For questions about acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. Learning may involve synthesizing different types of information.

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6
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1answer
45 views

Effects of Game-based Learning on Motivation for Learning

I have already asked this question here, but I did not receive my answer. I found this site a more appropriate place to ask it. I found many studies discovering the impacts of game-based learning on ...
14
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0answers
306 views

Does dream recall interfere with “reverse learning”? (Crick and Mitchison's theory of REM sleep)

I've recently became aware of the idea of "reverse learning" that might happen during REM sleep - the brain's attempt to eliminate pathological attractors that might appear in neural networks. The ...
7
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0answers
260 views

How do cooperative vs. competitive activities impact the learning patterns of an individual?

To what extent does cooperative versus competitive learning influence personality development or even pathological behaviors? If these activities need to be narrowed down to a specific category, I'm ...
7
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0answers
66 views

What is the correlation between self and other ratings of goal orientation?

In educational psychology goal orientation is a popular construct. In particular popular dimensions of goal orientation include performance-approach, performance-avoidance, and mastery. The studies ...
6
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0answers
189 views

Why has behaviourism fallen out of favour?

Despite the catchy title, I'm not interested in personal opinions here. I am however, interested in feedback on how to better phrase the question so as to avoid personal opinions. After some thought,...
6
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0answers
136 views

Is abstract knowledge incompatible with literal memorization?

Let me describe 2 interesting cases : Solomon Shereshevsky (Luria, 1968 - the Mind of a Mnemonist) had an almost perfect literal memory. He remembers strings of hundreds of digits for years after ...
5
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0answers
49 views

What's the relation between BCM and Oja's learning rule?

A software I'm using has implemented two unsupervised learning algorithms, Oja's and Bienenstock, Cooper, Munro's (BCM) learning rule. I understand that they are two very different algorithms for ...
4
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0answers
56 views

Does STDP make the Hebbian learning rule redundant?

On Scholarpedia they introduce STDP (spike timing dependent plasticity) as a temporally asymmetric form of Hebbian learning, making it sound as if the original Hebbian rule still has relevance in ...
4
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0answers
19 views

Does the number of alternatives in a multiple choice question affect the learning output?

I have built several apps in Norwegian about hunting, philosophy etc. Students use the app to learn a subject and test their knowledge before doing their exam. In current state i have one question ...
4
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0answers
56 views

Why does learning new mental skills lead to headaches?

Why is deliberate practice uncomfortable? For example, during learning college math and playing the piano. Why do we get headaches after long hours of practice? According to this question, learning ...
4
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0answers
99 views

Have any drugs been shown to increase the neuroplasticity of adult brains?

I read recently in the book "meet your happy chemicals" that the hormones of puberty are neurochemicals that cause your neurons to connect and myelinate more easily. If this is true have any studies ...
4
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0answers
65 views

Can one become addicted to learning?

Is it possibly to become addicted to learning? What drives this addiction and how can it be controlled? Note: I'm not sure this is the right exchange for this question... Its the best fit as far as ...
4
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0answers
39 views

Learning Reading without Speech?

I have this question from wandering how a person, who does not have speech capability or is isolated from people who speaks, could learn how to read? Will a language (A) like English or (B) like ...
4
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0answers
49 views

Age of learning versus relative mastery - are they linked?

Infants learn different things in different ages. Let's say infant A learns to speak at age 1 (I have no idea what is normal), and infant B learn to speak at age 1.5. Does the age of learning say ...
4
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0answers
67 views

How many words are toddlers “making up”?

My 20-month old has learned many words to express herself. In addition she says many other words that are indecipherable from context nor pronunciation. It's most noticeable in novel or unusual ...
4
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0answers
36 views

Frequency estimation in binary prediction task

In a binary prediction task, people often match choice probabilities to outcome probabilities (a phenomenon known as probability matching). However, under certain circumstances (eg, existence of a ...
4
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0answers
43 views

How to select vocabulary items for a test designed to expand vocabulary in English as a second language students?

I am developing a personalized android program designed to expand vocabulary for students learning English as a second language. It includes "story-reading" and "Word-Meaning Quizes". First, ...
4
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0answers
51 views

What's the impact of studying learning theory in actual learning?

Are there any studies showing the impacts of learning about learning theory on someone's learning? Moreover, at which point learning about learning first makes an impact on you learning a new subject? ...
4
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0answers
30 views

Are there modern cognitive techniques for dealing with searching for information online?

"Google it" is a common response to questions nowadays, and it indicates that people are more and more reliant on the internet for all kinds of information. Frequently this information is not ...
3
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0answers
9 views

Ebbinghaus like model for retention of details from experience

I've come across the Ebbinghaus Curve (forgetting curve) showing the retention of learned knowledge over time, but I wondered if there was the same kind of model for the retention of details from ...
3
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0answers
50 views

Do “overview” sections increase learning outcome?

Suppose a math textbook contains an overview chapter for each part of the textbook. The intent of those overview chapters is to motivate and introduce the new mathematical concepts which will be ...
3
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0answers
44 views

Physiological mapping of frustration

What physiological changes are seen in the brain when a person is experiencing frustration? What effects do these changes have on learning? Optional background: I'm trying to figure out an ...
3
votes
0answers
107 views

Does the self-reference effect extend to improved recall of 2nd-person text vs. 3rd-person text?

The self-reference effect has been widely researched in marketing for its ability to improve how favorably consumers remember a message, but less so for its ability to improve recall and learning of ...
3
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0answers
69 views

What evolutionary process(es) are thought to have enabled humans to experience dreams?

As some theories suggest, most, if not all, biological features in organisms exist due to environmental factors that trigger the organism's eventual adaptation to these factors for survival purposes. ...
3
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0answers
377 views

Why do power laws describe learning and skill acquisition so well?

In humans, why do powers laws describe skill acquisition? In particular, $$RT = aP^{-b}+c$$ where $RT$ is reaction time and $P$ is amount of practice. Does the power law generalise to learning in ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Third time's the Charm: any research into how we learn from error?

I have often told people that I make a mistake two different ways before I really understand a situation. Is there any research that explains how and why this works? As an analogy, there is something ...
2
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0answers
20 views

What is the role of non-synaptic plasticity in learning and memory?

Is non-synaptic plasticity (e.g. changes in the spike threshold) believed to play a large role in learning and memory? If so, which roles are these effects believed to play?
2
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0answers
30 views

Is there a name for “loopback teaching” technique (explaining something to yourself to learn it)?

Here's the description of a process which I call "loopback teaching": First, I learn something the "normal" way, e.g. by reading or watching. I imagine a person or multiple people which I think may ...
2
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0answers
55 views

How long should one study daily in order to avoid burnout?

I googled this quite a lot and it seems that I can't find the answer to the above question. I can find details on what to do to avoid the burnout but nothing specific on how long should one study new ...
2
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0answers
24 views

For comprehension and critical thinking examinations, is recognition sufficient, or is recall more imperative for success?

Recognition is the ability to retrieve information given a set of stimulus, be it a cue, a hint, a reference to a term then asking one to elaborate. Recall is the ability to produce content without ...
2
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0answers
18 views

Why do we have so much neurological research on and treatment designed for dyslexia, yet less so for dyscalculia?

I know next to nothing about intervention methods designed for dyscalculia, or 'dyslexia with numbers', as I have heard it colloquially referred to (considering how obscure the term seems to be ...
2
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0answers
31 views

What is the best way to learn in an environment that only has delayed feedback?

There are some skills that take a lot of time to learn because feedback is delayed. Examples I have in mind are weightlifting, healthy eating, and mindfulness. The promised effects of practicing these ...
1
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0answers
36 views

Should I learn the day before an exam if I am already confident enough?

I am confident of my knowledge because I’ve studied and practiced long enough. Tomorrow is the exam. Which is better of the following, given I have the time to practice even more. I would have a good ...
1
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0answers
20 views

The explaination of definition of learning

In Robert Baron's book I found learning to be "any permanent change in behaviour or behavioural potential as a result of experiences. (Bandura,1986).But I got a question that what is meant by- ...
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0answers
32 views

Asian Languages Math Advantage

I'm looking for a reference showing that asian languages such as Chinese and Japanese allow for easier understanding of numbers than English. Here's an excerpt from Malcolm Gladwell's "Outliers" that ...
1
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0answers
63 views

Math understanding: intuitions and proofs

I think that cogsci can help me to study a problem in philosophy of math. Consider this case (adapted from M. Detlefsen, Brouwerian intuitionism): Lucy has the kind of understanding of a given math ...
1
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0answers
30 views

Is it possible to train the brain to percieve two different activities occuring at the same time as seperate activities?

Let us consider the effects of orgasm: Rapid contraction of the anal sphincter muscle and Ejaculation. These two separate activities occur as one activity during orgasm. So is it possible to teach the ...
1
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0answers
42 views

Are “diagnostic” senses/feelings for brain study possible?

Modern science has quite an array of methods trying to localize and analyze brain activity, trying to get down to individual neurons firing: EEG, fMRI, CT, etc. This requires very expensive machines ...
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0answers
13 views

Does being exposed to extreme heat for a short time affect learning performance afterwards?

I live in Thailand where it's so hot all the time(it's 31°C/88°F at the time I post even though it's raining). All students in the state school must assemble in the morning before class and sing the ...
0
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0answers
10 views

Do STDP synapses potentiate AND depress at the same time?

Do STDP synapses potentiate and depress at the same time? Consider the following scenario where two cells are connected by an STDP synapse: PRE and POST. PRE cell fires two action potentials 2 ms ...
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0answers
21 views

What combats Retroactive Interference?

All I've found is one sentence somewhere that said something like "more rehearsal." I've also read that the method of loci makes for "minimal interference," but no elaboration on why exactly nor how ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Reference request how a space/room may affect our cognitive behaviour

I noticed different rooms may affect my cognitive perspective and I want to understand why and how it occurs. Therefore I'm searching for books where they can help me to understand it. Does anyone has ...
0
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0answers
16 views

How does hPES describe STDP?

Spike-Timing-Dependent Plasticity is believed to be how neurons change their connection weights and thus change what functions they are computing. From Towards Biologically Plausible Deep Learning: ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Research into monolexia?

Monolexia is the inability to read two or more equal-looking mathematical symbols or words when these are found within the same context (book, page, paragraph, or other related contexts) and ...