For questions where the author is looking for a specific article/survey/book on a given topic. It should NOT be applied merely because answers with references are desired.

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0answers
30 views

Searching for a gender stereotype questionnaire

Reviewing the literature there are certainly several inventories to measure gender stereotype values as, for example, the Adjective Check List (ACL; Williams & Bennett, 1975), the Sex-Role ...
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Difference vs. Ratio of evidence in sequential sampling models

In sequential sampling models - for instance Ratcliff and Smith, (2006) - participants' responses in a binary choice experiment are modelled by a particle, which moves up or down towards the ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Bias against some words in second language due to a feel that those words “don't sound right” from the first language perspective. Is it common?

Every now and then I notice learners of second language (especially beginners) to be biased against certain words in a language when those words seem to phonetically mismatch the concept being ...
3
votes
2answers
46 views

Children's progression from counting to addition

How do children progress from counting to addition? I understand that an grasp of counting is achieved before an understanding of cardinality (size of a set of objects). Thus, there does seem to be ...
1
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0answers
21 views

Effect of enactive cognition on gender

I'm doing a PhD in archaeology and assyriology (cuneiform writing; Sumerian language), exploring the process of gendering that deities underwent during the 3rd millennium BC. I'm looking into using ...
26
votes
4answers
2k views

What are good examples of applying dynamical systems in cognitive science?

I'm a mathematics and physics student very much interested in cognitive science. Recently I've been hearing about "a new approach" in cognitive science via dynamical system theory. What are some ...
2
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0answers
31 views

Are there studies about religious belief similar to the ones about superstition among animals?

In this question they talk about how animals can develop rituals that they thing have some influence in a particular outcome, when in reality there isn't a real connection whatsoever between the ...
4
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1answer
34 views

Neurophysiological mappings of empathy

What biologically plausible models are there of empathy? I know there has been a significant amount of work in defining emotion on a neurophysiological basis using models (I'm currently reading this ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Reference request: the necessity of constraints in learning

I've read theoretical papers on why constraints are a necessary part of any learning system. The papers were aimed at human learning. I'm having trouble finding relevant references now. What papers ...
1
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0answers
12 views

Reinforcement learning for combining production rules

I'm trying to create a system that learns the Tower of Hanoi puzzle. The system I'm working off of uses a production system (similar to ACT-R), but uses hard-coded production rules. I know that Neil ...
9
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2answers
122 views

What research has been done on brain-to-brain interfaces?

Is there an existing research area focusing on brain to brain interfaces? If so, what are some papers that have been published in this area?
5
votes
1answer
318 views

How can psychometric or behavioural tests be used in banking to evaluate creditworthiness?

Suppose an entrepreneur or borrower with little credit or business history goes to a bank or some financial institution to borrow money. Banks can use, as an alternative to a credit or business ...
3
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0answers
30 views

Is it conceivable that even basic human behavior is genetically determinined only to a very limited extent?

I'm wondering whether even basic human behavior (beyond what appears to be directly wired into our nervous systems, like swallowing and face-related mirror neurons) are indeed facilitated by ...
5
votes
1answer
77 views

Comparison between IO psychology, Arbeitspsychologie and Psychologie du travail et des organisations

Reading the Wikipedia pages on IO Psychology, Arbeitspsychologie and Psychologie du travail et des organisations you can see many differences on the topics and authors of the fields. At a first sight,...
2
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0answers
11 views

Cognitive arguments as rationalizations of emotional processes that preceded them? [duplicate]

I heard the following argument on German talk radio: Modern cognitive science indicates that our conscious arguments are only rationalizations of emotional processes that preceded them. Where ...
6
votes
1answer
72 views

Transmission of beliefs through networks

I recall seeing references to studies about the spreading of true/false beliefs through social networks. I think this research tends to be grounded in game theory or evolutionary theory (like gene ...
4
votes
0answers
62 views

Brain Wave Research PTSD, Depression

Let me preface this with I am a Software Engineer, NOT a neuro-scientist. Please forgive me if my terminology isn't spot on. I am obsessed with using my skills as a computer scientist to help ...
9
votes
1answer
81 views

Does a recent general review of recurrent neural networks exist?

Does anyone know of a comparatively recent paper reviewing the literature on psychological applications of recurrent neural networks? I'm looking for a paper which provides a general overview of the ...
3
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0answers
37 views

In what areas is kindergarten most effective developmentally?

I expect that state-funded kindergarten and pre-kindergarten would be most effective in areas where there is no state-funded day-care. Additionally, I would expect it to be most beneficial to the ...
4
votes
0answers
39 views

How does oxygen deprivation affect neural activity?

It is increasingly common for someone to regain a heartbeat after a cardiac arrest. During the time that the person is without a heartbeat, and so without circulation, the brain is deprived of oxygen. ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Studies of how people learn to solve puzzles

I would like to build a cognitive model that is able to learn how to solve a complex puzzle such as the tower of Hanoi based off of limited feed-back (set of valid moves, closer to goal, farther from ...
32
votes
3answers
1k views

What are current neuronal explanations and models of 'consciousness'?

I would like to understand more about consciousness from a neuroscientific perspective. I have a limited understanding of it in the philosophical/psychological sense through lectures. Although it is ...
6
votes
1answer
266 views

Where does instinctual knowledge come from?

From Wikipedia: Instinct or innate behavior is the inherent inclination of a living organism towards a particular complex behavior. The example that I find is the easiest to touch upon is the ...
3
votes
1answer
194 views

How much information on the “Identical Strangers” experiment was actually released?

I am in the process of researching the Nature vs. Nurture debate. While I was searching for articles on it, I discovered something known as the "Identical Strangers" experiment (that probably was ...
8
votes
1answer
177 views

Picture of eye promotes good behaviour

I remember a study about how a picture of an eye made people more well behaved. The experiment was in an unsupervised coffee room where there was a box where participants were expected to deposit ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Does cognitive & behavioral schools have any analysis for “sympathy” & “compassion”? [closed]

The Cambridge Dictionaries define the word compassion as: a strong feeling of sympathy and sadness for the suffering or bad luck of others and a wish to help them A sample might be when you see ...
6
votes
2answers
147 views

Do researchers and laypeople understand statistics differently?

I'm looking for references related to how researchers and laypeople understand concepts of statistical inference. In particular, I'm looking for articles in which subjects could demonstrate ...
9
votes
3answers
110 views

Which area of the brain was first correctly associated with a specific function?

I have read on this website that Broca's area was the first area of the brain to be associated correctly with a specific function, in that case language. But I couldn't find any other source for the ...
5
votes
1answer
35 views

Spontaneity as object of investigation in the cognitive sciences

What are known studies, experiments, thoughts and literature on spontaneity? I am looking for anything relating to questions like "What does it mean for someone to be spontaneous?" or "What factors ...
10
votes
2answers
143 views

Who first used the term 'heuristic' in a cognitive science context?

I seem to recall that Herbert Simon borrowed the term from computer science, but I cannot remember the initial paper in which he made use of this borrowing. A google scholar search reveals some ...
4
votes
0answers
65 views

Continuous Basic EEG analysis [closed]

So, I have continuous EEG data from a control group and a test group. The recording was done while the participants were at rest, so no task was performed. I want to start with some basic analysis, ...
6
votes
1answer
96 views

What mental illnesses cause different performance on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task

I am aware that the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task (WCST) has been used multiple times to demonstrate differences in executive function control in schizophrenics, but what other mental illness sufferers ...
9
votes
1answer
124 views

What research exists in the areas of formulating questions and “problem shaping”?

After recalling Eric Steven Raymond and Rick Moen's How to Ask Questions The Smart Way and a discussion in a systems engineering course regarding the impact of the proper formulation of a problem in ...
8
votes
2answers
81 views

Criteria for evaluating cognitive systems

In the first chapter of the book "How to Build a Brain", Chris Eliasmith quickly establishes some criteria which he will use to evaluate Spaun, the cognitive system described in the book. He describes ...
8
votes
1answer
59 views

Rated model of driving-related processes and objects

The Salience, Effort, Effort and Value (SEEV) model for predicting the distribution of visual attention contains a parameter called 'value' which represents the importance of a certain area of the ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

Name this partner selection experiment where participants can see the value of others but not themselves and seek to pair with high value others?

A group of students is given playing cards to put on their head. They do not know the value of their card but can see the value of others. The goal of each student is to partner with the highest ...
4
votes
1answer
187 views

Solving T-shaped maze (probability learning): differences between rats and humans

From Jonah Lehrer's book "How We Decide", he mentions the experiments with rats and Yale undergraduates. I found the paper that (presumably) matches the experiment of rats. Brunswik, E. (1939). ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

What study examined the effect of number of traumatic life events on falling into poverty?

I recall a study that concluded the risk of falling into poverty / homelessness increases dramatically after experiencing 5 (or 7?) traumatic life events, such as Death of a loved one Abandonment by ...
3
votes
1answer
299 views

How does the brain physically get tired?

When engaging in physical work-outs, people often research how regular muscles store energy, how to eat and exercise cleverly so that the exercises actually make them stronger and more healthy instead ...
7
votes
1answer
154 views

How do moral judgments change for older adults?

There have been numerous studies that compare the moral judgment/sensitivity of adults and children (a good example is this paper by Decety, Michalska and Kinzler, showing significant differences ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Are there cognitive models that distinguish semantic and episodic memory?

From various amnesia cases it has been shown that semantic and episodic memories reside in different parts of the brain. Are there any cognitive models that distinguish these two types of memories? If ...
5
votes
1answer
41 views

Reference request for creator of heuristic for processing fMRI data (T.Nichols)

I am using nilearn and nipy package for python processing FMRI data. When computing mask, it says: Compute and write the mask of an image based on the grey level This is based on an heuristic ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Wisconsin Card Sorting task timing information

I've been trawling through the literature and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task and I've yet to find any information regarding the timing of neuro-typical subjects vs. those who suffer from either brain ...
11
votes
1answer
173 views

Food sharing and mutual aid among the homeless

Since the time of Peter Kropotkin, it's been observed and theorized that cooperation and mutual aid are more common in austere environments. A classic biological example would be slime mold spore-...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

Evidence for different learning applied to negative and positive feedback [duplicate]

I was consulting a friend of mine while building a cognitive model for the Wisconsin Card Sorting Task and he mentioned that it's important to note that people respond differently to to positive ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Are Pareto charts identified in the cognitive sciences (and for willpower in particular)?

I'm a layman when it comes to the cognitive sciences. I've read some number of popular self-help books, but not any academic journals. I've noticed that many times a book suggests some techniques for ...
0
votes
3answers
86 views

A good place to start learning Behaviorism for a Newbie?

I've developed an interest in Behavioral Psychology. I don't have any background and I'm not taking any Psychology course or anything. I just want to learn. I was wondering if there's a good "...
3
votes
1answer
128 views

best book for cognitive science [closed]

I am computer science student and I have a limited knowledge about cognitive science. What books would give me a good introduction to the area?
3
votes
2answers
73 views

Does eye contact improve attention and learning?

I remember having read a article in The Economist's Science and Technology section that presented evidence to the effect that attention and learning benefits from some forms of eye contact. If I am ...
4
votes
2answers
274 views

Is art therapy really effective?

I read the whole Wikipedia article. But I still have doubts. Is art therapy effective? If so, in which ways has it been studied?