For questions about learning improved skills of perception from simple sensory discrimination to complex categorizations of spatial and temporal patterns relevant to real-world expertise.

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2
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1answer
35 views

How can neuronal networks with local learning rules predict their future inputs?

Local learning rules like Contrastive Hebbian Learning, XCAL, etc. are based on the idea of strengthening edges when the neurons they connect fire simultaneously. This causes frequent patterns in the ...
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0answers
18 views

Research into monolexia?

Monolexia is the inability to read two or more equal-looking mathematical symbols or words when these are found within the same context (book, page, paragraph, or other related contexts) and ...
4
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2answers
138 views

What are the most effective psychological techniques for unlearning information

What are the most effective psychological techniques for unlearning information? Let me given you a simple example for clarity's sake: In high school, you learn that electrons orbit around a nucleus, ...
7
votes
1answer
35 views

Is cortical magnification in the visual system related to synaptic pruning, or is it a separate developmental or learning process?

I'm primarily interested in learning about current computational models that explain cortical magnification in the visual system. With this in mind, my specific questions are: (1) Is this phenomenon ...
5
votes
0answers
43 views

How long does it take to learn to cane travel?

How long does it take the average person (either sighted or blind) to learn to use the guide cane successfully for mobility purposes? Source: Lions. Because required training times will depend on ...
6
votes
1answer
153 views

What's the difference between repetition suppression and habituation?

Neural repetition suppression seems to be describing behavioral habituation on a neuronal level. What's the difference between these two terms?
9
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2answers
121 views

Trying to understand equations in Karl Friston article

I am trying to understand a neuroscience article by Karl Friston. In it he gives three equations that are, as I understand him, equivalent or inter-convertible and refer to both physical and Shannon ...
3
votes
0answers
126 views

What are the groundbreaking papers on “Perception Learning” within Cognitive Science? [closed]

What are the groundbreaking works/papers/results/theories specific to Perceptual Learning within cognitive science? One paper/theory per answer please, and state why do you find this work is ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

How can people better express subjective conscious experience with words?

I'm interested in how the human mind works, and over the years have experienced and took notice of a number of peculiar states of consciousness, thought patterns, dreams, etc. While a lot of these ...
14
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3answers
387 views

How does the brain learn what something is for the first time?

I'm trying to understand how the idea of what a thing is originates in humans. For example, in computer science, it is possible to know what an object is and what it does, by examining its ...
8
votes
1answer
113 views

Are there shapes defined by 3 (or more) generative parameters whose mapping to psychological similarity space is known?

I am trying to generate 4 shapes that are equidistant in psychological similarity space - meaning that they are all equally discriminable from one another - which differ in 3 parameters, such that ...
6
votes
1answer
110 views

How to test effectiveness of a children's museum in improving cognitive function?

For those who have never heard of a Children's Museum before, there is a national association in the US with some information. The basic idea stems from Vygotsky-like paradigms of learning through ...
10
votes
1answer
605 views

What types of sounds do young infants prefer?

I've learned through course lectures that infants can recognize faces shortly after birth (Slater & Quinn, 2001), and have a visual preference for human features as young as 1-month-old (Sanefuji ...
11
votes
4answers
446 views

Why is training better when following an easy-to-difficult schedule?

As suggested in the answer to this question, experimental results show that training is most effective when it follows an easy-to-difficult schedule. What theories and specifically computational ...
9
votes
1answer
292 views

How does task difficulty schedule affect the rate and efficiency of perceptual learning?

In perceptual learning (line length/orientation discrimination, visual target detection, tone frequency discrimination, etc), when training people or animals to perform a task better, is there an ...