For questions about the encoding, storage, and retrieval of information in the brain. This tag encompasses research all the way from the molecular level in model organisms to abstract mathematical representations, and includes applied learning paradigms and tasks.

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2
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0answers
7 views

Ebbinghaus like model for retention of details from experience

I've come across the Ebbinghaus Curve (forgetting curve) showing the retention of learned knowledge over time, but I wondered if there was the same kind of model for the retention of details from ...
3
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0answers
58 views

Why are there ads inside trams which ask me to use the tram?

When I sit in my local tram/bus/any public transport, I notice ads which ask me to use the transport system which I do currently use. Seriously, I'm already using it at that time. Why placing ads for ...
0
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0answers
21 views

What combats Retroactive Interference?

All I've found is one sentence somewhere that said something like "more rehearsal." I've also read that the method of loci makes for "minimal interference," but no elaboration on why exactly nor how ...
2
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0answers
21 views

Do dreams improve upon memory and understanding by making the sensory experience MORE LIKE thought? [closed]

It is certainly a great fact/truth that the ability of thought to describe or reconfigure sensory experience is ultimately dependent upon the extent to which thought is similar to sensory experience. ...
2
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0answers
26 views

Deja vu and some specifics

Deja vu is the feeling of having been where you are presently at some point in the past (usually pointed to dreams because you often cant remember dreams). What would you call that distant memory you ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Could someone watch a movie so many times that they can replicate scenes in accordance with the sountrack?

Let's say someone gets extremely infatuated with Ice Age and decides to watch it over and over and over again, until the scenes are burned into their memory and they can sit back and listen to the ...
0
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0answers
12 views

Accuracy of memory traces in humans

When given a task that requires the recollection of an event and the person forgets the event, does the brain give them a trace of how long ago that event was which they forgot to recollect, as well ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Is something not worth remembering?

Does it affect brain negatively if I remember unimportant things? In other words: Is the capacity of the brain (or just too much chaotic data densed together) sometimes a significant factor for an ...
2
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0answers
20 views

What is the role of non-synaptic plasticity in learning and memory?

Is non-synaptic plasticity (e.g. changes in the spike threshold) believed to play a large role in learning and memory? If so, which roles are these effects believed to play?
1
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1answer
41 views

Can somebody provide a standard test to measure ones working memory & short term memory [closed]

I suffer from memory problem but find it difficult to undrstand whether it is more belief based or real, need a standard test to confirm.
1
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1answer
38 views

What is the best strategy to learn a technical material (IT)? (the exam will be multiple choice questions) [closed]

I need to learn for an IT exam. The topics cover a large number of related subjects covering around 10 books. Since I will never need to recall the entire material at once does it make sense to use ...
1
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0answers
24 views

Is there a psychological concept about erratic (long term) memorisation?

I'm asking as much to improve my study skills as out of curiosity. Is there any research into when memorisation fails? Specifically, why the same person can sometimes routinely fail to remember ...
0
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0answers
34 views

Reciting Reverse Order Alphabet vs Reverse Order Counting

Observation A: It's easy to recite the alphabet. It's hard to recite the alphabet backwards. Observation B: It's easy to recite the number 1 to 26. It's easy to recite the number 1 to 26 backwards. ...
5
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1answer
109 views

Can suggestion change memories?

I came up with this question because of my personal experience. I think it may help you understand my question better, so I will describe it briefly. Piece of metal When I was a kid, I ...
1
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2answers
69 views

Cognitive Models of learning Working Memory usage

Recently in deep learning, there's been a surge in learning how to use memories as part of the optimisation process (i.e. LSTM's and Stacks). However, these aren't really analogous to how a cognitive ...
0
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0answers
14 views

Are there any case studies of people who develop PTSD from an imagined occurence?

I know of a person who imagined he saw a road accident where his friend died. These images were so powerful that he believed them completely for nearly 40 years. He has been diagnosed with PTSD ...
1
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1answer
69 views

Way to influence readers subconscious to memorize technical data?

I'm writing a technical book. Is there any studies/books on how can I influence the readers subconscious to help them memorize the technical data easier? Preferably ways that do not involve images, ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Re-arrangement of brain's functions

In a neuroscience class, I was told that if some part of brain gets damaged somehow and its early enough, the functionalities of that part of brain are rearranged to another part of the brain. This ...
3
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2answers
62 views

How does the order of words influence our ability to remember a question once it's asked again?

I'm about to send out surveys that I need for a project and these will be sent out every season - winter, spring, summer, fall - each supposedly having the same questions. It's quite likely some ...
4
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1answer
92 views

Do dreams repeat/continue? Or is it just a perception that a dream repeated?

During lucid dreaming, we sometimes feel that it is a repetition of (or in someway related to) a previous dream, but when we wake up, we can't recollect the first instance of such a dream. Why is this ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Able to type promptly, but doubt validity when spelling it out?

I was unable to frame a search query for my question, hence decided to post it out here. I am normally able to type passwords, numbers and other tiny bits of text very fast. However if I have to ...
1
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1answer
81 views

How is information stored in the brain

I believe information in computer is physically stored as a lattice of "boxes". Each box is either magnetized or de-magnetized. The computer reads this to retrieve and consolidate useful information. ...
1
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0answers
20 views

The amount of information in a human brain

I have little background in the life sciences. I was told by a more informed person that the human brain can store an infinite amount of information. Doesn't this violate the laws of physics. If the ...
1
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0answers
13 views

Best ways to remember dreams [duplicate]

What are the best techniques to recall dreams? I am especially interested in scientific research that would prove their effectiveness
4
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2answers
116 views

Best ways to improve memory

I've once watched a movie in which CIA agent went into a room just for a few seconds and on the next day he could recall every detail of that room, including what was on the monitors. And I am ...
4
votes
1answer
42 views

In ACT-R difference between declarative and working memory

I'm currently studying PRIMs within the context of ACT-R by reading these two papers. In the papers, there are references to both declarative and working memory modules of ACT-R. What is the ...
2
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0answers
35 views

Is speed up of arithmetic calculations as a result of memorisation?

In elementary school, it is typical for a student to learn "times tables" to increase their speed of mental multiplication. What is the mechanism for the increased speed of calculation resulting from ...
3
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1answer
53 views

Can memory access be detected via fMRI?

Can the use of memory, in it's various forms (working memory, procedural, semantic), be detected and distinguished from one another via fMRI?
2
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0answers
20 views

For comprehension and critical thinking examinations, is recognition sufficient, or is recall more imperative for success?

Recognition is the ability to retrieve information given a set of stimulus, be it a cue, a hint, a reference to a term then asking one to elaborate. Recall is the ability to produce content without ...
3
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1answer
40 views

What brain areas are involved in memorizing sections of a song?

Typically when I listen to a song, the song will have different sections (e.g. chorus, verses, etc). As a composer, I have found that many songs use this structure to create a sense of repetition and ...
14
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3answers
548 views

Why do we always wake up at the climax of our dreams, even when it is an alarm that wakes us?

I know that it probably has something to do with the fact that our dreams didn't really end at the same time our alarm clock rang, our brains just make us think so for some reason.
4
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1answer
113 views

Are all conscious experiences stored as memories?

There are people with supermemories, called highly superior autobiographical memory (HSAM), i.e., the detailed recollection of events that occurred in the distant past. Although the recollection of, ...
2
votes
1answer
569 views

Is it better to study multiple subjects simultaneously or focus on one subject intensely at a time?

Since I will soon have a bit of free time, I thought I'd use it to enhance my knowledge pool. I chose four subjects that always interested me (but that are not related) and thought I'd dive in a bit ...
4
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0answers
167 views

Human memory - remembering sequences of letters vs numbers

There are 10 digits and 26 letters. In computer science you'd need 4 bits to store a digit value and 5 bits do store a letter value. Does the same apply to human brain? Is a statistical person able ...
1
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0answers
43 views

What is this forward-looking Déjà Vu-like phenomenon? [closed]

In the past I've always thought deja vu was a feeling of having done something before because you actually had done something quite like it before and the current environment is bringing that to mind ...
6
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1answer
92 views

How common is the form of amnesia depicted in fictional works?

There are any number of movies and television shows based on some variation of the same premise: A character suffers some sort of mishap (the most frequent mishap being a bump on the head), which ...
0
votes
1answer
190 views

Why do I forget important things and remember things that I don't care about? [closed]

Why do I forget things that I want to remember? And when I forget them, I seem to remember small details that aren't so important. I might forget what the main topic of a YouTube video is, but I can ...
9
votes
1answer
607 views

Intentionally making ourselves remember things that never happened

I've been reading an interesting book which makes mostly founded claims. However, there is no reference to any studies in regards to one of the following claims: according to the author, visualizing ...
1
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1answer
47 views

Parasite that takes over cognitive functions [closed]

I am testing an idea for a book. The backbone of the story is that there exists a parasite that can enter the brain of a creature and take over its cognitive functions. I imagine that it could wire ...
2
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0answers
44 views

Which format of secret would be the most efficient for human memory?

In information security a shared secret is often used to authenticate users. (so-called sth-you-know authentication factor; examples include passwords, passphrases, numeric pin-s, graphical passwords ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Can memorising a new thing erase existing memories?

Homer: But every time I learn something new, it pushes out something old. Remember that time I took a home wine-making course and forgot how to drive? Marge: That's because you were drunk. ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

Which intervention improves the ability to remember names the most?

Is there research about psychological interventions to help the average person remember names? If so, which intervention or interventions have the best evidence base to support them? Are there good ...
4
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0answers
95 views

What effects does multitasking have on comprehension and memory of audiobooks/speech?

I've heard around that our comprehension of audiobooks versus read books is roughly on the same level (the processes aren't really all that different, usually when we read we vocalize the words in our ...
3
votes
1answer
24 views

Role of declarative memory in learning skill

In Neil Taatgen's paper on primitive information processing elements (PRIMs) he notes that as a result of saving the used PRIMs in declarative memory (which is fast) as opposed to procedural memory ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

How does recognizing an answer differ from creating an answer to a question?

What are the scientific terms to use when researching the difference between the brain abilities demonstrated in recognizing an answer (e.g. multiple choice) versus creating an answer (e.g. fill in ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

What physical process governs which details are retained in memory?

With long term memory, there is loss of information. For example, we don't seem to retain all the details of every image we see. What is the physical process those details undergo which cause them to ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Can a person remember so much details as the guy in the Camus' Stranger?

In the book, while in prison, he lives his days by his memories, thinking of his room, his furniture, the beach, each time recalling more details, imagining walking past it and this recalling took a ...
7
votes
2answers
122 views

Is modality-specific working memory capacity correlated within individuals?

The multi-component model of working memory posits different processes for phonological and visual working memory storage. Working memory capacity can be measured in a variety of ways (see: How to ...
1
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1answer
73 views

Practical ways to increase Mental alertness? [closed]

Are there any scientifically proven exercises which can improve mental alertness and awareness naturally? please share!
7
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1answer
47 views

Classical conditioning paradigm for hippocampal learning

I wanted to know what a suitable classical conditioning experiment would be to analyze learning and memory capabilities in rodent models with respect to hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP). For ...