For questions regarding the visual system, which serves to transduce light energy into neural impulses, or regarding visual perception, how we interpret such incoming visual information.

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How is the focal point determined when looking into a clear sky?

When looking into a clear blue sky, no cloud, birds, trees or any object to give a frame of reference. When a person is actively looking, as opposed to day dreaming or gazing. The sky goes for a long ...
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45 views

Does the subjective experience of artificial light brightness vary for people, if so, by how much?

I'm thinking about human perception and particularly the experience of how bright artificial light is. I'm talking about dusk, when the sun has set and only street lamps and light reflecting off ...
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2answers
88 views

Does the retina encode visual information like a Bitmap or an SVG?

I heard recently that a scientist has developed a retina prosthesis. So I think this is a question that has an answer. Does the retina encode information like a Bitmap image or an SVG image? (A ...
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2answers
637 views

What is the maximum size of content the human eye can focus upon?

What is the maximum size of content the human eye can focus upon on a computer screen? Is there a general equation that gives this size as a measure of distance from the screen etc.? What is the ...
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1answer
84 views

Is consciousness a sub product of the brain or is there a duality? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand what consciousness is, based on my basic knowledge of our senses, artificial intelligence (computer vision, specifically) and some philosophy. Here's my reasoning: As far as ...
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1answer
890 views

Why do “cool” colors, which are actually warmer, look cool, and vice versa?

Why do cool colors look cool that are in fact warmer, and why do warm colors look warm when they are actually cooler? Blue wavelength has higher energy than red, i.e, blue flame is hotter than red ...
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1answer
53 views

What is forward masking

I am trying to understand what is visual masking (or more specificaly forward masking). I have read the explanation here, but still.. I understand that a background can interfere with a frontal ...
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2answers
48 views

Color and shape arriving together in visual system

I know that in the visual cortex there are separate visual pathways for both color and shape. Do these separate pathways imply that human beings become consciously aware of these features separately ...
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1answer
61 views

How do hallucinations appear through reversing goggles?

If one is experiencing elaborated visual hallucinations, what will happen when one puts on reversing goggles? Will hallucinations change their orientations as well? Links to relevant papers will be ...
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1answer
326 views

What is the proper term for the synchronization of eye movements?

In humans and most two eyed species, eye movements synchronize so that both eyes are focused on the same point. This facilitates 3D vision significantly, allowing bifocal cues. I remember reading a ...
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1answer
51 views

Where can I find stimuli for steady-state visually-evoked potentials?

I am a student working on a project which deals with Steady State Visually-Evoked Potentials (SSVEP) Stimuator. Does anybody know where can I find stimuli (checkerboard or single graphic) as a video ...
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1answer
43 views

Does transparency have its own visual channel?

Referring to (for example) Visual Thinking for Design, the book discusses various low-level processing channels in the brain. Colour and orientation are two examples. I wonder if transparency is ...
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1answer
48 views

How can I create a set of comparable symbols of different shapes?

I was thinking about doing a small experiment during university course where participants have to answer a personality quiz and then they have to compare different symbols (like triangles, rectangles ...
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1answer
32 views

What is the relationship between neurotransmitter release and resting potential in retinal bipolar cells?

Retinal bipolar cells are known to have resting potentials from which they can become more or less polarized. What I'm wondering is whether a bipolar cell's neurotransmitter-release rate is zero when ...
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1answer
121 views

What are the visual cognitive abilities of a new born?

We know that a newborn (3 days or less) can mimic facial expressions such as tongue protrusion and head movement. This means that the child can detect faces, segment various parts of face like tongue, ...
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1answer
57 views

A subtle test for color-blindness

Is there a test method of proving a person being color-blind, without letting the test subject know, that he/she is being tested? E.g. showing the person cards with colored dots like depicted here is ...
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1answer
69 views

Does the brain stop processing data when the eyes move?

I was reading this question and remember back to the 70s when our local newspaper changed formats. In an article about why they made the changes that they did, one of the points they mentioned was ...
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1answer
33 views

Are representations of unattended objects “bound”?

In our phenomenal experience, different features of an object, like shape and color, seem to be "bound" together into a single percept, even though those features are represented in different parts of ...
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1answer
167 views

Are there any cognitive models for image interpretation?

Are there any cognitive models which can be used for image interpretation. I have tried to find some specific models which can be used for image interpretation but have not been able to find any ...
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1answer
38 views

How much our visual limitations are instrument(eye)-based, and how much are they brain-based?

Are the limitations to our vision like the field of view and singular focus entirely based on the limitations of the eye? It seems like it's possible to feed an artificial signal into the brain ...
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100 views

Optical illusions : human universal vs environmental influences [closed]

It's well known today that the susceptibility to optical illusions are influenced by the environment: multiple studies with the Müller-Lyer illusion conducted in Zambia proved this environmental ...
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0answers
51 views

What is the source for the W3C's Contrast Ratio formula?

The Word Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has a formula for the contrast ratio of any two arbitrary colors, which they use to set minimum standards for text legibility: ...
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0answers
131 views

Progress on Arnheim's perceptual forces in vision

In the second edition of Rudolf Arnheim's Art and Visual Perception: A Psychology of the Creative Eye, published in 1974, the opening chapter on "balance" begins with a discussion of "perceptual ...
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1answer
103 views

Effective sampling rate in human visual system

The [stroboscopic effect][1] is often explained as one of the problems of sampling. If sample rate is too low, you might have the impression of the signal frequency being low or even reverse. There ...
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1answer
31 views

Toolbox for modelling visual search performance

I'm looking for a toolbox to model visual search performance in a singleton search task based on line orientations (you need to find a line that is most different from all others in it's orientation). ...
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1answer
32 views

What are the estimates in total neurons and average connections per neuron for each of the processing areas of the visual cortex?

I am trying to find ballpark estimates for the number of neurons in each functional area of the visual cortex (V1, V2, V3, etc). While nice if known, the numbers themselves are not as important to me ...
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1answer
78 views

Is all vision based on movement?

This is something I recall from a class on human perception: vision is based on "movement" or change in what hits receptors, so if your eyes were perfectly still you couldn't see, but always-present ...
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Could one use priming (from realistic images to drawings thereof) to help teach the conventions of line drawing?

Line drawing is a very stylised form of art. There are no lines in nature, and artists have to learn the conventions to be used when drawing in line. I am interested in whether one could help them ...
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1answer
61 views

Pupillometry: how long needs the pupil to respond towards an cognitive stimuli?

I would like to know if somebody could give me some references on the latency of the pupil response after a cognitive stimulus. I know that the light reflex is quite fast compared to cognitive ...
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1answer
57 views

3D Glasses Aftereffect

I am wearing a pair a 3D glasses. The left lens is red and the right lens is cyan. However, when I take them off, my left eye sees in cyan and my right eye sees in red, the complete opposite of the ...
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30 views

What is it about Ken Reid's style of drawing lumps on surfaces [shown here] that makes our visual system so easily interpret it?

Ken Reid was an artist who drew for the Beano and other comics, and was known for strips such as Frankie Stein and Queen of the Seas. And for The Nervs, about the little men who run our brains, but ...
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0answers
16 views

Why does video footage of walking look unnatural when viewed upside down? [closed]

I noticed this whilst lying on the floor to stretch my back and the TV happened to be on. People look like they're walking in a very unnatural way.
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71 views

What creates the experience of “erasure” in visual perception?

When I was reading about object substitution masking, the author mentioned that sometimes we experience "erasure" of masked object. I sometimes have this kind of experience myself. It looks like the ...
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0answers
441 views

How can schemas be applied to website design? [closed]

If a "schema is a cognitive framework or concept that helps organize and interpret information. Schemas can be useful because they allow us to take shortcuts in interpreting the vast amount of ...
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1answer
308 views

How to train our brain to see everything in slow motion? [duplicate]

People who had near death experience often found that they were able to see everything in slow motion and capture every details in their surrounding at that particular period. Because the brain ...
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3 views

What is the difference between 'stereoscopic depth' and 'crossed/uncrossed disparity'?

When describing a method of manipulating depth perception in visual stimuli?
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11 views

location of the center surround receptive fields for retinal ganglion cells

i have read wikipedia article about receptive fields of visual system . it says The receptive field is often identified as the region of the retina where the action of light alters the firing of ...
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15 views

How are our eyes able to distinguish between lines and borders? what is the mechanism at the level of rods and cones?

I think there is a phenomenon behind the method which our eyes use to judge between lines of contrast, like black lines on a white page, by just recognizing the contrast areas, i need explanation of ...
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23 views

Results from machine learning converging with results from neuroscience [closed]

I'm currently picking up deep learning, which is a trending method in the field of machine learning that have recently gained fame for breaking various records (for example in image recognition). It ...