For questions about definitions, names, and terms used in the cognitive sciences literature.

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3answers
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How is an emotion different from a thought or a sensation?

I don't know any good definition of emotion. I don't know what they really are, subjectively. I don't understand what makes an experience an emotion, as opposed to a thought or a sensation. What is ...
4
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1answer
111 views

Is “Schizophrenic” considered to be a derogatory or offensive term?

In US English, "Schizoid" is considered a derogatory term, while "patient/person with Schizoid Personality Disorder" is the "politically correct" term (and more accurate). For this reason I wanted to ...
3
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1answer
41 views

What is the meaning of semantics to cognition?

I am new to the field of semantic knowledge representation and all I get information about the term semantics = meaning. Can somebody please explain to me what is semantics and how it is important in ...
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1answer
29 views

What is the difference between cognition and artificial intelligence in the context of robotics?

A lot of research work is being conducted on artificial intelligence and robotics. Terms like cognitive robotics are used. What is the difference between cognitive robotics and artificial intelligence ...
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2answers
55 views

What is the difference between biological and artificial neural networks?

I read that neural networks are of two types: a) Biological neural networks b) Artificial neural networks (or ANN) I read, "Neural Networks are models of biological neural structures," and the ...
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0answers
24 views

What is a semantic cognitive map?

Based on: J. P. Carvalho, "On the Semantics and the Use of Fuzzy Cognitive Maps in Social Sciences" (WCCI, 2010 -- PDF) and Richard Dagan's web page Cognitive Mapping. A cognitive map consists of ...
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2answers
65 views

Difference between brain disease and brain disorder

Is there any difference between the terms brain disease and brain disorder? They are often used in combination without ...
4
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1answer
82 views

Name for the need to reply “you can’t fire me, I quit”

It’s a cliché in movies. The boss fires the employee, and they reply “you can’t fire me, because I quit”. Similarly, when in a romantic relationship, one person may decide to end it and the other ...
3
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1answer
44 views

Name of a cognitive test assessing whether a child can think independently

I am looking for a names / examples of a tests that determine if the child is thinking on its own (I have tried searching on wikipedia topics about cognitive sciences/ psychology etc. with no luck). ...
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3answers
114 views

Is there a term for a person who moves from one field of expertise to a new field and has an inflated belief in their competence in the new field?

Person A has led a successful career and is very well renowned in field A. Later in life, person A moves to field B, a field they're curious about but have very little experience in. Person A ...
5
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1answer
80 views

What is the scientific term for information overload?

I'm a computer science major. Currently I'm working on a project for which I want to expose users to different levels of information depending on their distance from displays. Anyone who ever saw a ...
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2answers
37 views

Difference between anxiety and stress?

I am learning about stress and anxiety recently. I understood what stress is, but I couldn't get exactly what anxiety is. I know there are six types of anxiety disorders, and I understood them. But ...
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1answer
56 views

Is there a psychological term for finding your former partner sexually attractive?

Is there a psychological term for finding your former partner sexually attractive, or for wanting to get back with your ex? How does science describe this condition?
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1answer
31 views

Is there a term for compulsively thinking the whole world “hates” you?

Is there a term beyond 'low self esteem' or 'neurotic' that describes a person that is compulsive in thinking the entire world is looking down on them?
5
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1answer
48 views

Technical term for the loss of words in your mother-tongue when speaking a different language

I am basically looking for two words which are, though, related to some degree. It might even be that ultimately the same word is the answer to both parts of this question. I split them up into two ...
5
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1answer
57 views

Technical term for the temporary loss of understanding a word

I am basically looking for two words which are related to some degree. Ultimately the same word might even be the answer to both parts of this question. I split them up into two questions (see also ...
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2answers
188 views

Is there a term to describe an inability to express emotion or feelings?

I am writing a novel and was wondering if there was a specific term for someone unable to express his own emotions or feelings. The catch here is, this doesn't mean he doesn't know what anger or love ...
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2answers
346 views

What is the difference between a schema and a heuristic?

I am trying to understand the basic differences, in layman's terms, between a schema and a heuristic
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1answer
82 views

How to refer to the phenomenon of people only absorbing evidence which confirms their beliefs?

I knew a psychologist who was calling it self-referentiality. People are always trying to see only the sentence which confirm their beliefs. What's the correct name for this?
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2answers
177 views

Is there a scientific term for when you fall asleep because you can't handle something?

I'm wondering if there is a scientific term that describes when you fall asleep or pass out after some traumatic event? This effect happens when people witness something gruesome (a friend being ...
4
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1answer
82 views

What are “Stimulus locked” and “Response locked” in Philiastides & Sajda (2006)

While going through the below-mentioned paper, I came across some plots which were said to be "locked" with reference to either response or stimulus. Does the locking refer to the initiation of the ...
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2answers
37 views

What terms describe “schema” at various stages of acceptance?

According to WordNet 3.0, quoted at TheFreeDictionary.com, in psychology, schema means "an internal representation of the world; an organization of concepts and actions that can be revised by new ...
3
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1answer
44 views

Bias in which you judge others by what you are good at?

Motivated by this question about programming and intelligence, I've noticed that people often judge other people's competence in terms of how well they perform on the domains that they have more ...
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3answers
52 views

What is the scientific term for compulsive documenting of life experiences?

I'm posting this question on someone else's behalf: What is the name for someone who has a compulsive need to categorically document everything they do and everything that happens to them? ...
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3answers
126 views

Name needed for psychological practice which uses objects that represent humans [dolls/pictures/etc.] during patient treatment

What is the name of practice/method (if such exists) where psychologist uses a doll (or any other form of human-being representation) for patient to talk to? I believe I have seen it in a movie or ...
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0answers
50 views

From a psychosocial standpoint, how is violence different from aggression?

I recently watch Steven Pinker's video on violence and figured out that I don't understand the difference between violence and aggression. According to Wikipedia aggression is: Aggression, in its ...
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1answer
85 views

Everybody thinks everyone's doing it, so they do it, and everyone ends up doing it [closed]

I'm on mobile, can't say much. But is there a term to describe such reasoning.
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0answers
83 views

Is there a difference between existential depression and endogenous depression?

This question What causes people to feel depressed without there being a problem? got me thinking about endogenous vs reactive depression and existential vs psychological depression. It could be ...
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1answer
56 views

What's the difference between repression and suppression?

These two terms are closely related, and thus easily confusable as synonymous. Is there a difference?
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0answers
46 views

What exercises can be used to overcome the cognitive distortion “disqualifying the negative”?

I've been writing "log of good things that happened today" for the last 2 years (every alternate day on average). It has resulted in a lot of improvement in my perspective and in general I'm more ...
5
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1answer
155 views

Any studies on the phenomenon of photo-taking even in dire situations?

I have noticed a tendency these days for people to take pictures of the things they see in the public with their phones. This is fine, but I have found that it has gone to an extend where in a dire ...
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0answers
88 views

“Please enter alphanumeric characters” or “Please enter letters and numbers”? [closed]

In form entries, what is most commonly understood? "Please enter alphanumeric characters" or "Please enter letters and numbers"
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1answer
302 views

What's the relationship between priming and anchoring?

I've recently been dabbling in the behavioral literature, reading about cognitive biases such an anchoring, when one of my friends asked me how this phenomenon differed from the classical cognitive ...
3
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2answers
33 views

Term for urban citizens tuning out their surroundings?

I cannot for the life of me remember the term for citizens in an urban environment filtering out stimuli when in public as a regular and unconscious part of their lives. For example commuters riding ...
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2answers
164 views

Name of the bias when one expects you to possess his knowledge

What is the name of bias or fallacy when, often while in argument, someone expects you to know the same things as he does. Usually, you just say "well, how should have I known that. I'm not inside of ...
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2answers
390 views

Classification of Attachment Styles

The concept of attachment and different attachment styles has a long tradition in developmental psychology. Mary Ainsworth developed a classification for three different attachment styles that she ...
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0answers
48 views

How can people better express subjective conscious experience with words?

I'm interested in how the human mind works, and over the years have experienced and took notice of a number of peculiar states of consciousness, thought patterns, dreams, etc. While a lot of these ...
5
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1answer
192 views

What is the scientific definition of “brain training”?

A lot of companies are selling products under the heading of "brain training", and "brain exercises", "brain games" such as Nintendo DS Brain Training, Lumosity, and a host of other companies. I'm ...
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0answers
18 views

What is the name of text analysis where emotional tone of words is analyzed? [duplicate]

I'm interested in knowing what can be learned about people by analyzing the emotional content of the words they use in casual speech or writing. I've heard it being referred to as " ... analysis". ...
4
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1answer
59 views

Term for incentives working without conscious awareness

Is there a term that captures the idea that incentives work even when people deny their choices have been swayed by them? For example, an individual amazon book reviewer may deny that a recent ...
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1answer
94 views

Is there a name for the tendency to use proper nouns often in conversation? [closed]

I think it may happen with people who have lack of confidence, for example shy people. So in conversation they often add proper nouns (eg. names of persons or countries) to give "evidence" and weight ...
4
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1answer
66 views

What is a test called that involves indicating whether a line has the same slope as a previous image?

I would like to know the name of the following test: Participants were asked to memorize the slope of a line of a target image. Then different images (lines with varying slopes) were presented ...
9
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1answer
133 views

What is the bias/thought process that results in distrust of “formal” knowledge in favor of “folk” knowledge?

An interesting effect I've noticed is that certain groups of people seem to accept "folk knowledge" and value it over significantly better founded "formal" or scientific knowledge. In particular this ...
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1answer
122 views

Learning of new concepts being impeded by an error in previous work

Note: I'm framing this question in terms of tutoring math since that's what I tutor most, though it applies to a wide range of subject matters. I do a decent amount of tutoring, and this is one ...
2
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1answer
112 views

What is it called when a student tends to speak about what he knows?

Sometimes, a student who has a lack of knowledge, tries to change the topic of a question so that it will be about what he knows and can speak about. Is this a known phenomenon in psychology?
3
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1answer
122 views

What is the proper term for the synchronization of eye movements?

In humans and most two eyed species, eye movements synchronize so that both eyes are focused on the same point. This facilitates 3D vision significantly, allowing bifocal cues. I remember reading a ...
2
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1answer
68 views

Is there sub-conscious error correction in interpreting heard language?

My personal experience suggests there is a background process taking place when interpreting a partially heard utterance. The sound is taken in, the conscious part of my mind begins the process of ...
3
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1answer
96 views

What is the definition of pathology?

While trying to get more information for my previous question, I found several different definitions for the terms "pathology" and "pathological." While under normal circumstances I'd be inclined to ...
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0answers
96 views

Definition of Affective Cueing

In contrast to Affective Priming, what is Affective Cueing? I'm not sure how to differentiate between the two. I found a good review on affective priming in Karl Christoph Klauer (1997) in the ...
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1answer
323 views

What is the scientific term for unexpected, spontaneous dream recall?

I'm interested if there's a term for spontaneous dream recall. I will try to define the phenomenon I'm talking about. Over 10 years ago, I started to notice that I can spontaneously recall dreams, ...