views

### How can motivation be increased by improving brain chemistry with nutrition and activities?

I'm reading some material about motivation and brain chemistry. One of the interesting articles is "7 Ways to Increase Motivation by Improving your Brain Chemistry". I'm interested in a more ...
702 views

### How does body temperature affect perception of time?

Does raising or lowering one's body temperature lead to different perceptions of time? And does this then control the virtual length of positive or negative emotions? For example, individuals might ...
443 views

### What science or psychology is behind the Landmark Forum's coursework?

The Landmark Forum is a self-help seminar focusing on helping individuals to make positive changes in their lives by chaing their point of view and using logic to break down emotions to change the way ...
3k views

### What is a “delayed match-to-sample task”?

This question talked about how a "delayed match-to-sample task" can be used to measure an animal's working memory. What is a delayed match-to-sample task and how can it be used to measure working ...
26 views

### Searching for gender stereotype questionnaire specific to central europe

Reviewing the literature there are several inventories to measure gender stereotype values. For example, to name but a few: the Adjective Check List (ACL; Williams & Bennett, 1975) the Sex-Role ...
146 views

### Does high IQ give cause to doubt an ADHD diagnosis?

My friend was diagnosed with ADHD as a kid, but her parents disagreed with such a diagnosis on the grounds that she had a high IQ which was discovered when her psychologists and psychiatrists were ...
79 views

### What is the relationship between top-down mechanism and priming the visual system in the following experiment?

I am currently conducting an experiment where a subject is shown a series of photographs of various objects. Each photo contains a single object. Before showing the photograph, a screen with a text ...
80 views

### What physical process governs which details are retained in memory?

With long term memory, there is loss of information. For example, we don't seem to retain all the details of every image we see. What is the physical process those details undergo which cause them to ...
28 views

### How to compare cumulative sleep debts? [duplicate]

Let's say that after a period of sleeping perfectly, I sleep for the following amount of hours on some consecutive days. (Let's say the optimal hours I sleep is 8 hours. For the sake of simplicity, ...
51 views

### What is the relation between fun and motivation? Are they the same?

Are 'having fun in doing something' and 'being motivated to do something' the same thing? If not, how are fun and motivation related? Is there any formal definition on this? Would it be possible to ...
48 views

### Can reduced cognitive load lead to some kind of mental or physical “atrophy”?

Muscles, if you don't use them, degenerate. Everyone who has had a broken leg in a cast for a few weeks and then seen the thin stick that reemerged once the cast was removed, can attest to that fact. ...
111 views

### Does a more ergonomic and user friendly interface/device make the human brain work less?

There was an interesting discussion on UX.StackExchange related to washing machines and their front windows. I was very surprised that it took me like 2 minutes or so to figure out why the washing ...
160 views

### Are people more likely to pick the odd one out?

I was wondering if there has been any research to suggest that when given a list of options to choose from, people are more likely to pick an option if it looks different to the other options? My ...
4k views

### What causes fetishes? Are they sexual disorders?

Why do people have fetishes, such as foot fetishes? How do such fetishes form? Are childhood incidents the main cause of fetishes? Are fetishes a sexual disorder?