For questions about the encoding, storage, and retrieval of information in the brain. This tag encompasses research all the way from the molecular level in model organisms to abstract mathematical representations, and includes applied learning paradigms and tasks.

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4
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1answer
46 views

In ACT-R difference between declarative and working memory

I'm currently studying PRIMs within the context of ACT-R by reading these two papers. In the papers, there are references to both declarative and working memory modules of ACT-R. What is the ...
2
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0answers
36 views

Is speed up of arithmetic calculations as a result of memorisation?

In elementary school, it is typical for a student to learn "times tables" to increase their speed of mental multiplication. What is the mechanism for the increased speed of calculation resulting from ...
3
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1answer
53 views

Can memory access be detected via fMRI?

Can the use of memory, in it's various forms (working memory, procedural, semantic), be detected and distinguished from one another via fMRI?
4
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1answer
3k views

Why do humans' eyes enter an unfocused gaze when recalling a memory or imagining something?

The question is self-explanatory (I hope). Is this trait unique to humans? Does the direction of the unfocused gaze indicate anything about which physical part of the brain is being utilized? Is ...
4
votes
1answer
131 views

Can dreams be memorised?

Would it be possible to activate the human memory and "access" it by means of encouraging certain hormones, to assist a sleeping body to memorize dreams and later (meaning minutes, days, months or ...
2
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0answers
24 views

For comprehension and critical thinking examinations, is recognition sufficient, or is recall more imperative for success?

Recognition is the ability to retrieve information given a set of stimulus, be it a cue, a hint, a reference to a term then asking one to elaborate. Recall is the ability to produce content without ...
3
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1answer
41 views

What brain areas are involved in memorizing sections of a song?

Typically when I listen to a song, the song will have different sections (e.g. chorus, verses, etc). As a composer, I have found that many songs use this structure to create a sense of repetition and ...
6
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1answer
328 views

Does working memory have a role in creativity?

What role does working memory play in creativity? Creativity in this context being easily measurable creativity, so performance on things like the uses task etc. Divergent thinking is the ability to ...
18
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3answers
344 views

Why do dreams lose clarity quickly over time after we awaken?

Right after you wake up from a dream, you seem to be able to remember most if not all of the details. Then, over time, these details fade and often disappear. Is this a form of regression? Why is ...
2
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1answer
711 views

Is it better to study multiple subjects simultaneously or focus on one subject intensely at a time?

Since I will soon have a bit of free time, I thought I'd use it to enhance my knowledge pool. I chose four subjects that always interested me (but that are not related) and thought I'd dive in a bit ...
14
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3answers
686 views

Why do we always wake up at the climax of our dreams, even when it is an alarm that wakes us?

I know that it probably has something to do with the fact that our dreams didn't really end at the same time our alarm clock rang, our brains just make us think so for some reason.
21
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3answers
6k views

How to reliably measure working memory capacity?

The capacity of human working memory is subject to individual differences. The number of items or chunks a person can retain in their memory may, have profound effects on a variety of other cognitive ...
6
votes
1answer
106 views

How common is the form of amnesia depicted in fictional works?

There are any number of movies and television shows based on some variation of the same premise: A character suffers some sort of mishap (the most frequent mishap being a bump on the head), which ...
3
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1answer
40 views

Is there any treatment for cognitive difficulties of patients with Parkinson's disease?

I've read some articles and science papers about Parkinson's disease and found out that many patients often have cognitive difficulties, if not all of them. For memory difficulty, medications to treat ...
8
votes
1answer
101 views

What brain regions are activated when a dream is remembered?

Some people remember dreams, others don't. The same person can wake up with dream recall one day and without on other days. I know that the association between REM sleep and dreaming was initially ...
1
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0answers
43 views

What is this forward-looking Déjà Vu-like phenomenon? [closed]

In the past I've always thought deja vu was a feeling of having done something before because you actually had done something quite like it before and the current environment is bringing that to mind ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Parasite that takes over cognitive functions [closed]

I am testing an idea for a book. The backbone of the story is that there exists a parasite that can enter the brain of a creature and take over its cognitive functions. I imagine that it could wire ...
0
votes
1answer
200 views

Why do I forget important things and remember things that I don't care about? [closed]

Why do I forget things that I want to remember? And when I forget them, I seem to remember small details that aren't so important. I might forget what the main topic of a YouTube video is, but I can ...
2
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0answers
45 views

Which format of secret would be the most efficient for human memory?

In information security a shared secret is often used to authenticate users. (so-called sth-you-know authentication factor; examples include passwords, passphrases, numeric pin-s, graphical passwords (...
-5
votes
1answer
72 views

How is the type of memory that is passed through generations called?

It has a name. I thought it was called 'collective' memory. .. But I cant find any articles or information about it.. So I guess it has a different name. There were a few cases where children were ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Can a person remember so much details as the guy in the Camus' Stranger?

In the book, while in prison, he lives his days by his memories, thinking of his room, his furniture, the beach, each time recalling more details, imagining walking past it and this recalling took a ...
1
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1answer
45 views

Can memorising a new thing erase existing memories?

Homer: But every time I learn something new, it pushes out something old. Remember that time I took a home wine-making course and forgot how to drive? Marge: That's because you were drunk. Yeah,...
4
votes
1answer
84 views

What physical process governs which details are retained in memory?

With long term memory, there is loss of information. For example, we don't seem to retain all the details of every image we see. What is the physical process those details undergo which cause them to ...
3
votes
1answer
26 views

Role of declarative memory in learning skill

In Neil Taatgen's paper on primitive information processing elements (PRIMs) he notes that as a result of saving the used PRIMs in declarative memory (which is fast) as opposed to procedural memory (...
4
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0answers
104 views

What effects does multitasking have on comprehension and memory of audiobooks/speech?

I've heard around that our comprehension of audiobooks versus read books is roughly on the same level (the processes aren't really all that different, usually when we read we vocalize the words in our ...
29
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4answers
2k views

Is The magical number 7 still valid?

George A. Miller published "The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information" in 1956 and is one of the most highly cited papers in psychology. It ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

How does recognizing an answer differ from creating an answer to a question?

What are the scientific terms to use when researching the difference between the brain abilities demonstrated in recognizing an answer (e.g. multiple choice) versus creating an answer (e.g. fill in ...
7
votes
2answers
125 views

Is modality-specific working memory capacity correlated within individuals?

The multi-component model of working memory posits different processes for phonological and visual working memory storage. Working memory capacity can be measured in a variety of ways (see: How to ...
7
votes
1answer
47 views

Classical conditioning paradigm for hippocampal learning

I wanted to know what a suitable classical conditioning experiment would be to analyze learning and memory capabilities in rodent models with respect to hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP). For ...
1
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1answer
77 views

Practical ways to increase Mental alertness? [closed]

Are there any scientifically proven exercises which can improve mental alertness and awareness naturally? please share!
7
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2answers
126 views

Is it possible to erase problematic memories?

This question is inspired by a question I answered on Health. Can we erase problematic memories to aid recovery from depression? A depressed person asked how to erase specific unpleasant ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

How does the group that is not stressed and not reactivated act as a control for time in Schwabe & Wolf 2010?

Schwabe and Wolf (2010) Rodent studies suggest that memory reconsolidating is impaired by stress. Here we examined in healthy humans the effect of stress on the reconsolidation of ...
7
votes
1answer
233 views

Is there a way to avoid false memories?

I saw a video on how interrogators used manipulation on the victim/criminal which lead to innocent people being arrested and one way of doing that was using false memories in which the person was ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

Is there any research showing success of teaching with smell?

Cognitive science holds that smell is the sense that has the strongest ability to trigger memories. It is discussed in awe. We see anecdotes such as the sudden striking memory of sitting in your ...
11
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1answer
237 views

Is it actually helpful to write todo lists?

I've watched these two videos recently How to Get things done which contains some tips from David Allen's book, "Getting Things Done", and the other video How to hack your todo list which also ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

What is the phenomenon that one can recognize a movie after seeing a scene for a fraction of second called?

I have experiences that while I was walking around the street, I saw a scene on a TV for a fraction of second, and I instantly recognized the correspondent movie. This is very interesting since at the ...
7
votes
1answer
87 views

Do distractors create false learning in multiple choice questions?

I use quizzes in teaching, but have started to worry that they do more harm than good. Here's why: We have all learned from "the testing effect" that the act of taking a test is part of the practice ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Do different methods of testing memory for character sequences result in different brain activation?

Assume a certain sequence of N characters, displayed on a screen one by one, that should be memorized. The speed of the display is such that it doesn't produce much extra stress. You may assume that ...
4
votes
1answer
140 views

How to measure verbal and visual working memory?

I need a task which can measure verbal also visual working memory. I am not going to run the test, this is just for theoretical interest. Which tests can be used in this research?
6
votes
2answers
104 views

Do hints improve memorization when using spaced repetition?

For example, I'm learning geography using the spaced repetition method. I have some program which asks me questions like, "In which country Melbourne is located?", and I have to recall the country (...
6
votes
1answer
119 views

What are the neural substrates of retrieval induced forgetting?

Retrieval-induced effects It is well known that practicing retrieval of remembered items increases the probability of correctly recalling that item in future tests: the testing effect. Retrieval-...
8
votes
1answer
281 views

Evidence of 'virtually limitless' long-term memory

In his paper, 'What do People believe about Memory?', Professor Svein Magnussen of University of Oslo claims: ... memory science is not aware of any limitation on the amount of information the ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Is it possible to bridge implicit and explicit memory?

It is self evident, from the various studies of Skinner and Pavlov, that a traumatic - or one of a similar nature - experience possesses the tendency to reside within certain schemas through the ...
3
votes
0answers
91 views

Spreading Activation Theory

Two questions, (im trying to get my head around this area of study, my assignment is on neurophysiological differences of t/f memory not theories, but reading up on the topic has had me thinking and I ...
9
votes
4answers
969 views

What are the mathematical models of memory?

Are there mathematical models of memory in humans or animals? I want to know how neuroscientists use mathematics to describe memory in living creatures. How do neuroscientists model memory and show ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

Does short-term memory decrease after working memory, or does it decrease before working memory?

I see contradicting claims. This book shows working memory peaking in 20s, short term memory peaking out later (not doing badly until one's 40s), but this paper shows STM peaking out earlier than ...
4
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0answers
76 views

Measuring short-term, long-term and sensory memory in adolescents?

I would like to measure the short-term memory, long-term memory and sensory memory of children between 10 and 15. If possible, I would prefer a single test or battery. What tests are used to measure ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Short term memory and an effective learning strategy [duplicate]

What is the most efficient method learning multiple academic topics in parallel with each other. I propose, for a small number of different things (say 4), the best method is to cycle the topics, over ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

If sleeping is related to 'saving information' you've experience, is forgetting related to more energy?

So I was watching this youtube video (Only check 1:05 - 1:25) where it suggested we sleep because the brain needs rest to save/process all information we perceived throughout the day. I directly made ...
5
votes
1answer
71 views

How to describe research on the effect of expectations on memory?

I wanted to test a persons expectation Vs. memory. To put it simply, I want to see whether or not a person will remember more information when told they have a larger/smaller amount of information to ...