For questions about definitions, names, and terms used in the cognitive sciences literature.

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6
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3answers
215 views

What is the name of the bias when one expects you to possess his knowledge?

What is the name of bias or fallacy when, often while in argument, someone expects you to know the same things as he does. Usually, you just say "well, how should have I known that. I'm not inside of ...
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0answers
27 views

What is this phenomenon where infatuation kills sex drive?

Is there a term for the phenomenon where a person becomes extremely infatuated with another person (so that they cannot stop thinking about that person) and during that time their libido completely ...
-5
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1answer
44 views

How is the type of memory that is passed through generations called?

It has a name. I thought it was called 'collective' memory. .. But I cant find any articles or information about it.. So I guess it has a different name. There were a few cases where children were ...
1
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1answer
24 views

Word for the opposite of “hypochondriasis”

This question was posted in English.stackexchange. Is there a word for the opposite condition of hypochondriasis? For example, someone who denies being sick when they clearly are? I would ...
1
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1answer
22 views

Mental illness vs mental condition vs mental disorder

I posted this at English.SE, but I'm wondering if you guys can also shine some light here. Is there perhaps a distinction between mental conditions that are disruptive and mental conditions that just ...
3
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2answers
45 views

What is the correct scientific term of having a short-term or long-term mindset (in the field of health and healthy lifestyle)?

For research on changing lifestyle behaviours to prevent future disease, I am looking for literature on what the influence is of having a short-term versus a long-term oriented mindset. However, I ...
114
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6answers
5k views

How is it that taking a break from a problem sometimes allows you to figure out the answer?

As a computer programmer, I have noticed an interesting phenomenon: If I am stuck on a particular problem in my work, often if I stop thinking about the problem and do something else, the answer will ...
11
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2answers
615 views

What is the “static” in human vision called?

Sort of like a cheap digital Camera, the human eye has certain feedback that's perceived but doesn't actually exist in the real world; a little layer of Static that's especially noticeable in pitch ...
6
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1answer
130 views

What is the definition of affective cueing?

In contrast to affective priming, what is affective cueing? I'm not sure how to differentiate between the two. I found a good review on affective priming in Karl Christoph Klauer (1997) in the ...
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1answer
670 views

What is the difference between behaviorism and cognitivism?

Recently I've been reading about the subject, and I have trouble finding a definite difference between the two. What is the difference between behaviorism and cognitivism?
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2answers
149 views

What is the difference between behavioral science and cognitive science?

Is cognitive science a part of behavioral science or vice versa?
5
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2answers
72 views

Is 'intuition' related to 'extrasensory perception'?

I come from a computer science background and am a big time AI enthusiast. I am trying to think about how can we map 'intuition' to a process in artificial intelligence. As I understand, 'intuition' ...
5
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1answer
28 views

Spontaneity as object of investigation in the cognitive sciences

What are known studies, experiments, thoughts and literature on spontaneity? I am looking for anything relating to questions like "What does it mean for someone to be spontaneous?" or "What factors ...
2
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2answers
347 views

What is the source and real meaning of “provisional living ” concept and is there an equivalent term?

I found in this blog post the following definition : Psychologists have a concept they call “provisional living.” That’s the insistence, so often heard from people whose lives are stuck on a ...
10
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2answers
445 views

What are the characteristics that make complex problem solving complex?

In real-world problem-solving tasks that many people call "complex" (like flying a jet, programming, fixing a car, fighting a fire - the type investigated by the naturalistic decision making ...
8
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1answer
172 views

Do the motivations and fears behind Enneagram have any scientific reasoning?

Background The Enneagram personality typing system defines set of motivations and basic fears for its nine personality types among people. The system seems to be aimed at personal development of a ...
3
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0answers
56 views

What is bispectrum?

I am working on a project that uses EEG signals of the brain to identify emotional states. While surveying the literature, I came across several references where "derived features of bispectrum" are ...
5
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1answer
146 views

Is decision making/theory/analysis applicable to game design?

I've done research over the last year in game design by reading some of the most well-known books in the field. Making interesting decisions is one of the fundamental elements of fun in games. I'm ...
9
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1answer
222 views

'Model-free' learning in humans

In reinforcement learning, there is a stark distinction between model-based and model-free learning algorithms, where model-free methods don't make use any explicit information about the dynamics of ...
17
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3answers
895 views

What is the term for human beings' tendency to obey without thinking?

I'm wanting to read more about a certain human behavior, but I am not sure what the proper term for it is, so some of the things I am finding aren't what I am looking for. I'm interested in how Humans ...
5
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1answer
94 views

Research operationalizing so-called strategic thinking?

Is there contemporary research in trait psychology, which attempts to operationalize the structures behind a strategic thinking style? I'm thinking of a style of problem solving as taught in officer ...
3
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3answers
3k views

Is there a term to describe an inability to express emotion or feelings?

I am writing a novel and was wondering if there was a specific term for someone unable to express his own emotions or feelings. The catch here is, this doesn't mean he doesn't know what anger or love ...
10
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2answers
2k views

What is the relation between measures, constructs and concepts?

It is uncontroversial to say that the cognitive sciences do not exclusively deal with directly observable phenomena, but nonetheless aim to study the physical causes of behavior and cognition ...
6
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1answer
105 views

What's the difference between repetition suppression and habituation?

Neural repetition suppression seems to be describing behavioral habituation on a neuronal level. What's the difference between these two terms?
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0answers
73 views

How can people better express subjective conscious experience with words?

I'm interested in how the human mind works, and over the years have experienced and took notice of a number of peculiar states of consciousness, thought patterns, dreams, etc. While a lot of these ...
2
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0answers
38 views

What's the difference between simultanagnosia and neurological extinction?

Both of these terms describe the inability to perceive more than one object at a time. I'm not too sure what the big difference is between them. Note that I'm referring to 'extinction' as used in ...
10
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2answers
212 views

What is the bias/thought process that results in distrust of “formal” knowledge in favor of “folk” knowledge?

An interesting effect I've noticed is that certain groups of people seem to accept "folk knowledge" and value it over significantly better founded "formal" or scientific knowledge. In particular this ...
4
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1answer
49 views

Why is the order of brainwaves not labelled “alphabetically”?

The brainwave - frequency breakdown is as follows: Delta wave – (0.1 – 3 Hz) Theta wave – (4 – 7 Hz) Alpha wave – (8 – 15 Hz) Mu wave – (7.5 – 12.5 Hz) SMR wave – (12.5 – 15.5 Hz) Beta wave – (16 – ...
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3answers
753 views

Classification of Attachment Styles

The concept of attachment and different attachment styles has a long tradition in developmental psychology. Mary Ainsworth developed a classification for three different attachment styles that she ...
4
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3answers
4k views

What is the definition of sanity? How can I prove someone either sane or insane?

In my experience the definition of insanity is thus: Insanity: The state of being seriously mentally ill, mad, and/or irrational. Is there a proper scientific definition of this term? While ...
6
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2answers
490 views

What is the scientific definition of “brain training”?

A lot of companies are selling products under the heading of "brain training", and "brain exercises", "brain games" such as Nintendo DS Brain Training, Lumosity, and a host of other companies. I'm ...
8
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1answer
63 views

Definition of or research on fun

What does research have to say about defining "fun"--what it is or when it happens? I've found some research on whether or not people rate specific things as fun, and lots of misleading titles with ...
4
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0answers
47 views

What are the meanings of the word 'gender'?

Gender is often loosely described as the psychological parallel of sex. But this is more like a simile than a description. When you look for a more complete description results vary. It is sometimes ...
0
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1answer
74 views

Freudian repressed unconscious as the biological reason behind self-destructive behavior?

Self-destructive habits include: - smoking whilst being aware of the effects - not exercising whilst knowing that it is healthier to do so - taking one more hit of a drug "for the last time, really" ...
0
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1answer
55 views

Concept maps. What exactly they are? [closed]

I would like you to recommend me a definitive book about concept maps. I've been taking a look to a wide variety but none of them seemed clear to me.
2
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1answer
114 views

What is the biological reason behind disorganized thinking and disorganized behavior in thought disorders?

Having disorganized thinking is different for everyone. But, it is sometimes described as not being able to connect thoughts together. I am asking about disorganized thinking other than communication ...
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0answers
27 views

Can incubation be performed, while, at the same time, being focussed on a problem?

Is it possible to perform incubation as well as consciously think about a problem at the same time, in effect multitasking, in order to learn something, without having to stop and take a break, ...
3
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3answers
88 views

Is cognitive science a concentration of psychology?

Is cognitive science apart of psychology? If I major in psychology, will it be easy for me to be a cognitive scientist?
0
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1answer
54 views

How do features of the work environment such as type of pen or color of paper influence productivity and workplace well-being?

Background: Recently I have been doing mathematics a whole lot,and I have noticed that my output varies wildly from many external factors,but mostly it is the enviorment I am working in. Namely one of ...
0
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1answer
16 views

Is there a term to define the influence and sharing of common expressions among people?

I'm wondering how to call the phenomenon that happens when people spend a lot of time together and end up sharing similar vocabulary or reusing the other's expressions? Is there a term for this?
3
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2answers
53 views

What is the fear/paralysis that occurs before doing an irreversible action?

I often experience paralysis in the face of an irreversible decision or action. What is the term for this or what is it that I'm looking for to describe it and/or research it? Some examples of this ...
10
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2answers
2k views

Motivation vs Goal Oriented Behavior

What's the difference between these two terms when used in the context of cognitive psychology? To the best of my knowledge, research on 'Goal Oriented Behavior' refers to the subset of motivation ...
7
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1answer
134 views

Is there evidence for a unique isolated internal representation of loved ones?

Some time ago, I've read that the most significant people in a person's life have their own internal representation/model of within the person's mind. For example: An internal representation of a ...
0
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1answer
121 views

Is there a term for people who hate (or don't prefer ) things that are mainstream?

There are people who hate (or don't prefer ) things that are mainstream, is there a term for them ? Any references to cognitive reasons for some people being odd in that way would be helpful.
0
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1answer
101 views

Is there a name for having an obsessive interest in new topics for short periods of time?

I have the tendency to get obsessively interested in a subject for 2 weeks, get bored, and then move on to something else. For instance I have just started learning about chess and find myself ...
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2answers
57 views

What's a “mental disorder”?

Most people are held accountable for their actions. If diagnosed with a "mental disorder" however, they are often forgiven/treated more leniently and exempted from punishment. The same thing ...
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4answers
159 views

How is an emotion different from a thought or a sensation?

I don't know any good definition of emotion. I don't know what they really are, subjectively. I don't understand what makes an experience an emotion, as opposed to a thought or a sensation. What is ...
2
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3answers
70 views

What sort of things are considered as “data” in cognitive science?

I understand that the field is very broad, but I'm trying to arrive at a better idea of how different disciplines use the word "data". For example, for computers it is: the quantities, ...
3
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0answers
78 views

Tendency to see novelty in mundane and trivial statements

There exists a psychological phenomenon whereupon a person may encounter a rather trivial or mundane statement or thought, but would not recognize it as such; instead a person would experience a sense ...
2
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2answers
170 views

What is it called to think without language? Are there studies around it?

I think there are two types of thinking: With and without language. For my entire life, in my opinion I have always thought without language. Some ppl say its impossible and that we think with ...