For questions about the empirical and theoretical study of how perception, feelings, behavior, and cognition are affected by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others. Questions are addressed both from the individual perspective (American school) and group perspective (European school).

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40
votes
3answers
3k views

What makes people easily subscribe to pseudoscientific theories?

There are many theories/disciplines that have been categorized as pseudoscience in the scientific community. The list includes many things that are regularly even quoted in media like graphology, ...
60
votes
5answers
9k views

Why do humans have sex in private?

Human couples usually have sex in private, hidden not only from predators, but also - other humans. It is unlike behavior of most species, including our relatives: bonobos, chimpanzees and gorillas. ...
1
vote
1answer
725 views

What are the effects of casual sex on men versus women?

There is a lot of research citing that men are more physically primed for sex than women. Graziottin (2004) discusses this difference and other differences of strength and vulnerabilities between the ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Name this partner selection experiment where participants can see the value of others but not themselves and seek to pair with high value others?

A group of students is given playing cards to put on their head. They do not know the value of their card but can see the value of others. The goal of each student is to partner with the highest ...
10
votes
1answer
201 views

Do people who lose their faith tend to replace it with other non-evidence-based reasoning?

I was watching this talk by Phil Plait given at TAM(The Amazing Meeting) 8. You can find a partial transcript here. It will help provide some context. In the talk he makes the following claim: ...
4
votes
0answers
26 views

Has anyone ever conducted a psychological experiment to test whether an arbitrator appointed by one party tends to judge in favour of that party?

I am interested in the case where the arbitrator has been unilaterally appointed by one of the parties in a conflict. Assume that economic rewards are not involved. I am only interested in knowing if ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

What study examined the effect of number of traumatic life events on falling into poverty?

I recall a study that concluded the risk of falling into poverty / homelessness increases dramatically after experiencing 5 (or 7?) traumatic life events, such as Death of a loved one Abandonment by ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

What is the situation called where a strong party uses logical reasoning based on a flawed foundation?

I am interested in the situation where two parties (people or organisations) differ in their commitment to exert power where party has more commitment to exert power than the other. The two parties ...
3
votes
3answers
674 views

Impact of the first love experience [closed]

When we become adults, we think that love is for adults only associating it with sexual relations but I'm sure that all of us have loved or have had some admiration for the daughter of the ...
4
votes
1answer
361 views

Body Language: Why do we act differently around someone we're attracted to?

Many professionals have said that when you're attracted to someone, you tend to fidget, run your hands through your hair, sit with your legs facing them, and that our faces light up around them, which ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Should psychological checks be as frequent as physical checks to evaluate a patient's condition? [duplicate]

Are there differences between psychological and physical attributes that could justify the lack of these periodic tests in psychology?
8
votes
1answer
227 views

Theoretical grounding for Agile/Scrum methodologies in software development

Agile and Scrum methodologies are well known and often studied and written about in software development. But these methodologies are about managing the activities and the workplace itself. Are there ...
11
votes
1answer
163 views

Food sharing and mutual aid among the homeless

Since the time of Peter Kropotkin, it's been observed and theorized that cooperation and mutual aid are more common in austere environments. A classic biological example would be slime mold ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Psychology: Grafitti/Grafitti Vandal(s) [closed]

What's the psychology behind grafittit? What mentality do graffiti vandals have?
6
votes
0answers
269 views

When a group of people laugh, people will instinctively look at the person they feel closest to in that group

Many people online seem to claim that: When a group of people laugh, people will instinctively look at the person they feel closest to in that group. You can find the claim in 31 Psychological ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What's the difference between injunctive norms and descriptive norms?

I can't seem to understand the difference. From wikipedia Injunctive norms involve perceptions of which behaviors are typically approved or disapproved They assist an individual in determining ...
6
votes
2answers
169 views

Do women talk more than men?

If you believe the stereotype, women are much more talkative then men. Is there a kernel of truth to this stereotype? I have seen media reports of studies trying to debunk this as a myth. However, ...
7
votes
1answer
71 views

How can I prime aversion to conflict?

I'm looking for a way to prime subjects in an experiment to dislike exposure to conflict (arguments, anger between people, incivility, etc.). Does anyone know of a good method for this?
4
votes
1answer
17 views

Is there a downside to using more than the typical 20/40 trials in an IAT?

Most resources mention using 20 'practice' trials categorizing both targets and attributes, followed by 40 'real' trials categorizing both targets and attributes. Note that this is after practicing ...
3
votes
1answer
251 views

Do nice guys finish last?

I read a recent article, suggesting that the nicest guys in a society are selected last by females. The article continues to identify the cause as a lack of aggressive nature and ...
9
votes
3answers
284 views

Why do people avoid taking the last “donut”?

In many contexts (family, colleagues, etc), say there is a box of donuts for people to take (or any kind of treat or snack). A lot of the times we can observe that there will be only one left and ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

So why might people post seemingly excessive concerns regarding the danger in their neighbourhood?

Background: The reason for this post is that I have noticed that many people have a desire to make that which is pretty safe seem dangerous. It is very perplexing to me. Despite holding a master's ...
3
votes
0answers
177 views

Brainwave audio recordings and beta waves: how do they affect positivity?

I know a little bit about negative and positive energies of human bodies and how it all works. Recently, on Facebook, I saw an ad promoting some sort of audio recording and that it has something to do ...
3
votes
0answers
85 views

What are the effects of the “blue eyes/brown eyes” racism exercise?

In the "blue eyes/brown eyes" exercise created by Jane Elliot in the 1960s, she divided a group of schoolchildren by eye color and characterized one of them (e.g., the blue eyed group) as an inferior ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Central and peripheral route dilemma

Pretend a woman watching tv and she is moved by the speaker's credibility and his ability to speak at length on the new product. She also notes that he is attractive. So in this case she is likely ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

How can I measure aggressive behavior in an online study?

Can you point me to a reliable and valid measure of aggressive behavior that might be used in an online study? Do you know published studies in which this was done? With aggressive behavior I mean ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Can I use other softwares than Linger to run a self-paced reading task

I want to run an SPR experiment where participants will read sentences at their own pace. My problem lies in the fact of using 2 different languages English and Arabic at the same time. I tried it ...
3
votes
1answer
39 views

Is there a term to describe the tendency to attribute the cause of a bad outcome to a recent event?

I've noticed that when something goes wrong, people have a tendency or a bias to associate its cause with a recent event. The following may not be a great example but here goes. Imagine a game of ...
9
votes
1answer
160 views

What psychological or sociological concepts form the basis of Principled Negotiation?

Although the various forwards mention that organizational behavior and social psychology are two of the fields that form the basis for the techniques taught at Harvard Law School's Negotiation and ...
5
votes
2answers
130 views

What is the evolutionary purpose of envy?

I am seeking for a general explanation within the context of evolutionary psychology. 1) What is the purpose of envy? 2) Is it safe to assume that experiences with envy should reach a maximum ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

The belief becoming the self [closed]

Is there a terminology or specific topic that explains the behaviour or phenomenon expressed in the following quote? The greatest anomaly of belief is that it is so powerful it takes over the ...
6
votes
1answer
147 views

How do laypeople form a judgement that another person is smart or intelligent?

I am curious: When do we label a person as being 'intelligent', 'smart' or 'clever'? This is subjective, and it seems unlikely that it is possible to reach a bulletproof definition. A high IQ has been ...
3
votes
1answer
28 views

How to engage in the conceptualization process to measure a psychological construct such as femininity?

I am in class for Research Methods and I am having troubles with a conceptualizations process. The question is to describe the conceptualization process you would employ to measure femininity. How ...
10
votes
2answers
215 views

What is the bias/thought process that results in distrust of “formal” knowledge in favor of “folk” knowledge?

An interesting effect I've noticed is that certain groups of people seem to accept "folk knowledge" and value it over significantly better founded "formal" or scientific knowledge. In particular this ...
6
votes
1answer
73 views

What happens psychologically to a Robinson Crusoe?

In 2000 film Cast Away Tom Hanks's hero is stranded on an uninhabited island, Robinson Crusoe style, and after a while starts talking to a volleyball. And I thought: what would actually happen to a ...
4
votes
0answers
52 views

Have there been any recent replications of the Hofling hospital experiment?

In the original Hofling hospital experiment (1966): A person would telephone a nurse, saying that he was a doctor and giving a fictitious name, asking the nurse to administer 20 mg of a ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

What causes impostor syndrome?

I couldn't find any valid information on what causes impostor syndrome. Are there any studies of it?
2
votes
1answer
220 views
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Are there cultures in which leadership/hierarchy does not exist?

Unproven statement: Human cultures depend on the concept of leadership/hierarchy. All the cultures I've seen until now depend on this concept. But I may be mistaked: It might be possible that my ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Success cause passion more than passion cause success

What are the good psychology studies about this hypothesis ? From an evolutionary standpoint, it would makes sense on a group level. When a few people starts doing a new thing, if one a them sees ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

How do patients with Cotard's Syndrome rationalize environmental interactions?

A patient with Cotard's Syndrome (also called "Cotard delusion" and "Walking Corpse Syndrome") has the delusion that he or she is dead (and sometimes immortal), either figuratively or literally, yet ...
3
votes
2answers
59 views

Does eye contact improve attention and learning?

I remember having read a article in The Economist's Science and Technology section that presented evidence to the effect that attention and learning benefits from some forms of eye contact. If I am ...
4
votes
2answers
88 views

Is art therapy really effective?

I read the whole Wikipedia article. But I still have doubts. Is art therapy effective? If so, in which ways has it been studied?
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Can information theory be applied to human interactions and communication?

I am not sure if this question is better suited for the computational science SE. I learned a bit of Shannon's information theory in a course I took last year. In the class it was defined as the ...
3
votes
0answers
34 views

Research on gift structure and satisfaction: one large gift or two small ones?

I'm familiar with some research into the subject of gift giving, for example Dan Ariely suggests that giving cash is less effective than buying somebody something. Other studies show that money spent ...
2
votes
1answer
451 views

Where to find a study on women and selfies?

I have recently read the following Yahoo article: Guys, this is why you should never post too many selfies on social media. This article describes a study that correlates selfies taken by men and ...
20
votes
1answer
402 views

Evolutionary game theory in the cognitive sciences

Game theory models something very relevant to psychologists (in particular social psychologists): conflict and cooperation between decision-makers. Unfortunately, classical game theory demands that ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

What do you call the inability to see alternative solutions to a problem?

Once I "learned" for a condition in which you have a specific solution of a problem, but you are only thinking of it and do not realize there are other / probably more appropriate / solutions. ...
8
votes
4answers
6k views

At what age are women perceived to be most attractive?

Someone once quoted a research at me: Men were shown photographs of female body parts and asked to judge the attractiveness. The result was that men (of all ages) found 14 year old females the most ...
7
votes
1answer
500 views

What causes introverts to lose “energy” in social settings and require recovery afterwards?

Over the years I've seen numerous articles about introverts that mention that they dislike large social interactions (meetings, parties, etc) because they drain their energy. These articles mention ...