For questions where the author is looking for a specific article/survey/book on a given topic. It should NOT be applied merely because answers with references are desired.

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8
votes
0answers
324 views

What are the “Must Know” papers of Cognitive Science? [closed]

What are the works/papers/results/theories any expert in cognitive science should know, even if they're outside his/her specific field of expertise? One paper/theory per answer please, and state why ...
7
votes
2answers
211 views

The current recommended text for statistics in behavioural sciences

I have an old book: Statistics for the Behavioural Sciences (4th ed.) by Gravetter & Wallnau. I want to transition my textbooks to eBook format, but this book doesn't come like that (as far as I ...
7
votes
2answers
226 views

Study on commitment and follow-through

I'm faced with a UX problem of looking for ways to position a website to increase attendance at future "real world" events, and I'm remembering a study once conducted along these lines (details a bit ...
7
votes
1answer
74 views

What is the study which shows that babies can teach young children empathy?

I saw a fascinating segment on the PBS NewsHour which said that studies have shown that young children (ages 5 - 8 years of age) can be taught empathy by having a class where they observe and learn to ...
7
votes
1answer
136 views

Are there any theories suggesting mindfulness is the opposite mental state to self-regulation?

Meditation practice focuses on emotional acceptance (Teper & Inzlicht, 2013), and self-regulation is related to emotional control (Braumeister, 2003). Could someone provide me with pointers to ...
7
votes
1answer
156 views

How do moral judgments change for older adults?

There have been numerous studies that compare the moral judgment/sensitivity of adults and children (a good example is this paper by Decety, Michalska and Kinzler, showing significant differences ...
7
votes
1answer
102 views

A study about preference for making relatively vs. absolute more money?

I remember reading about a study. I forgot the actual details of it, but the gist of it was: people were asked in what situation they would prefer to live, one where they make \$100,000 dollars and ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Do we recognize ourselves better when we see our mirror image?

A friend of mine recently noticed that we both have a birthmark on the face. He looked at me and said that we have exactly the same mark. But he has it left and I right. But, when looking in a mirror, ...
7
votes
1answer
97 views

Any review articles on behavior change psychology?

I'm interested in behavior change and looking to apply its principals in order to design programs and services in healthcare. I'm most familiar with BJ Fogg's B=MAT model and his principles. But I'd ...
7
votes
1answer
84 views

What paper discussed the cognitive properties of Likert/visual analogue scales in ratings?

I seem to recall a recent paper investigating whether ratings created using Likert or Visual Analogue Scales formats had the cognitive properties of interval or ratio data (since they are generally ...
7
votes
2answers
240 views

Relationship between cognitive load and self-indulgent behavior in simple task completion

Background A subject in an office-building setting is asked to memorize a list of numbers and to write them down on a whiteboard in another room on the opposite side of the building. The subject ...
7
votes
2answers
81 views

Differences in willingness to correct errors made between human and computer interactions

I have a design where I present participants with a series of decisions, and then ask them about some of these decisions later. Similar work has found that even when the particular decision was made ...
7
votes
2answers
409 views

Behaviorist interpretations of decision field theory

Decision field theory is usually presented as a dynamic cognitive model of decision making. However, in its basic form, the theory seems to only be concerned with behavior (decisions) and stimuli (...
7
votes
1answer
88 views

Effect of paper type on evaluation of resumes

I heard about an experiment that have shown an effect of the type of paper a resume was printed on, on the evaluation of the resume. If I remember correctly, resumes printed on heavier paper, or ...
7
votes
1answer
133 views

Judgments of similarity between samples of writing

I was thinking last night about the possibility of an experiment that investigates the factors contributing to peoples' judgments of 'stylistic similarity' between two samples of writing. For example, ...
6
votes
2answers
147 views

Do researchers and laypeople understand statistics differently?

I'm looking for references related to how researchers and laypeople understand concepts of statistical inference. In particular, I'm looking for articles in which subjects could demonstrate ...
6
votes
1answer
146 views

How people choose at random

This question is inspired by one asked at MathOverflow. (These questions at Cognitive Sciences and at Cross Validated might also be relevant.) Are there any studies on what choices humans ...
6
votes
1answer
96 views

What mental illnesses cause different performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task

I am aware that the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST) has been used multiple times to demonstrate differences in executive function control in schizophrenics, but what other mental illness sufferers ...
6
votes
1answer
85 views

Is there a canonical reference for behavioral, attentional, and memory tests?

In researching another question, I read a few review articles that were testing behavioral and attentional variables in response to different sleep parameters. I was curious about some of these tests,...
6
votes
1answer
275 views

Where does instinctual knowledge come from?

From Wikipedia: Instinct or innate behavior is the inherent inclination of a living organism towards a particular complex behavior. The example that I find is the easiest to touch upon is the ...
6
votes
1answer
141 views

Introductory resources on developmental psychology/neuroscience

I'd like to be able to answer questions such as: What neuro/psychological functions underly competences such as empathy (or others - see background below)? What neurotransmitters are of particular ...
6
votes
1answer
207 views

How common are visual hallucinations in Schizophrenics?

The typical "Hollywood" representation of Schizophrenia involves vivid visual hallucinations. However, in practice, the dozen or so people with a diagnosis of Schizophrenia I have worked with have ...
6
votes
2answers
49 views

What term describes the discrepancy in reported intention to vote and actual voting behaviour?

I am interested in prediction markets, where traders have a monetary incentive to bet on who they think would win in an election. I think that the financial incentive in prediction markets makes them ...
6
votes
1answer
161 views

Are there empirical studies showing that one sex is more sexually selective than the other?

Initial research: I've found papers by Clark and Hatfield (1989) and Buss and Schmidt (1993) that seem to lend support to the idea of heterosexual females being more selective than heterosexual males. ...
6
votes
1answer
73 views

Transmission of beliefs through networks

I recall seeing references to studies about the spreading of true/false beliefs through social networks. I think this research tends to be grounded in game theory or evolutionary theory (like gene ...
6
votes
1answer
475 views

Do action video games have an effect on spatial skills?

I've just watched a TED talk by Daphne Bavelier, who seems to be a major researcher on plasticity and video games. In it she presents results from a controlled lab study in which participants needed ...
6
votes
1answer
607 views

Difference between voting patterns in men and women

I'm looking for recommended reading on difference in voting patterns between men and women - both empirical data and theoretical explanations. In particular, have any significant biases (in terms of ...
6
votes
1answer
46 views

Valence conveyed in simple geometric shapes

I've seen neuroscience and facial recognition studies that give evidence for this idea of simple geometric shapes causing emotional responses or quicker recognition of negative affect. Are there ...
6
votes
2answers
57 views

Provable ROI for call center rest periods?

Think you can help make life better for a nation of call center workers? At a large insurance company, I used to work in the call center for both Auto Claims and then Homeowner Claims, before I was ...
6
votes
1answer
64 views

Accuracy of social judgements of observers watching business meetings

I'm very interested in how people size one another up in social situations and in particular what we key in on when we are making these judgements. Let's make an imaginary experiment. I make ...
6
votes
1answer
102 views

What is the relative effectiveness of self initiated versus therapy approaches to repairing damaged body schema?

Several studies discuss the damaged body schema of amputees and people suffering from CRPS. By damaged body schema I mean where the body their mind constructs doesn't match up with the body that is ...
5
votes
3answers
107 views

Is there a name for a scientist's resistance to disconfirmation of his or her theories?

Confirmation bias is the tendency to search for or interpret information in a way that confirms one's beliefs or hypotheses. And some results illustrate that people set higher standards of evidence ...
5
votes
4answers
134 views

Introductory material on psychophysics with a focus on visual stimuli

Is there any introductory-level material available on psychophysics that you can recommend to someone without a background in cognitive sciences? Visual stimuli is the main area of interest. Edit: ...
5
votes
3answers
63 views

What is the field that studies community responses to incentives?

Having recently read Freakonomics I was particularly interested by the idea of the responses of a community to incentives - as an example, the tale of a school which tried to introduce a financial ...
5
votes
2answers
165 views

Where does Freud say, “The unconscious mind can only wish?”

Where does Freud say, "The unconscious mind can only wish?" I've been tasked with either agreeing or disagreeing with this statement, but I cannot find exactly where Freud is said to have made this ...
5
votes
2answers
122 views

Summary of meta-analytic correlations between self- and other-report measures

It is well known that the correlation between personality measures obtained from self-ratings and ratings by others are imperfect. There are many different traits that could be rated (e.g., well-being,...
5
votes
1answer
88 views

Are there professional cognitive science test subjects?

I'm interested in how cognitive science experiments are designed and executed. Up until now, all of the papers I've seen dealing with cognition use availability of test subjects as one of the major ...
5
votes
2answers
437 views

What is a source of case studies of personality disorders?

What is a good source for case studies on a broad range of personality disorders? I'm a writer and I'm interested in reading some case studies for character work. I've found some websites with ...
5
votes
1answer
325 views

How can psychometric or behavioural tests be used in banking to evaluate creditworthiness?

Suppose an entrepreneur or borrower with little credit or business history goes to a bank or some financial institution to borrow money. Banks can use, as an alternative to a credit or business ...
5
votes
1answer
35 views

Spontaneity as object of investigation in the cognitive sciences

What are known studies, experiments, thoughts and literature on spontaneity? I am looking for anything relating to questions like "What does it mean for someone to be spontaneous?" or "What factors ...
5
votes
2answers
120 views

What correlation is there between breath control and personal self confidence?

In yoga, the instructor mentioned that controlled deep breathing can increase self-confidence. (Next time, I will ask him why he believes that but I doubt he has any references...) Furthermore, ...
5
votes
3answers
200 views

Which paper or book from cognitive science do you think everyone should read or know about, and why?

I have created a community wiki question to encourage/enable users to share the books or paper from cognitive science that you think is most important for others to read and know about. Please just ...
5
votes
1answer
738 views

How can motivation be increased by improving brain chemistry with nutrition and activities?

I'm reading some material about motivation and brain chemistry. One of the interesting articles is "7 Ways to Increase Motivation by Improving your Brain Chemistry". I'm interested in a more ...
5
votes
1answer
473 views

What science or psychology is behind the Landmark Forum's coursework?

The Landmark Forum is a self-help seminar focusing on helping individuals to make positive changes in their lives by chaing their point of view and using logic to break down emotions to change the way ...
5
votes
1answer
77 views

Comparison between IO psychology, Arbeitspsychologie and Psychologie du travail et des organisations

Reading the Wikipedia pages on IO Psychology, Arbeitspsychologie and Psychologie du travail et des organisations you can see many differences on the topics and authors of the fields. At a first sight,...
5
votes
1answer
42 views

Reference request for creator of heuristic for processing fMRI data (T.Nichols)

I am using nilearn and nipy package for python processing FMRI data. When computing mask, it says: Compute and write the mask of an image based on the grey level This is based on an heuristic ...
5
votes
1answer
68 views

Are there first person accounts of monothematic delusions?

Monothematic delusions are delusions that concern a single topic (Davies et al. 2001). They are often the result of acquired brain damage and include the Delusional Misidentification Syndromes, such ...
5
votes
2answers
235 views

Are there NP-Hard or NP-Complete problems that humans a really good at solving?

It has been noted that humans are good at solving the travelling salesmen problem under certain constraints. Are there other NP-hard or NP-complete problems that human beings are good at solving? Has ...
5
votes
0answers
117 views

What is the neurobiological basis of Spearman general factor of intelligence?

I found here a brief intro to genetic factor of human intelligence: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1036362 Also there is known that gyrus hipocampii is basis of STM which have role in general ...
5
votes
0answers
114 views

Are there any cutting edge techniques that enable to acquire foreign language at relatively fast pace?

I am aware of immersion method as well as mnemonics such as the one Daniel Tammet's Born on a Blue Day. I read that Kim Peek's lack of corpus callosum enabled his brain to absorb information faster ...