For questions about acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. Learning may involve synthesizing different types of information.

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3
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1answer
64 views

How liking and disliking mechanism is developed? [duplicate]

Every one likes different things, places, people, colors, flowers etc. I am interested to know how this mechanism is developed in individuals. If we suppose that it is started from home. Then why ...
3
votes
2answers
72 views

Does eye contact improve attention and learning?

I remember having read a article in The Economist's Science and Technology section that presented evidence to the effect that attention and learning benefits from some forms of eye contact. If I am ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Do “overview” sections increase learning outcome?

Suppose a math textbook contains an overview chapter for each part of the textbook. The intent of those overview chapters is to motivate and introduce the new mathematical concepts which will be ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

Physiological mapping of frustration

What physiological changes are seen in the brain when a person is experiencing frustration? What effects do these changes have on learning? Optional background: I'm trying to figure out an ...
3
votes
0answers
106 views

Does the self-reference effect extend to improved recall of 2nd-person text vs. 3rd-person text?

The self-reference effect has been widely researched in marketing for its ability to improve how favorably consumers remember a message, but less so for its ability to improve recall and learning of ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

What evolutionary process(es) are thought to have enabled humans to experience dreams?

As some theories suggest, most, if not all, biological features in organisms exist due to environmental factors that trigger the organism's eventual adaptation to these factors for survival purposes. ...
3
votes
0answers
129 views

What are the groundbreaking papers on “Perception Learning” within Cognitive Science? [closed]

What are the groundbreaking works/papers/results/theories specific to Perceptual Learning within cognitive science? One paper/theory per answer please, and state why do you find this work is ...
3
votes
0answers
354 views

Why do power laws describe learning and skill acquisition so well?

In humans, why do powers laws describe skill acquisition? In particular, $$RT = aP^{-b}+c$$ where $RT$ is reaction time and $P$ is amount of practice. Does the power law generalise to learning in ...
3
votes
0answers
104 views

classic category learning tasks with data [closed]

I need a list of classic categorization tasks (with available human/animal data) to use as a benchmark for a model. I am interested in tasks that can be used to validate/invalidate a model of ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

What is the relationship between language and the level of comprehension of consciousness?

I asked a similar/related question a couple days ago about how language and/or culture affect an individual's cognitive capacity. I'm looking for materials, if any, on the subject of a language's ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

Reference request: the necessity of constraints in learning

I've read theoretical papers on why constraints are a necessary part of any learning system. The papers were aimed at human learning. I'm having trouble finding relevant references now. What papers ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

How to achieve homeostasis and cognitive closure, while living with more infinite unanswered questions and concrete explanations?

In this question we learn, curiosity (and scientific research in general) is a cycle that arises when one connects dots when analyzing new answers, which most of the time leads to more unanswered ...
2
votes
2answers
184 views

Is all learning a subconscious activity?

As a non-native English speaker I recently tried to understand difference in phrases "to study" and "to learn". I found some explanations here on English language and usage SE, stating that learning ...
2
votes
2answers
548 views

Is it possible to permanently improve long-term memory?

Many similar questions here ask either about working or short-term memory, or about various tricks and techniques to efficiently remember information. My question is, is it possible to improve the ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Combinatorial woes

I am interested in the creation of chunks (aka configural nodes) from smaller chunks and input features (only interested in System 1 cognition). Unitization studies (e.g. Goldstone (pdf)), suggest ...
2
votes
2answers
173 views

What makes some things difficult or easy to understand?

I am thinking really deep about this topic with no answer. For example while learning set theory first time you find it very difficult to get your head around ...
2
votes
2answers
234 views

Efficient learning strategies?

When learning a new subject or a skill, is it more effective to break practice into small sub-skills and focus on them for months until they have been fully mastered, or to practice each small ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

How many hours of speech do kids hear before learning a language?

I'd like some estimates of how many hours of English speech kids typically are exposed to before reaching various levels of mastery. I realize this is a very fuzzy question, but I'm sure ballpark ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What test could I use to measure the short-term memory capacity of a group of people?

I want to start a project about the best schedules for learning activities focused on college students. Since sleeping patterns are totally different in a young adult/teenager, and many of the classes ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

How did Ebbinghaus decide on his number of words in a series?

Herman Ebbinghaus discovered the forgetting curve, by memorizing series of non-sensical syllables like "zod", "byh", "tef", etc., and than seeing how long it took to forget them. The results are ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

How can neuronal networks with local learning rules predict their future inputs?

Local learning rules like Contrastive Hebbian Learning, XCAL, etc. are based on the idea of strengthening edges when the neurons they connect fire simultaneously. This causes frequent patterns in the ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Chunking and learning vocabulary

Learning vocabulary seems to be efficient if the words are learned in a fixed sequence, but it seems to be harder to recall these words in a different sequence then the learning sequence. I wonder ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

How does the brain learn abstract maths?

I have found quite a bit of information of how, on a neurological level, we learn the most basic forms of maths. We seem to be hardwired from the get go, to deal with manageable quantities, can ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

At what point in our life do we know what is real?

Is "real" or reality defined during childhood, or as adults? Is this caused by age, or an event?
2
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0answers
20 views

What is the role of non-synaptic plasticity in learning and memory?

Is non-synaptic plasticity (e.g. changes in the spike threshold) believed to play a large role in learning and memory? If so, which roles are these effects believed to play?
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Is there a name for “loopback teaching” technique (explaining something to yourself to learn it)?

Here's the description of a process which I call "loopback teaching": First, I learn something the "normal" way, e.g. by reading or watching. I imagine a person or multiple people which I think may ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

How long should one study daily in order to avoid burnout?

I googled this quite a lot and it seems that I can't find the answer to the above question. I can find details on what to do to avoid the burnout but nothing specific on how long should one study new ...
2
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0answers
20 views

For comprehension and critical thinking examinations, is recognition sufficient, or is recall more imperative for success?

Recognition is the ability to retrieve information given a set of stimulus, be it a cue, a hint, a reference to a term then asking one to elaborate. Recall is the ability to produce content without ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

Why do we have so much neurological research on and treatment designed for dyslexia, yet less so for dyscalculia?

I know next to nothing about intervention methods designed for dyscalculia, or 'dyslexia with numbers', as I have heard it colloquially referred to (considering how obscure the term seems to be ...
2
votes
1answer
517 views

Is it better to study multiple subjects simultaneously or focus on one subject intensely at a time?

Since I will soon have a bit of free time, I thought I'd use it to enhance my knowledge pool. I chose four subjects that always interested me (but that are not related) and thought I'd dive in a bit ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

What is the best way to learn in an environment that only has delayed feedback?

There are some skills that take a lot of time to learn because feedback is delayed. Examples I have in mind are weightlifting, healthy eating, and mindfulness. The promised effects of practicing these ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

Writing system, its future and social importance [closed]

I work on a rather specific subject, namely developement and inventing of writing systems (simply - alphabets). For some years it was just a hobby and creative exercise, but with time this hobby ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Things not physically moving very hard to concentrate upon - suggestions? [closed]

Hello dear cogsci users, I am a (fledgling) programmer by profession, one who also squarely fits the description of an ADHD person. The symptoms have been making it tremendously hard for me to ...
1
vote
2answers
116 views

Categorization studies with a procedure similar to Shepard et al (1961) and Medin & Schaffer (1978)

I am looking for performance results from categorization studies with discrete stimulus features and reinforcement feedback. I need something like this: ...
1
vote
2answers
163 views

Which part of the brain is not working optimally if an individual is unable to understand scientific concepts and mathematics?

I have often observed that while I can understand concepts related to Finance and Literature very easily I find it extremely difficult to understand scientific topics related to Physics, Maths or ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Does playing video games increase attention and learning agility, therefore career performance

Recently, there has been a lot of research into the positive effects of video games on cognition, As business insider reports. I'm curious as to whether somebody should play video games purely to ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Why do difficult-to-learn subjects seem easier in retrospect?

Background: I have recently noticed that in class, that after I finished a unit, it seems less difficult than I expected it to be. It has happened in math, physics and electronics. Is it possible ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Audio Inculcation and Learning

Suppose I have an audio file of a lecture of a professor explaining something to be learned - a physics concept for example, and I listen to the audio file over and over again, much like how people ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

How does the brains “focused” and “diffused” modes facilitate learning?

I am insatiably curious about the topic of "accelerated learning". Think about that scene in the matrix where trinity downloads the skill of how to fly a helicopter into her brain in a few seconds. ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Studies of how people learn to solve puzzles

I would like to build a cognitive model that is able to learn how to solve a complex puzzle such as the tower of Hanoi based off of limited feed-back (set of valid moves, closer to goal, farther from ...
1
vote
1answer
421 views

Can you make yourself like/hate something when you learned to hate/like it during early life?

Suppose that someone develops liking (or even obsessing with) something since very early life, e.g watching football from age 5 to age 25. Is it possible to consciously make oneself hate it when one ...
1
vote
1answer
166 views

Is the book “The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance” worth reading? [closed]

I do not know whether this is the most appropriate place to post this question, but since the book is related to psychology, I will post it here. If there is a more appropriate place to ask this ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Research on properties of effective feedback

I've been searching everywhere I know of for research concerning the topics listed below, but have been unable to find anything. The best I can come up with is general literature on feedback. ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Should I learn the day before an exam if I am already confident enough?

I am confident of my knowledge because I’ve studied and practiced long enough. Tomorrow is the exam. Which is better of the following, given I have the time to practice even more. I would have a good ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Do dreams improve upon memory and understanding by making the sensory experience MORE LIKE thought? [closed]

It is certainly a great fact/truth that the ability of thought to describe or reconfigure sensory experience is ultimately dependent upon the extent to which thought is similar to sensory experience. ...
1
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0answers
19 views

Third time's the Charm: any research into how we learn from error?

I have often told people that I make a mistake two different ways before I really understand a situation. Is there any research that explains how and why this works? As an analogy, there is something ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

What is the best strategy to learn a technical material (IT)? (the exam will be multiple choice questions) [closed]

I need to learn for an IT exam. The topics cover a large number of related subjects covering around 10 books. Since I will never need to recall the entire material at once does it make sense to use ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

The explaination of definition of learning

In Robert Baron's book I found learning to be "any permanent change in behaviour or behavioural potential as a result of experiences. (Bandura,1986).But I got a question that what is meant by- ...
1
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0answers
19 views

Research into monolexia?

Monolexia is the inability to read two or more equal-looking mathematical symbols or words when these are found within the same context (book, page, paragraph, or other related contexts) and ...
1
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0answers
29 views

Asian Languages Math Advantage

I'm looking for a reference showing that asian languages such as Chinese and Japanese allow for easier understanding of numbers than English. Here's an excerpt from Malcolm Gladwell's "Outliers" that ...