For questions about acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. Learning may involve synthesizing different types of information.

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4
votes
1answer
47 views

Does a short nap improve learning efficiency?

When one attempts to learn a new skill (e.g., play a guitar), it is often heard that the first hour of practice is more effective than the second. I have heard some people say that even 10 minutes of ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Why do difficult-to-learn subjects seem easier in retrospect?

Background: I have recently noticed that in class, that after I finished a unit, it seems less difficult than I expected it to be. It has happened in math, physics and electronics. Is it possible ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Long Term Memory and Cognitive Science? [on hold]

What does Cognitive/Neuroscience say about embedding/retrieving information in the Long Term memory? Over the past few months my memory has declined sharply. I'm only 28 years old. My ability to ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

What is the upper bound on rate of learning in young adults?

I was wondering how a normal adult in their 20s could best structure their life to make best use of their capacity to learn. I am no expert in cognitive science, so I assume just a really common ...
6
votes
1answer
177 views

Where does instinctual knowledge come from?

From Wikipedia: Instinct or innate behavior is the inherent inclination of a living organism towards a particular complex behavior. The example that I find is the easiest to touch upon is the ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Is there any research showing success of teaching with smell?

Cognitive science holds that smell is the sense that has the strongest ability to trigger memories. It is discussed in awe. We see anecdotes such as the sudden striking memory of sitting in your ...
5
votes
1answer
34 views

What are the key dates for the development of operant conditioning?

I am trying to build up a timeline of the development of operant conditioning. So far I have the following $1898$ - Thorndike performs experiments using his puzzle box of which Skinner based his ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

What is the best way to learn in an environment that only has delayed feedback?

There are some skills that take a lot of time to learn because feedback is delayed. Examples I have in mind are weightlifting, healthy eating, and mindfulness. The promised effects of practicing these ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

Is critical thinking associated with IQ?

I consider myself a person with reasonable intelligence. In my job, I require a lot of critical thinking. I am good at think laterally, but sometimes I feel I missed important critical evaluations of ...
6
votes
1answer
85 views

Could a painful stimulus be effectively used as a learning aid?

In rats, the application of a painful stimulus has shown an increase in overall arousal and the ability to learn certain behaviours (The study is neatly summed up in this video: Motivation and Reward ...
17
votes
1answer
351 views

Does the effect of naturalistic exposure on second language acquisition vary with age?

A while back, I watched the movie The Terminal and the main character played by Tom Hanks learns to speak fluent English while he is stranded in the airport for more than a year. Which seems somewhat ...
4
votes
2answers
68 views

Do hints improve memorization when using spaced repetition?

For example, I'm learning geography using the spaced repetition method. I have some program which asks me questions like, "In which country Melbourne is located?", and I have to recall the country ...
4
votes
1answer
389 views

Dyslexia and IQ

Background Information of my questions: At the age of eight I was "diagnosed" with Dyslexia, I am now 47. I went from not being able to read and barely able to write to a college reading level in 9 ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Does IQ affect learning speed?

Supposedly, people of higher levels of intelligence do learn faster than people of lower levels of it. But this is an awfully coarse observation, and different people can learn at drastically ...
2
votes
2answers
181 views

Efficient learning strategies?

When learning a new subject or a skill, is it more effective to break practice into small sub-skills and focus on them for months until they have been fully mastered, or to practice each small ...
9
votes
1answer
218 views

'Model-free' learning in humans

In reinforcement learning, there is a stark distinction between model-based and model-free learning algorithms, where model-free methods don't make use any explicit information about the dynamics of ...
3
votes
2answers
54 views

How do humans learn to combine tasks?

I've been reading about hierarchical learning (a variant of reinforcement learning from what I understand) and how it is shown to allow learning of a higher-level task (the main example is assembly). ...
5
votes
1answer
131 views

What causes people to rapidly lose skill after becoming moderately good at something?

I've noticed that people often manage to become moderately good at something, but seem to reach some sort of peak at that level and then rapidly start getting worse again. I've seen this happen with ...
4
votes
1answer
135 views

Solving T-shaped maze (probability learning): differences between rats and humans

From Jonah Lehrer's book "How We Decide", he mentions the experiments with rats and Yale undergraduates. I found the paper that (presumably) matches the experiment of rats. Brunswik, E. (1939). ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Is teacher guidance always necessary to become an expert? [closed]

Is it necessary to have a teacher (or mentor/coach) to master every skill? What if I am taking an online tutorial with pre-recorded videos? Can I count that teacher training? I have read the concept ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Do 10.000 hours of practice make you an expert?

With his book "Outliers" Malcolm Gladwell has widely popularized the idea that the requirement to become an expert in any field is largely to invest at least 10.000 hours of deliberate practice. ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Short term memory and an effective learning strategy [duplicate]

What is the most efficient method learning multiple academic topics in parallel with each other. I propose, for a small number of different things (say 4), the best method is to cycle the topics, over ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

If sleeping is related to 'saving information' you've experience, is forgetting related to more energy?

So I was watching this youtube video (Only check 1:05 - 1:25) where it suggested we sleep because the brain needs rest to save/process all information we perceived throughout the day. I directly made ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Is the book “The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance” worth reading? [closed]

I do not know whether this is the most appropriate place to post this question, but since the book is related to psychology, I will post it here. If there is a more appropriate place to ask this ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Study showing how different ages of children learn about balancing objects

I'm trying to track down a source for an idea I saw in a documentary a while ago (sorry, no idea where!) It demonstrated how children learn differently at different ages, through showing them ...
3
votes
0answers
42 views

Can one become addicted to learning?

Is it possibly to become addicted to learning? What drives this addiction and how can it be controlled? Note: I'm not sure this is the right exchange for this question... Its the best fit as far as ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

How many hours of speech do kids hear before learning a language?

I'd like some estimates of how many hours of English speech kids typically are exposed to before reaching various levels of mastery. I realize this is a very fuzzy question, but I'm sure ballpark ...
8
votes
2answers
266 views

Cognitive Science podcasts to follow

I'm currently trying to find interesting Cognitive Science related podcasts to follow. Only one I've found is You are not so smart. Does anyone know anything else? Preferably in English. If the ...
13
votes
7answers
2k views

Is it possible to think in a second language?

Those who have learned a second language are guaranteed to consciously think of words and their corresponding meaning in your native language or vice versa. This is common with more "complex" ...
9
votes
2answers
133 views

Are good students truly good at all things?

Source: 'Putting a Bolder Face on Google' By LAURA M. HOLSON At a recent personnel meeting, she homes in on grade-point averages and SAT scores to narrow a list of candidates, many having ...
3
votes
0answers
24 views

Learning Reading without Speech?

I have this question from wandering how a person, who does not have speech capability or is isolated from people who speaks, could learn how to read? Will a language (A) like English or (B) like ...
-3
votes
2answers
435 views

Is there a limit to how many skills a person can master?

Given that the different parts of our brain are constantly competing for brain real estate and learning requires brain real estate, is it the case that we can only master x amount of skills due to the ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Can you make yourself like/hate something when you learned to hate/like it during early life?

Suppose that someone develops liking (or even obsessing with) something since very early life, e.g watching football from age 5 to age 25. Is it possible to consciously make oneself hate it when one ...
3
votes
2answers
57 views

Does eye contact improve attention and learning?

I remember having read a article in The Economist's Science and Technology section that presented evidence to the effect that attention and learning benefits from some forms of eye contact. If I am ...
2
votes
2answers
371 views

Is it possible to permanently improve long-term memory?

Many similar questions here ask either about working or short-term memory, or about various tricks and techniques to efficiently remember information. My question is, is it possible to improve the ...
15
votes
3answers
130 views

Is there any study on the effectiveness of taking notes in a lecture vs taking notes on written materials?

In many lectures I heard, I basically copied the lecture notes of the professor from the board into my notebook (I study mathematics). For me those lectures are comparable with going into the library, ...
7
votes
2answers
84 views

Could neuroscientific knowledge and techiques be used to optimise peoples' education and learning?

Expanding upon this, I have two ideas behind this question - 1) that current knowledge of the brain and its workings (biochemically, biomechanically, physiologically etc) is in its infancy and that we ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

Approaches to life coaching

I work on a theological reflection of coaching. I would like to list some basic directions/approaches/ways/schools that differ each other. My attempt: Neuroscience based coaching Systemic coaching ...
6
votes
1answer
70 views

Are association, conditioning, and symbolic learning the same thing?

Symbols and Communication: At some point in human history, we developed communication. Our brains were able to understand that things stood for something else. For example, the sound we make when we ...
1
vote
2answers
91 views

Is all learning a subconscious activity?

As a non-native English speaker I recently tried to understand difference in phrases "to study" and "to learn". I found some explanations here on English language and usage SE, stating that learning ...
4
votes
0answers
38 views

Age of learning versus relative mastery - are they linked?

Infants learn different things in different ages. Let's say infant A learns to speak at age 1 (I have no idea what is normal), and infant B learn to speak at age 1.5. Does the age of learning say ...
37
votes
1answer
3k views

By learning to read and write upside down, what did I do to myself?

If you've ever read Encyclopedia Brown books, you'll be familiar with the backwards writing in the back of the book that explains the solution to the case. When I was in my mid-late teens (I don't ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Physiological mapping of frustration

What physiological changes are seen in the brain when a person is experiencing frustration? What effects do these changes have on learning? Optional background: I'm trying to figure out an ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Writing system, its future and social importance [closed]

I work on a rather specific subject, namely developement and inventing of writing systems (simply - alphabets). For some years it was just a hobby and creative exercise, but with time this hobby ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

How many words are toddlers “making up”?

My 20-month old has learned many words to express herself. In addition she says many other words that are indecipherable from context nor pronunciation. It's most noticeable in novel or unusual ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

Is there any scientific basis to different learning styles?

People often identify themselves are visual, audio or kinesthetic learners. This at first sounds plausible, but when I reflect on myself, I find that I am unable to define exactly what it means to be ...
5
votes
0answers
96 views

Why has behaviourism fallen out of favour?

Despite the catchy title, I'm not interested in personal opinions here. I am however, interested in feedback on how to better phrase the question so as to avoid personal opinions. After some ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Is there a difference between the time/effort it takes for the blind and the sighted to learn to read Braille?

The visually deprived brain undergoes extensive remodeling due to cross-modal plasticity. This leads to increased areas of the cortex being available for other purposes such as tactile processing. Now ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Do bilingual children learn two languages faster than monolingual children learn one language?

Do children from bilingual families learn two languages faster than children from monolingual families learn one language? In other words, I'm wondering if there's a language learning advantage to ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

For what kind of concepts do we really need an analogy?

Literature suggests that analogies are helpful in teaching and learning science concepts. But every concept can not and should not be taught using analogies as there are some concepts that can be ...