For questions about the empirical and theoretical study of how perception, feelings, behavior, and cognition are affected by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others. Questions are addressed both from the individual perspective (American school) and group perspective (European school).

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2
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2answers
1k views

What's the difference between stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination?

I'm especially interested in the difference between the first two. Some people have said prejudice is when a stereotype about a group is applied to an individual, but a lot of places (even within ...
2
votes
1answer
27 views

Research on time-saving/ preferences?

So, I work at a library and one of my responsibilities is to man a self-service print desk (filling paper, answering questions, clearing jams, etc.). Now, I've noticed some interesting behaviors ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Why do we require social interaction/engagement?

By requirement I mean there are so many ill side effects of isolation, and everyone feels loneliness after too much time spent alone (although that threshold is different for different people, e.g. ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Do unschooled persons think differently from us (schooled persons)? How?

Through past experiences, I am convinced that "unschooled communities" such as tribals, nomads, cattle-herders, etc. (and persons belonging to such communities) have very different ways of thinking ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Why who is aministering the power pretends to be right? [closed]

I apologize for my english and I would really appreciate an help at improving the question. It's very frequent that the guy who is in charge pretends that he would be "right" (and the other would be ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Why are the founding figures of major religious faiths credited with superhuman qualities?

The founding figures of various religions are usually believed to have superhuman qualities, such as omniscience, ability to predict the future, impeccable control over their own emotions, ...
6
votes
1answer
280 views

What is the opposite of the Bandwagon Effect?

Is there a name denoting the psychological bias where a person prefers obscure methods, things, opinions, etc. over a more popular alternative?
3
votes
3answers
153 views

What is the psychological term for disregarding correct but unwanted information?

Sometimes people seem to be very resistant to information that is in conflict with prior beliefs, even when this new information is very plausible. For example, a patient might change a doctor, ...
17
votes
9answers
2k views

Can we change our personalities?

In psychology, a difference is made between personality attributes as a state or as a trait. For example, a usually outgoing and sociable person might find himself uncommonly shy in the presence of a ...
5
votes
0answers
76 views

What are the meanings of the word 'gender'?

Gender is often loosely described as the psychological parallel of sex. But this is more like a simile than a description. It is also often noted as being in the mind e.g. the genderbread man. When ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Is there a term for behaving to the opposite extreme of a way one has been forced to behave?

I believe I'm having so much trouble figuring this out because I'm not sure what question to ask. As a few examples, A child of an extremely religious family engaging heavily in behaviors considered ...
1
vote
0answers
121 views

Academic Background for Switchtracking Phenomenon

In one recent episode of Hidden Brain podcast, they talk about a pattern in conversation called "Switchtracking". It references to the the "Thanks for the Feedback" book by Douglas Stone and Sheila ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

Are humans biologically wired to lie?

Are humans biologically wired to lie? It seems that people create morals and decree that lying is bad. Yet everyone has lied before. Why is this?
7
votes
1answer
136 views

Why some people do not perform well with ambiguity and uncertainty?

I've recently read an article about Generation Z, early 20 year olds born after 1995 in the workforce (similar to this one). The article suggests that unlike previous generation, where ambigious goals ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

What is the difference between Psychology, and Thymology?

I understand Thymology to not merely be a synonym, but to be a branch or area of Psychology, however I am at a loss of how to properly distinguish the two. What distinguishes Thymology from ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

How are friend pairs similar in terms of personality and individual differences?

Lay psychology holds different opinions on whether having similar or different personalities promotes friendships between people. A case in point may be the conflicting idioms of "birds of a feather ...
4
votes
3answers
77 views

Is there a term to describe the tendency to attribute the cause of a bad outcome to a recent event?

I've noticed that when something goes wrong, people have a tendency or a bias to associate its cause with a recent event. The following may not be a great example but here goes. Imagine a game of ...
4
votes
0answers
144 views

Is there any credible evidence for the theory of Spiral Dynamics?

Spiral dynamics is a developmental psychology based theory that postulates these main ideas: Organisms in the universe go through a predictable set of stages of psychological development. These ...
7
votes
3answers
233 views

A definition of hatred towards your own nation

There are such things as xenophobia, nationalism, etc. In other words, various forms of hating and diminishing the foreign and the foreigners. My question is, is there a term meaning hatred and ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Are polytheistic society more peaceful than monotheistic ones? [closed]

News last day have brought some thoughts in my mind, if a religion is a good choice for peace and when yes which one. My conclusion was at this step, that maybe polytheistic religions are more ...
4
votes
0answers
51 views

Derren Brown: “Paying with paper”. Assuming legitimacy, is this simply ideomotor suggestion?

Illusionist Derren Brown's video "Paying with Paper" supposedly demonstrates real-world instances whereby Brown pays for several items in cash: the rub being, the "cash" is blank paper. It's quite ...
12
votes
3answers
561 views

Why do people avoid taking the last “donut”?

In many contexts (family, colleagues, etc), say there is a box of donuts for people to take (or any kind of treat or snack). A lot of the times we can observe that there will be only one left and ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

Is it possible to be clinically obsessed with school?

I was wondering if it is possible for someone to have a clinical obsession with higher education. For example, the person who has this disorder constantly talks to others about things such as college ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Does research support the notion of mimicry building trust?

Mimicry is the behaviour in which one person subconsciously imitates the gesture, speech pattern, or attitude of another person. Some people believe that mimicry has strong social effects. For ...
4
votes
1answer
106 views

From a psychosocial standpoint, how is violence different from aggression?

I recently watch Steven Pinker's video on violence and figured out that I don't understand the difference between violence and aggression. According to Wikipedia aggression is: Aggression, in its ...
7
votes
4answers
313 views

What is the name of the bias when one expects you to possess his knowledge?

What is the name of bias or fallacy when, often while in argument, someone expects you to know the same things as he does. Usually, you just say "well, how should have I known that. I'm not inside of ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Could hysteria make people develop true symptoms of some disease without actually being sick of that disease?

There is an episode in Dr. House series in which there is a passager on board of an airplane and he starts to contract some symptoms and Cuddy tells him that it's meningococcal disease. Later in the ...
68
votes
5answers
12k views

Why do humans have sex in private?

Human couples usually have sex in private, hidden not only from predators, but also - other humans. It is unlike behavior of most species, including our relatives: bonobos, chimpanzees and gorillas. ...
7
votes
1answer
279 views

What explains involuntary imitation of behavior such as shrugging?

Recently, I watched a discussion program on TV and one of the participants shrugged. I found that, not only did I do the same, but I seemed to do it in synchrony the speaker. I didn't want to do this, ...
3
votes
2answers
267 views

Do introverted people have more emotional stress?

Social support has several times been linked to psychological well-being and even physical health. Some studies have also shown that shyness correlates stronger with introversion than with ...
7
votes
1answer
108 views

Can asking a leading question in a poll change the opinion of the respondent?

Poll* questions if phrased in a way to suggest a fact to the reader, may force the person to think of explanations to support the view expressed in the question. This belief may then last on its own ...
17
votes
5answers
51k views

Why do people laugh in serious situations?

I've seen people (including myself) that laugh for no apparent reason in really serious situations, such as in an argument or when receiving bad news. Although the other party is clearly very upset, ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Is there a disorder that causes one to give inanimate objects human emotions? [closed]

For example, if one is using multiple pens to write something and has not used one of them in awhile, one may think it is "feeling" "left out" and so will switch to use that one. A logical mind KNOWS ...
3
votes
0answers
34 views

How much communication is -really- verbal? [closed]

It is often said that only a small part of our daily communication is through words, sometimes accompanied with claims that X% is through words, Y% through body language, Z% facial expressions, etc. ...
0
votes
0answers
93 views

Where to find Social Problem-Solving Inventory–Revised Items List

I am doing my research in CBT and want to take some scoring. So I need to get SPSI-R complete kit, that will help me proceed my ...
12
votes
2answers
288 views

Are introverts more talkative in written form than extroverts?

We all know that extroverts are in general more talkative than introverts in oral form. But how about written communication? After having talked with lots of people on the internet and met several of ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Gratitude and Affection

If a person X has gratitude towards person Y, will that cause bias of affection for X towards Y ? Can there be a case that X tend to be more affectionate to a person Z to whom X has less gratitude ...
5
votes
0answers
58 views

Would courts sentence differently if we used a different numeral system?

I hear a lot in the media about people sentenced to go to jail for a number of years divisible by 10. Does our numeral system affect it? Would courts sentence the same if we counted - for example - ...
11
votes
4answers
335 views

Why do humans cry?

People cry when they experience intense emotions. Crying seems to occur most frequently in intense episodes of sadness and fear, but sometimes also happens when people are very happy or angry. What is ...
6
votes
1answer
72 views

Transmission of beliefs through networks

I recall seeing references to studies about the spreading of true/false beliefs through social networks. I think this research tends to be grounded in game theory or evolutionary theory (like gene ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

Why do people tend to reply to only one topic when multiple topics are brought up simultaneously?

This is a situation more frequent in online conversations, where you can type many things before the other person has a chance to reply. Perhaps cognitive load, multi-tasking ability, have something ...
3
votes
1answer
332 views

Does reading a book out loud make you better in social situations?

Suppose a person reads a book out loud for 1 hour straight. Would this "exercise" the parts of the brain involved in speech? Would this make the person a better communicator in social situations?
2
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the difference between having a crush on someone and loving someone?

What is the difference between having a crush on someone and loving someone? What is the psychological basis of this?
6
votes
2answers
12k views

What is the difference between implicit and explicit attitudes?

Although it is clear that implicit and explicit attitudes are not same, how do they differ is not. I believe establishing the relation between them would surely help deducting it's meaning in context ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Does self-compassion have negative consequences? [closed]

Self-compassion is often compared with self-esteem and it seems that self-compassion is more effective and positive than self-esteem. A lot of studies have shown that excessive levels of self-esteem ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

How strongly are creative ideas influenced by our environment? [closed]

Background : I was recently reminded of an abandoned project of mine that is related to railways and "green energy," so I started doing some Internet searches to see if there are any similar projects ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

The roots of Online Altruism [closed]

My name is Dan and as part of my bachelor degree in cognitive sciences I'm taking a course called Human Altruism. It's a very interesting one, that asks what are ...
9
votes
1answer
135 views

Does our brain react as if we were physically hurt when we are lied to?

I think I've read somewhere that our brain acts as if we were physically hurt (as if we feel pain) when we catch someone lying to us. I couldn't find anything about it on google, and my memory is not ...
-1
votes
1answer
80 views

Why do we lose control momentarily? [closed]

We may be able to control our temper most of the times, but there are times when on the spur of the moment we react the way we don't want to. Yet we do so. Why are we not able to carry our conditioned ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Is rapport a cognitive phenomenon?

"Building rapport" is often mentioned as one of the most fundamental sales techniques, but I had a hard time understanding the cognitive mechanism behind this. Is this really a state of awareness that ...