For questions about acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. Learning may involve synthesizing different types of information.

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3
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69 views

What evolutionary process(es) are thought to have enabled humans to experience dreams?

As some theories suggest, most, if not all, biological features in organisms exist due to environmental factors that trigger the organism's eventual adaptation to these factors for survival purposes. ...
3
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0answers
126 views

What are the groundbreaking papers on “Perception Learning” within Cognitive Science? [closed]

What are the groundbreaking works/papers/results/theories specific to Perceptual Learning within cognitive science? One paper/theory per answer please, and state why do you find this work is ...
3
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0answers
320 views

Why do power laws describe learning and skill acquisition so well?

In humans, why do powers laws describe skill acquisition? In particular, $$RT = aP^{-b}+c$$ where $RT$ is reaction time and $P$ is amount of practice. Does the power law generalise to learning in ...
3
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0answers
101 views

classic category learning tasks with data [closed]

I need a list of classic categorization tasks (with available human/animal data) to use as a benchmark for a model. I am interested in tasks that can be used to validate/invalidate a model of ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

What is the relationship between language and the level of comprehension of consciousness?

I asked a similar/related question a couple days ago about how language and/or culture affect an individual's cognitive capacity. I'm looking for materials, if any, on the subject of a language's ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Reference request: the necessity of constraints in learning

I've read theoretical papers on why constraints are a necessary part of any learning system. The papers were aimed at human learning. I'm having trouble finding relevant references now. What papers ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

How to achieve homeostasis and cognitive closure, while living with more infinite unanswered questions and concrete explanations?

In this question we learn, curiosity (and scientific research in general) is a cycle that arises when one connects dots when analyzing new answers, which most of the time leads to more unanswered ...
2
votes
2answers
169 views

Is all learning a subconscious activity?

As a non-native English speaker I recently tried to understand difference in phrases "to study" and "to learn". I found some explanations here on English language and usage SE, stating that learning ...
2
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2answers
510 views

Is it possible to permanently improve long-term memory?

Many similar questions here ask either about working or short-term memory, or about various tricks and techniques to efficiently remember information. My question is, is it possible to improve the ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Combinatorial woes

I am interested in the creation of chunks (aka configural nodes) from smaller chunks and input features (only interested in System 1 cognition). Unitization studies (e.g. Goldstone (pdf)), suggest ...
2
votes
2answers
151 views

What makes some things difficult or easy to understand?

I am thinking really deep about this topic with no answer. For example while learning set theory first time you find it very difficult to get your head around ...
2
votes
2answers
217 views

Efficient learning strategies?

When learning a new subject or a skill, is it more effective to break practice into small sub-skills and focus on them for months until they have been fully mastered, or to practice each small ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

How many hours of speech do kids hear before learning a language?

I'd like some estimates of how many hours of English speech kids typically are exposed to before reaching various levels of mastery. I realize this is a very fuzzy question, but I'm sure ballpark ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

What test could I use to measure the short-term memory capacity of a group of people?

I want to start a project about the best schedules for learning activities focused on college students. Since sleeping patterns are totally different in a young adult/teenager, and many of the classes ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

How did Ebbinghaus decide on his number of words in a series?

Herman Ebbinghaus discovered the forgetting curve, by memorizing series of non-sensical syllables like "zod", "byh", "tef", etc., and than seeing how long it took to forget them. The results are ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

How can neuronal networks with local learning rules predict their future inputs?

Local learning rules like Contrastive Hebbian Learning, XCAL, etc. are based on the idea of strengthening edges when the neurons they connect fire simultaneously. This causes frequent patterns in the ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Chunking and learning vocabulary

Learning vocabulary seems to be efficient if the words are learned in a fixed sequence, but it seems to be harder to recall these words in a different sequence then the learning sequence. I wonder ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

How does the brain learn abstract maths?

I have found quite a bit of information of how, on a neurological level, we learn the most basic forms of maths. We seem to be hardwired from the get go, to deal with manageable quantities, can ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

At what point in our life do we know what is real?

Is "real" or reality defined during childhood, or as adults? Is this caused by age, or an event?
2
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0answers
28 views

Is there a name for “loopback teaching” technique (explaining something to yourself to learn it)?

Here's the description of a process which I call "loopback teaching": First, I learn something the "normal" way, e.g. by reading or watching. I imagine a person or multiple people which I think may ...
2
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0answers
50 views

How long should one study daily in order to avoid burnout?

I googled this quite a lot and it seems that I can't find the answer to the above question. I can find details on what to do to avoid the burnout but nothing specific on how long should one study new ...
2
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0answers
19 views

For comprehension and critical thinking examinations, is recognition sufficient, or is recall more imperative for success?

Recognition is the ability to retrieve information given a set of stimulus, be it a cue, a hint, a reference to a term then asking one to elaborate. Recall is the ability to produce content without ...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

Why do we have so much neurological research on and treatment designed for dyslexia, yet less so for dyscalculia?

I know next to nothing about intervention methods designed for dyscalculia, or 'dyslexia with numbers', as I have heard it colloquially referred to (considering how obscure the term seems to be ...
2
votes
1answer
295 views

Is it better to study multiple subjects simultaneously or focus on one subject intensely at a time?

Since I will soon have a bit of free time, I thought I'd use it to enhance my knowledge pool. I chose four subjects that always interested me (but that are not related) and thought I'd dive in a bit ...
2
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0answers
29 views

What is the best way to learn in an environment that only has delayed feedback?

There are some skills that take a lot of time to learn because feedback is delayed. Examples I have in mind are weightlifting, healthy eating, and mindfulness. The promised effects of practicing these ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Writing system, its future and social importance [closed]

I work on a rather specific subject, namely developement and inventing of writing systems (simply - alphabets). For some years it was just a hobby and creative exercise, but with time this hobby ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

How many words are toddlers “making up”?

My 20-month old has learned many words to express herself. In addition she says many other words that are indecipherable from context nor pronunciation. It's most noticeable in novel or unusual ...
2
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0answers
56 views

Things not physically moving very hard to concentrate upon - suggestions? [closed]

Hello dear cogsci users, I am a (fledgling) programmer by profession, one who also squarely fits the description of an ADHD person. The symptoms have been making it tremendously hard for me to ...
1
vote
2answers
115 views

Categorization studies with a procedure similar to Shepard et al (1961) and Medin & Schaffer (1978)

I am looking for performance results from categorization studies with discrete stimulus features and reinforcement feedback. I need something like this: ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Does playing video games increase attention and learning agility, therefore career performance

Recently, there has been a lot of research into the positive effects of video games on cognition, As business insider reports. I'm curious as to whether somebody should play video games purely to ...
1
vote
2answers
153 views

Which part of the brain is not working optimally if an individual is unable to understand scientific concepts and mathematics?

I have often observed that while I can understand concepts related to Finance and Literature very easily I find it extremely difficult to understand scientific topics related to Physics, Maths or ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Audio Inculcation and Learning

Suppose I have an audio file of a lecture of a professor explaining something to be learned - a physics concept for example, and I listen to the audio file over and over again, much like how people ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Studies of how people learn to solve puzzles

I would like to build a cognitive model that is able to learn how to solve a complex puzzle such as the tower of Hanoi based off of limited feed-back (set of valid moves, closer to goal, farther from ...
1
vote
1answer
296 views

Can you make yourself like/hate something when you learned to hate/like it during early life?

Suppose that someone develops liking (or even obsessing with) something since very early life, e.g watching football from age 5 to age 25. Is it possible to consciously make oneself hate it when one ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Is the book “The Cambridge Handbook of Expertise and Expert Performance” worth reading? [closed]

I do not know whether this is the most appropriate place to post this question, but since the book is related to psychology, I will post it here. If there is a more appropriate place to ask this ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Research on properties of effective feedback

I've been searching everywhere I know of for research concerning the topics listed below, but have been unable to find anything. The best I can come up with is general literature on feedback. ...
1
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1answer
24 views

Brain-computer-interface - how plausible is changing the direction of information flow?

Does the neural activity that correlates with motor skill function tend to be focused near or far from the outer surface of the brain, or both? And what about perception? My deeper curiosity being: ...
1
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0answers
18 views

The explaination of definition of learning

In Robert Baron's book I found learning to be "any permanent change in behaviour or behavioural potential as a result of experiences. (Bandura,1986).But I got a question that what is meant by- ...
1
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0answers
18 views

Research into monolexia?

Monolexia is the inability to read two or more equal-looking mathematical symbols or words when these are found within the same context (book, page, paragraph, or other related contexts) and ...
1
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0answers
28 views

Asian Languages Math Advantage

I'm looking for a reference showing that asian languages such as Chinese and Japanese allow for easier understanding of numbers than English. Here's an excerpt from Malcolm Gladwell's "Outliers" that ...
1
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0answers
61 views

Math understanding: intuitions and proofs

I think that cogsci can help me to study a problem in philosophy of math. Consider this case (adapted from M. Detlefsen, Brouwerian intuitionism): Lucy has the kind of understanding of a given math ...
1
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0answers
41 views

Intelligence and Poor Performance [closed]

I hope this is a valid question for this forum. Is there any learning disability related to a person being intelligent but having great difficulty expressing themselves especially on written exams or ...
1
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0answers
26 views

Is it possible to train the brain to percieve two different activities occuring at the same time as seperate activities?

Let us consider the effects of orgasm: Rapid contraction of the anal sphincter muscle and Ejaculation. These two separate activities occur as one activity during orgasm. So is it possible to teach the ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Short term memory and an effective learning strategy [duplicate]

What is the most efficient method learning multiple academic topics in parallel with each other. I propose, for a small number of different things (say 4), the best method is to cycle the topics, over ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Optimal learning time per day [closed]

Is there any 'value' for optimal learning time per day? I'm thinking of something like attention span, but more general.
1
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0answers
42 views

Are “diagnostic” senses/feelings for brain study possible?

Modern science has quite an array of methods trying to localize and analyze brain activity, trying to get down to individual neurons firing: EEG, fMRI, CT, etc. This requires very expensive machines ...
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0answers
100 views

In what ways can someone increase their brain function while reading [closed]

On Facebook, someone posed the following question: In what ways can someone increase brain function while reading? I like to read but have problems retaining information. Sometimes I get a ...
0
votes
3answers
291 views

Where is knowledge of how the brain works stored?

If we are our brains, and our brains know how they work, this means that this information is stored somewhere in the brain, like the inferior temporal cortex is the part of the brain that recognizes ...
0
votes
2answers
179 views

does getting top marks and ranks in school or college make one intelligent?

Please do not discuses about IQ tests that have problems like: 2,4,8,16,... what is the next number? having the answer as 32, because one can relate any number of random numbers mathematically! ...
0
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1answer
193 views

How many calories do we burn when we try to understand mathematical proofs?

While thinking we burn calories. For comparison: "And if it’s the right wood and the right chess grand masters in the middle of a tournament, they are going through 6,000 to 7,000 calories a day ...