For questions about the empirical and theoretical study of how perception, feelings, behavior, and cognition are affected by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others. Questions are addressed both from the individual perspective (American school) and group perspective (European school).

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2answers
81 views

Why is “breaking a car” considered a sort of therapy?

I've heard this several times. People breaks things to feel more relaxed, less depressed or is there some other reason? What do you call this effect?
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2answers
283 views

At what point do multiple personas for social context cross into multiple personalities disorder?

Recently I took part in a conversation about the difference between the "many hats" of a successful corporate executive, and "multiple personality disorder." Although humorously bantered, the ideas ...
3
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2answers
71 views

Are hot-streaks in athletics real, and if so, is there a known psychological basis?

It is common to refer to an athlete who is enjoying a sustained period of success (e.g. a long consecutive game hitting streak in baseball) as being "hot", suggesting that something about their ...
3
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3answers
142 views

What is a scientifically plausible method by which people might in the future be able to read minds? [closed]

I am writing a book. It will be post-apocalyptic, and the apocalypse I'm thinking of will involve people being able to read each other's mind. Can any of you give me a slightly plausible reason that ...
3
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2answers
263 views

Are perceptions of beauty and the ideal partner mostly determined by mass media?

Mass-media marketing seems to strongly influence people's beliefs. Are perceptions of beauty and the ideal partner mostly determined by what mass media proposes?
3
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1answer
182 views

Does reading a book out loud make you better in social situations?

Suppose a person reads a book out loud for 1 hour straight. Would this "exercise" the parts of the brain involved in speech? Would this make the person a better communicator in social situations?
3
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1answer
264 views

What is the correlation between feeling superior and well-being?

I have noticed in myself and others, when people perceive themselves as "better off" than the majority of others (e.g., smarter, better looking, higher social status, better brain function, more ...
3
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1answer
25 views

Is there a term to describe the tendency to attribute the cause of a bad outcome to a recent event?

I've noticed that when something goes wrong, people have a tendency or a bias to associate its cause with a recent event. The following may not be a great example but here goes. Imagine a game of ...
3
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1answer
62 views

What do you call the inability to see alternative solutions to a problem?

Once I "learned" for a condition in which you have a specific solution of a problem, but you are only thinking of it and do not realize there are other / probably more appropriate / solutions. ...
3
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1answer
118 views

What is relationship between being a good person and functioning in society?

The phrases "No more Mr Nice guy" and "Nice guys finish last" imply that being a good person can sometimes be detrimental to your well-being. In corrupt societies being fair and good might be ...
3
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2answers
695 views

What is the psychological basis of “survivor's guilt”?

Context I have just been watching a documentary about survivors of the Japanese earthquake and tsunami of March 2011. Specifically the interviews with ordinary residents of the towns affected. One ...
3
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2answers
525 views

What is the neurological basis for 'daredevil' behaviour?

What is the neurological basis for people being seemingly fearless and engaging in risk-taking and daredevil behaviour? I am talking about those that frequently perform or participate in activities ...
3
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1answer
191 views

How strong is the need to belong?

Are there any studies that measure the need to belong? Does this need vary greatly from person to person or is there a tight deviation? What would explain why some have very little need to belong ...
3
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1answer
206 views

Frequency of schizophrenia symptoms related to mass surveillance?

Recently, mass surveillance by organisations like the NSA has become both more prevalent and more known to the public. Has the frequency of schizophrenia symptoms concerning mass surveillance (eg. ...
3
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2answers
125 views

Why do we anchor our happiness to short term situational comparisons rather than large scale events?

Why does our happiness seem to be most affected by recent, short term happenings rather than the high level trends of our lives? For example, a person has begun their life in a very humble or even ...
3
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1answer
4k views

What is the difference between implicit and explicit attitudes?

Although it is clear that implicit and explicit attitudes are not same, how they differ is not. I believe establishing the relation between them would surely help deducting it's meaning in context of ...
3
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1answer
120 views

What explains the relative importance of physical versus mental features in human mate selection?

I assume that it is the brain that has put human beings at the top of the food chain (Biped and opposable thumbs aside). Darwin's theory of survival of the fittest suggest that the best specimens of ...
3
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1answer
218 views

Are individuals who are generally jealous more likely to experience sexual jealousy?

Some people are just jealous of many things they perceive others to possess. Materially or as part of that person. Is a person who is prone to jealousy more likely to be jealous in romantic ...
3
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1answer
58 views

Stiffing the tip as groups get larger … like the prisoner's dilemma but …?

Is there a game theory analysis or other research or modeling describing the commonly perceived phenomenon whereby the amount by which people underpay a gratuity seems to be proportional to the number ...
3
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2answers
697 views

How long does physical attraction typically last in a permanent relationship?

How long, on average (and with as much other statistical data, e.g. standard deviation, as possible) does physical attraction between male and female in a permanent relationship last? I believe this ...
3
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1answer
52 views

Do the brains of non-altruistic persons mirror the observed experience of suffering?

Altruistic behavior can have different motivations: from the hope that the help you give will ultimately benefit yourself (social exchange theory) to a selfless wish to alleviate someone's suffering. ...
3
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2answers
141 views

Gaining and maintaining viewer sympathy for an anti-social protagonist

The show "Breaking Bad" is about: A struggling chemistry teacher turns to a life of crime with the aim of providing for his family's future. The protagonist of this show is meant to be ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

What are the neurological mechanisms behind risking one's own life for another?

Every so often, we hear of people who go that extra mile and put their life on the line (and sometimes, give their life) for another person - whether it is a loved one or a complete stranger ...
3
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1answer
85 views

What causes pathological jealousy?

Taking the meaning of the word pathological to mean maladaptive and unhealthy. What is/are the aetiology of pathological jealousy? What conditions are associated with features of pathological ...
3
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1answer
117 views

What is the psychological basis for people coming together during a disaster or major event?

Something I have witnessed several times, and got me wondering, what is the psychological basis for people coming together in response to a disaster or a major event? Be it large scale or local. An ...
3
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1answer
54 views

Does referring to each other by number in group meetings lead to better results?

I've learned that the pilots of the Red Arrows never refer to each other by name but by number in the briefing room in order to avoid conflict. Is there a name for this trick? Do any studies say this ...
3
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2answers
83 views

This is the 2,000th question posted. Why do people care about big round number events more than the surrounding events?

People seem to have a preference for celebrating "big round numbers", like the 2,000 post in the forum (although the 10,000 post would probably be more "special" - but not the 10,234 post, so it's not ...
3
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1answer
81 views

How does an understanding of the brain explain why people experience strong emotional responses to major sporting events?

Anyone know studies or theories that explain how massive competition events between countries or parties, like the Soccer World Cup Tournament finals or Olympic Games affect our brains? Why do people ...
3
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2answers
52 views

Does eye contact improve attention and learning?

I remember having read a article in The Economist's Science and Technology section that presented evidence to the effect that attention and learning benefits from some forms of eye contact. If I am ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Which ready-made programs can I use for running a preference-rating experiment?

I'd like to run an experiment in which 64 images are presented (1 at a time) and participants rate their preference for the image on a slider scale, and I'm wondering what the best and cheapest way to ...
3
votes
1answer
282 views

What is it called when a person seeks to compare themselves to others?

What is it called when a person consciously or unconsciously looks for similarities and differences in other people's reasoning, behavior, actions or past events and compares them with his/her own ...
3
votes
1answer
548 views

Personality traits associated with finishing other people's sentences?

I read in a North American undergrad psychology textbook, that people who tend to finish another's sentences tend to be emotionally intense. I think "emotionally intense" is the wording that they ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

What is the psychology of notification colour?

After reading the question What is the impact of showing the amount of unattended notifications to the user, it occurred to me that many notifications (certainly not all) are red, two examples being ...
3
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2answers
128 views

What is the psychology behind choosing to be weird?

There is a saying I was once told: "I no longer fear going insane, I am enjoying every moment of it" For some (including myself), this is in fact a rather happy and liberating reality, albeit a ...
3
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0answers
29 views

Have there been any recent replications of the Hofling hospital experiment?

In the original Hofling hospital experiment (1966): A person would telephone a nurse, saying that he was a doctor and giving a fictitious name, asking the nurse to administer 20 mg of a ...
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0answers
24 views

Success cause passion more than passion cause success

What are the good psychology studies about this hypothesis ? From an evolutionary standpoint, it would makes sense on a group level. When a few people starts doing a new thing, if one a them sees ...
3
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0answers
40 views

Is the VALS framework still relevant to market segmentation?

The VALS framework stands for ("Values, Attitudes And Lifestyles") [and] is a proprietary research methodology used for psychographic market segmentation. Is VALS still relevant, outdated or ...
3
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0answers
34 views

What are the meanings of the word 'gender'?

Gender is often loosely described as the psychological parallel of sex. But this is more like a simile than a description. When you look for a more complete description results vary. It is sometimes ...
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0answers
59 views

Are introverts more talkative in written form than extroverts?

We all know that extroverts are in general more talkative than introverts in oral form. But how about written communication? After having talked with lots of people on the internet and met several of ...
3
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1answer
73 views

How to quantitatively measure strength of friendship using observable factors?

Is there any quantitative measure associated with the strength of a friendship or relationship? Ideally it should be able to be calculated based on observable factors, but should not require ...
3
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0answers
130 views

Manipulating cognitive load in online experiments

I'm under the impression that standard cognitive load manipulations (e.g., remember a 7-digit number while completing some other task) wouldn't work for online subject pools like Mechanical Turk. Are ...
3
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0answers
62 views

Why does clickbait use numbers?

Around the Internet, especially in social media, we see examples of hyperlinks in a common format that has been cynically dubbed "click bait" or "link bait". The idea is that authors publish these ...
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0answers
102 views

Theories of Hunter/Gatherers in the 21st Century

Are there any theories or schools of thought that assume most humans still act as if they are still hunters/gatherers? Hunter/gatherer societies of today would still prefer to sit around and talk ...
3
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0answers
40 views

What is the name of the effect or concept behind getting along better with people after time apart?

I notice this happens ubiquitously. When siblings are apart in college, or kids away from parents due to college, or even long distance relationships - during a reunion (like over the holidays) only ...
3
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0answers
57 views

Studies on user ability to ignore instant notifications?

Evaluation of Visual Notification Cues for Ubiquitous Computing Peter Tarasewich, et al PDF researched the effects of notification frequency and style upon online users. This research considers ...
3
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0answers
150 views

How has psychology categorised different types of love?

How has psychological theory categorised the different types of love? What taxonomies of love are most accepted or useful in psychology? EDIT: I went through Triangular theory of love. Are there any ...
3
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0answers
846 views

Differences between the way men and women interpret body language

There are many socially accepted ideas about the differences between men and women, I am wondering how much of this is misconception or based in reality. I was reading this question: How important is ...
3
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0answers
83 views

Are liars inclined to lie to themselves?

Reading the famous quote of Oliver Sacks, can we draw conclusions about liars? "We speak not only to tell other people what we think, but to tell ourselves what we think. Speech is a part of ...
3
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0answers
117 views

What are the neurological differences between varying types of love?

It stands to reason that the biochemical cascade involved when a person experiences love, gives a feeling of well-being and drive. Studies in neuroscience have involved chemicals that are present ...
3
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0answers
231 views

Is the propensity to commit homicide and suicide related?

Homicide and suicide seem to both be extreme behavior and possibly ways of coping with similar stresses such as rejection, betrayal, loss. They are both types of murder. There had been a lot of ...