# Tagged Questions

For questions concerning the area of psychophysics that deals with discernment of information-bearing stimuli from background noise or other distractions.

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### How to calculate the confidence interval for $d^\prime$ (d prime)?

I have an experiment with $N$ signal trials and $M$ no signal trials and I have measure the number of hits $nHit$ and the number of false alarms $nFA$. From this I can compute the probability of a hit ...
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### Upwards of what d' values constitute “good” sensitivity?

In signal detection theory, d' (sensitivity) is computed in terms of z-scores, to allow comparison (subtraction) of hit rates from false alarm rates. Even so, the interpretation of the d' is not ...
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### Applying signal detection theory to single-stimulus presentations

Normally, signal detection theory (SDT) is applied to data that involves giving two-alternative forced choice (2AFC) responses to pairs of stimuli, for instance saying whether stimulus B was the same ...
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### Calculate criterion values for each confidence level (within SDT)

Take a 2AFC task, where people also give a measure of confidence. In the framework of signal detection theory, the criterion values for each confidence level are simply additional criteria, placed on ...
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### What are proper EEG frequency bands and electrode placements for imagined speech?

I am doing an EEG experiment about imagined speech recognition. Which frequencies will have the most relevant information? I chose the frequency band [4-40] Hz as a start, mainly because of signal ...
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### What are some good references for preprocessing and analysis of the P300 response from EEG data in Python?

I have just started to work on problems in neuroscience on my own. I sought to analyze the P300 response from EEG data because I was trying to understand a Kaggle.com challenge that used it. I found ...
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### Is it necessary to read signals and systems before statistical signal processing/ detection theory [closed]

For one who is interested in computational neuroscience and brain computer interface, in university curriculum (e.g. BCCN Berlin), it requires a course in statistical signal processing / signal ...
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### What is bispectrum?

I am working on a project that uses EEG signals of the brain to identify emotional states. While surveying the literature, I came across several references where "derived features of bispectrum" are ...
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### How to compare brain waves?

I'm a Java developer completely naive of brain waves and such. Could anyone tell me how to compare them? For instance, how can I compare: and this: What fields of study should I focus on? I ...
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### Dependency EEG signals from regions of the brain

When we record an EEG signals, we apply an ICA on it. This algorithm assumes that the sources of signals are independent. Could I assume that each region in the brain works independently, i.e., the ...
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### Are staircases more efficient than the method of constant stimuli?

A Bayesian Quest adaptive procedure (Watson and Pelli 1983) is the theoretically most efficient procedure for estimating thresholds under a certain, potentially unrealistic, set of constraints. In my ...
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### Detect an imagination EEG signal

Is there an EEG brain signal that has specific features resulting from imagination? For example, if a subject sees a car and imagines that the car is moving left. Could we capture this signal and ...
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### reading an EEG dataset using EEGLAB

When I'm reading the documentation of importing events in EEGLAB from a file here I have noticed that when we used a stimulus , we must know which time we will apply it , since in the dataset file , ...
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### Reference request in Circuit and Signals for Computational Neuroscience

In the area of computational neuroscience, there are basic theories from electric circuits and signal processing to be applied. For background study, which reference will be more suitable ? ...
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### Record an eye blinking waveform signal from EEG signals

I want to Record an eye blinking waveform signal from EEG signals , but it need to make a quiscent periods of recording , So how to make this quiescent periods(i.e the signal has a zero amplitude at ...
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### Two different values for criterion in signal detection theory?

I'm a signal detection theory newbie. I have data with a classical SDT design: the participants can answer YES or NO to a question where the correct answer is YES or NO, depending on the presence or ...
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### Is there some hierarchy of the human senses?

What I mean by this is to ask if each of the sensory inputs can be quantified by the amount of information the brain is receiving: For example, Brain says: currently receiving 10 packets of visual ...
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### In SDT, are there other measures of detection sensitivity besides d'?

The reason I ask is that I often hear of alternate measures of response bias besides β, but have never heard of an alternate measure of detection sensitivity to d'. If there is no other measure of ...
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### In SDT, how is an increase in detection sensitivity conceptualised in terms of the movement of the distributions?

Is it conceptualised as the signal distribution moving rightward, or as the noise distribution moving leftward?
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### Is there sub-conscious error correction in interpreting heard language?

My personal experience suggests there is a background process taking place when interpreting a partially heard utterance. The sound is taken in, the conscious part of my mind begins the process of ...
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### Is there a lot of redundancy in written and spoken language?

I read years ago in a pop science book that written and spoken language can be shown to have a high level of redundancy. The speculation was that this served to allow error correction because language ...