For questions about this branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, consciousness and their relationship to neurobiology.

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Why is IIT “unmotivated”?

I'm trying to understand Searle's reply to Tononi and Koch's objections to Searle's characterization of their Intergrated Information Theory (IIT) of consciousness. Although I do understand why IIT ...
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1answer
44 views

What is a belief, and how does it differ from an opinion?

While many theories in cognitive science rely on the concept of a "belief" I do not see much on the definition of a belief or how it compares to other mental states. What is a belief, and how does it ...
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3answers
114 views

Is there any evidence that language is the limit of my world?

Philosopher Wittgenstein says that "the limit of my language means the limit of my world". One theory that supports this statement is that people couldn't see the blue colour until they have the word ...
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1answer
80 views

Is a network of neurons the only factor in memory?

Background I'm actually writing a science fiction novel set a couple decades in the future. Brains are not my field. I've done as much research as I could. In the story, the protagonist finds out he ...
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3answers
87 views

Is prior experience necessary to perceive the Kanizsa triangle illusion?

We know the Kanizsa Triangle. Kanizsa Triangle I was socialized in a "western" world, where I learned mathematics for about 13 years; I have designed products surrounding me using geometric forms ...
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0answers
23 views

What does pregnancy dreams mean? [closed]

I had a weird dream about my boobs being as hard as a morning stiffy oh and for some reason thinking of my fiancee in the same dream made me pregnant and I was still stuck ...
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0answers
69 views

Is there a difference in the perception of time in animals of different size?

Do small animals see the events surrounding them as going faster or slower in comparison to bigger creatures, such as us humans? Are those surrounding events appear to happen at a different speed for ...
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0answers
19 views

Consciousness and neural grafting [closed]

You have two friends: Alice and Bob. Suppose you have a way to remove a healthy neuron from Alice's brain and conserve it in some safe place. And, viceversa, suppose you have a way to graft this ...
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3answers
91 views

How can a persons good or bad be accurately measured?

The majority of people who think certain people are bad people are usually because they have been exposed to the bad things they do or also because they measure how bad they are based on only the bad ...
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4answers
115 views

Disprove that Humans are selfish

Psychological egoism, can anyone provide an everyday action which a healthy human mind would carry out which doesn't have the motive of preservation of the individuals own life at heart? For example, ...
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63 views

Math understanding: intuitions and proofs

I think that cogsci can help me to study a problem in philosophy of math. Consider this case (adapted from M. Detlefsen, Brouwerian intuitionism): Lucy has the kind of understanding of a given math ...
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1answer
58 views

A list of books on the big ideas of psychology [closed]

Can anyone give a list of all the books one should read in order to have a fairly general understanding of psychology, and with somewhat of an emphasis cognitive and evolutionary psychology. I realize ...
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1answer
44 views

If we do not consciously perceive a sound at a time, can we sometimes still later consciously recall it?

You all probably know the thought experiment, 'If a tree falls in the forest and no one is their to hear it, does it make a sound?'. But if we take that one step further and ask 'If we are not ...
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18 views

How to display Talairach Image in AFNI correctly?

I am using AFNI to display Talairach image, that is anat+tlrc.BRIK & anat+tlrc.HEAD . But the AFNI only shows part of the image. It looks like this: AFNI is ...
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0answers
48 views

Does anyone know how to explain Quinian bootstrapping process by Carey to a layperson (like me)?

I've been trying my best to understand what Quinian bootstrapping is, by reading scientific articles on this topic, but I come across more and more philosophical concepts like "sortals" or similar. ...
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1answer
47 views

is it true that people who code think differently? [duplicate]

I code websites and I believe the way I think is totally different from most of the others. Not that I think in a better way(a possibility though) but I'm only saying "differently". Do you think it's ...
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2answers
84 views

Are action potentials necessary for experience?

We know that, for example, during brain surgery, electrical stimulation in certain parts of the cortex is sufficient for experience, and result in reportable experiences in human subjects. We also ...
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3answers
72 views

Is spiritual enlightenment a valid way attempting to understand the universe and consciousness [closed]

Are traditional methods of spiritual enlightenment such as Zen, Buddist, etc accepted by psychologists as valid ways of further understanding the workings of consciousness, Or is it considered too ...
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0answers
36 views

Paradox or contradiction? [closed]

If someone does not believe in ghosts, for example, why do they experience feelings of fear at the thought of such things? Is such thinking paradoxical?
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1answer
80 views

Has the inverted spectrum thought experiment ever been conducted (and if not, why)?

The inverted spectrum thought experiment posits that you (the subject) wake up one morning to find that your colour spectrum (or some part of it anyway) has inverted. This experiment has important ...
2
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1answer
94 views

How does the physical brain know about qualia?

Qualia are phenomenological (the subjective experience of the physical activity of the brain). But how does phenomenology feed back into the activity of the brain? That is, how can the physical ...
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1answer
74 views

How close is it to reality in future of consciousness to be transferable as shown in the movie Chappie?

This question was inspired by the most creative thing ever to come up in a movie, namely the transfer of a consciousness from one body to another (may it be biological, or via non-biological methods). ...
3
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1answer
94 views

Is consciousness a sub product of the brain or is there a duality? [duplicate]

I am trying to understand what consciousness is, based on my basic knowledge of our senses, artificial intelligence (computer vision, specifically) and some philosophy. Here's my reasoning: As far as ...
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1answer
227 views

The mind as a state of matter or physical system?

What examples of attempts to formalize a principled physical basis for consciousness and/or a general theory of the mind exist? I read a fascinating ArXiV preprint last year called Consciousness as a ...
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43 views

Brain Theory and Paradigm

In this short piece, physicist Dmitri Krioukov makes the case that we must expect complex systems (such as brains) to reduce to simple physical systems. Furthermore, he cautions that the pure ...
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4answers
2k views

Why do humans need emotions?

If the emotions' only purpose is to stimulate certain behavior, why can't this task just as effectively, or even more effectively be done by the reasoning part of the brain? Are emotions really ...
3
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1answer
111 views

Is volition a reality or an illusion?

Keeping religious sentiments aside, here is a question raised on the Buddhism SE that attempts to answer a similar question from the Buddhist point of view. You see, Buddhism has a concept of anatman ...
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1answer
71 views

Are there any studies (fMRI scans, etc) showing why some people (supposedly) are more open to hypnotism?

In this article published in Harper's magazine back in 1996, journalist David Foster Wallace described his experience with hypnotist Nigel Ellery (see the last section of the article, titled "THE ...
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1answer
168 views

Are all psychological problems only biochemical in nature?

Are all psychological problems only biochemical in nature or do some 'mental' components ( that is some form of conceptual 'conditioning' caused directly or indirectly or 'subconsciously' by the ...
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1answer
61 views

Regarding the mind and what it can affect

About the question 'Can the mind mind affect the brain?': Some responses are 'no' because the mind is a physical 'thing' or structure (if I read it correctly). Yet if the Mind is only a physical ...
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10answers
2k views

Can the mind affect the physical brain? - a simple thought experiment

Scientists maintain that "a physical action requires a physical cause". However, if I am in deep thought about my dead spouse, for example, and a tear comes to my eye, how is it that the mind (thought)...
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2answers
77 views

Is the consciousness currently in oneself the same as the consciousness that used to be or in the future will be in oneself?

People seem to believe that one's consciousness is a "different" consciousness than that of others, but the "same" consciousness as the one that has been in one's body in the past and the one that ...
3
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1answer
126 views

Is meaning-seeking behavior a biological optimization problem?

In short, I'm interested in cognitive, neuroscientific, biological and/or computational perspectives on what we vaguely refer to as meaning seeking. Of course, this is a large topic, but any ...
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1answer
759 views

What is the most comprehensive system of describing human emotions or states of mind?

Reading about the human mind, I sometimes come across attempts to classify human emotions using various scales. The one that comes to mind most often is the 6 scale circle model shown below. Is ...
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1answer
1k views

Why do we see unknown people and places in dreams?

People often see unknown things, places, and people in their dreams. How is it possible to have such perceptions in our dreams that go beyond our actual experiences and memories?
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1answer
39 views

Are there any models of human cognition that do not depend on physicalism or materialism?

Are there any models of Human Cognition that do not depend on Physicalism or materialism? Could Cognition models that say 'mind' states are actually 'brain states' and that we are therefore neuro-...
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2answers
191 views

How does subjective experience arise from matter?

Forgive me for lacking rigor, but if what I know is correct, it is established that consciousness and other higher functions characteristic of humans are a consequence of our cortex, specifically ...
9
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1answer
169 views

Why aren't Connectionism and Dynamicism considered part of the Computational Theory of the Mind?

In the Wikipedia article for Computational Theory of the Mind (NOT to be confused with Computational Representational Understanding of Mind which includes Connectionism), it is mentioned that ...
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1answer
96 views

is the mind independent of the brain? [closed]

or the mind is a mere collection of memories, experiences stored in the brain?
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3answers
15k views

Is there a term to describe an inability to express emotion or feelings?

I am writing a novel and was wondering if there was a specific term for someone unable to express his own emotions or feelings. The catch here is, this doesn't mean he doesn't know what anger or love ...
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1answer
51 views

What topics are included in theoretical cognitive science? [closed]

What topics would fall under theoretical cognitive science, if there could be such a term? I am referring to the more mathematical, foundational topics vs. topics dealing with specific cognitive ...
3
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1answer
193 views

How and why can movies take us out of our everyday physical reality and into a fantasy world?

Have you ever experienced that feeling after watching a really great movie (somewhat like a dramatic one) that after watching the movie, you got carried away? Even though the movie ended well in a ...
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0answers
127 views

Why do we dream of unattainable wishes being satisfied in dreams? [closed]

We want many things that we might never achieve or attain in real life. Often we dream, that we have these things. What is the psychological function of this type of dream? How does the satisfaction ...
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2answers
1k views

Fear of things that look like or resemble humans

I remember reading this a while back. To be clear, I'm not talking about a phobia such as Automatonophobia (Fear of inanimate objects that resemble humans, such as dolls) or Pediophobia (Fear of dolls)...
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1answer
348 views

How does cognitive science explain the origins of intuition and intelligence, that accurately describes the laws of nature?

What is the origin of non-incremental, revolutionary intuition and intelligence? For example, a human mind like Albert Einstein's can "come up" with revolutionary ideas and theories that correctly ...
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3answers
160 views

What is a scientifically plausible method by which people might in the future be able to read minds? [closed]

I am writing a book. It will be post-apocalyptic, and the apocalypse I'm thinking of will involve people being able to read each other's mind. Can any of you give me a slightly plausible reason that ...
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2answers
141 views

How can machine possibly possess consciousness if computation is a human idea?

I feel this question may be closed as non-constructive, but I'll give it a try. Suppose a computer simulates a human brain so it passes Turing test. Suppose this brain is given visual, audio and ...
3
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2answers
165 views

Can a biological entity be thought as a simple algorithm? Case-study with the concept of randomness

John Von Neuman believed that all organisms can be though of as information-processing systems. He built on the work of Alan Turing (algorithmic) to create simulations of biological entities. This ...
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4answers
290 views

Can scientific evidence support concepts of the soul?

In some spiritual premises, the soul is said to belong to the Almighty. Religions (Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism) all talk about cleansing our inner being because only when it's pure, its actual ...
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1answer
442 views

Will a person with an artificial heart have feelings if heart is the organ to feel emotions? [closed]

I sometimes wonder whether the heart has feeling or experiences emotion. I think the human mind manages everything. I got this question in mind as recently the artificial heart was created and it ...