For questions about experimental and theoretical methods, procedures, and tools used while conducting research in the cognitive sciences.

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7
votes
1answer
139 views

How to set up a binocular rivalry experiment which splits a single image in two separately controlled ones?

The question is about the actual physical setup and steps needed to take in order to experiment with the phenomena. I found a tutorial on jove.com, "How to Create and Use Binocular Rivalry", and it ...
7
votes
1answer
119 views

Are there any open task sets available to assess workload using secondary task measures?

Performance on secondary tasks next to a primary task is sometimes used to assess mental workload (Ogden, Levine and Eisner, 1979). For example, the Stroop test as a secondary task has been evaluated ...
7
votes
1answer
101 views

How to efficiently get a sense of the meaning of a score on a non-aptitude test that you encounter in a journal article?

Context: When reading research articles in psychology, you often encounter new non-aptitude self-report psychological tests (e.g., measures of personality, well-being, psychopathology, learning style, ...
7
votes
1answer
47 views

Classical conditioning paradigm for hippocampal learning

I wanted to know what a suitable classical conditioning experiment would be to analyze learning and memory capabilities in rodent models with respect to hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP). For ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

How valid are reaction times collected from online studies?

Online studies promise the possibility of greatly increased numbers of and variability in populations to study, but there are many potential concerns and need for validation, and diving in head first ...
6
votes
2answers
571 views

How should multiple Mechanical Turk research subjects from the same IP address be handled?

I saw this question on Twitter from Jay Van Bavel (@jayvanbavel), and thought it was a good fit for the site. Does anyone find that multiple subjects from the same IP address in their #MTurk ...
6
votes
1answer
772 views

Reducing ceiling effect with a Likert scale measure

I am designing a psychology study in which the main endpoint is the perceived effectiveness of various medical treatments. In pilot trials, we used a bipolar Likert scale to measure perceived ...
6
votes
1answer
221 views

The mind as a state of matter or physical system?

What examples of attempts to formalize a principled physical basis for consciousness and/or a general theory of the mind exist? I read a fascinating ArXiV preprint last year called Consciousness as a ...
6
votes
2answers
167 views

Utility or software to visualize Neural Network?

I am using Octave to generate a Neural Network with a single hidden layer, and saving it as two CSV files. Is there a utility or software that will load the files and create an image, PDF or HTML ...
6
votes
1answer
176 views

Controlling for response bias in a forced choice memory task

I want to present participants a pair of items $a$ and $b$, each with an association $x$ or $y$. Later on participants will presented with the items singularly, and asked 'what was the association?'. ...
6
votes
2answers
63 views

Differential equations in psychology

I am wondering (and searching with no success) if there are any examples of differential equations in psychology? I mean, no tutorial explaining what is differenetial equations or even partial ...
6
votes
1answer
312 views

Descriptive models of different types of consciousness

In behavioral experiments we get the first-person responses of the participants. The third-person perspective is available through the collected data. There is a second-person perspective collected ...
6
votes
0answers
84 views

Which study design to use: nested case-control or case-cohort?

I am following a cohort of patients over time from which I am planning to sub-sample a sub-group of patients to pilot a new intervention. The plan is to compare the effectiveness of the new ...
6
votes
0answers
88 views

Resource on how to effectively develop within-subjects vignette based study

Background: Where I used to work fellow researchers used to have a task known as the CV task. The task required participants to answer a number of questions about a set of CVs (e.g., is this a good ...
5
votes
2answers
797 views

Free software to run questionnaire based experiments

I am looking for free software to build experiments that do not heavily rely on accurate timing (where I use PsychoPy and heard a lot of good things about OpenSesame) but more on an easy way to ...
5
votes
1answer
318 views

How can we realize when a sociological question is impossible to answer?

In my language there is a famous common sense statement which tells the populations are swinging back and forth from one extreme to the other. The idea behind is that, at a sociological level, the ...
5
votes
3answers
78 views

Recent psychophysical studies using the “Method of Adjustment”?

The Method of Adjustment, devised by G.T. Fechner, is one of the three classical psychophysical procedures used to examine perceptual performance. It came to fame through early studies of visual ...
5
votes
1answer
357 views

How is the signal-to-noise ratio of an event-related-potential measured?

I often encounter publications where the authors try to "increase the SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals". Some define a numeric value of SNR of EEG signals, but I am ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

What is a “delayed match-to-sample task”?

This question talked about how a "delayed match-to-sample task" can be used to measure an animal's working memory. What is a delayed match-to-sample task and how can it be used to measure working ...
5
votes
1answer
148 views

How can items from a general self-esteem/efficacy measure be changed to measure context specific self-esteem/efficacy?

I am very interested in a survey employing a Likert type scale in my research. I have come across the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. I would like to use this scale to get a sense of how subjects feel ...
5
votes
1answer
87 views

Are there professional cognitive science test subjects?

I'm interested in how cognitive science experiments are designed and executed. Up until now, all of the papers I've seen dealing with cognition use availability of test subjects as one of the major ...
5
votes
1answer
34 views

Why compare a target group to a control group when population norms are available?

I am reading now many studies about juvenile offending and delinquency, and there are always compared offenders´ results from different tests (for example personality, IQ) with control group. I am ...
5
votes
1answer
408 views

Status of introspection in psychological research today

Historically, psychological understanding was largely gained by introspection: the philosopher observed the workings of his own mind and deduced the principles of the human psyche from that. During ...
5
votes
1answer
185 views

Inferring relationships between psychological variables in clinical samples and issues in generalisation

Context I sometimes speak to researchers studying the relationship between variables in clinical psychology samples. A typical example is as follows: 100 patients with diagnosed depression many ...
5
votes
1answer
47 views

Is it reasonable to have a factor with only two levels in a carry-over design for an fMRI study?

I'm planning a carry-over design for an fMRI study. To save time, since it seems that I'll need a huge number of trials for my purpose, I'm wondering if it's reasonable to have a matrix 2x3x3, ...
5
votes
0answers
188 views

What to do when you have a speed-accuracy trade-off in your data?

Many studies report that a speed-accuracy trade-off (SATO) did not occur in the data since there is a positive correlation between RTs and error rates. In other words, people took longer to respond ...
4
votes
2answers
318 views

What skills are required to build simulations of the human brain? [closed]

I want to build a system that has the ability to gather data from the internet in order to build a cognitive model of the human brain. The model should be able to answer the questions required by a ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

How do you analyse visual analogue scales with an ambiguous response?

For example, I might ask participants to complete a visual analogue scale for pain. They would be given a line that is 100mm long, and one end says 0 (No pain) and the other end says 100 (worst ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

How to design an experiment to measure coffee preferences?

Imagine a population of people in an office environment. There is a small war going on about whether this brand of coffee machine is better than that one. How would you go about testing which coffee ...
4
votes
2answers
203 views

Colorado Boulder study about brain morphometric measures of Cannabis users methodologically weak?

I'm relating to this study: http://www.jneurosci.org/content/35/4/1505.short The researchers found no differences in subcortical brain structures for daily Cannabis users vs. controls. However the ...
4
votes
1answer
529 views

What are “Stimulus locked” and “Response locked” in Philiastides & Sajda (2006)

While going through the below-mentioned paper, I came across some plots which were said to be "locked" with reference to either response or stimulus. Does the locking refer to the initiation of the ...
4
votes
2answers
119 views

Origin of group-level statistics in psychology and cognitive neuroscience

In experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience today, with the exception of a few specific subdisciplines, the consensus seems to be that an experimental study has to be performed on a group of ...
4
votes
1answer
272 views

Button box recommendations for a reaction time study

I am running a language production study, and I want to collect reaction times. I am considering getting a button box, because I understand that my laptop (macbook pro) keyboard is not precise enough ...
4
votes
2answers
120 views

Is there any (free) program that allows the recording of text input and the speed of input?

I am planning to run a study where participants will been shown questions on a computer monitor and their task is to type their responses in a text box as quickly as they can. Their input and input ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

Combining unbiased hit rates

I am analysing data on an emotion perception task, where participants must decide if a given face is happy, sad, angry or fearful (essentially a forced choice between 4 options). I am confident that ...
4
votes
1answer
43 views

Is there a way to have strangers tag my images?

I would have liked to know what thoughts people get from various images, so that I could trigger targeted thought patterns with images. An easy way to do this would be if I could find an online ...
4
votes
2answers
206 views

Is it possible to objectively measure the amount of pleasure a person is experiencing?

I'd like to know if it's possible to quantify somebody's "fun meter". Maybe by measuring the amount of endorphin produced. Because every person is unique, I don't expect that amount to make another ...
4
votes
1answer
51 views

In what order do you preprocess EEG data?

I am fairly new to EEG research and I am unsure what the best ordering is for preprocessing data. Do you correct for baseline and filter the data before you go on with artifact rejection/correction, ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

How to measure precision in classical test theory framework?

What methods or approaches exist or might be developed to measure precision of measurement in a classical test theory framework? Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (American ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

How many samples are there when test subjects come through different recruitment strategies?

Let's assume I want to conduct a survey. To find test subjects, I post an ad in a local newspaper, one on a locally relevant website, distribute flyers in front of the train station, and have managed ...
4
votes
2answers
914 views

Is the Raspberry Pi capable of operating as a stimulus presentation system for experiments?

I'm outfitting a small behavioural lab with a fiscal-austerity-induced budget. I'm considering trying out a Raspberry pi for individual participant systems. My tentative plan is to run linux and code ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

How to examine person's awareness of a certain topic?

I am conducting a case study on the topic of refugees and asylum seekers. My particular interest is: How aware is my test subject of the reasons (political persecution, famine, war, ...) why these ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

How did Fechner justify the assumption that the just-noticeable-difference in sensation is constant?

As stated here on Wikipedia: 1 Weber's law states that the-just-noticeable-difference (JND) of an intensity of a stimuli divided by the intensity of that stimuli is always constant. Mathematically: ...
4
votes
1answer
20 views

Is there a downside to using more than the typical 20/40 trials in an IAT?

Most resources mention using 20 'practice' trials categorizing both targets and attributes, followed by 40 'real' trials categorizing both targets and attributes. Note that this is after practicing ...
4
votes
0answers
30 views

EEG data processing: large data file seems empty

We have been running an experiment trying to collect ABR data using the Brainvision EP-PreAmp and Actichamp system. We ran several successful tests with short versions of our experiment, about 10-15 ...
4
votes
0answers
34 views

How to obtain well-written demographic items?

I've noticed over the years supervising student projects that it is actually surprisingly difficult to write good demographic items. Specifically, I'm thinking about questions related to gender, age, ...
4
votes
0answers
371 views

Manipulating cognitive load in online experiments

I'm under the impression that standard cognitive load manipulations (e.g., remember a 7-digit number while completing some other task) wouldn't work for online subject pools like Mechanical Turk. Are ...
4
votes
0answers
25 views

Is there an extension of multinomial process models that incorporates response latencies?

In an experimental setting where a categorical response has to be given, the same response can, in theory, be generated by different latent processes. For example, in an experiment where participants ...
4
votes
0answers
203 views

Plot a schematic outline of the brain [closed]

I know that I can read, write and analyse different type of brain scanning data using various Medical Imaging Tools available for R. But I am looking for something very simple - a possibility to just ...
3
votes
2answers
98 views

Is there a database of disgusting images for stimuli for experimental study of disgust?

I'm looking for a set of images that evoke a disgust reaction. In particular, I'm looking for disgusting objects (e.g. feces, maggots). Is there a database of images like this? It would be especially ...