For questions about definitions, names, and terms used in the cognitive sciences literature.

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What can clinical psychologists do that psychiatrists can't do?

From Yahoo Answers: For example, I know that psychiatrists can prescribe medicine and psychologists CAN'T, but are there any things that clinical psychologists are specialised in that ...
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22 views

What is this forward-looking Déjà Vu-like phenomenon? [closed]

In the past I've always thought deja vu was a feeling of having done something before because you actually had done something quite like it before and the current environment is bringing that to mind ...
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18 views

What does it mean to say that mental illness is a modern-day leprosy?

I was reading about mental illnesses and then thought one day that the uninformed regard mental illnesses the same way leprosy was regarded. I looked up about leprosy and some papers and articles ...
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240 views

Is there a term for not recognizing that other people think differently, or projecting your thought patterns on others?

For example I might make the argument that 'Women don't face discrimination in the workplace' or that 'There isn't actually any racism anymore'* because I myself don't think in an explicitly racist or ...
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26 views

What cognitive bias is it when an (ideally objective) evaluation is influenced by the prior opinion of another person?

I'm looking for the name of the cognitive bias that describes the following phenomenon: Person A asks person B to evaluate and give feedback on a certain topic (a student, a manuscript etc), ...
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1answer
27 views

Word for the opposite of “hypochondriasis”

This question was posted in English.stackexchange. Is there a word for the opposite condition of hypochondriasis? For example, someone who denies being sick when they clearly are? I would ...
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1answer
28 views

Mental illness vs mental condition vs mental disorder

I posted this at English.SE, but I'm wondering if you guys can also shine some light here. Is there perhaps a distinction between mental conditions that are disruptive and mental conditions that just ...
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2answers
46 views

What is the correct scientific term of having a short-term or long-term mindset (in the field of health and healthy lifestyle)?

For research on changing lifestyle behaviours to prevent future disease, I am looking for literature on what the influence is of having a short-term versus a long-term oriented mindset. However, I ...
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1answer
50 views

How is the type of memory that is passed through generations called?

It has a name. I thought it was called 'collective' memory. .. But I cant find any articles or information about it.. So I guess it has a different name. There were a few cases where children were ...
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2answers
175 views

What is the difference between behavioral science and cognitive science?

Is cognitive science a part of behavioral science or vice versa?
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1answer
28 views

Spontaneity as object of investigation in the cognitive sciences

What are known studies, experiments, thoughts and literature on spontaneity? I am looking for anything relating to questions like "What does it mean for someone to be spontaneous?" or "What factors ...
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What is the relation between measures, constructs and concepts?

It is uncontroversial to say that the cognitive sciences do not exclusively deal with directly observable phenomena, but nonetheless aim to study the physical causes of behavior and cognition ...
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40 views

What's the difference between simultanagnosia and neurological extinction?

Both of these terms describe the inability to perceive more than one object at a time. I'm not too sure what the big difference is between them. Note that I'm referring to 'extinction' as used in ...
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107 views

What's the difference between repetition suppression and habituation?

Neural repetition suppression seems to be describing behavioral habituation on a neuronal level. What's the difference between these two terms?
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49 views

Why is the order of brainwaves not labelled “alphabetically”?

The brainwave - frequency breakdown is as follows: Delta wave – (0.1 – 3 Hz) Theta wave – (4 – 7 Hz) Alpha wave – (8 – 15 Hz) Mu wave – (7.5 – 12.5 Hz) SMR wave – (12.5 – 15.5 Hz) Beta wave – (16 – ...
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56 views

What is bispectrum?

I am working on a project that uses EEG signals of the brain to identify emotional states. While surveying the literature, I came across several references where "derived features of bispectrum" are ...
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80 views

Is 'intuition' related to 'extrasensory perception'?

I come from a computer science background and am a big time AI enthusiast. I am trying to think about how can we map 'intuition' to a process in artificial intelligence. As I understand, 'intuition' ...
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65 views

Definition of or research on fun

What does research have to say about defining "fun"--what it is or when it happens? I've found some research on whether or not people rate specific things as fun, and lots of misleading titles with ...
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49 views

What are the meanings of the word 'gender'?

Gender is often loosely described as the psychological parallel of sex. But this is more like a simile than a description. When you look for a more complete description results vary. It is sometimes ...
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1answer
118 views

What is the biological reason behind disorganized thinking and disorganized behavior in thought disorders?

Having disorganized thinking is different for everyone. But, it is sometimes described as not being able to connect thoughts together. I am asking about disorganized thinking other than communication ...
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29 views

Can incubation be performed, while, at the same time, being focussed on a problem?

Is it possible to perform incubation as well as consciously think about a problem at the same time, in effect multitasking, in order to learn something, without having to stop and take a break, ...
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1answer
76 views

Freudian repressed unconscious as the biological reason behind self-destructive behavior?

Self-destructive habits include: - smoking whilst being aware of the effects - not exercising whilst knowing that it is healthier to do so - taking one more hit of a drug "for the last time, really" ...
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1answer
20 views

Is there a term to define the influence and sharing of common expressions among people?

I'm wondering how to call the phenomenon that happens when people spend a lot of time together and end up sharing similar vocabulary or reusing the other's expressions? Is there a term for this?
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Is cognitive science a concentration of psychology?

Is cognitive science apart of psychology? If I major in psychology, will it be easy for me to be a cognitive scientist?
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58 views

How do features of the work environment such as type of pen or color of paper influence productivity and workplace well-being?

Background: Recently I have been doing mathematics a whole lot,and I have noticed that my output varies wildly from many external factors,but mostly it is the enviorment I am working in. Namely one of ...
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2answers
57 views

What is the fear/paralysis that occurs before doing an irreversible action?

I often experience paralysis in the face of an irreversible decision or action. What is the term for this or what is it that I'm looking for to describe it and/or research it? Some examples of this ...
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1answer
132 views

Is there a term for people who hate (or don't prefer ) things that are mainstream?

There are people who hate (or don't prefer ) things that are mainstream, is there a term for them ? Any references to cognitive reasons for some people being odd in that way would be helpful.
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746 views

What is the difference between behaviorism and cognitivism?

Recently I've been reading about the subject, and I have trouble finding a definite difference between the two. What is the difference between behaviorism and cognitivism?
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55 views

Concept maps. What exactly they are? [closed]

I would like you to recommend me a definitive book about concept maps. I've been taking a look to a wide variety but none of them seemed clear to me.
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394 views

What is the source and real meaning of “provisional living ” concept and is there an equivalent term?

I found in this blog post the following definition : Psychologists have a concept they call “provisional living.” That’s the insistence, so often heard from people whose lives are stuck on a ...
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1answer
105 views

Is there a name for having an obsessive interest in new topics for short periods of time?

I have the tendency to get obsessively interested in a subject for 2 weeks, get bored, and then move on to something else. For instance I have just started learning about chess and find myself ...
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59 views

What's a “mental disorder”?

Most people are held accountable for their actions. If diagnosed with a "mental disorder" however, they are often forgiven/treated more leniently and exempted from punishment. The same thing ...
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3answers
71 views

What sort of things are considered as “data” in cognitive science?

I understand that the field is very broad, but I'm trying to arrive at a better idea of how different disciplines use the word "data". For example, for computers it is: the quantities, ...
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98 views

Tendency to see novelty in mundane and trivial statements

There exists a psychological phenomenon whereupon a person may encounter a rather trivial or mundane statement or thought, but would not recognize it as such; instead a person would experience a sense ...
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2answers
171 views

What is it called to think without language? Are there studies around it?

I think there are two types of thinking: With and without language. For my entire life, in my opinion I have always thought without language. Some ppl say its impossible and that we think with ...
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4answers
173 views

How is an emotion different from a thought or a sensation?

I don't know any good definition of emotion. I don't know what they really are, subjectively. I don't understand what makes an experience an emotion, as opposed to a thought or a sensation. What is ...
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1answer
345 views

Is “Schizophrenic” considered to be a derogatory or offensive term?

In US English, "Schizoid" is considered a derogatory term, while "patient/person with Schizoid Personality Disorder" is the "politically correct" term (and more accurate). For this reason I wanted to ...
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51 views

What is the meaning of semantics to cognition?

I am new to the field of semantic knowledge representation and all I get information about the term semantics = meaning. Can somebody please explain to me what is semantics and how it is important in ...
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93 views

What is the difference between cognition and artificial intelligence in the context of robotics?

A lot of research work is being conducted on artificial intelligence and robotics. Terms like cognitive robotics are used. What is the difference between cognitive robotics and artificial intelligence ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the difference between biological and artificial neural networks?

I read that neural networks are of two types: a) Biological neural networks b) Artificial neural networks (or ANN) I read, "Neural Networks are models of biological neural structures," and the ...
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182 views

What is a semantic cognitive map?

Based on: J. P. Carvalho, "On the Semantics and the Use of Fuzzy Cognitive Maps in Social Sciences" (WCCI, 2010 -- PDF) and Richard Dagan's web page Cognitive Mapping. A cognitive map consists of ...
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117 views

Difference between brain disease and brain disorder

Is there any difference between the terms brain disease and brain disorder? They are often used in combination without ...
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96 views

Research operationalizing so-called strategic thinking?

Is there contemporary research in trait psychology, which attempts to operationalize the structures behind a strategic thinking style? I'm thinking of a style of problem solving as taught in officer ...
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1answer
101 views

Name for the need to reply “you can’t fire me, I quit”

It’s a cliché in movies. The boss fires the employee, and they reply “you can’t fire me, because I quit”. Similarly, when in a romantic relationship, one person may decide to end it and the other ...
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1answer
66 views

Name of a cognitive test assessing whether a child can think independently

I am looking for a names / examples of a tests that determine if the child is thinking on its own (I have tried searching on wikipedia topics about cognitive sciences/ psychology etc. with no luck). ...
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128 views

Is there a term for a person who moves from one field of expertise to a new field and has an inflated belief in their competence in the new field?

Person A has led a successful career and is very well renowned in field A. Later in life, person A moves to field B, a field they're curious about but have very little experience in. Person A ...
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1answer
173 views

What is the scientific term for information overload?

I'm a computer science major. Currently I'm working on a project for which I want to expose users to different levels of information depending on their distance from displays. Anyone who ever saw a ...
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70 views

Difference between anxiety and stress?

I am learning about stress and anxiety recently. I understood what stress is, but I couldn't get exactly what anxiety is. I know there are six types of anxiety disorders, and I understood them. But ...
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75 views

Is there a psychological term for finding your former partner sexually attractive?

Is there a psychological term for finding your former partner sexually attractive, or for wanting to get back with your ex? How does science describe this condition?
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44 views

Is there a term for compulsively thinking the whole world “hates” you?

Is there a term beyond 'low self esteem' or 'neurotic' that describes a person that is compulsive in thinking the entire world is looking down on them?