0
votes
0answers
6 views

connectionist networks and physical symbol systems

Connectionist networks are often viewed as radical alternatives to traditional physical symbol systems. Explain what connectionist networks are, how they work, and how they differ from physical symbol ...
3
votes
1answer
41 views

What is bispectrum?

I am working on a project that uses EEG signals of the brain to identify emotional states. While surveying the literature, I came across several references where "derived features of bispectrum" are ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Looking for happines in marriage survey according to living/not living together before marriage

Do you know any research/survey results comparing how happy do people feel in marriage (after a few years) comparing marriages who lived together before marrying and living separately? There are ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Are there any studies (fMRI scans, etc) showing why some people (supposedly) are more open to hypnotism?

In this article published in Harper's magazine back in 1996, journalist David Foster Wallace described his experience with hypnotist Nigel Ellery (see the last section of the article, titled "THE ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Which personality trait(s) characterize high need for external validation?

Some background to explain my question: I recently overheard a conversation, between two men working in the same firm. One of them (A) is thinking about finding a new job, as he is not happy where he ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views
+50

Does society swing back and forth from one extreme to the other?

Consider 2 groups of any number of persons. Assume that the "dominant" group acts without any regard for the other group. Assume that there seem to be no consequences in the short time for the ...
5
votes
1answer
118 views
+50

What is the basis behind the idea of Dom-Tert loops in Jung Function Theory?

I have come across a theory relating to Jung Function Theory normally addressed as 'Dom-Tert' loops. I will briefly explain: In Jung Function Theory, everyone has 4 of 16 functions. They split into ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Analysing physiological measurements acquired by MP150 modules for auditory experiments

I am seeking the best forums or web documents with examples of how to analyze data from physiological measurements acquired by a set of MP150 modules during a cognitive psychology experiment for which ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

average attention time and attention compensation time

Is there any good source for statistics regarding average attention span? More specifically- what is the average attention compensation time, meaning- how long does a person need to rest in order to ...
3
votes
0answers
22 views

Consciousness and the mind as a state of matter or physical system?

I read a fascinating ArXiV preprint last year called Consciousness as a State of Matter. In this paper, physicist Max Tegmark proposed a formalization of consciousness in terms of a distinctive state ...
9
votes
2answers
90 views

How is tone volume encoded?

I am wondering whether increasing the volume would result in (a) a neuron that was already firing to now increase its spike rate, (b) a different group of neurons to add their activity to the ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

Why do some people stutter only when they are nervous?

Background: I don't stutter at least not always. For example, if I be reading out a article to myself, It is sure that I will not stutter even that I am reading it out loud. The times when I do ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

Acoustic and light wave coherency?

I know how some music notes combinations sound pleasing, yet others do not. Does the same occur with different frequencies of light (colors)? Since spectral color and acoustic pitch are both defined ...
7
votes
2answers
55 views

Criteria for evaluating cognitive systems

In the first chapter of the book "How to Build a Brain", Chris Eliasmith quickly establishes some criteria which he will use to evaluate Spaun, the cognitive system described in the book. He describes ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Does heritability define the person in terms of the population?

I recently read a statement that goes like this: heritability is a population construct. Isn't heritability dependent on genetic differences? Can someone provide an example of what it means to be a ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

What is the evidence to suggest that the introvert/extrovert distinction is a shallow distinction?

The author here claims: A great leader knows that making room for both extroverts and introverts to share their thoughts could be the key to whether or not their next project succeeds or fails. ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Why are dreams about failing exams so common?

Why so many people have a dream in which they are just about to take a mandatory school exam and they're totally unprepared, or they've missed it because show up in the wrong day, or the exam is on ...
5
votes
3answers
158 views

Does high IQ correlate with good social skills?

Are people with a high IQ more likely to have good social abilities? Are they more likely to be popular? Wikipedia lists that IQ helps with school performance, job performance and income. It's ...
6
votes
1answer
65 views

Relationship between oculometry/pupillometry and disorders of consciousness

I recently got to wondering whether certain eye movements or pupillary responses were correlated with disorders of consciousness (coma, VS, MCS, or even locked-in syndrome). I know that the pupillary ...
7
votes
1answer
51 views

Rated model of driving-related processes and objects

The Salience, Effort, Effort and Value (SEEV) model for predicting the distribution of visual attention contains a parameter called 'value' which represents the importance of a certain area of the ...
6
votes
1answer
60 views

What is the state of the art in computerised coding of Thematic Apperception Tests (TATs)?

Thematic Apperception Tests (TATs) involve showing test takers pictures and getting them to write stories based on the pictures. Coding such stories for themes and traits can be complex, ...
5
votes
1answer
139 views

Is decision making/theory/analysis applicable to game design?

I've done research over the last year in game design by reading some of the most well-known books in the field. Making interesting decisions is one of the fundamental elements of fun in games. I'm ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Are there any reliable type descriptions for Big Five personality traits?

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) model of personality provides a list of 16 personality types with accompanying descriptions, like this. Are there analogous types for the Big Five model of ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Where can I find stimuli for steady-state visually-evoked potentials?

I am a student working on a project which deals with Steady State Visually-Evoked Potentials (SSVEP) Stimuator. Does anybody know where can I find stimuli (checkerboard or single graphic) as a video ...
8
votes
1answer
209 views

'Model-free' learning in humans

In reinforcement learning, there is a stark distinction between model-based and model-free learning algorithms, where model-free methods don't make use any explicit information about the dynamics of ...
10
votes
1answer
75 views

What salient features of a {conditioned stimulus,unconditioned stimulus} pair are represented in the lateral amygdala?

In classical conditioning, a conditioned stimulus (CS, e.g., a tone) is presented just before an unconditioned stimulus (UCS, e.g., a mild toe pinch) in repeated trials, such that the CS will ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Conscious basis for gender identification

What conscious experiences lead a transgender person to identify with the opposite sex? Physiology is clearly not determining. Sexual orientation is not determining (homosexuality). Clothing ...
17
votes
4answers
740 views

What is the term for human beings' tendency to obey without thinking?

I'm wanting to read more about a certain human behavior, but I am not sure what the proper term for it is, so some of the things I am finding aren't what I am looking for. I'm interested in how Humans ...
3
votes
0answers
15 views

How to reconcile contrast model (of similarity judgment) with anchor-and-adjust?

Hastie & Dawes (2009) claims that humans judge whether an instance belongs to a class using the contrast model, where "we perceive similarity by making (very rapid) comparisons of the attributes ...
5
votes
1answer
27 views

Questionnaire regarding the motivation to be physically active

Does anyone know a questionnaire regarding the motivation to be physically active? That is, the motivation to move more (i.e. walk, cycle, run) and sit less on a daily basis.
6
votes
1answer
277 views

Binaural Beats meets Sound-Color-Synesthesia

Binaural beats, the perception of which arises in the brain for specific physical stimuli. ... The effect on the brainwaves depends on the difference in frequencies of each tone: for example, if ...
5
votes
1answer
135 views

How is the signal-to-noise ratio of an event-related-potential measured?

I often encounter publications where the authors try to "increase the SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals". Some define a numeric value of SNR of EEG signals, but I am ...
-1
votes
1answer
39 views

Why painters/drawers have numerous paints/drawings with naked females? [on hold]

It is often common to see a painting/drawing (other arts is the same) of a headless torso female and even more often are naked one sometimes with a head sometimes without. From doodles to royals, one ...
5
votes
1answer
84 views

Research operationalizing so-called strategic thinking?

Is there contemporary research in trait psychology, which attempts to operationalize the structures behind a strategic thinking style? I'm thinking of a style of problem solving as taught in officer ...
5
votes
0answers
56 views

What cognitively interesting event-related potentials at FP1, FP2, TP9 or TP10 can be measured with consumer-grade EEG hardware?

I'm looking for cognitively interesting event-related potentials at places like FP1, FP2, TP9 or TP10 that can be measured with consumer-grade EEG hardware. Right now I have an Interaxon Muse EEG and ...
8
votes
2answers
133 views

Why can we not see around our point of focus of our eyes?

Why do we have to strictly focus on something to really see what it looks like? Is everything else around blurred, or is our brain trained only to see in the center of the image projected on the ...
3
votes
2answers
52 views

How do humans learn to combine tasks?

I've been reading about hierarchical learning (a variant of reinforcement learning from what I understand) and how it is shown to allow learning of a higher-level task (the main example is assembly). ...
37
votes
4answers
3k views

What makes people easily subscribe to pseudoscientific theories?

There are many theories/disciplines that have been categorized as pseudoscience in the scientific community. The list includes many things that are regularly even quoted in media like graphology, ...
57
votes
6answers
8k views

Why do humans have sex in private?

Human couples usually have sex in private, hidden not only from predators, but also - other humans. It is unlike behavior of most species, including our relatives: bonobos, chimpanzees and gorillas. ...
5
votes
2answers
118 views

Why do people often do unnecessary things while performing a main task?

And this is not about procrastination (I'm almost certain). I've been noticing it since childhood that people (me included) tend to do unnecessary side activity, especially if they're invested in the ...
2
votes
1answer
244 views

How can we realize when a sociological question is impossible to answer?

In my language there is a famous common sense statement which tells the populations are swinging back and forth from one extreme to the other. The idea behind is that, at a sociological level, the ...
3
votes
0answers
16 views

Is movement/activity level related to serotonin availability or reuptake rates in the brain?

I'm aware of this research article that explores the relationship between motion and serotonin systems: 5-HT and motor control: a hypothesis. Based on the article above, it seems to me that a "very ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

Could a painful stimulus be effectively used as a learning aid?

In rats, the application of a painful stimulus has shown an increase in overall arousal and the ability to learn certain behaviours (The study is neatly summed up in this video: Motivation and Reward ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

What cognitive abilities show the smallest B-W differences in mean scores? [on hold]

Traditionally, employee selection tests focus on cognitive abilities such as reading, reasoning, and math. These have large Black-White (B-W) effect sizes (standardized mean score differences). The ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

What cognitive abilities show the largest B-W differences in variance? [on hold]

Traditionally, employee selection tests focus on cognitive abilities such as reading, reasoning, and math. These have large Black-White (B-W) effect sizes (standardized mean score differences). The ...
2
votes
0answers
9 views

Ability to learn math and age of children

Is age of children strongly related to ability to learn various mathematical topics (e.g., percentages, common fractions)? I ask because many students in the elementary grades struggle with math ...
8
votes
1answer
64 views

What is the meaning of “little efferent input” to retina?

Gollisch & Meister (2010) state that "the retina receives little efferent input from the brain" (p. 157). Could anyone describe what exactly this "little efferent input" (where it originates, ...
3
votes
2answers
71 views

Does the retina encode visual information like a Bitmap or an SVG?

I heard recently that a scientist has developed a retina prosthesis. So I think this is a question that has an answer. Does the retina encode information like a Bitmap image or an SVG image? (A ...
7
votes
2answers
102 views

How does masking work?

Masking occurs when the delay between the target and the mask is less than a threshhold (say 50 milliseconds). If sensory data passes from lower to higher visual cortices/processing regions as in a ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Explanatory gaps in the formation and propagation of action potentials

To my understanding, the steps of an action potential are as follows: The neuron is at rest--there is a negative charge (K ions) inside the cell, and a positive charge (Na ions) outside the cell. ...

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