For questions about the encoding, storage, and retrieval of information in the brain. This tag encompasses research all the way from the molecular level in model organisms to abstract mathematical representations, and includes applied learning paradigms and tasks.

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1answer
31 views

Way to influence readers subconscious to memorize technical data?

I'm writing a technical book. Is there any studies/books on how can I influence the readers subconscious to help them memorize the technical data easier? Preferably ways that do not involve images, ...
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0answers
18 views

Is there a psychological concept about erratic (long term) memorisation?

I'm asking as much to improve my study skills as out of curiosity. Is there any research into when memorisation fails? Specifically, why the same person can sometimes routinely fail to remember ...
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0answers
22 views

Reciting Reverse Order Alphabet vs Reverse Order Counting

Observation A: It's easy to recite the alphabet. It's hard to recite the alphabet backwards. Observation B: It's easy to recite the number 1 to 26. It's easy to recite the number 1 to 26 backwards. ...
3
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1answer
78 views

Can suggestion change memories?

I came up to this question because of my personal experience. I think it may help you understand my question better, so I will describe it briefly. Piece of metal When I was a kid, I (accidentally) ...
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1answer
3k views

What is a “delayed match-to-sample task”?

This question talked about how a "delayed match-to-sample task" can be used to measure an animal's working memory. What is a delayed match-to-sample task and how can it be used to measure working ...
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4answers
287 views

How do memories come up for no apparent reason? Is this evidence that we remember everything?

As I was driving, all of a sudden the name "Holden Caufield" came to my mind. It sounded really familiar. I googled the name and it was the main character in The Catcher in the Rye. The last time I ...
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0answers
19 views

Cognitive Models of learning Working Memory usage

Recently in deep learning, there's been a surge in learning how to use memories as part of the optimisation process (i.e. LSTM's and Stacks). However, these aren't really analogous to how a cognitive ...
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1answer
55 views

Re-arrangement of brain's functions

In a neuroscience class, I was told that if some part of brain gets damaged somehow and its early enough, the functionalities of that part of brain are rearranged to another part of the brain. This ...
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1answer
1k views

What is the scientific term for unexpected, spontaneous dream recall?

I'm interested if there's a term for spontaneous dream recall. I will try to define the phenomenon I'm talking about. Over 10 years ago, I started to notice that I can spontaneously recall dreams, ...
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0answers
11 views

Are there any case studies of people who develop PTSD from an imagined occurence?

I know of a person who imagined he saw a road accident where his friend died. These images were so powerful that he believed them completely for nearly 40 years. He has been diagnosed with PTSD ...
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2answers
407 views

PTSD based on false memories

Memory is not just static snapshots or video on a harddrive, but an active process. As such, it is possible to construct false memories (Brainerd & Reyna, 2005). Some of these false memories can ...
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2answers
52 views

How does the order of words influence our ability to remember a question once it's asked again?

I'm about to send out surveys that I need for a project and these will be sent out every season - winter, spring, summer, fall - each supposedly having the same questions. It's quite likely some ...
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1answer
52 views

Which intervention improves the ability to remember names the most?

Is there research about psychological interventions to help the average person remember names? If so, which intervention or interventions have the best evidence base to support them? Are there good ...
4
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1answer
83 views

Do dreams repeat/continue? Or is it just a perception that a dream repeated?

During lucid dreaming, we sometimes feel that it is a repetition of (or in someway related to) a previous dream, but when we wake up, we can't recollect the first instance of such a dream. Why is this ...
2
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1answer
30 views

Able to type promptly, but doubt validity when spelling it out?

I was unable to frame a search query for my question, hence decided to post it out here. I am normally able to type passwords, numbers and other tiny bits of text very fast. However if I have to ...
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1answer
69 views

How is information stored in the brain

I believe information in computer is physically stored as a lattice of "boxes". Each box is either magnetized or de-magnetized. The computer reads this to retrieve and consolidate useful information. ...
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0answers
19 views

The amount of information in a human brain

I have little background in the life sciences. I was told by a more informed person that the human brain can store an infinite amount of information. Doesn't this violate the laws of physics. If the ...
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0answers
10 views

Best ways to remember dreams [duplicate]

What are the best techniques to recall dreams? I am especially interested in scientific research that would prove their effectiveness
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3answers
232 views

How to better remember your dreams?

Often times, I wake up with an amazing, yet fleeting glimpse of a dream I had. I would like to recollect those events I had in my dream, and try to adopt ways to better remember those dreams. There ...
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2answers
106 views

Best ways to improve memory

I've once watched a movie in which CIA agent went into a room just for a few seconds and on the next day he could recall every detail of that room, including what was on the monitors. And I am ...
4
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1answer
101 views

Are all conscious experiences stored as memories?

There are people with supermemories, called highly superior autobiographical memory (HSAM), i.e., the detailed recollection of events that occurred in the distant past. Although the recollection of, ...
4
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1answer
31 views

In ACT-R difference between declarative and working memory

I'm currently studying PRIMs within the context of ACT-R by reading these two papers. In the papers, there are references to both declarative and working memory modules of ACT-R. What is the ...
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0answers
35 views

Is speed up of arithmetic calculations as a result of memorisation?

In elementary school, it is typical for a student to learn "times tables" to increase their speed of mental multiplication. What is the mechanism for the increased speed of calculation resulting from ...
3
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1answer
51 views

Can memory access be detected via fMRI?

Can the use of memory, in it's various forms (working memory, procedural, semantic), be detected and distinguished from one another via fMRI?
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1answer
3k views

Why do humans' eyes enter an unfocused gaze when recalling a memory or imagining something?

The question is self-explanatory (I hope). Is this trait unique to humans? Does the direction of the unfocused gaze indicate anything about which physical part of the brain is being utilized? Is ...
8
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1answer
366 views

Intentionally making ourselves remember things that never happened

I've been reading an interesting book which makes mostly founded claims. However, there is no reference to any studies in regards to one of the following claims: according to the author, visualizing ...
3
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1answer
129 views

Can dreams be memorised?

Would it be possible to activate the human memory and "access" it by means of encouraging certain hormones, to assist a sleeping body to memorize dreams and later (meaning minutes, days, months or ...
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0answers
19 views

For comprehension and critical thinking examinations, is recognition sufficient, or is recall more imperative for success?

Recognition is the ability to retrieve information given a set of stimulus, be it a cue, a hint, a reference to a term then asking one to elaborate. Recall is the ability to produce content without ...
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1answer
39 views

What brain areas are involved in memorizing sections of a song?

Typically when I listen to a song, the song will have different sections (e.g. chorus, verses, etc). As a composer, I have found that many songs use this structure to create a sense of repetition and ...
6
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1answer
251 views

Does working memory have a role in creativity?

What role does working memory play in creativity? Creativity in this context being easily measurable creativity, so performance on things like the uses task etc. Divergent thinking is the ability to ...
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3answers
293 views

Why do dreams lose clarity quickly over time after we awaken?

Right after you wake up from a dream, you seem to be able to remember most if not all of the details. Then, over time, these details fade and often disappear. Is this a form of regression? Why is ...
2
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1answer
297 views

Is it better to study multiple subjects simultaneously or focus on one subject intensely at a time?

Since I will soon have a bit of free time, I thought I'd use it to enhance my knowledge pool. I chose four subjects that always interested me (but that are not related) and thought I'd dive in a bit ...
14
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3answers
338 views

Why do we always wake up at the climax of our dreams, even when it is an alarm that wakes us?

I know that it probably has something to do with the fact that our dreams didn't really end at the same time our alarm clock rang, our brains just make us think so for some reason.
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3answers
5k views

How to reliably measure working memory capacity?

The capacity of human working memory is subject to individual differences. The number of items or chunks a person can retain in their memory may, have profound effects on a variety of other cognitive ...
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1answer
73 views

How common is the form of amnesia depicted in fictional works?

There are any number of movies and television shows based on some variation of the same premise: A character suffers some sort of mishap (the most frequent mishap being a bump on the head), which ...
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1answer
39 views

Is there any treatment for cognitive difficulties of patients with Parkinson's disease?

I've read some articles and science papers about Parkinson's disease and found out that many patients often have cognitive difficulties, if not all of them. For memory difficulty, medications to treat ...
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1answer
97 views

What brain regions are activated when a dream is remembered?

Some people remember dreams, others don't. The same person can wake up with dream recall one day and without on other days. I know that the association between REM sleep and dreaming was initially ...
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0answers
96 views

Human memory - remembering sequences of letters vs numbers

There are 10 digits and 26 letters. In computer science you'd need 4 bits to store a digit value and 5 bits do store a letter value. Does the same apply to human brain? Is a statistical person able ...
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0answers
40 views

What is this forward-looking Déjà Vu-like phenomenon? [closed]

In the past I've always thought deja vu was a feeling of having done something before because you actually had done something quite like it before and the current environment is bringing that to mind ...
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1answer
44 views

Parasite that takes over cognitive functions [closed]

I am testing an idea for a book. The backbone of the story is that there exists a parasite that can enter the brain of a creature and take over its cognitive functions. I imagine that it could wire ...
0
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1answer
147 views

Why do I forget important things and remember things that I don't care about? [closed]

Why do I forget things that I want to remember? And when I forget them, I seem to remember small details that aren't so important. I might forget what the main topic of a YouTube video is, but I can ...
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0answers
42 views

Which format of secret would be the most efficient for human memory?

In information security a shared secret is often used to authenticate users. (so-called sth-you-know authentication factor; examples include passwords, passphrases, numeric pin-s, graphical passwords ...
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1answer
63 views

How is the type of memory that is passed through generations called?

It has a name. I thought it was called 'collective' memory. .. But I cant find any articles or information about it.. So I guess it has a different name. There were a few cases where children were ...
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1answer
79 views

Can a person remember so much details as the guy in the Camus' Stranger?

In the book, while in prison, he lives his days by his memories, thinking of his room, his furniture, the beach, each time recalling more details, imagining walking past it and this recalling took a ...
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1answer
43 views

Can memorising a new thing erase existing memories?

Homer: But every time I learn something new, it pushes out something old. Remember that time I took a home wine-making course and forgot how to drive? Marge: That's because you were drunk. ...
4
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1answer
80 views

What physical process governs which details are retained in memory?

With long term memory, there is loss of information. For example, we don't seem to retain all the details of every image we see. What is the physical process those details undergo which cause them to ...
3
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1answer
24 views

Role of declarative memory in learning skill

In Neil Taatgen's paper on primitive information processing elements (PRIMs) he notes that as a result of saving the used PRIMs in declarative memory (which is fast) as opposed to procedural memory ...
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0answers
74 views

What effects does multitasking have on comprehension and memory of audiobooks/speech?

I've heard around that our comprehension of audiobooks versus read books is roughly on the same level (the processes aren't really all that different, usually when we read we vocalize the words in our ...
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4answers
2k views

Is The magical number 7 still valid?

George A. Miller published "The Magical Number Seven, Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information" in 1956 and is one of the most highly cited papers in psychology. It ...
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1answer
45 views

How does recognizing an answer differ from creating an answer to a question?

What are the scientific terms to use when researching the difference between the brain abilities demonstrated in recognizing an answer (e.g. multiple choice) versus creating an answer (e.g. fill in ...