For questions about experimental and theoretical methods, procedures, and tools used while conducting research in the cognitive sciences.

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How does one respond to an ADD/ADHD diagnosis of one's self or one's child?

I read: Is ADHD even a thing? This kind of question can be offensive to some. The same kind of thing can be applied to other conditions: Is depression even a thing? Or are they just ...
0
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1answer
34 views

How do you make psychology experiments? [closed]

Have you used Inquisit, E-Prime, DirectRT, or Qualtrics to make psychology experiments? I worked in a psychology lab as a programmer and I thought these programs felt very outdated and not user ...
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0answers
8 views

Is perceived time compressed or expanded while dreaming? (or does it match reality) [duplicate]

I often dream long extended dreams. Sometimes I wonder if the timeline of the story of my dream occurs compressed, in a moment, or other times extended slowly over a long duration. Is there any way ...
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2answers
70 views

How do cognitive scientists measure creativity?

Einstein said once something like creativity is more important than intelligence. Intelligence as it is measured is really one's speed and efficiency at processing information. How one processes the ...
3
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1answer
26 views

Tests of Semantic Memory suitable for 10 to 18 year old

I'm trying to find a test of semantic memory for students. We're working on a programme to explore the impacts of exposure to nature on a student's academic abilities (hoping to pique teachers ...
3
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1answer
50 views

Combining unbiased hit rates

I am analysing data on an emotion perception task, where participants must decide if a given face is happy, sad, angry or fearful (essentially a forced choice between 4 options). I am confident that ...
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0answers
41 views

Description of an EEG experiment

I am working on Brain-Computer interfaces. In my project we try to control the movement of a robot in three directions, namely forward, right and left. We have done an EEG experiment where we have ...
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1answer
39 views

Classical conditioning paradigm for hippocampal learning

I wanted to know what a suitable classical conditioning experiment would be to analyze learning and memory capabilities in rodent models with respect to hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP). For ...
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20 views

I am trying to flip .nii images using pm_flip but it isn't working

I am using pm_flip to try and flip .nii images, but when the window opens to select the images, it shows that there is nothing in the folder that holds my images.
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1answer
36 views

Is there a way to have strangers tag my images?

I would have liked to know what thoughts people get from various images, so that I could trigger targeted thought patterns with images. An easy way to do this would be if I could find an online ...
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1answer
35 views

How did Fechner justify the assumption that the just-noticeable-difference in sensation is constant?

As stated here on Wikipedia: 1 Weber's law states that the-just-noticeable-difference (JND) of an intensity of a stimuli divided by the intensity of that stimuli is always constant. Mathematically: ...
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2answers
153 views

What are some examples of controversial themes in psychology?

There are a number of themes that are controversial (provoke debate, are unsettled, polarize opinion, or are reflected by a range of positions) in psychology. One example involves nature vs. nurture: ...
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1answer
172 views

The mind as a state of matter or physical system?

What examples of attempts to formalize a principled physical basis for consciousness and/or a general theory of the mind exist? I read a fascinating ArXiV preprint last year called Consciousness as a ...
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1answer
284 views

How can we realize when a sociological question is impossible to answer?

In my language there is a famous common sense statement which tells the populations are swinging back and forth from one extreme to the other. The idea behind is that, at a sociological level, the ...
3
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1answer
51 views

Where can I find stimuli for steady-state visually-evoked potentials?

I am a student working on a project which deals with Steady State Visually-Evoked Potentials (SSVEP) Stimuator. Does anybody know where can I find stimuli (checkerboard or single graphic) as a video ...
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0answers
31 views

How to obtain well-written demographic items?

I've noticed over the years supervising student projects that it is actually surprisingly difficult to write good demographic items. Specifically, I'm thinking about questions related to gender, age, ...
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2answers
79 views

How to know whether a methodological technique is quantitative or qualitative?

How do you classify NASA TLX, ANOVA, Matched Pair T-Test, Self-Efficacy Scale, and System Usability Scale? Are these types of data analysis considered quantitative or qualitative? Please answer ...
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0answers
44 views

Before and After survey. How to achieve this online [closed]

I was recently given a project by my professor. I am to provide a Before and After survey regarding sickle cell anemia. One survey is to be provided before a video that talks about sickle cell anemia. ...
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2answers
2k views

What is the relation between measures, constructs and concepts?

It is uncontroversial to say that the cognitive sciences do not exclusively deal with directly observable phenomena, but nonetheless aim to study the physical causes of behavior and cognition ...
5
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1answer
98 views

How can items from a general self-esteem/efficacy measure be changed to measure context specific self-esteem/efficacy?

I am very interested in a survey employing a Likert type scale in my research. I have come across the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. I would like to use this scale to get a sense of how subjects feel ...
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4answers
697 views

How valid are reaction times collected from online studies?

Online studies promise the possibility of greatly increased numbers of and variability in populations to study, but there are many potential concerns and need for validation, and diving in head first ...
2
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1answer
123 views

What are the pros and cons of the hot sauce paradigm to measure aggression?

The hot sauce paradigm is a way to measure aggressive behavior in the lab. Participants are asked to give a portion of hot sauce to another person (who they know hates hot sauce) and who will have to ...
4
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1answer
58 views

How to measure precision in classical test theory framework?

What methods or approaches exist or might be developed to measure precision of measurement in a classical test theory framework? Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (American ...
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1answer
17 views

Is there a downside to using more than the typical 20/40 trials in an IAT?

Most resources mention using 20 'practice' trials categorizing both targets and attributes, followed by 40 'real' trials categorizing both targets and attributes. Note that this is after practicing ...
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2answers
66 views

Is there a database of disgusting images for stimuli for experimental study of disgust?

I'm looking for a set of images that evoke a disgust reaction. In particular, I'm looking for disgusting objects (e.g. feces, maggots). Is there a database of images like this? It would be especially ...
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1answer
109 views

What are the most used statistical methods in WM research besides (generalized) linear modeling?

I mean, by cognitive psychologists. I skimmed over a few articles from Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience and Trends in Cognitive Science and concluded that ANOVAs and t-tests are mostly used (without ...
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1answer
28 views

How to engage in the conceptualization process to measure a psychological construct such as femininity?

I am in class for Research Methods and I am having troubles with a conceptualizations process. The question is to describe the conceptualization process you would employ to measure femininity. How ...
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2answers
186 views

Colorado Boulder study about brain morphometric measures of Cannabis users methodologically weak?

I'm relating to this study: http://www.jneurosci.org/content/35/4/1505.short The researchers found no differences in subcortical brain structures for daily Cannabis users vs. controls. However the ...
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2answers
95 views

Calculating d-prime

I'm currently working on a research that has to use and calculate D Prime values for a task where subjects are presented an image at different speeds and they have to report if they saw the image or ...
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1answer
71 views

What's the difference between inductive and deductive research in cog sci?

I'm not really clear on what the implications are for inductive vs deductive research methodology and analysis. Any examples or input would be great!
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24 views

Accuracy of methods for detection of dementia in EEG

I found these methods mentioned in bioengineering and other papers: Fractal Dimension Measure, Probability Density Function of the Zero-crossing Intervals, Approximate Entropy But I think every of ...
3
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2answers
46 views

What speech synthesis software is suitable for research?

I'm looking for recommendations for speech synthesis software that can be used to generate audio stimuli. The audio stimuli that I'm trying to generate will be long sequences of isolated syllables. ...
3
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1answer
85 views

Dichotic listening tasks and crosstalk

In a dichotic listening task where participants listen to different (frequency-wise) musical tones through headphones, is cross talk to the contralateral cochlea of each ear through bone conduction a ...
3
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0answers
51 views

How effective are online providers of paid participants for psychological experiments?

I'm looking for places to recruit participants for online experiments, and in particular, for experiments using Inquisit Web. My lab used to recruit participants through M-Turk but that's no longer an ...
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1answer
28 views

Participant / Subject Pool Management Solutions

I am searching for a subject pool management system for human subject research. Almost all institutions appear to use Sona-systems. Do any alternatives exist?
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1answer
192 views

How is the signal-to-noise ratio of an event-related-potential measured?

I often encounter publications where the authors try to "increase the SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) of electroencephalogram (EEG) signals". Some define a numeric value of SNR of EEG signals, but I am ...
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1answer
114 views

Is there a report of a successfully EEG-Based Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) using image training?

Currently I am involved in constructing an EEG-Based BCI. The goal of the BCI is to control which light in a series of lightbulbs lights up. The plan is to use different images (i.e. a flower versus ...
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0answers
51 views

Detecting signs of dementia in EEG signal

I would like to know, how dementia can be recognized in the EEG signal of patients with dementia. What I have found so far: According to (Henderson et al., 2006) subjects with dementia are ...
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1answer
49 views

A subtle test for color-blindness

Is there a test method of proving a person being color-blind, without letting the test subject know, that he/she is being tested? E.g. showing the person cards with colored dots like depicted here is ...
3
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1answer
115 views

Do unequal step sizes in staircase procedure affect the convergence?

Consider a psychophysics procedure using a standard staircase method to adaptively find the threshold, using a 2AFC paradigm and a 1-up, 3-down method to determine the 75% threshold. Now suppose the ...
2
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2answers
48 views

How to study the effect of sustained exercise and sport on well-being?

I´d like to make a little case study about the impact of including regular weight training in life. I know one man who is going to start to excercise regularly and I have an opportunity to talk with ...
2
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2answers
82 views

How to test for malingering in criminals trying to deny capacity for criminal responsibility?

Psychiatrists and psychologists are often tasked with assessing a criminal defendant's competency to stand trial or his capacity for criminal responsibility. What objective tests are useful for ...
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2answers
194 views

Which statistical tests to use when analyzing NASA TLX?

The NASA Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) is a subjective, multidimensional assessment tool that rates perceived workload. A set of different scales (Mental Demand, Physical Demand, Temporal Demand, ...
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1answer
688 views

What tools are available for EEG analysis on the R platform?

I'm starting some EEG studies on attention, and would really like to use R for preprocessing (filtering/artifact rejection), visualization, and analysis, but I can find very little in the way of ...
2
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0answers
43 views

Can microdialysis be made in Drosophila melanogaster?

Microdialysis is a common method to study the effects of drugs on specific mamal brains zones (mostly in rats), in order to study the it's interaction with the function of those specific areas that ...
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2answers
102 views

Origin of group-level statistics in psychology and cognitive neuroscience

In experimental psychology and cognitive neuroscience today, with the exception of a few specific subdisciplines, the consensus seems to be that an experimental study has to be performed on a group of ...
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1answer
61 views

What is a good rough rule of thumb regarding required sample size for questionnaire studies?

I need to perform a questionnaire as part of my final project. What are the quick-and-dirty rules for knowing how many respondents I need to get meaningful results?
5
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0answers
115 views

What to do when you have a speed-accuracy trade-off in your data?

Many studies report that a speed-accuracy trade-off (SATO) did not occur in the data since there is a positive correlation between RTs and error rates. In other words, people took longer to respond ...
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200 views

Manipulating cognitive load in online experiments

I'm under the impression that standard cognitive load manipulations (e.g., remember a 7-digit number while completing some other task) wouldn't work for online subject pools like Mechanical Turk. Are ...
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4answers
66 views

Best way to capture effect of making people upset?

I am an undergrad, I am planning to do some research to see how much I enjoy it before I apply for grad programs. I am researching the effects of a certain characteristic of a presenter making people ...