For questions where the author is looking for a specific article/survey/book on a given topic. It should NOT be applied merely because answers with references are desired.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

7
votes
1answer
117 views

Judgments of similarity between samples of writing

I was thinking last night about the possibility of an experiment that investigates the factors contributing to peoples' judgments of 'stylistic similarity' between two samples of writing. For example, ...
7
votes
0answers
39 views

Publicly available social networks in apes and hunter-gatherer societies

Social network analysis is an indiscpensable tool for sociology, and is becoming increasing popular in anthropology, social-psychology and other fields. There are many papers that examine the ...
7
votes
0answers
78 views

What research exists in the areas of formulating questions and “problem shaping”?

After recalling Eric Steven Raymond and Rick Moen's How to Ask Questions The Smart Way and a discussion in a systems engineering course regarding the impact of the proper formulation of a problem in ...
6
votes
1answer
135 views

How people choose at random

This question is inspired by one asked at MathOverflow. (These questions at Cognitive Sciences and at Cross Validated might also be relevant.) Are there any studies on what choices humans ...
6
votes
2answers
139 views

Is there anything in Freudian psychoanalytic theory that is scientifically sound?

I guess this question is quite context dependent, and here in Sweden there is a general movement for more evidence-based psychology. I think one of our biggest medical universities recently abandoned ...
6
votes
1answer
144 views

Picture of eye promotes good behaviour

I remember a study about how a picture of an eye made people more well behaved. The experiment was in an unsupervised coffee room where there was a box where participants were expected to deposit ...
6
votes
1answer
133 views

Introductory resources on developmental psychology/neuroscience

I'd like to be able to answer questions such as: What neuro/psychological functions underly competences such as empathy (or others - see background below)? What neurotransmitters are of particular ...
6
votes
1answer
59 views

How common are visual hallucinations in Schizophrenics?

The typical "Hollywood" representation of Schizophrenia involves vivid visual hallucinations. However, in practice, the dozen or so people with a diagnosis of Schizophrenia I have worked with have ...
6
votes
2answers
147 views

What is the sleep study that showed that a percentage of humans have a biological clock that is ~28 hours or greater?

There was an article published some years ago about a sleep study (I think from Germany) that showed about 10-20% of people (European's I think) are genetically predisposed to function on a 30-hour* ...
6
votes
2answers
46 views

What term describes the discrepancy in reported intention to vote and actual voting behaviour?

I am interested in prediction markets, where traders have a monetary incentive to bet on who they think would win in an election. I think that the financial incentive in prediction markets makes them ...
6
votes
1answer
63 views

Accuracy of social judgements of observers watching business meetings

I'm very interested in how people size one another up in social situations and in particular what we key in on when we are making these judgements. Let's make an imaginary experiment. I make ...
6
votes
1answer
35 views

Criteria for evaluating cognitive systems

In the first chapter of the book "How to Build a Brain", Chris Eliasmith quickly establishes some criteria which he will use to evaluate Spaun, the cognitive system described in the book. He describes ...
6
votes
1answer
95 views

What is the relative effectiveness of self initiated versus therapy approaches to repairing damaged body schema?

Several studies discuss the damaged body schema of amputees and people suffering from CRPS. By damaged body schema I mean where the body their mind constructs doesn't match up with the body that is ...
6
votes
0answers
61 views

Are there any theories suggesting mindfulness is the opposite mental state to self-regulation?

Meditation practice focuses on emotional acceptance (Teper & Inzlicht, 2013), and self-regulation is related to emotional control (Braumeister, 2003). Could someone provide me with pointers to ...
6
votes
0answers
37 views

Rated model of driving-related processes and objects

The SEEV-Model for predicting the distribution of visual attention contains a parameter called 'value' which represents the importance of a certain area of the field of view concerning a given task ...
5
votes
4answers
126 views

Introductory material on psychophysics with a focus on visual stimuli

Is there any introductory-level material available on psychophysics that you can recommend to someone without a background in cognitive sciences? Visual stimuli is the main area of interest. Edit: ...
5
votes
3answers
83 views

Is there a name for a scientist's resistance to disconfirmation of his or her theories?

Confirmation bias is the tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one's beliefs or hypotheses. And some results illustrate that people set higher standards of evidence ...
5
votes
3answers
53 views

What is the field that studies community responses to incentives?

Having recently read Freakonomics I was particularly interested by the idea of the responses of a community to incentives - as an example, the tale of a school which tried to introduce a financial ...
5
votes
2answers
124 views

Where does Freud say, “The unconscious mind can only wish?”

Where does Freud say, "The unconscious mind can only wish?" I've been tasked with either agreeing or disagreeing with this statement, but I cannot find exactly where Freud is said to have made this ...
5
votes
1answer
81 views

Is there a canonical reference for behavioral, attentional, and memory tests?

In researching another question, I read a few review articles that were testing behavioral and attentional variables in response to different sleep parameters. I was curious about some of these ...
5
votes
2answers
112 views

Summary of meta-analytic correlations between self- and other-report measures

It is well known that the correlation between personality measures obtained from self-ratings and ratings by others are imperfect. There are many different traits that could be rated (e.g., ...
5
votes
1answer
120 views

Where does instinctual knowledge come from?

From Wikipedia: Instinct or innate behavior is the inherent inclination of a living organism towards a particular complex behavior. The example that I find is the easiest to touch upon is the ...
5
votes
1answer
80 views

Are there professional cognitive science test subjects?

I'm interested in how cognitive science experiments are designed and executed. Up until now, all of the papers I've seen dealing with cognition use availability of test subjects as one of the major ...
5
votes
2answers
111 views

What correlation is there between breath control and personal self confidence?

In yoga, the instructor mentioned that controlled deep breathing can increase self-confidence. (Next time, I will ask him why he believes that but I doubt he has any references...) Furthermore, ...
5
votes
1answer
337 views

Do action video games have an effect on spatial skills?

I've just watched a TED talk by Daphne Bavelier, who seems to be a major researcher on plasticity and video games. In it she presents results from a controlled lab study in which participants needed ...
5
votes
1answer
346 views

Difference between voting patterns in men and women

I'm looking for recommended reading on difference in voting patterns between men and women - both empirical data and theoretical explanations. In particular, have any significant biases (in terms of ...
5
votes
1answer
341 views

What science or psychology is behind the Landmark Forum's coursework?

The Landmark Forum is a self-help seminar focusing on helping individuals to make positive changes in their lives by chaing their point of view and using logic to break down emotions to change the way ...
5
votes
2answers
124 views

Are there NP-Hard or NP-Complete problems that humans a really good at solving?

It has been noted that humans are good at solving the travelling salesmen problem under certain constraints. Are there other NP-hard or NP-complete problems that human beings are good at solving? Has ...
5
votes
0answers
103 views

What processes underly confidence ratings in cognitive decision-making?

Many experiments in cognitive psychology and other domains ask for confidence ratings (e.g., on a 0-100 scale, 100 meaning "I'm sure I experienced this stimulus"). What accounts describe how these ...
5
votes
0answers
280 views

What are the “Must Know” papers of Cognitive Science? [closed]

What are the works/papers/results/theories any expert in cognitive science should know, even if they're outside his/her specific field of expertise? One paper/theory per answer please, and state why ...
4
votes
4answers
163 views

What is a good book for studying incentives?

I am looking for a book, which gives a broad overview of all the main theories regarding incentives. Using this book, I would like to further my understanding of things like: Why slot machines ...
4
votes
1answer
182 views

Physiological differences between brains of Conservatives and Liberals

I work for a non-profit research organization and I have been assigned to do research on this topic. I have been doing my best to find studies on this topic but every website and article seems to ...
4
votes
2answers
380 views

What is a source of case studies of personality disorders?

What is a good source for case studies on a broad range of personality disorders? I'm a writer and I'm interested in reading some case studies for character work. I've found some websites with ...
4
votes
1answer
26 views

What study showed that humans can successfully detect objects within images once they are able to recognize those objects?

A professor in an online lecture I was watching referenced a study which he said showed that our ability as humans to detect objects within scenes (especially complex scenes) was very much connected ...
4
votes
2answers
445 views

What is a good textbook for an undergrad Cognitive Neuroscience course?

I am slated to teach an undergrad Cognitive Neuroscience course next year and I am not sure which textbook to use. This would be an entry-level course (no pre-requisites) primarily intended for ...
4
votes
1answer
565 views

How can motivation be increased by improving brain chemistry with nutrition and activities?

I'm reading some material about motivation and brain chemistry. One of the interesting articles is "7 Ways to Increase Motivation by Improving your Brain Chemistry". I'm interested in a more ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

Study of recollection of drawings based on labels

I remember stumbling across a very interesting study/experiment a few months ago. Now I want to try to find it again. Unfortunately I cannot for the life of me recall the name of the experiment nor ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Are there first person accounts of monothematic delusions?

Monothematic delusions are delusions that concern a single topic (Davies et al. 2001). They are often the result of acquired brain damage and include the Delusional Misidentification Syndromes, such ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

Book about Asperger's for Asperger's

Is there a book that people with Asperger's can read to better understand their diagnosis and how to cooperate with people?
4
votes
0answers
35 views

Notable work in social or personality psychology regarding social networking?

Today most of the people spend a lot of time socializing. What people post on Facebook/Twitter or any other social platform directly or indirectly reflects a person's psyche. I've developed a habit of ...
4
votes
0answers
96 views

Solving T-shaped maze (probability learning): differences between rats and humans

From Jonah Lehrer's book "How We Decide", he mentions the experiments with rats and Yale undergraduates. I found the paper that (presumably) matches the experiment of rats. Brunswik, E. (1939). ...
4
votes
0answers
57 views

Are people less bothered by problems they create for themselves?

I notice that I am more annoyed by problems when I am not the one that created them. Two examples would be Cleaning up someone else's mess is much more annoying than cleaning up my own When ...
3
votes
2answers
52 views

What article reported variability in supporting hypotheses across disciplines?

I recently read a blog post talking about a journal article that compared the degree to which journal articles support their hypothesis. A comparison was done across disciplines, and if I recall, ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

How much information on the “Identical Strangers” experiment was actually released?

I am in the process of researching the Nature vs. Nurture debate. While I was searching for articles on it, I discovered something known as the "Identical Strangers" experiment (that probably was ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Where to find published results of positive psychology cancer treatment study mentioned in Martin Seligman's book?

In Dr. Martin Seligman's book, "Learned Optimism: How to Change Your Mind and Your Life", there was mention of a study involving teaching cancer patients to fight learned helplessness. I believe this ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Psychometric information on IPIP representation of NEO facets

The IPIP (International Personality Item Pool) website provides a copy of the IPIP representation of the NEO 30 facet form. It also provides some information comparing IPIP NEO with official NEO. ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Does the brain stop processing data when the eyes move?

I was reading this question and remember back to the 70s when our local newspaper changed formats. In an article about why they made the changes that they did, one of the points they mentioned was ...
3
votes
1answer
427 views

Personality traits associated with finishing other people's sentences?

I read in a North American undergrad psychology textbook, that people who tend to finish another's sentences tend to be emotionally intense. I think "emotionally intense" is the wording that they ...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

What is the psychology of notification colour?

After reading the question What is the impact of showing the amount of unattended notifications to the user, it occurred to me that many notifications (certainly not all) are red, two examples being ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

How to obtain Fritz Perls' Eye Witness to Therapy film?

I am reading Fritz Perls' book called "Eye Witness to Therapy" which contains film transcipts that Perls thought would be useful to learn Gestalt therapy. For me it is a very deep and interesting ...