# All Questions

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### Is there a strong correlation of cognitive development and Religious thinking?

Considering the range of religious systems such as polytheism (ancient Greek, Hindu), monotheism, pantheism, non-theistic practice (Buddhist) and non-worship overall, and the range of cognitive ...
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### The prisoner dilemma does not violate classical probability laws

To read before (following some answers or comments) My background: As a mathematician, probability theory is my field of research; please do not answer/comment just to refer to a course on ...
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### Technical term for the displaying of 'bad' traits to seem more likeable

What is the technical name for the public display of personal traits that are unproductive or unhealthy as an attempt to make oneself seem more likeable or relatable? (e.g procrastination)
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### Should I learn the day before an exam if I am already confident enough?

I am confident of my knowledge because I’ve studied and practiced long enough. Tomorrow is the exam. Which is better of the following, given I have the time to practice even more. I would have a good ...
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### Are there any pain scales which measure how much of the body is in pain?

Are there any pain scales which talk about the extent of pain, i.e. how much of the body is in pain? I'm in the process of trying to work out whether several lesions, hurt with the same intensity as ...
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### What makes people easily subscribe to pseudoscientific theories?

There are many theories/disciplines that have been categorized as pseudoscience in the scientific community. The list includes many things that are regularly even quoted in media like graphology, ...
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### Where can I find a real, reliable, iq test that someone could take multiple times?

I'm trying to find a real, reliable, accurate IQ test, that someone could take multiple times (so maybe has randomized questions?). It is for a study involving IQ and video games.
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### Control group VS. norms

I am reading now many studies about juvenile offending and delinquency, and there are always compared offenders´ results from different tests (for example personality, IQ) with control group. I am ...
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### Is it possible to think of something that doesn't contain anything exists?

Is it possible to think of something that does not contain anything that already exists? If not, why? Examples. Flying alligators are animals. Flying straws are straws. Is it possible for our ...
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### LSD and the brain

How is it possible that after using LSD you can hear sounds and see colours? I have my own experience with this phenomenon. When I´m lying totally relaxed in bed and suddenly a door is closed ...
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### Can neuron change from excitatory to inhibitory (end vice versa) over time?

According to this answer a neuron can release only specific type of neurotransmitters at the time, however, could it change over time? For example a neuron that now releases only inhibitory ...
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### Where is motor skill function located within the brain?

Does the neural activity that correlates with motor skill function tend to be focused near or far from the outer surface of the brain, or both? And what about perception? My deeper curiosity being: ...
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### Are there any reliable studies about colors and emotions?

It is rather common knowledge that black and yellow indicate danger, blue trust, green and red appetite, warm colors warmth, and cool colors cold. Please, recommend me any studies or literature about ...
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### Do people with brighter smiles feel brighter? [on hold]

People's facial shape when smiling are different. Some are bright, some looks like there's a bit embarrassment, others may be with a twist, even if they are all smiling from true happiness. These ...
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### Voltage sensitive dyes technique: What is the underlying measure?

I just discovered voltage sensitive dyes technique: I have seen that figures are labelled with dF/F0, what does it stands for?
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### Do ALL decisions arouse cognitive dissonance?

I continue to see an oversimplification in the descriptions of the options available that arouse cognitive dissonance: some websites state that all decisions have positive and negative aspects that ...
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### What does the statement mean “50% of happiness is determined by genetics”?

I posted the question "Is 50% of a happiness determined by genetics?" on Skeptics but realize I don't fully understand the claim. What does it mean that 50% of happiness is determined by genetics? ...
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### Learning to think?

Do we need to learn to 'think' or is it an ability that we are born with? By 'think' I mean neurons firing in a certain way to provide useful information (although since I am not strong in this ...
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### Irrational person feels attacked [on hold]

How does a rational person avoid conflict with an irrational person that feels attacked each time the rational person is about to present a rational argument contradicting what is being said? Assume ...
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### How to deal with a narcissistic parent?

I am a scholar of social psychology and came across something that left me wondering. I've recently read about narcissism and the characteristics of a narcissist. It appears through my research that a ...
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### what are the components of logical mathematical intelligence?

what are the components of logical mathematical intelligence? The logical mathematic intelligence is one among the multiple intelligences suggested by Howard Gardner. I require the components of the ...
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### What does the death of a fictional character mean?

When a fictional character is killed, no one dies -- and the readers and viewers know this, no matter how much they identify with the story. So what does this narrative device actually mean? Is there ...
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### How would a psychopath deem their actions?

I understand that a psychopath experiences diminished or non-existent empathy and remorse as well as dis-inhibition meaning that they have a certain 'meanness' and a poor impulse control. I am ...
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### What are the psychological differences in camelCase and underscore_case programming conventions?

In computer programming, spaces are often forbidden in the declaration of variable names, so programmers have created alternate methods of identifying word boundaries in variable names: camel case and ...
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### Is it a phenomenon that explicit rules encourage others to find loopholes?

Does the explicitness of rules affect how ardently those affected by the rules attempt to circumvent them? For example, in a game where the rule says "do not communicate", then the players would not ...
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### Why do people talk fast in presentations when nervous?

I was at a professional development seminar today, and the presenter, while being interesting and knowing his subject admitted to being nervous and was speaking very fast. I know I do this when I am ...
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### How do we learn to count syllables?

When I was young, I was told that to count syllables in a word, you could clap them. One clap for each syllable. You would say it aloud like this: cu-shion. I was not taught rules about how to pick ...
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### How to explain utility function from personality, beliefs and ongoing emotions?

Economists widely use utility function (and more broader approach called hedonistic regression) but are there explanations or derivations of utility function from the perspective of cognitive sciences ...
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### How can the cognitive distortion “disqualifying / rejecting the positive” be overcome?

Within Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) there is a cognitive distortion named "disqualifying the positive" where positive events are discounted: Example: Upon receiving a congratulation, a person ...
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### Can humans be reduced to a function?

Based on an article by UK Essays, we are nothing more than robots that operate based on our past experience and other factors like amount of neurotransmitters, hormones, and other chemicals, trying to ...
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### Does any neurological research exist surrounding Buddhist “enlightenment”?

I know there have been many studies on meditation in general, with noticeable changes in the brain. From a skeptic's perspective, I am curious if there are noticeable changes in the brain between ...
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### Simulate colorblindness in non-colorblind individuals

Is there any way by which individuals with normal color vision could "see" the effects of Deuteranopia or any of the common colorblindness types, say by using special lenses or anything? Color ...
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### Books about trust

Could you recommend me some books that cover trust and how it is developed, what helps us build trust and why we might or might not need it. I am not interested in the relationship self-help books ...
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### Why is Internet Addiction Disorder not listed in the DSM-5 manual?

Disclaimer - I am not a student of psychology. I'm currently researching Internet Addiction Disorder and online games for a paper I'm writing. Is there an actual reason why it's not included? Is it ...
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### How to interpret neuron spiking models one comes across in literature?

Background I'm in high school currently conducting research (obviously it is relatively rudimentary compared to what is being done in the labs, etc.) in computational neuroscience. I'm dealing with ...
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### How do I get calculate D1 and d1 in a multinomial processing tree model?

I've just been reading this paper and I am currently conducting an experiment for my undergraduate thesis. The experiment involves reality monitoring source memory judgments and I therefore want to ...
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### How does one internalize the delayed reward of exercise?

For the past few years my target has been to work out every morning (resistance training). On average I have only made it to the gym around 2 out of every 5 mornings. On days on which I do make it, I ...
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### Can one neuron spike inhibit and excite at the same time?

Is it possible to have a neuron that in some synapses releases inhibitory neurotransmitters and excitatory in others (everything triggered by the same spike) ?
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### A state model of sodium channels

I am studying by myself Human Physiology. I have encountered the following question: In the following given model of sodium channel with 3 states open closed blocked (which I assume means ...
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### What prevents a neuron from activating an incoming synapse?

As is known, a neuron can have incoming and outgoing synapses. When a neuron fires, what does prevent that only outgoing synapses are activated?
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### Why would the brain flip the images perceived by your eyes?

The following is a common scientific statement, which you don't have to google long for to find: The eye views images upside-down in the manner of a camera lens, but our brains reinterpret this ...
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### Voltage sensitive dyes technique: 2-photons microscopy vs confocal microscopy

I just discovered voltage sensitive dyes technique and I was wondering what would be the advantage to use 2-photons microscopy compared to confocal microscopy? They are both fluorescent techniques ...
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### Can a neuron fire when hyperpolarized?

Is there any chance that a neuron could fire when hyperpolarized? In that case the spike would probably be different than usual?
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### Future regrets about sexual interactions [on hold]

My friends psychologist once said to him that doing sexual things for money would definitely make him regret it later, causing psychological complications. Is it true that one can regret doing sexual ...
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### Are there any studies that suggest an evolutionary advantage of dreaming?

I've read the answers to this question. But I'd like to ask if, besides those suggested hypothesis, has anyone ever suggested that the advantage of sleeping could be to allow a profound state of rest ...
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### Is there any evidence of Maslows Hierarchy of needs and Csikszentmihalyi’s Theory of flow in a sports psychology context?

Is there any content available that could help me relate the stages of both theories to sport?
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### If I think of a checkerboard, is there a similar structure to see in my visual cortex?

When I´m imagining a checkerboard in my mind, can one find, with all kinds of fancy equipment, a corresponding figure in the area of my visual cortex? For example, the neurons firing in such a way as ...