For questions about acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. Learning may involve synthesizing different types of information.

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3answers
24 views

What terms describe “schema” at various stages of acceptance?

According to WordNet 3.0, quoted at TheFreeDictionary.com, in psychology, schema means "an internal representation of the world; an organization of concepts and actions that can be revised by new ...
12
votes
1answer
247 views

Does the effect of naturalistic exposure on second language acquisition vary with age?

A while back, I watched the movie The Terminal and the main character played by Tom Hanks learns to speak fluent English while he is stranded in the airport for more than a year. Which seems somewhat ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Effectiveness of spaced learning when the data have personal meaning

There is much study of spaced learning (expanded retrieval, spaced retrieval, spaced repetition system, gradual-interval recall, etc), and much of the discussion is about around the optimal ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Is it possible to permanently improve long-term memory?

Many similar questions here ask either about working or short-term memory, or about various tricks and techniques to efficiently remember information. My question is, is it possible to improve the ...
7
votes
0answers
41 views

What is the correlation between self and other ratings of goal orientation?

In educational psychology goal orientation is a popular construct. In particular popular dimensions of goal orientation include performance-approach, performance-avoidance, and mastery. The studies ...
6
votes
0answers
155 views

Does dream recall interfere with “reverse learning”? (Crick and Mitchison's theory of REM sleep)

I've recently became aware of the idea of "reverse learning" that might happen during REM sleep - the brain's attempt to eliminate pathological attractors that might appear in neural networks. The ...
6
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0answers
175 views

'Model-free' learning in humans

In reinforcement learning, there is a stark distinction between model-based and model-free learning algorithms, where model-free methods don't make use any explicit information about the dynamics of ...
6
votes
0answers
123 views

Advantage of active learning on classification tasks

I am looking for a specific type of experimental test of active learning. Given some artificial or natural learning task that consists of classifying inputs $x$ from a large input space $X$. There is ...
6
votes
0answers
147 views

How do cooperative vs. competitive activities impact the learning patterns of an individual?

To what extent does cooperative versus competitive learning influence personality development or even pathological behaviors? If these activities need to be narrowed down to a specific category, I'm ...
5
votes
0answers
87 views

Does correcting responses after feedback lead to better learning?

In a typical supervised learning experiment, one might present visual stimuli, e.g. faces, one after another and ask participants to classify each one into one of two categories, e.g. A and B. Usually ...
5
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0answers
78 views

Is abstract knowledge incompatible with literal memorization?

Let me describe 2 interesting cases : Solomon Shereshevsky (Luria, 1968 - the Mind of a Mnemonist) had an almost perfect literal memory. He remembers strings of hundreds of digits for years after ...
5
votes
0answers
49 views

How do our emotions toward a subject affect our brain activity within similar activities?

I'll bring an example: there are people who love to dance and could do it for hours. Yet, if you'd make them run a long distance they would get tired really soon just because they don't like running ...
5
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0answers
42 views

Is association, conditioning, and symbolic learning the same thing?

Symbols and Communication: At some point in human history, we developed communication. Our brains were able to understand that things stood for something else. For example, the sound we make when we ...
4
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0answers
65 views

Solving T-shaped maze (probability learning): differences between rats and humans

From Jonah Lehrer's book "How We Decide", he mentions the experiments with rats and Yale undergraduates. I found the paper that (presumably) matches the experiment of rats. Brunswik, E. (1939). ...
4
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0answers
27 views

Are there modern cognitive techniques for dealing with searching for information online?

"Google it" is a common response to questions nowadays, and it indicates that people are more and more reliant on the internet for all kinds of information. Frequently this information is not ...
3
votes
0answers
23 views

How to select vocabulary items for a test designed to expand vocabulary in English as a second language students?

I am developing a personalized android program designed to expand vocabulary for students learning English as a second language. It includes "story-reading" and "Word-Meaning Quizes". First, ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

What's the impact of studying learning theory in actual learning?

Are there any studies showing the impacts of learning about learning theory on someone's learning? Moreover, at which point learning about learning first makes an impact on you learning a new subject? ...
2
votes
0answers
108 views

What are the groundbreaking papers on “Perception Learning” within Cognitive Science?

What are the groundbreaking works/papers/results/theories specific to Perceptual Learning within cognitive science? One paper/theory per answer please, and state why do you find this work is ...
2
votes
0answers
111 views

Why do power laws describe learning and skill acquisition so well?

In humans, why do powers laws describe skill acquisition? In particular, $$RT = aP^{-b}+c$$ where $RT$ is reaction time and $P$ is amount of practice. Does the power law generalise to learning in ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

What is the upper bound on rate of learning in young adults?

I was wondering how a normal adult in their 20s could best structure their life to make best use of their capacity to learn. (I am no expert in cognitive science, so I assume just a really common ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

classic category learning tasks with data

I need a list of classic categorization tasks (with available human/animal data) to use as a benchmark for a model. I am interested in tasks that can be used to validate/invalidate a model of ...
1
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0answers
27 views

How does motivation and performance vary from day to day between mathematical and artistic activity?

Background: I've noticed that my performance in math class varies on a day-to-day basis, but I also tend to feel artistic on certain days (and enjoy playing songs on my guitar or writing poems). When ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

Any research showing success teaching with smell?

CogSci holds that smell is the sense that has the most strong/immediate capability to trigger memories. It is discussed, in awe. We see anecdotes such as the sudden striking memory of sitting in your ...
1
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0answers
39 views

What evolutionary process(es) are thought to have enabled humans to experience dreams?

As some theories suggest, most, if not all, biological features in organisms exist due to environmental factors that trigger the organism's eventual adaptation to these factors for survival purposes. ...
1
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0answers
35 views

Are “diagnostic” senses/feelings for brain study possible?

Modern science has quite an array of methods trying to localize and analyze brain activity, trying to get down to individual neurons firing: EEG, fMRI, CT, etc. This requires very expensive machines ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Is the book “The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance” worth reading?

I do not know whether this is the most appropriate place to post this question, but since the book is related to psychology, I will post it here. If there is a more appropriate place to ask this ...
0
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0answers
8 views

Research: Tendency to “follow” versus “self-expression”

I am trying to research attitude towards task completion and tendency between "follow" and "self-expression". But, as you can see, I am not hitting to correct keywords to get the results I want. The ...