For questions about the empirical and theoretical study of how perception, feelings, behavior, and cognition are affected by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others. Questions are addressed both from the individual perspective (American school) and group perspective (European school).

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Do readers consider the passive voice as more authoritative?

In the middle of the last century (roughly from the 20s-70s) the passive voice dominated scientific writing; or should it be said that scientific writing was dominated by the passive voice? ...
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76 views

What are the meanings of the word 'gender'?

Gender is often loosely described as the psychological parallel of sex. But this is more like a simile than a description. It is also often noted as being in the mind e.g. the genderbread man. When ...
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175 views

What are the neurological differences between varying types of love?

It stands to reason that the biochemical cascade involved when a person experiences love, gives a feeling of well-being and drive. Studies in neuroscience have involved chemicals that are present ...
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0answers
81 views

What is the neurological mechanism behind the feelings associated with loneliness?

Loneliness can be debilitating, and the feelings associated with it can be overwhelming, including feeling 'cold inside', sad, hopeless and even helpless. Many things can 'cause' loneliness', both ...
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1answer
89 views

Do Kahneman–Tversky results hold for longer periods and aggregate behavior?

Kahneman and Tversky (1979) show findings that can be summarized in this plot: They show that humans dislike losses "more" than they like comparable nominal gains. The results come from a series of ...
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2answers
191 views

Can a person be hypnotized to act drunk?

I was wondering if a person could be hypnotized to act drunk? That is, can a person totally lose all his inhibitions while in hypnosis (similar to being drunk)?
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2answers
459 views

At what point do multiple personas for social context cross into multiple personalities disorder?

Recently I took part in a conversation about the difference between the "many hats" of a successful corporate executive, and "multiple personality disorder." Although humorously bantered, the ideas ...
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2answers
936 views

Why are some people attracted to people of other races?

Is it true that we were evolved to dislike people of other races genetically? If so, why are some people attracted to people of races other than their own?
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3answers
77 views

Is there a term to describe the tendency to attribute the cause of a bad outcome to a recent event?

I've noticed that when something goes wrong, people have a tendency or a bias to associate its cause with a recent event. The following may not be a great example but here goes. Imagine a game of ...
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2answers
186 views

Ignoring minority while generalizing about a group, any theoretical reference?

In conversation, we might define a particular group by the characteristics that the majority of that group holds even if a minority in that group doesn’t possess those characteristics. Some ...
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1answer
288 views

Physiological differences between brains of Conservatives and Liberals

I work for a non-profit research organization and I have been assigned to do research on this topic. I have been doing my best to find studies on this topic but every website and article seems to ...
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2answers
174 views

What is the causal relationship between extreme jealousy and poor mental health?

Jealousy can be a powerful and destructive force. It can take over reason. Can severe to extreme jealousy precipitate or contribute to poor mental health, at the extreme, psychosis. Or, is it poor ...
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2answers
211 views

How can the mind be trained to accept ongoing mental or emotional suffering?

We have physical, emotional and mental needs and wants; some tangible, some intangible. In the case where we know that some of our needs and/or wants are not going to be met; how can the mind be ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the psychological basis of “survivor's guilt”?

Context I have just been watching a documentary about survivors of the Japanese earthquake and tsunami of March 2011. Specifically the interviews with ordinary residents of the towns affected. One ...
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1answer
120 views

What is the term for judging based on a simulation of the same parameters on oneself

Allow me to outline the observed process and three hypothetical examples below. For the sake of keeping the samples simple, I will ignore prior moral or religious convictions that a regular person ...
4
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1answer
189 views

Does social interaction increase intelligence?

Unless I am mistaken, I recall hearing an English teacher say that social interaction can increase IQ, but I found no sources discussing this when I searched on Google and Google Scholar for it. So, ...
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2answers
273 views

Is art therapy really effective?

I read the whole Wikipedia article. But I still have doubts. Is art therapy effective? If so, in which ways has it been studied?
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3answers
728 views

Is autodidactism a feature that can only be possessed by special kinds of individuals?

I am from Brazil – at the current moment, education in this country is undoubtedly poor. I've been learning some things over the years on my own, mostly downloading content from the internet and ...
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1answer
282 views

How strong is the need to belong?

Are there any studies that measure the need to belong? Does this need vary greatly from person to person or is there a tight deviation? What would explain why some have very little need to belong ...
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1answer
78 views

Are there any applications of choice modelling to romantic relationships?

Background: I was at a talk today where the presenter discussed a study that involved a administering a couple of questions asking participants which of two people they would prefer as a relationship ...
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1answer
134 views

Are you more successful if you publicly commit to pursuing a difficult goal?

If you have an ambitious goal, does it help to publicly commit to that goal? For example, if someone is training for a long distance triathlon but doesn't know whether he/she will be able to pull it ...
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1answer
47 views

How to collaborate with a university on a consumer psychology study?

Is there a way to propose a consumer-psychology study (as a business) and work with the university for the benefit of all people. Or do they only do studies around current subjects or select them ...
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2answers
268 views

What exactly is meant when it is said that only you can make yourself happy?

From Lifehack: Thinking that having a significant other will complete you. If you are not a whole person already, then having a romantic partner will not make you whole. Plus, it puts a ...
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2answers
162 views

Why do we anchor our happiness to short term situational comparisons rather than large scale events?

Why does our happiness seem to be most affected by recent, short term happenings rather than the high level trends of our lives? For example, a person has begun their life in a very humble or even ...
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1answer
319 views

Are individuals who are generally jealous more likely to experience sexual jealousy?

Some people are just jealous of many things they perceive others to possess. Materially or as part of that person. Is a person who is prone to jealousy more likely to be jealous in romantic ...
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1answer
65 views

Is there a variance in acceptance of conspiracy theories by occupation?

For some time I have been very interested in the intelligent design (ID)/creationism vs. evolution debate. My parents are both medical professionals and consider themselves creationists. I have many ...
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2answers
297 views

Defining shyness towards strangers in confrontational situations

First of all, I would like to stress that I am not a cogsci person and I have almost no background in those areas of science. The question is whether there exists a definition of a phenomenon I ...
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1answer
73 views

Official term for the tendency to associate with like-minded people?

I want a term for the tendency of individuals to confirm their existing biases/opinions by seeking out and reinforcing their opinions with like-minded individuals (as far as I know, this is distinct ...
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2answers
272 views

Terminology for introvert's frustration after excessive social exposure

Does anyone know if there is a phrase or term that describes the frustration an introvert experiences when they have had too much social exposure and need to be alone? As an analogy, I recently heard ...
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1answer
106 views

From a psychosocial standpoint, how is violence different from aggression?

I recently watch Steven Pinker's video on violence and figured out that I don't understand the difference between violence and aggression. According to Wikipedia aggression is: Aggression, in its ...
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1answer
333 views

How effective are pharmaceutical or therapeutic treatments for jealousy?

This is the last of a series of questions I've posted about jealousy (see here, here, and here). What pharmaceutical and therapeutic treatments, if any, have been developed for managing acute ...
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1answer
100 views

The psychology of humility. Why do we not value our efforts?

This question has crossed my mind a few times, and quite recently on reflection it came up again. Why is it that we rarely value the worth of our efforts? By this I mean, why do people often have ...
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1answer
82 views

Phenomenon causing people to change their opinion when they are asked to hypothetically defend an opposing viewpoint?

I remember reading a case study on this years ago and I am trying to track it down. The study involved asking people who held strong opinions on varied subjects to defend the opposite opinion in a ...
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1answer
575 views

Difference between “Social Roles” and “Social Groups”

The two terms "Social Roles" and "Social Groups" sound similar and I don't know if these terms are often just used interchangeably. Is there a specific difference between "Social Roles" and "Social ...
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1answer
20 views

Is there a downside to using more than the typical 20/40 trials in an IAT?

Most resources mention using 20 'practice' trials categorizing both targets and attributes, followed by 40 'real' trials categorizing both targets and attributes. Note that this is after practicing ...
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1answer
11k views

What's the difference between injunctive norms and descriptive norms?

I can't seem to understand the difference. From wikipedia Injunctive norms involve perceptions of which behaviors are typically approved or disapproved They assist an individual in determining ...
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1answer
51 views

Can we explain the tendency of investors dollar cost averaging in terms of loss aversion?

For those unfamiliar with the term Dollar cost averaging (DCA) is an investment strategy for reducing the impact of volatility on large purchases of financial assets such as equities. By ...
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1answer
737 views

Frequency of schizophrenia symptoms related to mass surveillance?

Recently, mass surveillance by organisations like the NSA has become both more prevalent and more known to the public. Has the frequency of schizophrenia symptoms concerning mass surveillance (eg. ...
4
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1answer
257 views

What causes some women to have repeated abortions?

Fisher et al. (2005) studied the characteristics of women who have repeated abortions. The study was conducted in countries where reliable contraception and education about birth control are readily ...
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1answer
35 views

How to foster an environment for appreciation

I'm a teacher at a highschool and currently we've been working on projects that are supposed to make the kids appreciate those around them especially the other teachers and workers at the school. ...
4
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1answer
79 views

What to call theory where next activity following a fun activity is also perceived as fun?

What is the name of the theory that states: "if someone is having fun beforehand, the next activity they do will also seem fun regardless of what the activity is." so like continuing fun... Any ...
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2answers
106 views

This is the 2,000th question posted. Why do people care about big round number events more than the surrounding events?

People seem to have a preference for celebrating "big round numbers", like the 2,000 post in the forum (although the 10,000 post would probably be more "special" - but not the 10,234 post, so it's not ...
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1answer
97 views

How does an understanding of the brain explain why people experience strong emotional responses to major sporting events?

Anyone know studies or theories that explain how massive competition events between countries or parties, like the Soccer World Cup Tournament finals or Olympic Games affect our brains? Why do people ...
4
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1answer
112 views

Name for the need to reply “you can’t fire me, I quit”

It’s a cliché in movies. The boss fires the employee, and they reply “you can’t fire me, because I quit”. Similarly, when in a romantic relationship, one person may decide to end it and the other ...
4
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1answer
57 views

Efficiency drop when joining and splitting teams

What will happen when a team is either split or joined with another team? After reading about Tuckman's stages of group development, I understand that the new team will probably start at the beginning ...
4
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1answer
132 views

What makes some criminals glamorous to others?

Some murderers are glamorized by society while others labeled monsters. In both cases, they can commit the same terrible crimes and cause the same amounts of pain - yet one can be romanticized the ...
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0answers
56 views

Does spanking a child teach them that it's ok for another person to touch them against their will?

The debate over whether spanking is an appropriate punishment largely revolves around proponents saying that it creates a more "disciplined" person and opponents saying that it traumatizes the child ...
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0answers
29 views

Searching for gender stereotype questionnaire specific to central europe

Reviewing the literature there are several inventories to measure gender stereotype values. For example, to name but a few: the Adjective Check List (ACL; Williams & Bennett, 1975) the Sex-Role ...
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0answers
51 views

Derren Brown: “Paying with paper”. Assuming legitimacy, is this simply ideomotor suggestion?

Illusionist Derren Brown's video "Paying with Paper" supposedly demonstrates real-world instances whereby Brown pays for several items in cash: the rub being, the "cash" is blank paper. It's quite ...
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145 views

Is there any credible evidence for the theory of Spiral Dynamics?

Spiral dynamics is a developmental psychology based theory that postulates these main ideas: Organisms in the universe go through a predictable set of stages of psychological development. These ...