For questions about the individual patterns of behavior, emotion, or attitude that humans display.

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Can an extravert suffer from social anxiety disorder?

Extraversion is a personality trait that, as the Wikipedia article describes, causes people "to enjoy human interactions", to be sociable, outgoing and love crowds. Social anxiety disorder (SAD), on ...
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0answers
38 views

Is psychotherapy effective also with old persons?

Many researches proves the effectiveness of the psychotherapeutic approach. But an old person could be more rigid and less motivated to change. And I'm not aware of data on the effectiveness of ...
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2answers
203 views

Does law of attraction have psychological basis? [closed]

A common claim in business and self-help seminars is that optimists are luckier. Is it true that optimism leads to greater success in life? If so, what part of the brain support this so called ...
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2answers
87 views

Terminology for introvert's frustration after excessive social exposure

Does anyone know if there is a phrase or term that describes the frustration an introvert experiences when they have had too much social exposure and need to be alone? As an analogy, I recently heard ...
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1answer
41 views

Sense of time: Evaluation and correlation with psychological traits and states

Some of us are often in hurry and always late. Some make mistakes while evaluating time-needs for tasks. How is our sense of time connected with our personality? Is it more correlated with the process ...
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1answer
122 views

How do the correlations between Big 5 personality change in studies examining “faking bad”?

I have conducted several studies that get participants to complete the IPIP personality test while role play going for a job. A common finding is that the average correlation (i.e., $\bar{r}$ between ...
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1answer
39 views

Do animals have some kind of rudimentary personality types or preferences?

I'm looking at the Myers Briggs type indicator and am trying to understand if type/personality preferences are a human only construct. I'm talking about Introversion-Extraversion, Sensing or ...
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0answers
10 views

Studies on visually recognizable personality traits?

Are there any studies on the possibility of visually recognizing someones personality? When I say "visually recognizing" I mean things like clothes, accessories, body attitude, visible behavior, ...
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1answer
161 views

What personality traits does sexy and revealing clothing correlate with?

Is there some unifying characteristic that distinguishes women who wear form-fitting, lowcut, see-through and other kinds of revealing outfits? Are they more extroverted, do they rate higher in ...
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2answers
85 views

Is there a name for a person who looks for a name for another person's supposed faults?

Every few days there is a new question here at Cognitive Sciences asking for a scientific term to describe a behavior that the inquirer finds fault with. Examples include: Is there a term for a ...
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68 views

Which personality traits relate to prosocial values?

Which personality traits are strong in people with values such as: kindness humility sympathy empathy abnegation church-professed values solidarity love for others forgiving the other defending ...
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1answer
289 views

Is the theory of Information Metabolism a reasonable scientific theory?

Background I have been checking out various personality typing assessments lately when I came across a Personality typing system known as Socionics which aims at explaining relationships between ...
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0answers
18 views

What is the neurobiological difference between Jungian Judging and Perceiving individual?

Jungian or Myers Briggs type indicator reserves the last letter of a 4 letter archetype to stand for Judging or Perceiving. Part of being a Judging type is punctuality - being on time, keeping ...
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20 views

identity- why is it important and can it be changed?

"This is who I am." I have heard this phrase many times as it leads to being yourself, your identity, you being you. This phrase, I want to know why is this important to people and what exactly is ...
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1answer
235 views

How to predict romantic attraction

Dating websites and psychological researchers attempt to find those factors that predict the fit between potential romantic partners. Examples for factors taken into consideration are the "big five" ...
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0answers
18 views

Rogers' incogruence: which selves

I'm trying to understand Carl Rogers' humanistic approach to personality. AFAICT there are three kinds of self images: perceived self: what we believe we are ideal self: what we would like to be ...
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1answer
27 views

Can a person with multiple personality disorder have one of their personality based on a real person?

Can a person with multiple personality disorder have one of their personality based on a real person encountered during their lifetime? For example, in a family with multiple children, can one of the ...
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0answers
28 views

What cognitive processes or thinking styles are associated with being a sociable person?

I think one effective factor to happiness is how much one is social, social people are comfortable with other people, appearance on society, less hesitated on what to say and not to say. They ask ...
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0answers
52 views

Influence of antidepressant drugs upon personality

How do antidepressant drugs influence someone's personality? Do they induce a major change in an individual's personality, or do they just negate the influence of depression? Basically, is the ...
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1answer
43 views

Connections between different theories of personality

There are a several theories on personality: the Big Five personality traits, Watson en Clark's extraversion en neuroticism, Grey's Behavioural Inhibition & Behavioural Activation (BIS/BAS), ...
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3answers
313 views

Do measures of Big 5 personality have a positive bias towards extraverted, conscientious, emotionally stable, ageeable and open individuals?

Background: One free measures of the Big 5 is the IPIP. I have noticed that IPIP items seem to have a positive bias towards items loading on the extraversion (EX), emotional stability (ES), ...
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1answer
59 views

What is the best short (i.e., roughly 20 item) measure of Big Five personality?

What is the best short set of 20 questions that can give meaningful information about a person's big five personality? In case that's not possible with 20 questions, what's the minimum and where do I ...
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1answer
79 views

Analysis according to Jung's Psychological Types

Recently I read Jung's Psychological Types out of self-questioning. I would like to analyze myself in such a fashion more "professionally", however I do not profess to be able to do that myself, ...
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2answers
46 views

What's a “mental disorder”?

Most people are held accountable for their actions. If diagnosed with a "mental disorder" however, they are often forgiven/treated more leniently and exempted from punishment. The same thing ...
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2answers
125 views

What is the difference between social anxiety disorder and shyness?

It seems that there are similar symptoms shown by people who suffer social anxiety and shyness, but what is actually the main difference between them? Thank you.
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3answers
96 views

Neurological basis of selfishness?

Is there a neurological component to selfishness? Awhile back, I witnessed a mentally retarded person who was severely possessive of a water fountain, claiming it was "his". I've also seen ...
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2answers
77 views

What's the term for people who deny others' achievements?

I know a bunch of people that are always in deep denial (at least trying to appear so) of other people achievements. It can be another country or another group or another religion. For example, when ...
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2answers
105 views

Why do we have so many wishes and desires?

Two years ago I started to learn (as self-education) evolution theory and neurobiology for to understand - who we are and where we came from? Now I see clearly that we are our brains, which are the ...
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0answers
66 views

Tendency to see novelty in mundane and trivial statements

There exists a psychological phenomenon whereupon a person may encounter a rather trivial or mundane statement or thought, but would not recognize it as such; instead a person would experience a sense ...
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0answers
21 views

Personality disorder beginnings in parental narcissism and eating disorders

During childhood, are parental narcissism coupled with a pre-teen eating disorder good indicators of adult personality disorders, such as classic or covert narcissism? If an eating disorder occurs at ...
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0answers
38 views

Can one become less neurotic?

Is it possible to become less neurotic? If so, how? The only methods I've found are meditation and "death contemplation", and I don't know if those have any scientific support. "Individuals who score ...
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1answer
79 views

Is it usually worthwhile to argue to try to convince someone?

I find from personal life experience that arguing with someone is hardly a good way to try to convince someone of something. You might end up getting whatever you'd like from the person you are trying ...
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3answers
378 views

Are there any personality theories that use the scientific method?

Background I have come across a number of personality theories. There are even disciplines of personality theories, dividing these theories according to the assumptions they are based upon. The most ...
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1answer
87 views

Is there a term that describes the personality trait of always desiring more?

I see this kind of trait in some of the people who fear the commitment (in a marriage) since they don't want to have to renounce their vows when their feelings toward their spouses change. I see this ...
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1answer
114 views

What personality traits moderate the effects of trauma on empathy?

Logically there are three ways trauma can affect a person's propensity for empathy. increase decrease no change What are the key personality traits that can be used as predictors of this outcome?
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3answers
1k views

Is the Myer Briggs Type indicator (MBTI) a reasonable scientific theory?

Background: MBTI stands for Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. It's a theory that suggests that people can be divided into 16 types, based on the way they percieve and analyse information (whether they make ...
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1answer
67 views

Can autism spectrum disorders be acquired or are they inherited traits only?

Can autism spectrum disorders be acquired or are they inherited traits only, especially in the case of Asperger syndrome or pervasive developmental disorders where they lie on the lower end of the ...
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1answer
547 views

Are there recent theories on physiognomy?

What are recent theories on the relation between personality and facial or body shape, and are there studies to support them? See Wikipedia on physiognomy and somatotypes & constitutional ...
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2answers
105 views

Why only 16 Jungian types? Combinatorially it should be 2 * 4! = 48 [closed]

The seeming elegance and symmetry of the table of functions prompted me to use a technical side of my brain to ask a "what if" question about the other possible Jungian functions. I used ...
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1answer
127 views

NEO-FFI $t$-score calculation

I am a CS student who has to do an analysis on the NEO-FFI test. I have the results of the questionnaire, however, I couldn't find how to calculate t-scores or raw scores. There are lots of academic ...
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0answers
19 views

Research operationalizing so-called strategic thinking

Is there contemporary research in trait psychology, which attempts to operationalize the structures behind a strategic thinking style? I'm thinking of a style of problem solving as taught in officer ...
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0answers
62 views

How to get more involved with personality psychology as a hobby?

My favorite thing to do is to think about why people behave the way they do. I found that in Psychology there is a branch called Personality Psychology which deals with this kind of stuff. I would ...
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2answers
60 views

Why do we find things fun?

One may cause to argue that Fun activities are solely based off psychological and physical identification with certain activities, but surely there is a deeper analysis on why we find things fun. ...
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2answers
79 views

Which is more likely to cause a person to devalue some other person?

Scenario: Mary and John are in a relationship. Elen is Mary's best friend. What will make Mary devalue Elen more? Hearing that Elen likes John (romantically) or hearing that John likes Elen? Let's ...
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1answer
32 views

What is the personality of a woman who will kill for her freedom?

The scenario: A woman has been abducted. She is treated well and not abused. There is no immediate threat to her life, but the uncertainty of what awaits her. Suddenly there is a chance to kill her ...
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0answers
35 views

Does military background enhance personal productivity?

Is there any research investigating the effect (or correlation) of a military background of a person on his productivity, effectiveness and other characteristics? It is often casually claimed that a ...
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1answer
394 views

Personality traits associated with finishing other people's sentences?

I read in a North American undergrad psychology textbook, that people who tend to finish another's sentences tend to be emotionally intense. I think "emotionally intense" is the wording that they ...
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1answer
89 views

What personality traits affect ability to cope with pain?

It has been shown that pain impairs cognitive function, in this question and the following studies on the effects of headaches on cognition. Moor et al write It must therefore be emphasised that ...
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1answer
90 views

Psychometric information on IPIP representation of NEO facets

The IPIP (International Personality Item Pool) website provides a copy of the IPIP representation of the NEO 30 facet form. It also provides some information comparing IPIP NEO with official NEO. ...
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1answer
34 views

Is there a term for compulsively thinking the whole world “hates” you?

Is there a term beyond 'low self esteem' or 'neurotic' that describes a person that is compulsive in thinking the entire world is looking down on them?