# All Questions

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### What triggers people to do competitive activities?

From my past I have seen some people who like to compete in games and try to be first(by games I mean all kind of games or hobbies such as video-games, sports etc. in which competition is included). I ...
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### Psychology behind repeated viewing of certain pictures and songs

Often it happens that we like to frequently listen to a particular tune or song or view some pictures or images repeatedly time after time. What are the reasons and psychology behind this?
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### How to keep the mind clean of thoughts [on hold]

Since about two years ago I discovered some sort of way to keep my mind free of thought for enough time to avoid to think in something I didn't wanted to. It was pretty simple to do so, I only needed ...
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### Inability to make decisions [on hold]

I have difficulty making decisions. Is there a medical term for this, and how to get it diagnosed? I can make small decisions with no problem (deciding what to wear, what to order in a restaurant, ...
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### Are mnemonics by creating associations good for memory?

I read a book which says that to remember the lists of arbitrary objects, we should take a well-known ordered list (so that you know what is on the first place, what is on the second) and associate ...
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### Are we actually seeing black colored objects?

We know that black objects absorb light with almost all the frequencies of the visible spectrum. This means there will not be any frequency of light reflected and falling on our retina, in order for ...
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### Is it harder to perform a difficult act or avoid doing a compelling act?

Suppose what we have a set of choices $S$. Also suppose that $S$ consists of two "difficult" choices $X$ and $Y$ that rely on action and inaction respectively. So $S = \{X, Y \}$. Is it more difficult ...
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### Evidence-based best practices for writing a gratitude journal

I was intrigued to read (in the question "What positive writing exercises improve happiness?") the idea of a gratitude diary suggested as an intervention that "causes psychological well-being levels ...
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### What is the executive control of attention?

I know it can be said as an individual's ability to pay attention however not clear on the concept. How is it different from selective attention?
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### Everybody thinks everyone's doing it, so they do it, and everyone ends up doing it

I'm on mobile, can't say much. But is there a term to describe such reasoning.
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I recently conducted an EEG experiment using a passive Oddball paradigm with two experimental conditions : standard stimuli (occurring with a 85% probability) and deviant stimuli (occurring with a 15% ...
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### How can committing adultery cause pleasure?

I have read online people saying that adultery feels good. What could cause the act of committing adultery to produce positive feelings? Has there been any recent research into the psychology behind ...
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### How do I know if i want a job in the cognitive sciences? [on hold]

How interested in the cognitive sciences should I be? How good at it should I be? How do I find out?
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### I write upside down [on hold]

I'm Jodie. For as long as I can remember I have written completely upside down. I can also write with the page at 45 degrees, but usually only when there isn't room to completely rotate the page. I ...
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### How are inherited instincts related to deprivation states?

These terms have come up in reference to Gerrig and Zimbardo in the most recent edition of Psychology and Life. I was reading the book, and encountered the the following sentences. According to the ...
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### What is it called when a person seeks to compare themselves to others?

What is it called when a person consciously or unconsciously looks for similarities and differences in other people's reasoning, behavior, actions or past events and compares them with his/her own ...
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### How are sexual cues known by the brain?

Sexual cues have been well established in evolutionary psychology as indicators of genetic compatibility/useful genes. How does the human brain know that a cue is an indicator of a useful trait in ...
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### Learned dyslexia? adult predicament from childhood teacher´s incompetence?

I have a friend, over 30, who is convinced she cannot really read. Of course; she can read, but she struggles so much with sorting letters into words that she cannot absorb the content. Playing - say ...
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### Complementary mind activities?

I have found that when I do certain activities, while engaged with them, I am inclined to do other activities, as well, which come naturally and do not seem to break productivity of the first ones, ...
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### Enhance recollection abilites

I hope this is a good way of asking this question. I am not generally the guy with the best memory out there, so I looked a bit into it and I am concluding my recollection phase is the weakest. It's ...
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### Is the a difference between existential depression and endogenous depression?

This question What causes people to feel depressed without there being a problem? got me thinking about endogenous vs reactive depression and existential vs psychological depression. It could be ...
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### Book review for “Qualitative Mathematics for the Social Sciences”

Has anyone read/reviewed this book - Qualitative Mathematics for the Social Sciences? I have been trying to find a credible review on the reliability of the book.
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### What's the difference between repression and suppression?

These two terms are closely related, and thus easily confusable as synonymous. Is there a difference?
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### Is remembering a list of words an example of semantic or episodic memory?

I'm having a hard time making a clear distinction between semantic and episodic memory. When presented with idealized examples, I find the breakdown clear; describing a trip to Paris is an example of ...
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### Personality traits associated with finishing other people's sentences?

I read in a North American undergrad psychology textbook, that people who tend to finish another's sentences tend to be emotionally intense. I think "emotionally intense" is the wording that they ...
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### The propensity of sexuality to be a taboo subject

Social norms vary between cultures and have throughout history. In most societies, the expression of sexuality is demonised to a certain extent. This is apparent in the shame brought to people ...
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### Psychology of a student

I'm a mathematics and physics tutor. I have a student in grade 9 who is very weak in the scientific subjects and she's been weak since 2 or 3 years even though she always had tutors. At first I ...
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### Is implicit and explicit memory a useful distinction?

In principle I understand the distinction. Implicit memory is not consciously recollected but has an automatic character i.e. while I'm solving a task in math, I'm automatically using the concept of ...
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### What is the psychological cause and meaning of “common sense”?

To what extent is common sense innate versus influenced by interactions with others? If someone has grown up with minimal interaction with other people, would their common sense be different?
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### Why are most popular humans pets carnivores? [closed]

Most popular pets are cats, and dogs. They are all carnivores. Few people have pigs as pets. More commonly, people eat pigs. Why are some of the most common human housepets carnivores? Does this ...
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### How long does it take to refocus after context switching?

Context switching has been highlighted for the toll it takes on productivity at great length, particularly by people who work in software and project management. Are there any ...
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### What exercises can be used to overcome the cognitive distortion “disqualifying the negative”?

I've been writing "log of good things that happened today" for the last 2 years (every alternate day on average). It has resulted in a lot of improvement in my perspective and in general I'm more ...
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### How to gamify a mentoring activity?

I am working on an app where we are aiming to develop peer to peer training. How could we gamify the learning process to make it more fun?
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### Scientific term for compulsive documenting of life experiences

What is the name for someone who has a compulsive need to categorically document everything they do and everything that happens to them? The only thing I can think of is "information hoarder" but ...
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### How to interpret the meaning of “crossed arms”?

If my conversational partner (in western europe) crosses his arms, while I am talking; How can I determine if he is: showing signs of rejection and/or detachment or if he chose this position for ...
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### What is the optimal exercise regime for improving cognitive functioning?

It seems that researchers agree that exercise increases cognitive abilities. This seems to work universally for all ages: children, adults and old people. It is suggested that everyone should ...
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### Is it possible to gain strength by imagining working out? [duplicate]

Is it possible to still gain muscle strength by performing exercises but without load? Is there some kind of memory mechanism that would allow this?
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### Is there a link between personality and sleep disturbances?

There is link between mental illness and sleep disturbance. One example following: BPD was significantly associated with all 3 chronic sleep problems assessed, as well as with the consequences of ...
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### Is there a way to hasten recovery from sleep inertia?

Sleep inertia is a transitional state of lowered arousal occurring immediately after awakening from sleep and producing a temporary decrement in subsequent performance. (1) There is study ...
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### Can bipolar develop in childhood?

Is it possible to develop bipolar in childhood? Does the same diagnostic criteria for bipolar in adults apply for children? In response to the comments under this question: Borderline Personality ...
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### Is there a link between mania in childhood and Borderline Personality Disorder?

The comments under this question Borderline Personality Disorder and Bipolar yet unable to identify episodes? have led me to ask this. Is it possib Is there a link between childhood mania and adult ...
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### Optimising visual clutter for target audiences

I am studying Human Computer Interaction (HCI) and there is a lot of discussion about consistency across a website, predictability between pages, of theme and layout. There is information about color, ...
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### Borderline Personality Disorder and Bipolar yet unable to identify episodes?

Is it common for those with Borderline Personality Disorder with Bipolar features to be unable to identify mood disturbances? (Considering manic, depressive and self-destructive episodes as normal)
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### What group requires incentives to be social?

It seems normal in American adults for young adults to maintain some daily contact with family members especially when dwelling with family. (Considering young adults in their twenties) What kind of ...
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### Why does splitting attention between a primary task and another task appear to improve performance on the primary task?

I've been thinking about my performance at various tasks and where my focus is at during them and something's really got me confused. It makes sense that devoting all my focus to a task while I'm ...
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### Why do people seem to “catch on” to a problem about the same time?

This could apply to any number of problems, but the one I had in mind was the Y2K issue. That is, as we transitioned from the 20th to the 21th century, would there be problems with computers reading ...
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### Why is there so little funding in artificial intelligence on a global scale?

I was looking at the "disruptions" in forcasting AI in this article : Several events could significantly accelerate or decelerate our progress toward AI, and we don’t know which of these events ...
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### Audio Inculcation and Learning

Suppose I have an audio file of a lecture of a professor explaining something to be learned - a physics concept for example, and I listen to the audio file over and over again, much like how people ...