For questions about techniques for measuring psychological and neural properties. Includes the measurement of knowledge, abilities, attitudes, and personality traits, as well as neural structure, organization, activity, and complexity.

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188 views

Status of introspection in psychological research today

Historically, psychological understanding was largely gained by introspection: the philosopher observed the workings of his own mind and deduced the principles of the human psyche from that. During ...
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2answers
410 views

How is age related change in IQ measured if tests use age specific norms?

In a comment to this question about age related IQ decline in professors and scientists, the following comment was left: I noticed that lot of IQ tests (RPM or California) have different norms ...
3
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1answer
131 views

Information sampling task

There is a lot of research done on impulsivity trait... Here is detailed wikipedia article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Impulsivity In adition to that here is one interestiing video of biological ...
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1answer
68 views

What paper discussed the cognitive properties of Likert/visual analogue scales in ratings?

I seem to recall a recent paper investigating whether ratings created using Likert or Visual Analogue Scales formats had the cognitive properties of interval or ratio data (since they are generally ...
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2answers
637 views

When is it defendable to use manifest instead of latent variables in psychological research?

In psychology, most of the concepts, theories, ideas etc. of interest refer to latent variables, where a latent variable is one that can't be observed directly. Instead, one has to find a manifest ...
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2answers
463 views

Skin conductance responses to emotional stimuli

The skin conductance response (SCR) is said that cannot be reduced to one specific stimulus (Boucsein, 2012). Does this mean that if the participant is presented with stimuli of different emotional ...
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2answers
338 views

Oddball experiment design in E-prime

I want to set up an experiment in which there are 3 types of emotional stimuli (A, B, C). A and C would have a 1% recurrence probability, for rare and unexpected stimuli. Is there any sample of ...
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0answers
90 views

Is dominance a hypothetical construct or is it based in neurobiology?

There are several personality tests which have dominance as trait or type as result. In addition to this question: How to measure dominance and submissiveness? How are dominant types constructed in ...
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138 views

What is understood about interactions between personality types or traits?

There are several psychological tests based on Jungian typology (e.g., MBTI, Insights & DISC) which extrapolate findings about personality into how those types interact (e.g., interaction styles). ...
5
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1answer
979 views

Current diagnostic interviews for DSM-V

I was wondering if there are currently any diagnostic interview schedules that have been made/adapted to fit DSM-V criteria? Have you heard of anything? Specifically, I am looking for interviews for ...
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3answers
403 views

Just because masturbation doesn't interfere with everyday life, why aren't higher rates considered an addiction?

The common theme in most studies/articles about masturbation is that as long as the act does not interfere with everyday life, it's not considered a problem. However, just because it doesn't ...
7
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2answers
179 views

Relationship between cognitive load and self-indulgent behavior in simple task completion

Background A subject in an office-building setting is asked to memorize a list of numbers and to write them down on a whiteboard in another room on the opposite side of the building. The subject ...
6
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1answer
145 views

Do we need a pre-test to compare the effectiveness of two treatments?

Assume, I want to evaluate how effective two teachers are in teaching English to German children. Both teachers have been teaching at the same high school for twenty years, and both use a distinctly ...
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2answers
139 views

Are there useful applications for three channel consumer EEG?

I stumbled upon the consumer EEG Melon (at Kickstarter). It has three electrodes and is advertised as measuring how "focused" you are. In the FAQ it says: The Melon headband has three electrodes. ...
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2answers
127 views

What is the null hypothesis, when there is no research hypothesis?

(a) Apples grow to different sizes, from small to average and large. Farmers want large apples. (b) There is this rare bug, the apple bark bug, which lives in the bark of apple trees. Due to its ...
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1answer
84 views

Psychometric scale with items in sets where responses imply a rank order of items

My question is related to psychometry. One survey is measured in this way: ...
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1answer
64 views

Why different responses to target and distractor in three-stimulus oddball procedure?

In the three-stimulus oddball procedure, there is an infrequent target in a background of frequently occurring standard stimuli and infrequently occurring distracter stimuli. My question is, since the ...
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3answers
251 views

Getting started with EEG data

I want to get started with getting signals from EEG and learning on how I can read data. I have some programming skills, so designing a database and manipulating data with ruby (python seems also ...
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1answer
85 views

Psychometric information on IPIP representation of NEO facets

The IPIP (International Personality Item Pool) website provides a copy of the IPIP representation of the NEO 30 facet form. It also provides some information comparing IPIP NEO with official NEO. ...
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2answers
1k views

What free scientific measures of Big 5 personality are available?

I'm aware of a few freely available scientific measures of Big 5 personality. IPIP: Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) Questions: What other free scientific Big 5 personality tests are ...
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1answer
75 views

Are cortisol measures more reliable than self-reported fear measures for looking at difference scores?

I was sent an email by a researcher with the following question: You wrote that difference scores are okay to use if measurement error is minimised. Does that imply that biological ...
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1answer
392 views

How to measure dominance and submissiveness?

Introduction Interpersonal dimensions of personality (Sullivan, 1953) have been described in a circular model, the interpersonal circumplex, since Leary (1957). The two dimensions that define this ...
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2answers
511 views

What is the standard error of measurement for teacher made multiple choice tests?

Assume a teacher constructs a four-choice multiple choice test. Each item has only one correct response. The test is scored from 0 to 100 representing the percentage of items answered correctly. I ...
3
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1answer
125 views

Should fantasy distractors be avoided in multiple choice questions

Is there any reason not to include fantasy distractors (made-up wrong answers) in multiple choice tests. Examples: What is the name of the compound HCl? a) Hydrochloric acid b) Chlorohydride acid ...
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1answer
92 views

Is there a metric of the overall excitation of the brain or nervous system?

I'm thinking of a way to describe what's happening to a single channel EEG/MEG sensor output. I've noticed that there is significant difference in the readings from a quiet observations, versus a ...
6
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1answer
166 views

What computerized EEG analysis algorithms are there?

I got a commercial-grade EEG headband and am trying to look at the data it outputs. The headband quantifies raw EEG signal from a single forehead dry sensor into a range of EEG bands (alpha, beta, ...
5
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2answers
130 views

Do humans mentally discretize numbers?

It seems reasonable to me that humans discretize numbers: this number is bigger than than number, or when faced with a series of numbers that range from 0 - 100, 50 is "middling", 10 is "low" and 90 ...
3
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1answer
283 views

Dyslexia and IQ

Background Information of my questions: At the age of eight I was "diagnosed" with Dyslexia, I am now 47. I went from not being able to read and barely able to write to a college reading level in 9 ...
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43 views

Is there any study that models the interaction among assertive, passive, aggressive and passive-aggressive people?

Reading up on assertiveness recently, I wondered whether there's any study that attempts to model how passive, aggressive, assertive and passive-aggressive people interact with one another.
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2answers
269 views

Best practice to handle double negatives when using the expectancy-value model?

My question is regarding the multiplicative combination rule in the Expectancy-value model developed by Fishbein and Ajzen, and the issues regarding the expectancy value-muddle, or the case of "double ...
9
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1answer
224 views

What is the support for a global personality factor?

The Big 5 is a popular framework for describing major factors of individual differences in personality. More recently, I've been hearing people talking about the utility of conceptualising personality ...
5
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1answer
83 views

Are there any standard psychometric scales that are only applicable to within-subject designs?

A while ago, I asked the question whether Presence questionnaires are valid in between-subject designs (see the question for the background to this assumption). While the question garnered some ...
8
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1answer
452 views

Is there a database of emotional stimuli available?

For my research I need to use emotional stimuli to use for habituation to certain emotion. Are there any databases available (preferably free or not expensive) of non-linguistic stimuli I could use? ...
5
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2answers
834 views

Cheapest way to measure arousal levels

I'm interested in performing a psychological experiment from my own home (the research is controversial; not that it's unethical, but rather I won't be able to aquire funding for it) and in it I would ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Is a safe driving record correlated with any psychometric test scores?

A few years ago I was interviewing for a position with a subdivision of a large company in New York City. One of the things that hit me as odd about this interview was that the recruiter was ...
7
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1answer
3k views

Which neurotransmitters can be measured in a living human brain?

I'm interested in learning more about the modern techniques that are used for scientific studies of neurotransmitters in the living human brain. As far as I know, there are 4 neuromodulator systems ...
12
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3answers
494 views

Is there a better way to describe brain activity than EEG “brain waves”

I've been reading about EEG brain waves, which are specific waveforms that are observed on the EEG output, and are usually scored by humans. This concept has been around for quite some time. Is there ...
8
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1answer
608 views

How to measure group differences incorporating reaction time / accuracy trade-off?

In a psychological experiment I am measuring subjects' reaction time as well as their error rate. Now I would like to compare two groups (males & females). There might be a bias in the sense that ...
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0answers
29 views

What are the reliable and valid test to measure working memory? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to reliably measure working memory capacity? I am currently doing my thesis on how different types of music affect the cognitive performance more specifically ...
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3answers
451 views

Longitudinal mobile mood tracking app with random reminders

The goal is to take simple measurements of mood using Likert scale over an extended period of time (e.g. two months). I know there is a large number of mobile apps for tracking mood on every ...
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221 views

Are presence questionnaires valid in a between-subjects design?

Usoh et al. (PDF) applied presence questionnaires (which are usually designed to measure one's feeling of presence in a virtual environment) in both a virtual and a real world environment in a ...
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2answers
3k views

How to reliably measure working memory capacity?

The capacity of human working memory is subject to individual differences. The number of items or chunks a person can retain in their memory may, have profound effects on a variety of other cognitive ...
13
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1answer
478 views

Is there a reasonably valid and reliable self-measure of computer literacy?

Measuring computer literacy or skill is important when grouping respondents for usability studies and other Human Computer Interaction studies. But for the life of me I can't find a good, simple but ...
17
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2answers
1k views

What is the threshold where actions are perceived as “instant”?

In Human Computer Interaction and User Experience there's some oft repeated rules of performance: 0.1 second is about the limit for having the user feel that the system is reacting ...
17
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1answer
312 views

Do personality survey responses correlate to the success or failure of minimum wage employees?

I recently watched a friend fill out a personality survey for a minimum wage job. These surveys generally have a few dozen to as many as a couple hundred statements with which the applicant must ...
5
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1answer
129 views

Measuring meta-intelligence

Does anyone know of any research in measuring metacognitive abilities (i.e. metacomprehension, metamemory, meta-emotions(?), etc) in people? In other words, I'm wondering if the same way we have IQ ...
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1answer
1k views

Do the Jungian Cognitive Functions/ Processes really exist?

Background Many of us must have come across personality theories like MBTI which use part of Carl Jung's concepts to make a theoretical system used to divide people into types. For example, MBTI ...
12
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3answers
371 views

Are there any personality theories that use the scientific method?

Background I have come across a number of personality theories. There are even disciplines of personality theories, dividing these theories according to the assumptions they are based upon. The most ...
4
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1answer
522 views

Reducing adverse impact, discrimination and unfairness when using psychological assessments for selection purposes

How can we reduce adverse impacts such as bias, discrimination, and unfairness when using cognitive ability tests and personality tests for selection purposes in an international context?
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1answer
100 views

Can processing effort for sub-tasks in neural networks be measured?

I often heard statements like: 80% of your brain processing is computing the effect of gravity or, similarily: You only use 20% of your brain power My question isn't about the truth of ...