For questions regarding the visual system, which serves to transduce light energy into neural impulses, or regarding visual perception, how we interpret such incoming visual information.

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11
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4answers
2k views

Simulate colorblindness in non-colorblind individuals

Is there any way by which individuals with normal color vision could "see" the effects of Deuteranopia or any of the common colorblindness types, say by using special lenses or anything? Color ...
31
votes
5answers
23k views

Why would the brain flip the images perceived by your eyes?

The following is a common scientific statement, which you don't have to google long for to find: The eye views images upside-down in the manner of a camera lens, but our brains reinterpret this ...
6
votes
1answer
52 views

If I think of a checkerboard, is there a similar structure to see in my visual cortex?

When I´m imagining a checkerboard in my mind, can one find, with all kinds of fancy equipment, a corresponding figure in the area of my visual cortex? For example, the neurons firing in such a way as ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Difference in perception by left and right eye

I am observing an interesting phenomena regarding vision. I notice some difference in how my left and right eye is working: - my left eye is more sensitive to motion in a scene. - my right eye is less ...
3
votes
1answer
207 views

Does the human visual system implement (adaptive) histogram equalization?

The human visual system is very good at 'cancelling out' shadows and other lightning effects, and focusing on the contrast in images. A famous example of this is Adelson's checker shadow illusion: ...
7
votes
1answer
40 views

Is cortical magnification in the visual system related to synaptic pruning, or is it a separate developmental or learning process?

I'm primarily interested in learning about current computational models that explain cortical magnification in the visual system. With this in mind, my specific questions are: (1) Is this phenomenon ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Is there any evidence for a bias towards perceiving darker surfaces as 'figure' rather than 'ground'?

Given that surfaces which capture attention are more likely to be perceived as figures (or figures attract attention more than ground does?), is there a bias associated with the luminance of a ...
3
votes
0answers
11 views

Searching for literature on cognition of flyover animations

I'm rewriting a journal article on flyover animations: the virtual camera moves in a 3D map environment (e.g. a flyover of the Grand Canyon showing off the topography). The paper describes our user ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Why is it easier to see black text on a white background?

I'm wondering why it's easier to see black text on a white background than it is to see white text on a black background. I say that it's harder based on life experience (Hate webpages with black ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Visual focus between saccades

Has anyone succeeded in measuring where the focus is between saccades? Through some kind of nonintrusive brainscan perhaps? I would like to be able to draw with my thought :) (Something similar would ...
1
vote
0answers
5 views

Conscious versus Visual Representation Update

In their paper "A cortical network that marks the moment when conscious representations are updated" Stottinger et al claim that there is a network in the anterior insula, medial and inferior frontal ...
5
votes
0answers
48 views

Find the panda among snowmen!

I just saw this picture puzzle, and found it easily by doing a row-by-row scan, but it seems harder to find it just by looking around. I was thinking that the puzzle was intentionally designed to ...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

How much our visual limitations are instrument(eye)-based, and how much are they brain-based?

Are the limitations to our vision like the field of view and singular focus entirely based on the limitations of the eye? It seems like it's possible to feed an artificial signal into the brain ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

What is the difference between 'stereoscopic depth' and 'crossed/uncrossed disparity'?

When describing a method of manipulating depth perception in visual stimuli?
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Toolbox for modelling visual search performance

I'm looking for a toolbox to model visual search performance in a singleton search task based on line orientations (you need to find a line that is most different from all others in it's orientation). ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

location of the center surround receptive fields for retinal ganglion cells

i have read wikipedia article about receptive fields of visual system . it says The receptive field is often identified as the region of the retina where the action of light alters the firing of ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

What is it about Ken Reid's style of drawing lumps on surfaces [shown here] that makes our visual system so easily interpret it?

Ken Reid was an artist who drew for the Beano and other comics, and was known for strips such as Frankie Stein and Queen of the Seas. And for The Nervs, about the little men who run our brains, but ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

Could one use priming (from realistic images to drawings thereof) to help teach the conventions of line drawing?

Line drawing is a very stylised form of art. There are no lines in nature, and artists have to learn the conventions to be used when drawing in line. I am interested in whether one could help them ...
11
votes
2answers
189 views

To what extent do individuals vary in their ability to mentally visualise?

Background: Yesterday I was shocked when a friend of mine told me that he can see only "completely black darkness" when he closes he eyes. When I close my eyes, I can see some images or "movies" of ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

What are the estimates in total neurons and average connections per neuron for each of the processing areas of the visual cortex?

I am trying to find ballpark estimates for the number of neurons in each functional area of the visual cortex (V1, V2, V3, etc). While nice if known, the numbers themselves are not as important to me ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Is there terminology for perceptual illusions at the moment that figure-ground reversal occurs?

I'm looking for a term in the perception / cognition area of research. I recently saw this visual illusion that 'flips' what is negative-space and what is positive-space. This is known in the arts ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

How are our eyes able to distinguish between lines and borders? what is the mechanism at the level of rods and cones?

I think there is a phenomenon behind the method which our eyes use to judge between lines of contrast, like black lines on a white page, by just recognizing the contrast areas, i need explanation of ...
5
votes
2answers
80 views

Why vision cannot count things instantly?

If vision can instantly "see" 30x30 grid, why does the brain often need to count rows and columns for understand there is 30 rows and 30 columns? Why does the brain fail to instantly count?
3
votes
1answer
55 views

What is forward masking

I am trying to understand what is visual masking (or more specificaly forward masking). I have read the explanation here, but still.. I understand that a background can interfere with a frontal ...
3
votes
2answers
49 views

Color and shape arriving together in visual system

I know that in the visual cortex there are separate visual pathways for both color and shape. Do these separate pathways imply that human beings become consciously aware of these features separately ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Why do humans' eyes enter an unfocused gaze when recalling a memory or imagining something?

The question is self-explanatory (I hope). Is this trait unique to humans? Does the direction of the unfocused gaze indicate anything about which physical part of the brain is being utilized? Is ...
8
votes
2answers
98 views

How is saccadic movement managed in the brain?

I haven't been able to find any decent articles on this specific topic. So I have three (hopefully quick) questions: What part of the brain is actively controlling saccadic movement? If this part ...
10
votes
2answers
239 views

Is our attention attracted by bright lights?

Bright lights are often used to attract human attention. For example, brightly lit signs, despite often being too bright to look at directly are often used for information and/or advertisement. Why ...
6
votes
1answer
220 views

Are there gender differences in color discrimination ability?

There appears to be a prevalent stereotype that girls seem to have "heightened" color perception. By this term, I mean that they can identify the salient features of different shades of color. ...
6
votes
1answer
75 views

In psychophysics, why are log luminance rather than absolute luminance values reported?

Are there any papers which justify converting into log luminance? For example papers showing humans being sensitive to changes in log luminance rather than luminance per se?
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Pupillometry: how long needs the pupil to respond towards an cognitive stimuli?

I would like to know if somebody could give me some references on the latency of the pupil response after a cognitive stimulus. I know that the light reflex is quite fast compared to cognitive ...
10
votes
1answer
151 views

What happens in your brain when you see a dinosaur in this stenographic image?

You might have come across stereographic Images like the one shown below (found here): What happens in your brain when you observe the dinosaur? (as you put your face on the image by touching your ...
3
votes
0answers
108 views

Optical illusions : human universal vs environmental influences [closed]

It's well known today that the susceptibility to optical illusions are influenced by the environment: multiple studies with the Müller-Lyer illusion conducted in Zambia proved this environmental ...
9
votes
2answers
207 views

Why can we not see around our point of focus of our eyes?

Why do we have to strictly focus on something to really see what it looks like? Is everything else around blurred, or is our brain trained only to see in the center of the image projected on the ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Why does video footage of walking look unnatural when viewed upside down? [closed]

I noticed this whilst lying on the floor to stretch my back and the TV happened to be on. People look like they're walking in a very unnatural way.
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Results from machine learning converging with results from neuroscience [closed]

I'm currently picking up deep learning, which is a trending method in the field of machine learning that have recently gained fame for breaking various records (for example in image recognition). It ...
0
votes
1answer
558 views

How to train our brain to see everything in slow motion? [duplicate]

People who had near death experience often found that they were able to see everything in slow motion and capture every details in their surrounding at that particular period. Because the brain ...
8
votes
1answer
106 views

Are there any models of the human visual field of view taking into account head, neck and eye movements and calculating likelihood of fixation?

I would like to know if there are studies that (1) model the field of view taking into account all degrees of freedom of the head, neck and eyes and (2) if there is any probabilistic model assigned to ...
7
votes
1answer
142 views

How come we see a line when there isn't one in this picture?

I got this picture I generated myself and I don't understand how come we can see two diagonal lines when, I think, there is no actual lines. Zooming in: Center: Just another 2px wide square… ...
10
votes
1answer
142 views

Are the center surround receptive fields learnt or inherited?

I know that neurons higher in visual pathways can learn their receptive fields after birth, but what about the connections between bipolar cells and Amacarine cells which form center/surround on/off ...
4
votes
0answers
42 views

Why do I see those static pictures as they are moving [duplicate]

Have a look at the following static pictures: There are more of them here. On the same website this PDF describes findings.However I could not find any explanation why this phenomenon happening. ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Are colors real?

We know that we distinguish colors when they fall on our photo receptors in our eyes and neurons pass its signals to our brain to recognise them as the specific colors. How accurate is it? For ...
20
votes
5answers
670 views

Why do we prefer visually aligned objects?

We all know visual alignment is one of the foundations of design. Everything must be aligned with everything else. We also know that when things are aligned it is easier to process information. My ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Is consciousness a sub product of the brain or is there a duality? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand what consciousness is, based on my basic knowledge of our senses, artificial intelligence (computer vision, specifically) and some philosophy. Here's my reasoning: As far as ...
6
votes
0answers
47 views

Source for turning cone cell opponent process diagram into equations

There is a diagram on wikipedia that is part of the article on the opponent process. I assume practical equations have been developed, at least reasonable approximations, but they appear to be missing ...
11
votes
2answers
793 views

What is the “static” in human vision called?

Sort of like a cheap digital Camera, the human eye has certain feedback that's perceived but doesn't actually exist in the real world; a little layer of Static that's especially noticeable in pitch ...
7
votes
1answer
138 views

How to set up a binocular rivalry experiment which splits a single image in two separately controlled ones?

The question is about the actual physical setup and steps needed to take in order to experiment with the phenomena. I found a tutorial on jove.com, "How to Create and Use Binocular Rivalry", and it ...
6
votes
2answers
259 views

How are humans able to read scrambled text/characters (e.g., CAPTCHA)?

So I'm doing a research on developing a new text-based CAPTCHA system. I've devised a scheme where characters in a text are broken/split individually and randomly, making it difficult for OCR machines ...
7
votes
1answer
221 views

How does the brain break down visual information for processing? What “channels” is visual input broken into?

Some time ago I remember reading about how the human brain breaks down visual information into a number of individual "channels". For example, one channel might focus on edges and lines, another ...
6
votes
1answer
80 views

Relationship between oculometry/pupillometry and disorders of consciousness

I recently got to wondering whether certain eye movements or pupillary responses were correlated with disorders of consciousness (coma, VS, MCS, or even locked-in syndrome). I know that the pupillary ...