For questions about the encoding, storage, and retrieval of information in the brain. This tag encompasses research all the way from the molecular level in model organisms to abstract mathematical representations, and includes applied learning paradigms and tasks.

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1answer
122 views

Memory - Remembering a Source

So I study information systems technology, networking, programming, system security as my main focuses on school with a lot of reading material and a ton of independent research. My major problem is ...
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0answers
130 views

Long term effects of using modafinil on cognition

What are the Long term effects of using stimulant like modafinil on cognition abilty?
4
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0answers
66 views

What's the most effective way to learn and revise foreign language vocabulary?

Google searches have suggested to me that some sore of spaced repetition should work best, keeping in mind Ebbinghaus's "Forgetting Curve". However, it is not clear to me exactly when I should ...
3
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0answers
71 views

Can long-term antidepressant use reduce memory and emotion?

Can long-term (~3-4 years) antidepressant use reduce memory and emotion?
5
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1answer
78 views

What kind of memory it is?

I was reading about various memory techniques : mnemonics, memory space, peg system, space repetition etc . They are used when I have to memorize something by myself for longer duration. There are ...
2
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2answers
569 views

Is it possible to permanently improve long-term memory?

Many similar questions here ask either about working or short-term memory, or about various tricks and techniques to efficiently remember information. My question is, is it possible to improve the ...
6
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0answers
101 views

Difference between Logan's Instance theory and Exemplar-Based Random Walk (EBRW) theory

I'm trying to find a clear explanation of the difference between Logan's instance theory (Logan, 2002) and the Exemplar-Based Random Walk theory (Nosofsky & Palmari, 1997). Am I mistaken that they ...
3
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1answer
75 views

Does dream recall alter the dreaming process?

I've encountered the following phenomenon : within a single night of starting a dream journal again, my dreams became more numerous, recall improved and I'm waking up after each sleep cycle except the ...
4
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0answers
74 views

The accuracy & malleability of memory for color

How accurate is colour memory for the standard person? It would seem most people are quite good at remembering the colour of objects by visualising the object. But in some cases peoples visualisation ...
2
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1answer
65 views

How would losing episodic memory affect a person's functioning?

Episodic memory is defined as the difference between remembering and knowing. Roughly speaking, the criteria for episodic memory is a memory which you remember from a first person vantage point, ...
2
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2answers
157 views

what is the data structure used by the brain to store data?

as a computer science undergraduate i was thinking if there are any special data structures used by brain to save data . i am specially interested in the data structure of hash tables . if some data ...
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4answers
4k views

Why is recognition easier than recall?

The main ways of memory retrieval are recognition and recall. Why has it been found that recognition is "easier" to perform, meaning it is usually faster or is more likely to yield an accurate ...
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0answers
298 views

Is memory biased towards positive or negative memories?

I am trying to understand the relationship between positive/negative memories and the congruence of memory to existing beliefs. These quotes are from Wikipedia, presented in alphabetical order: ...
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1answer
88 views

Is there a technical term for when the brain recalls an incorrect, but almost correct answer when trying to recall a word/name?

For example: If I was trying to recall the name Elaine but instead only the name Ellen could come to mind. It's as though I know 'where' the memory is, but since the memory is poor and so similar to ...
3
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0answers
32 views

What's the purpose of worry [if there is any] and how and why does it affect cognitive skills?

I've read some articles lately about worry and how there are basically two types of worry: one doesn't last long and makes you decide to do something ,solve a problem,act on it the other one last ...
4
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0answers
52 views

The role of Anticipation in acquisition, consolidation, retrieval of memory

I was wondering if there is any neurological/neuropsychological difference between the anticipation of an event to come, and the remembrance of that event. More specifically, is there any difference ...
4
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1answer
317 views

Does learning too much useless information weaken my memory?

From what I understand, since we receive a lot of information every day, our brains are tasked with remembering the few important bits and ignoring (or forgetting) everything else. I also know of ...
3
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1answer
838 views

How are these review-forgetting curve calculated?

I saw quite some illustration about how reviewing helps remembering. Like: SOURCE: http://www.mentormegate.com/wordpress/2014/06/10/mentor-me-gate-the-forgetting-curve/ I wonder how are these ...
1
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1answer
92 views

Brain after (electrical) blackout

I was wondering what happens if we lose all electrical impulses in our nervous system for a minimum amount of time. So first of all it is obvious that we will break together, as we are dead while we ...
3
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2answers
130 views

Is learning and memory formation mostly comprised of new synapses forming, or already-existent synapses strengthening?

I'm guessing it may be some combination of the two. If so, which is the more frequent situation? I'm also guessing it varies depending on the type of memory being formed. Let's take for instance, my ...
4
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1answer
49 views

Study of recollection of drawings based on labels

I remember stumbling across a very interesting study/experiment a few months ago. Now I want to try to find it again. Unfortunately I cannot for the life of me recall the name of the experiment nor ...
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4answers
8k views

Does writing something down help memorize it?

This is a question inspired by this recent question on the Chinese Language & Usage website. Someone asked why they needed to learn how to write Chinese characters, since today we mostly use ...
0
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3answers
373 views

Where is knowledge of how the brain works stored?

If we are our brains, and our brains know how they work, this means that this information is stored somewhere in the brain, like the inferior temporal cortex is the part of the brain that recognizes ...
2
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2answers
197 views

What is it called to think without language? Are there studies around it?

I think there are two types of thinking: With and without language. For my entire life, in my opinion I have always thought without language. Some ppl say its impossible and that we think with ...
8
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1answer
57 views

How actively does your brain physically prune connections?

Is pruning defined as neural apoptosis or are connections (neural synapses) simply separated? At what rate, if known, does this occur in individuals (ages 18+)?
4
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1answer
61 views

Reduction of the hippocampus due to childhood neglect/abuse

A Scientific American article, "Childhood Stress Decreases Size of Brain Regions", by Christie Nicholson briefly mentions the implications of childhood neglect and abuse on brain structures. I was ...
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1answer
37 views

Difference between real time and old information processing in the brain

Can we differentiate between the following two processes? Brain receives information via senses, such as eye, ear, nose, skin and tongue. That is, vision, hearing, smell, touch and taste. Brain ...
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2answers
648 views

Are mnemonics by creating associations good for memory?

I read a book which says that to remember the lists of arbitrary objects, we should take a well-known ordered list (so that you know what is on the first place, what is on the second) and associate ...
2
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2answers
121 views

What is the name of the condition where you feel like you have been somewhere before?

It happens many times when you visit a place you have never been before, you feel subconsciously you have been there already. And the events and people you are ...
12
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2answers
879 views

What form might Jungian archetypes take in the brain?

Modern psychology and psychiatry are very well grounded in scientific principles. Both, however, have a history in various analytical philosophies. Jung had the notion of an archetype, a universally ...
2
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2answers
100 views

A type of long-term memory where I can remember full dialogues

My female colleague cannot remember a discussion (dialogue) from a couple days ago or even yesterday, much less the full, exact sentences spoken. She jokes about having sclerosis. I can remember many ...
2
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3answers
151 views

Is there a method to count objects without a pattern?

Is there a method in mnemonics to quickly find out the number of objects in, for example, a heap of tooth picks. There is this scene in the movie Rain Man, where the autistic protagonist can tell the ...
15
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5answers
773 views

Why is storytelling an effective way to transmit information between people?

Parables, fables, myths, whatever you might call them, stories have always been part of human consciousness. Within recent decades, storytelling is recognized as a big component of advertising and ...
10
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2answers
2k views

Is remembering a list of words an example of semantic or episodic memory?

I'm having a hard time making a clear distinction between semantic and episodic memory. When presented with idealized examples, I find the breakdown clear; describing a trip to Paris is an example of ...
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1answer
132 views

Where do our memories get stored and how are they retrieved again? [closed]

In one of Karl Lashley's 1950 papers, it is pointed out that information is not stored locally in certain area of the brain. Instead, it's stored distributively over the structure of the brain. I'm ...
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2answers
266 views

Where do our memories get stored and how are they retrieved again?

There is a common knowledge that several brain areas are involved in memory processes and each area is involved in a different aspect of memory. But where do our memories get stored and how are they ...
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2answers
56 views

Which are the specifics of a memory that are lost first?

Background: In the last few days, I came across an experience that made me wonder how our brain manages "memory resources". As time progresses further from an experience I've had in my life, I ...
5
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1answer
275 views

Does writing something on computer help memorize it?

There is an interesting question on this site: Does writing something down help memorize it? Now my question is, does writing something on computer (i.e. using Word, Notepad, ...) help memorize it? ...
28
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4answers
2k views

Is multitasking a myth?

Often, the term 'multitasking' is applied to very busy and 'wired' people. There is an adage that women multitask better than men. My question is, do we actually multitask? If so, what are the ...
2
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1answer
2k views

What test could I use to measure the short-term memory capacity of a group of people?

I want to start a project about the best schedules for learning activities focused on college students. Since sleeping patterns are totally different in a young adult/teenager, and many of the classes ...
2
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0answers
99 views

Are partially forgotten memories still in your brain?

I have read articles such as... http://www.wired.com/2009/09/forgottenmemories/ and they say forgotten memories are still stored in your brain. What about partially remembered memories. For ...
3
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0answers
107 views

Does the self-reference effect extend to improved recall of 2nd-person text vs. 3rd-person text?

The self-reference effect has been widely researched in marketing for its ability to improve how favorably consumers remember a message, but less so for its ability to improve recall and learning of ...
4
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1answer
94 views

Effectiveness of spaced learning when the data have personal meaning

There is much study of spaced learning (expanded retrieval, spaced retrieval, spaced repetition system, gradual-interval recall, etc), and much of the discussion is about around the optimal ...
4
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1answer
139 views

What are the predominant cognitive effects that influence textual learning and recall?

I am a rulebook writer and editor, and I have been digging into the literature for cognitive effects and heuristics that affect one's ability to learn and remember complicated concepts from text. For ...
4
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1answer
51 views

Why past events reappear in dreams after a certain delay?

I know that Freud in his "Interpretation of dreams" provides a number of examples of events influencing dreams several days to several months after the event has occurred. For example, a person sees a ...
2
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3answers
108 views

Does stress impair your short term memory?

I have noticed frequently, when in a very stressful situation (particularly emotional stress), I will forget things very quickly. To give an example: Recently, I got in a heated argument with a ...
2
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0answers
62 views

Early Alzheimer's and cognitive remediation programs

Early symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) includes the loss of short term memory including prospective memory. On a physical level brain cells are being destroyed and that disrupts the neural ...
12
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2answers
894 views

What is the optimal repetition pattern to maximize long term memory?

Which is the appropriate repetition pattern to aid long term memory, in terms of time between study sessions? I have been reading about Ebbinghaus and doing some related research, but I can't find a ...
4
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0answers
66 views

What is the relationship between topographic maps and sensory memory?

Sensory maps are defined functionally: they exist for a certain time window, are overwritten quickly, are generally inaccessible to introspective control. Topographic maps are defined biologically: ...
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0answers
108 views

How long could Henry Molaison keep his memory of the present?

I'm talking about Henry Molaison (HM), the famous memory research patient. I hear that he could converse normally with a researcher until he "got distracted", at which point he no longer remembered ...