For questions about the empirical and theoretical study of how perception, feelings, behavior, and cognition are affected by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others. Questions are addressed both from the individual perspective (American school) and group perspective (European school).

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3answers
285 views

Is fear rational? [closed]

Let's suppose a big ugly monster thingy wants to eat you. While you're running away from it, you're feeling fear. Can this situation be considered one where fear would be rational?
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2answers
70 views

Do we repress aggression the same way we repress sexual urges?

Do we repress aggression the same way we repress sexual urges? "There is enough treachery, hatred, violence, absurdity in the average human being to supply any given army on any given day" --Bukowski ...
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1answer
129 views

Is there a correlation or cause-effect relationship between attractiveness and feet?

My psychology professor is very hard to understand and can't speak English well. She was saying something about a study was done that found the best indicator of a physical attractiveness is feet, and ...
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2answers
69 views

Why is it difficult for employees to express hatred to their boss?

Suppose Bob hates his boss. Note that Bob is an "average" person. Also suppose that he shouts as loudly as possible "[Curse] my boss" (with nobody else around but him). Why is it so difficult for ...
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3answers
115 views

Are most self-help books properly rooted in cognitive sciences?

The following books are explained from a cognitive sciences perspective and rely strongly on psychology or sociology. Self-help books Dale Carnegie - Social Intelligence (empathy, emotional ...
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2answers
40 views

Clarification on the definition of sublimation?

I'm reading the wikipedia article on sublimation. The article says: In psychology, sublimation is a mature type of defense mechanism where socially unacceptable impulses or idealizations are ...
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1answer
103 views

How does look, tone and voice manipulate behavior

I am socially anxious person with wooden behavior and emotions. Unlike others, I try to suspend emotions and stay stoic when I feel uncomfortable. That's my weakness because I don't let others see how ...
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1answer
136 views

Why do people have the tendency to pick their nose while driving?

It seems that whenever I am driving I've always got to pick my nose. I've also noted that other people do this on a daily basis as well. Why do people have the tendency to pick their nose while ...
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1answer
152 views

Are there studies on international differences on sexualization?

With sexualization, I mean the reaction that one has when seeing the desired sexual object. I guess that in some countries, their cultures may have softer reactions, while in others, a stronger ...
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1answer
57 views

What is the psychological function of nostalgically reenacting activities from before we were born?

I'm asking specifically about nostalgia for a time before you were born, e.g. the Blitz parties / 40s tea dances that have big in the UK for the past decade, or the popularity of Speakeasy-themed bars ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the difference between having a crush on someone and loving someone?

What is the difference between having a crush on someone and loving someone? What is the psychological basis of this?
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1answer
61 views

Could the basis of love be the expectation of a future benefit?

Say you meet an attractive person of the opposite gender (or of the same gender, as the case may be). You are attracted to this person because of one or more salient qualities, intelligence, ...
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2answers
143 views

What drives civilization? [closed]

Fossil record indicates humanity arose on the African Continent - in/around Gauteng. Yet the oldest civilizations on record are far afield - Ebla, Mesopotamia What drives civilization? Why is the ...
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1answer
94 views

Disappointment When Goal Fulfilment is Delayed

I am wondering if there's a term in psychology for a situation where you want something really bad, but you are not able to get it for the moment (or a goal that you are not able to achieve) and when ...
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1answer
36 views

How higher/lower taxes can affect reward system and overall satisfaction of someone

I'm curious about how the tax system affects the reward center in the brain and how that influences the perception of happiness with one's life. My hypothesis is that subject ...
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1answer
110 views

Scientific term for people who value following the rules

What is the psychological term for people who believe that: they have strong rights that others should be nice that others should respect unwritten rules that others should not lie They believe ...
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1answer
42 views

Sense of time: Evaluation and correlation with psychological traits and states

Some of us are often in hurry and always late. Some make mistakes while evaluating time-needs for tasks. How is our sense of time connected with our personality? Is it more correlated with the process ...
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3answers
72 views

Is there a scientific definition of “fairness”?

The concept of fairness, in my opinion, is somehow defined by the concept of empathy through some searches by Daniel Goleman in his book Social Intelligence. The book deals with scientific ...
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1answer
190 views

Are there international differences on how people react when they are guilty of something?

I talked about this with a friend: he told me that there are differences on how people react when they are accused of something. He mentioned that in some countries, people try to avoid it at any ...
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4answers
268 views

How to change someone's beliefs?

I tried to change my brother's beliefs. He gets motivated by some bad ideas. Following my attempt to change his beliefs, his beliefs have become even stronger.
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1answer
174 views

Gain EQ for Introverted Person [closed]

What method and/or technique is recommended to make an introverted person to gain high emotional intelligence, social skills and social competence in his/her personality? What I have seen the ...
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1answer
52 views

How many sparring partners should I choose for the most effective motivation in the gym?

Question is simple. Will I be more motivated with one good friend or with a group of the same interested people during group exercise? Does group size affect our internal motivation? (starting by ...
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2answers
88 views

Why do people behave better when observed?

Why does it seem that people behave like they are supposed to when they are being observed? For example. If you place a fake security camera on an employee, they would behave better (or at least ...
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3answers
140 views

Why do people try to make themselves feel better by treating others poorly?

I'm looking for an explanation for why people will try to make themselves feel better by treating others poorly. For example, imagine a group of girls are sitting in a cafe. Within that group are two ...
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4answers
185 views

Why do we rely on others in dangerous situations?

*This question is based on my observations. Q: What is the reason people trust their peers implicitly in extreme (or not) situations? Example: I am walking with a friend, and I am telling him ...
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1answer
135 views

Can a strong lack of empathy be considered a disorder?

Premise from Wikipedia: More recently, popular science writer and Psychologist Daniel Goleman has drawn on social neuroscience research to propose that social intelligence is made up of social ...
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1answer
106 views

How and why can movies take us out of our everyday physical reality and into a fantasy world?

Have you ever experienced that feeling after watching a really great movie (somewhat like a dramatic one) that after watching the movie, you got carried away? Even though the movie ended well in a ...
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1answer
154 views

How to interpret HLM analyses looking at work group and individual worker effects?

Liden et al (2004, PDF) is an example of a study examining employees in work groups in an organisation. Thus, measures are obtained of both individual workers and of the work groups that they belong ...
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0answers
17 views

What is the evolutionary purpose of envy?

I am seeking for a general explanation within the context of evolutionary psychology. 1) What is the purpose of envy? 2) Is it safe to assume that experiences with envy should reach a maximum ...
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0answers
32 views

How do patients with Cotard's Syndrome rationalize environmental interactions?

A patient with Cotard's Syndrome (also called "Cotard delusion" and "Walking Corpse Syndrome") has the delusion that he or she is dead (and sometimes immortal), either figuratively or literally, yet ...
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1answer
36 views

How strongly are creative ideas influenced by our environment?

Background : I was recently reminded of an abandoned project of mine that is related to railways and "green energy," so I started doing some Internet searches to see if there are any similar projects ...
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0answers
33 views

What causes impostor syndrome?

I couldn't find any valid information on what causes impostor syndrome. Are there any studies of it?
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1answer
22 views

Consistency Theory - Why do we go back on promises

I'm fairly new to the field of social psychology so forgive me if this sounds like a naive question. I just read about the consistency principle - "Once we make a choice or take a stand, we will ...
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0answers
10 views

Any research on a concept of 'empathetic preferences' used in economics?

Some economists/political scientists/philosophers (it's sometimes hard to classify them) have used in their theories a concept of "empathetic preferences", also known as "extended sympathy ...
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0answers
32 views

Can a person be able to objectively identify when and how their thinking process is being affected by cognitive biases?

or years, I've always thought I can do a pretty good job of identifying when I have committed a bias, fallacy or some other heuristic. I'm not saying I avoid them, but at least can admit to myself I ...
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0answers
35 views

“All lay loads on a willing horse”

Is there any research on an effect described in the proverb in the title, i.e. when people who work well are requested to work even more, while weak workers are usually left without attention?
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0answers
174 views

Is it true that nice guys are selected last by females?

I read a recent article, suggesting that the nicest guys in a society are selected last by females. The article continues to indetify the cause as a lack of agressive nature and ...
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0answers
24 views

Is rapport a cognitive phenomenon?

"Building rapport" is often mentioned as one of the most fundamental sales techniques, but I had a hard time understanding the cognitive mechanism behind this. Is this really a state of awareness that ...
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0answers
74 views

How to get more involved with personality psychology as a hobby? [closed]

My favorite thing to do is to think about why people behave the way they do. I found that in Psychology there is a branch called Personality Psychology which deals with this kind of stuff. I would ...
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0answers
31 views

Does society swing back and forth from one extreme to the other?

Consider 2 groups of any number of persons. Assume that the "dominant" group acts without any regard for the other group. Assume that there seem to be no consequences in the short time for the ...
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0answers
56 views

Why does not everyone avoid peak hour rushes? [closed]

We all want/wish to avoid heavily crowded places. There are a few such places we daily encounter - office closing hours traffic, heavy rush at the food counter at lunch time, bank closing hours, ...
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0answers
359 views

What's the difference between injunctive norms and descriptive norms?

I can't seem to understand the difference. From wikipedia Injunctive norms involve perceptions of which behaviors are typically approved or disapproved They assist an individual in determining ...
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0answers
570 views

Can observing a composite photo of one's own face have an impact on own personality?

A while back I created an iPhone app that helps me create a composite like the one below. Can observing such a composite have an impact of attributing the qualities perceived in the composite to ...
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0answers
20 views

Can we explain the tendency of investors dollar cost averaging in terms of loss aversion?

For those unfamiliar with the term Dollar cost averaging (DCA) is an investment strategy for reducing the impact of volatility on large purchases of financial assets such as equities. By ...
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1answer
128 views

Brainwave audio recordings and beta waves: how do they affect positivity?

I know a little bit about negative and positive energies of human bodies and how it all works. Recently, on Facebook, I saw an ad promoting some sort of audio recording and that it has something to do ...
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0answers
42 views

What causes someone to scapegoat?

What is the psychological mechanism which triggers scapegoating? What emotions cause someone to blame an individual for something which was a group effort? Like in a family when a certain child is ...
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0answers
168 views

The propensity of sexuality to be a taboo subject

Social norms vary between cultures and have throughout history. In most societies, the expression of sexuality is demonised to a certain extent. This is apparent in the shame brought to people ...
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0answers
41 views

Are armed offenders ready to use their weapons?

Are there any statistics about what proportion of armed attackers are willing to hurt or kill as opposed only using their weapons as a threat? E.g. There were cases when a self-confident victim ...
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0answers
46 views

Social proof vs herd behavior [closed]

Could you, please, explain the difference between social proof and herd behavior, if such exists. For me, they are the same.
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0answers
42 views

Are job roles wrongly downplayed based on the perception of who is performing them?

This could apply to any number of roles, but the one I had in mind was "secretary." In say, the Middle Ages, a secretary was always a man, and handled the correspondence, (and much of the other ...