For questions regarding the study of language, its representation in the mind, its role in psychological development, and its processing by the brain in applied tasks like reading.

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2
votes
1answer
49 views

Why is it easier to search memory for words starting with a particular letter than for words with that letter in a later position?

Tversky & Kahneman (1974) asserts that it is so, and some scrabble-playing experience convinces me that it's true. However, I've never seen an explanation of why it is true. I assume it has ...
3
votes
1answer
21 views

Why does autism sometimes impede the ability to produce sounds?

My seventeen year old brother is severely autistic and unable to communicate. He can produce sounds, and imitate words, but he doesn't respond to words in a way that suggests he understands them. His ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Why would someone seek treatment for Apraxia of speech?

People with Apraxia of speech have two basic problems: monotone pronunciation and slow speech. (1) Might someone with Apraxia of speech who does not seek treatment have psychological problems? They ...
5
votes
1answer
53 views

Technical term for the loss of words in your mother-tongue when speaking a different language

I am basically looking for two words which are, though, related to some degree. It might even be that ultimately the same word is the answer to both parts of this question. I split them up into two ...
5
votes
1answer
65 views

Technical term for the temporary loss of understanding a word

I am basically looking for two words which are related to some degree. Ultimately the same word might even be the answer to both parts of this question. I split them up into two questions (see also ...
3
votes
0answers
30 views

How to select vocabulary items for a test designed to expand vocabulary in English as a second language students?

I am developing a personalized android program designed to expand vocabulary for students learning English as a second language. It includes "story-reading" and "Word-Meaning Quizes". First, ...
-1
votes
2answers
149 views

Should “just asking” as a reason for a question be considered to be a false statement?

When someone asks a questioner about the reason for his/her question, if they in return answer "just asking" roughly meaning "for no particular reason", should that answer be considered to be a false ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Cost of EEG devices suitable for neurolinguistic research

What is the cost of an EEG device (electrodes and other indispensable hardware, software if available for standard office computers, or a whole package with a dedicated computer and software) that is ...
2
votes
0answers
16 views

Conceptual blending

Is there a mathematical formalization of conceptual blending? I know that feature structures in linguistics or frames in AI can be combined using unification which is a special (simple) case of ...
7
votes
2answers
140 views

To what extent does bilingualism help in education?

There has been a lot of debate over bilingualism in education. I have read a bit on the website of the National Association for Bilingual Education and some other links to read about bilingualism. ...
3
votes
0answers
73 views

What are the most well-understood vocal animal languages?

There are many examples of animal language that involve vocal pattens or "grammar". For example, there is the the Bee dance, bird songs, whale songs, dogs. Bird vocalization includes both bird calls ...
2
votes
3answers
221 views

Lexical Decision (Web-)App

I want to make a lexical decision experiment, is there any freely available software for this? A Javascript-based webapp would suit me best, as it would run in the browser without the need to install ...
3
votes
0answers
70 views

Why do we seem to have an internal drive to use different expressions(mostly when writing)?

How come we have so many words/phrases that share the same meaning? I suppose the most obvious answer to this would be that through communication between people with accent/language A and B, new ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Causal reasoning(implicit models?) vs grammar of native language

I was reading about linguistic relativity and it struck me that there could also be differences in multilingual individuals and mono/bi-lingual individuals on how they derive/reason/create structure ...
7
votes
1answer
117 views

Judgments of similarity between samples of writing

I was thinking last night about the possibility of an experiment that investigates the factors contributing to peoples' judgments of 'stylistic similarity' between two samples of writing. For example, ...
20
votes
1answer
284 views

How do emotions influence the language structures we use?

What are the verbal signs of subjectivity? I am doing research about the linguistic content of media (debates, talk-show, sport comments). It occurs that once the participant gets nervous or excited, ...
23
votes
1answer
466 views

The effects of bilingualism on colour perception

Peltola et al. (2012) showed that there are two types of bilinguals. Balanced bilinguals mix their two languages and are effected by linguistic categories from both. Dominant bilinguals seem to ...
3
votes
1answer
586 views

When counting a given letter in sentences, why do people tend to omit occurrences in certain common words?

I have noticed that when I, and presumably others, count the number of times the letter F appears in the following passage: ...
18
votes
5answers
571 views

How long does it take to read a sentence with X number of characters?

How does the time needed to read a sentence scale with the number of characters? Or does this time scaling depend on something more than just character count? For example, let $X$ be the number of ...
10
votes
3answers
882 views

What is the effect of motherese on development?

Most cultures (Falk, 2009) have a special type of language that is used to talk to children: infant-directed-speech (IDL; or informally, motherese, baby talk). For instance, Fernald (1992) argues that ...
13
votes
1answer
274 views

Does the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis apply to artificial (specifically programming) languages?

As a computer programmer, I have an intuition that the idea "language influences thought" is very relevant to programmers and programming languages. Is there any research that examines whether ...
12
votes
1answer
3k views

How to get rid of subvocalization?

When I read a text written in latin alphabet and I want to understand what it means I usually transform each word into spoken word (internal speech) and then I transform it into meaning. I can't ...