For questions about acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. Learning may involve synthesizing different types of information.

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5
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0answers
57 views

Does STDP make the Hebbian learning rule redundant?

On Scholarpedia they introduce STDP (spike timing dependent plasticity) as a temporally asymmetric form of Hebbian learning, making it sound as if the original Hebbian rule still has relevance in ...
5
votes
1answer
37 views

What models/mechanisms exist for the brain to chain movements together?

Motor Sequence Learning is the study of the cognitive ability to chain various motor sequences together. The most intuitive example of this is learning to play a sequence of notes on a piano. ...
9
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1answer
101 views

How is epigenetic memory expressed in neurons?

Epigenetic memory is seen as the most evolutionarily plausible way of learning from experiences and gaining instinctual knowledge accross generations, as established by the answer to one of my ...
6
votes
1answer
45 views

Effects of Game-based Learning on Motivation for Learning

I have already asked this question here, but I did not receive my answer. I found this site a more appropriate place to ask it. I found many studies discovering the impacts of game-based learning on ...
3
votes
1answer
9 views

Effect of variability due during motor skill training

When training fine motor skills, are identically setup practice sessions ideal or, like machine learning, does adding noise/variability to the practice session increase skill acquisition?
7
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0answers
66 views

What is the correlation between self and other ratings of goal orientation?

In educational psychology goal orientation is a popular construct. In particular popular dimensions of goal orientation include performance-approach, performance-avoidance, and mastery. The studies ...
7
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0answers
260 views

How do cooperative vs. competitive activities impact the learning patterns of an individual?

To what extent does cooperative versus competitive learning influence personality development or even pathological behaviors? If these activities need to be narrowed down to a specific category, I'm ...
2
votes
3answers
126 views

Categorization studies with a procedure similar to Shepard et al (1961) and Medin & Schaffer (1978)

I am looking for performance results from categorization studies with discrete stimulus features and reinforcement feedback. I need something like this: ...
8
votes
1answer
95 views

What is the ACT-R model of learning?

I am reading this paper titled: Effect of Temporal Spacing between Advertising Exposures In this paper, the author mentions the ACT-R model and how it explains an ...
6
votes
1answer
70 views

How long does it take to learn to cane travel?

How long does it take the average person (either sighted or blind) to learn to use the guide cane successfully for mobility purposes? Source: Lions. Because required training times will depend on ...
4
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0answers
19 views

Does the number of alternatives in a multiple choice question affect the learning output?

I have built several apps in Norwegian about hunting, philosophy etc. Students use the app to learn a subject and test their knowledge before doing their exam. In current state i have one question ...
15
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8answers
4k views

Is it possible to think in a second language?

Those who have learned a second language are guaranteed to consciously think of words and their corresponding meaning in your native language or vice versa. This is common with more "complex" ...
8
votes
1answer
95 views

Have there been any studies into language development in the blind?

The title pretty much says it all. I'm looking for any studies or experiments into language development in those born blind. I'm interested as part of my investigations into AI on how language is ...
3
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0answers
9 views

Ebbinghaus like model for retention of details from experience

I've come across the Ebbinghaus Curve (forgetting curve) showing the retention of learned knowledge over time, but I wondered if there was the same kind of model for the retention of details from ...
0
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0answers
13 views

Does being exposed to extreme heat for a short time affect learning performance afterwards?

I live in Thailand where it's so hot all the time(it's 31°C/88°F at the time I post even though it's raining). All students in the state school must assemble in the morning before class and sing the ...
10
votes
1answer
625 views

How do animals recognize other animals of their own species?

My motivation for this question is dog-based, but I suppose it would apply equally well to humans. How do animals recognize their own kind, particularly where there is large variation in appearance? ...
9
votes
2answers
369 views

Do all types of synapses in the brain change based on spike-timing-dependent plasticity?

Synapses likely change their strengths based on a form of spike-timing-dependent plasticity. Is this true for all types of synapses in all parts of the human brain? I wonder if there are also synapses ...
0
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0answers
10 views

Do STDP synapses potentiate AND depress at the same time?

Do STDP synapses potentiate and depress at the same time? Consider the following scenario where two cells are connected by an STDP synapse: PRE and POST. PRE cell fires two action potentials 2 ms ...
1
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0answers
36 views

Should I learn the day before an exam if I am already confident enough?

I am confident of my knowledge because I’ve studied and practiced long enough. Tomorrow is the exam. Which is better of the following, given I have the time to practice even more. I would have a good ...
4
votes
0answers
67 views

How many words are toddlers “making up”?

My 20-month old has learned many words to express herself. In addition she says many other words that are indecipherable from context nor pronunciation. It's most noticeable in novel or unusual ...
0
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0answers
21 views

What combats Retroactive Interference?

All I've found is one sentence somewhere that said something like "more rehearsal." I've also read that the method of loci makes for "minimal interference," but no elaboration on why exactly nor how ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Do dissolving myelinated connections explain learning?

In order to understand how we get rid of established habits/behavior: Can myelinated connections be dissolved or are new connections created that bypass those connections?
0
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0answers
17 views

Reference request how a space/room may affect our cognitive behaviour

I noticed different rooms may affect my cognitive perspective and I want to understand why and how it occurs. Therefore I'm searching for books where they can help me to understand it. Does anyone has ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Do dreams improve upon memory and understanding by making the sensory experience MORE LIKE thought? [closed]

It is certainly a great fact/truth that the ability of thought to describe or reconfigure sensory experience is ultimately dependent upon the extent to which thought is similar to sensory experience. ...
7
votes
1answer
142 views

Could a painful stimulus be effectively used as a learning aid?

In rats, the application of a painful stimulus has shown an increase in overall arousal and the ability to learn certain behaviours (The study is neatly summed up in this video: Motivation and Reward ...
3
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0answers
50 views

Do “overview” sections increase learning outcome?

Suppose a math textbook contains an overview chapter for each part of the textbook. The intent of those overview chapters is to motivate and introduce the new mathematical concepts which will be ...
5
votes
1answer
64 views

How / when does neurogenesis occur while learning?

I've heard that learning to Juggle (new things) helps increase neurogenesis. So, what does it depend on? Does it have to be a physical skill only? Or can I study / read about Economics(which is ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Third time's the Charm: any research into how we learn from error?

I have often told people that I make a mistake two different ways before I really understand a situation. Is there any research that explains how and why this works? As an analogy, there is something ...
4
votes
4answers
179 views

What is the easiest way to memorize big amounts of information (a.k.a. learning for exams)?

I consider myself a person with above average intelligence, that is, I am able to understand complex systems with relative ease. My weak point however is that I've always struggled with memorizing. ...
2
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0answers
20 views

What is the role of non-synaptic plasticity in learning and memory?

Is non-synaptic plasticity (e.g. changes in the spike threshold) believed to play a large role in learning and memory? If so, which roles are these effects believed to play?
8
votes
2answers
243 views

Do 10.000 hours of practice make you an expert?

With his book "Outliers" Malcolm Gladwell has widely popularized the idea that the requirement to become an expert in any field is largely to invest at least 10.000 hours of deliberate practice. ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

How does the brains “focused” and “diffused” modes facilitate learning?

I am insatiably curious about the topic of "accelerated learning". Think about that scene in the matrix where trinity downloads the skill of how to fly a helicopter into her brain in a few seconds. ...
5
votes
1answer
175 views

How long does the trace of a memory last in the brain?

With long-term plasticity one refers to the phenomen by which synapses are modified by neural activity and these modifications last for long times, a day perhaps of the order of days. This phenomenon ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Why do difficult-to-learn subjects seem easier in retrospect?

Background: I have recently noticed that in class, that after I finished a unit, it seems less difficult than I expected it to be. It has happened in math, physics and electronics. Is it possible ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

What is the best strategy to learn a technical material (IT)? (the exam will be multiple choice questions) [closed]

I need to learn for an IT exam. The topics cover a large number of related subjects covering around 10 books. Since I will never need to recall the entire material at once does it make sense to use ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

How can neuronal networks with local learning rules predict their future inputs?

Local learning rules like Contrastive Hebbian Learning, XCAL, etc. are based on the idea of strengthening edges when the neurons they connect fire simultaneously. This causes frequent patterns in the ...
4
votes
0answers
56 views

Why does learning new mental skills lead to headaches?

Why is deliberate practice uncomfortable? For example, during learning college math and playing the piano. Why do we get headaches after long hours of practice? According to this question, learning ...
0
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0answers
16 views

How does hPES describe STDP?

Spike-Timing-Dependent Plasticity is believed to be how neurons change their connection weights and thus change what functions they are computing. From Towards Biologically Plausible Deep Learning: ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Chunking and learning vocabulary

Learning vocabulary seems to be efficient if the words are learned in a fixed sequence, but it seems to be harder to recall these words in a different sequence then the learning sequence. I wonder ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Is there a name for “loopback teaching” technique (explaining something to yourself to learn it)?

Here's the description of a process which I call "loopback teaching": First, I learn something the "normal" way, e.g. by reading or watching. I imagine a person or multiple people which I think may ...
2
votes
2answers
167 views

Which part of the brain is not working optimally if an individual is unable to understand scientific concepts and mathematics?

I have often observed that while I can understand concepts related to Finance and Literature very easily I find it extremely difficult to understand scientific topics related to Physics, Maths or ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

How long should one study daily in order to avoid burnout?

I googled this quite a lot and it seems that I can't find the answer to the above question. I can find details on what to do to avoid the burnout but nothing specific on how long should one study new ...
1
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0answers
20 views

The explaination of definition of learning

In Robert Baron's book I found learning to be "any permanent change in behaviour or behavioural potential as a result of experiences. (Bandura,1986).But I got a question that what is meant by- ...
0
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0answers
22 views

Research into monolexia?

Monolexia is the inability to read two or more equal-looking mathematical symbols or words when these are found within the same context (book, page, paragraph, or other related contexts) and ...
8
votes
3answers
237 views

Are there any ways to increase dopamine and serotonin levels when working or learning something complex?

There is much information regarding learning styles and ways to leverage them, along with boosting focus, alertness and concentration. However, I'm looking for accompanying information that would be ...
11
votes
1answer
106 views

How do our emotions toward a subject affect our brain activity within similar activities?

I'll bring an example: there are people who love to dance and could do it for hours. Yet, if you'd make them run a long distance they would get tired really soon just because they don't like running ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

How liking and disliking mechanism is developed? [duplicate]

Every one likes different things, places, people, colors, flowers etc. I am interested to know how this mechanism is developed in individuals. If we suppose that it is started from home. Then why ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Asian Languages Math Advantage

I'm looking for a reference showing that asian languages such as Chinese and Japanese allow for easier understanding of numbers than English. Here's an excerpt from Malcolm Gladwell's "Outliers" that ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Math understanding: intuitions and proofs

I think that cogsci can help me to study a problem in philosophy of math. Consider this case (adapted from M. Detlefsen, Brouwerian intuitionism): Lucy has the kind of understanding of a given math ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Does playing video games increase attention and learning agility, therefore career performance

Recently, there has been a lot of research into the positive effects of video games on cognition, As business insider reports. I'm curious as to whether somebody should play video games purely to ...