For questions about the empirical and theoretical study of how perception, feelings, behavior, and cognition are affected by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others. Questions are addressed both from the individual perspective (American school) and group perspective (European school).

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1answer
70 views

Are there any applications of choice modelling to romantic relationships?

Background: I was at a talk today where the presenter discussed a study that involved a administering a couple of questions asking participants which of two people they would prefer as a relationship ...
4
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1answer
45 views

How to collaborate with a university on a consumer psychology study?

Is there a way to propose a consumer-psychology study (as a business) and work with the university for the benefit of all people. Or do they only do studies around current subjects or select them ...
4
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1answer
63 views

Is there a variance in acceptance of conspiracy theories by occupation?

For some time I have been very interested in the intelligent design (ID)/creationism vs. evolution debate. My parents are both medical professionals and consider themselves creationists. I have many ...
4
votes
2answers
268 views

Defining shyness towards strangers in confrontational situations

First of all, I would like to stress that I am not a cogsci person and I have almost no background in those areas of science. The question is whether there exists a definition of a phenomenon I ...
4
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2answers
209 views

Terminology for introvert's frustration after excessive social exposure

Does anyone know if there is a phrase or term that describes the frustration an introvert experiences when they have had too much social exposure and need to be alone? As an analogy, I recently heard ...
4
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1answer
75 views

From a psychosocial standpoint, how is violence different from aggression?

I recently watch Steven Pinker's video on violence and figured out that I don't understand the difference between violence and aggression. According to Wikipedia aggression is: Aggression, in its ...
4
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1answer
284 views

How effective are pharmaceutical or therapeutic treatments for jealousy?

This is the last of a series of questions I've posted about jealousy (see here, here, and here). What pharmaceutical and therapeutic treatments, if any, have been developed for managing acute ...
4
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1answer
89 views

The psychology of humility. Why do we not value our efforts?

This question has crossed my mind a few times, and quite recently on reflection it came up again. Why is it that we rarely value the worth of our efforts? By this I mean, why do people often have ...
4
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1answer
79 views

Phenomenon causing people to change their opinion when they are asked to hypothetically defend an opposing viewpoint?

I remember reading a case study on this years ago and I am trying to track it down. The study involved asking people who held strong opinions on varied subjects to defend the opposite opinion in a ...
4
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1answer
451 views

Difference between “Social Roles” and “Social Groups”

The two terms "Social Roles" and "Social Groups" sound similar and I don't know if these terms are often just used interchangeably. Is there a specific difference between "Social Roles" and "Social ...
4
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1answer
18 views

Is there a downside to using more than the typical 20/40 trials in an IAT?

Most resources mention using 20 'practice' trials categorizing both targets and attributes, followed by 40 'real' trials categorizing both targets and attributes. Note that this is after practicing ...
4
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1answer
2k views

What's the difference between injunctive norms and descriptive norms?

I can't seem to understand the difference. From wikipedia Injunctive norms involve perceptions of which behaviors are typically approved or disapproved They assist an individual in determining ...
4
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1answer
48 views

Can we explain the tendency of investors dollar cost averaging in terms of loss aversion?

For those unfamiliar with the term Dollar cost averaging (DCA) is an investment strategy for reducing the impact of volatility on large purchases of financial assets such as equities. By ...
4
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1answer
209 views

What causes some women to have repeated abortions?

Fisher et al. (2005) studied the characteristics of women who have repeated abortions. The study was conducted in countries where reliable contraception and education about birth control are readily ...
4
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1answer
351 views

Is there a psychological explanation for people being 'overcome by the Holy Spirit'?

I am a scientist by nature, and I don't believe at all in God or any form of spirituality or the Holy Spirit (of course). However, it does confuse me as to how some people genuinely do seem to be ...
4
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1answer
77 views

What to call theory where next activity following a fun activity is also perceived as fun?

What is the name of the theory that states: "if someone is having fun beforehand, the next activity they do will also seem fun regardless of what the activity is." so like continuing fun... Any ...
4
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1answer
375 views

Body Language: Why do we act differently around someone we're attracted to?

Many professionals have said that when you're attracted to someone, you tend to fidget, run your hands through your hair, sit with your legs facing them, and that our faces light up around them, which ...
4
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1answer
101 views

Name for the need to reply “you can’t fire me, I quit”

It’s a cliché in movies. The boss fires the employee, and they reply “you can’t fire me, because I quit”. Similarly, when in a romantic relationship, one person may decide to end it and the other ...
4
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1answer
57 views

Efficiency drop when joining and splitting teams

What will happen when a team is either split or joined with another team? After reading about Tuckman's stages of group development, I understand that the new team will probably start at the beginning ...
4
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1answer
115 views

What makes some criminals glamorous to others?

Some murderers are glamorized by society while others labeled monsters. In both cases, they can commit the same terrible crimes and cause the same amounts of pain - yet one can be romanticized the ...
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0answers
65 views

Do readers consider the passive voice as more authoritative?

In the middle of the last century (roughly from the 20s-70s) the passive voice dominated scientific writing; or should it be said that scientific writing was dominated by the passive voice? ...
4
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0answers
27 views

Has anyone ever conducted a psychological experiment to test whether an arbitrator appointed by one party tends to judge in favour of that party?

I am interested in the case where the arbitrator has been unilaterally appointed by one of the parties in a conflict. Assume that economic rewards are not involved. I am only interested in knowing if ...
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0answers
54 views

Have there been any recent replications of the Hofling hospital experiment?

In the original Hofling hospital experiment (1966): A person would telephone a nurse, saying that he was a doctor and giving a fictitious name, asking the nurse to administer 20 mg of a ...
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0answers
102 views

Is the VALS framework still relevant to market segmentation?

The VALS framework stands for ("Values, Attitudes And Lifestyles") [and] is a proprietary research methodology used for psychographic market segmentation. Is VALS still relevant, outdated or ...
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0answers
49 views

What are the meanings of the word 'gender'?

Gender is often loosely described as the psychological parallel of sex. But this is more like a simile than a description. When you look for a more complete description results vary. It is sometimes ...
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0answers
211 views

Manipulating cognitive load in online experiments

I'm under the impression that standard cognitive load manipulations (e.g., remember a 7-digit number while completing some other task) wouldn't work for online subject pools like Mechanical Turk. Are ...
4
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0answers
94 views

Why does clickbait use numbers?

Around the Internet, especially in social media, we see examples of hyperlinks in a common format that has been cynically dubbed "click bait" or "link bait". The idea is that authors publish these ...
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0answers
41 views

Notable work in social or personality psychology regarding social networking?

Today most of the people spend a lot of time socializing. What people post on Facebook/Twitter or any other social platform directly or indirectly reflects a person's psyche. I've developed a habit of ...
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0answers
382 views

Is being naked good for you? [closed]

What are the psychological effects and correlates of social nudism? No opinions, only research, please.
4
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0answers
114 views

Theories of Hunter/Gatherers in the 21st Century

Are there any theories or schools of thought that assume most humans still act as if they are still hunters/gatherers? Hunter/gatherer societies of today would still prefer to sit around and talk ...
4
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0answers
44 views

What is the name of the effect or concept behind getting along better with people after time apart?

I notice this happens ubiquitously. When siblings are apart in college, or kids away from parents due to college, or even long distance relationships - during a reunion (like over the holidays) only ...
4
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0answers
76 views

Studies on user ability to ignore instant notifications?

Evaluation of Visual Notification Cues for Ubiquitous Computing Peter Tarasewich, et al PDF researched the effects of notification frequency and style upon online users. This research considers ...
4
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0answers
913 views

Differences between the way men and women interpret body language

There are many socially accepted ideas about the differences between men and women, I am wondering how much of this is misconception or based in reality. I was reading this question: How important is ...
4
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0answers
91 views

Are liars inclined to lie to themselves?

Reading the famous quote of Oliver Sacks, can we draw conclusions about liars? "We speak not only to tell other people what we think, but to tell ourselves what we think. Speech is a part of ...
4
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0answers
143 views

What are the neurological differences between varying types of love?

It stands to reason that the biochemical cascade involved when a person experiences love, gives a feeling of well-being and drive. Studies in neuroscience have involved chemicals that are present ...
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0answers
205 views

Which political system stimulates individuals the most to strive for the greater good? [closed]

In September 2013 Germany will elect their new parliament, the Bundestag. On this occasion, the German Psychological Association (BDP) dedicated the current issue of their member's magazine report ...
4
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0answers
308 views

Is the propensity to commit homicide and suicide related?

Homicide and suicide seem to both be extreme behavior and possibly ways of coping with similar stresses such as rejection, betrayal, loss. They are both types of murder. There had been a lot of ...
4
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0answers
72 views

To what extent does suppressing healthy behaviour that is inconsistent with external standards cause psychological difficulties?

Social pressure, family, peers and society as a whole can be a huge force in determining people's behavior and shaping the goals and ideals people strive for. There can be a great internal struggle ...
4
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0answers
93 views

Can a person be hypnotized to act drunk?

I was wondering if a person could be hypnotized to act drunk? That is, can a person totally lose all his inhibitions while in hypnosis (similar to being drunk)?
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0answers
512 views

Overcoming the effect of Limerence? [closed]

I recently came to know about Limerence. I could not find definite answers for the following questions: It has been said that limerence generally lasts between 18 months to 3 years, could be more ...
4
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1answer
842 views

What traits does a man have, when he is apt to feeling threatened by strong women?

This isn't intended as a gender biased question, as both men and women can have strange hang ups when it comes to either sex. I am curious about men who are threatened by strong women. By strong ...
3
votes
2answers
343 views

At what point do multiple personas for social context cross into multiple personalities disorder?

Recently I took part in a conversation about the difference between the "many hats" of a successful corporate executive, and "multiple personality disorder." Although humorously bantered, the ideas ...
3
votes
3answers
68 views

Scientific name for the pharse: “The first image is the image that stays”

I've always heard about an effect that is entitled: The first image is the image that stays. It comes from a translation from a portuguese phrase, I don't know if it's properly translated. It seems ...
3
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2answers
74 views

Are hot-streaks in athletics real, and if so, is there a known psychological basis?

It is common to refer to an athlete who is enjoying a sustained period of success (e.g. a long consecutive game hitting streak in baseball) as being "hot", suggesting that something about their ...
3
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2answers
86 views

Why is “breaking a car” considered a sort of therapy?

I've heard this several times. People breaks things to feel more relaxed, less depressed or is there some other reason? What do you call this effect?
3
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3answers
143 views

What is a scientifically plausible method by which people might in the future be able to read minds? [closed]

I am writing a book. It will be post-apocalyptic, and the apocalypse I'm thinking of will involve people being able to read each other's mind. Can any of you give me a slightly plausible reason that ...
3
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2answers
85 views

In the theory of planned behaviour, what is the general term that captures attitudes, norms and perceived behavioural control?

The theory of planned behaviour is a model of behaviour that in simple terms assumes that attitudes, norms, and perceived behavioural control influence intention, and intention and actual control ...
3
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1answer
114 views

Does social interaction increase intelligence?

Unless I am mistaken, I recall hearing an English teacher say that social interaction can increase IQ, but I found no sources discussing this when I searched on Google and Google Scholar for it. So, ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

Is it usually worthwhile to argue to try to convince someone?

I find from personal life experience that arguing with someone is hardly a good way to try to convince someone of something. You might end up getting whatever you'd like from the person you are trying ...
3
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1answer
255 views

Do nice guys finish last?

I read a recent article, suggesting that the nicest guys in a society are selected last by females. The article continues to identify the cause as a lack of aggressive nature and ...