For questions about acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences. Learning may involve synthesizing different types of information.

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1answer
112 views

Which type of stimulus results in an optimal learning curve for rats and mice?

When using operant conditioning to train mice or rats, what type of stimulus is most effective? For example, does a negative reinforcement of a loud noise have a more profound effect than a negative ...
6
votes
1answer
142 views

Can learning styles be changed?

Fleming's model of learning suggests 3 types of learners : Visual: Learns by visually taking screenshots of data or by remembering pictures/scenes etc. Auditory: Learns by hearing; can be by hearing ...
6
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2answers
132 views

Studies modelling learning curves of an overall task and subtasks

Background Lee and Anderson (2001) published an article in which they argued that learning a complex skill can be understood in terms of learning various component skills. They did this by ...
6
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1answer
177 views

Where does instinctual knowledge come from?

From Wikipedia: Instinct or innate behavior is the inherent inclination of a living organism towards a particular complex behavior. The example that I find is the easiest to touch upon is the ...
6
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3answers
1k views

What causes a person to be curious, inquisitive and explorative?

Why do humans (primates) tend to be curious, inquisitive and explorative? They want to know things that they do not. They explore stuff in an attempt to find something new which makes them ...
6
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1answer
402 views

Is learning facts via audio while sleeping possible?

Is there a way to make onself remember facts from an audiobook (containing for instance a list of countries and their capitals) played out loud while sleeping?
6
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1answer
160 views

Is good short term memory correlated with good long term memory?

Is there any link between one's ability to store information in their short term memory, with their ability to store information in their long term memory?
6
votes
1answer
86 views

Could a painful stimulus be effectively used as a learning aid?

In rats, the application of a painful stimulus has shown an increase in overall arousal and the ability to learn certain behaviours (The study is neatly summed up in this video: Motivation and Reward ...
6
votes
1answer
75 views

How do people estimate smoking's impact on their mortality?

I am working on a project that looks at how information about one's health affects smoking decisions. I have an economic background, and not familiar with the psychology literature. So my questions ...
6
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1answer
106 views

How to test effectiveness of a children's museum in improving cognitive function?

For those who have never heard of a Children's Museum before, there is a national association in the US with some information. The basic idea stems from Vygotsky-like paradigms of learning through ...
6
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1answer
148 views

Can one incubate on a specific idea in one's sleep?

In this question it is described that intentionally not thinking about a problem can allow the subsonscious to find an answer to the problem; this is known as incubation. I have heard and read it a ...
6
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2answers
241 views

How does syntax highlighting affect the learning of a new programming language?

What impact does syntax highlighting have on students' progress in learning a new programming language? I'm looking for studies along the lines of the following hypothetical experiment, which ...
6
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1answer
90 views

Quantify degree to which non-diagnostic features bias category-present response

I need a measure of the degree to which each of several features biases participants to respond "yes" in a category present / absent task for each of several categories. I have stimuli defined along ...
6
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2answers
166 views

Is ignoring messages a learned behavior?

As someone that works troubleshooting stuff, I've seen a surprising amount of people that, when confronted with messages, warnings and errors, tend to seek help fast (or early in the process) in the ...
6
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1answer
70 views

Are association, conditioning, and symbolic learning the same thing?

Symbols and Communication: At some point in human history, we developed communication. Our brains were able to understand that things stood for something else. For example, the sound we make when we ...
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0answers
114 views

Is abstract knowledge incompatible with literal memorization?

Let me describe 2 interesting cases : Solomon Shereshevsky (Luria, 1968 - the Mind of a Mnemonist) had an almost perfect literal memory. He remembers strings of hundreds of digits for years after ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the optimal length of a training session?

When a practice session is too long, there will presumably be a point where no further significant gains can be made without a break. At what point will this be? Update: This question was originally ...
5
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2answers
149 views

Is the concept of conservation fundamental to understanding fairness and capacity in “love”?

I heard this comment on a radio program about Child parenting by psychologists: "A child will not comprehend an explanation that, a parent loves each sibling equally, as they do not have abstract ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Does IQ affect learning speed?

Supposedly, people of higher levels of intelligence do learn faster than people of lower levels of it. But this is an awfully coarse observation, and different people can learn at drastically ...
5
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2answers
117 views

Is there a formal definition for the difficulty of learning something?

Sometimes I hear that one subject is harder than another, but never scientifically investigated. For example, in high school, it's commonly thought that mathematics is the hardest subject. But I think ...
5
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1answer
367 views

How much more efficient is interleaving skills when learning?

In an interview with Robert A. Bjork this article suggests interleaving skills is better than focusing exclusively on one skill at a time. How much of a difference does the research indicate that it ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How to create a course that will give you synesthesia?

I'm thinking of creating a Memrise course that will include numbers and letters with corresponding colors, personality and sounds with aim of trying to develop some synesthesia in myself and anyone ...
5
votes
2answers
154 views

Why do people get “too old to learn”?

This may be a stereotype, but many of us encounter a lot of people who insist that they can't learn a new technology because they're too old. Some of these people can be brilliant learners in their ...
5
votes
3answers
130 views

What's the neurological basis for “practice makes perfect”?

I was reading Marvin Minsky's The Society of Mind: This (practice makes perfect) is really is quite curious. You might expect, instead, that the more you learned, the slower you would get-from ...
5
votes
1answer
530 views

Reading vs. watching a lecture: which activity results in higher knowledge retention?

I teach calculus to freshmen and currently spend most of the classroom time lecturing. To make classes more interactive I'd like to shift this phase of "knowledge transfer" outside of classes. Either ...
5
votes
1answer
384 views

What causes fear of failure to lead to lack of effort and actual failure?

Background: I'm having hard time motivating myself to study. In my first year I was a very good student, I had the motivation to study because I wanted to compete, it was first and maybe hardest year. ...
5
votes
1answer
132 views

What causes people to rapidly lose skill after becoming moderately good at something?

I've noticed that people often manage to become moderately good at something, but seem to reach some sort of peak at that level and then rapidly start getting worse again. I've seen this happen with ...
5
votes
1answer
605 views

The effects of online chat on written language skills

With the advent of texting and online social networking. There has been a dictionary of new words and acronyms, based on abbreviations. I have noticed that I will misuse there, they're and their, hear ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

Does personality imply an inclination to be an expert in one field or average in “all” fields?

The question of whether it is better to be an expert in one domain or average in many is too vague. However, instead, I'd like to focus on the following: Are individuals born to prefer being an ...
5
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2answers
39 views

What terms describe “schema” at various stages of acceptance?

According to WordNet 3.0, quoted at TheFreeDictionary.com, in psychology, schema means "an internal representation of the world; an organization of concepts and actions that can be revised by new ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

Need good example of two domains involving different procedural knowledge yet sharing same high-level strategies

Working in the domain of intelligent tutoring systems, I have to prove (or disprove) that explicit teaching of high-level strategies will allow students to use learned strategies across different ...
5
votes
1answer
34 views

What are the key dates for the development of operant conditioning?

I am trying to build up a timeline of the development of operant conditioning. So far I have the following $1898$ - Thorndike performs experiments using his puzzle box of which Skinner based his ...
5
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1answer
385 views

Can we increase our higher order thinking (HOT) skills by practicing inductive reasoning?

I previously asked about the conceptual links between higher order thinking and inductive reasoning. This question focuses on the potential for improving higher order thinking through practicing ...
5
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0answers
96 views

Why has behaviourism fallen out of favour?

Despite the catchy title, I'm not interested in personal opinions here. I am however, interested in feedback on how to better phrase the question so as to avoid personal opinions. After some ...
4
votes
2answers
496 views

Do people with ADD or Asperger's Syndrome often show different learning curves than neurotypical individuals?

There's some interesting discussion at this Wrong Planet thread Specifically, I was wondering whether people with ADD or Asperger's Syndrome are more likely to show a logistic pattern in their ...
4
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2answers
94 views

Which of ML classifiers do humans use?

Background: In many situations, people use to classify objects without knowing Machine Learning theory. For example, if small children see an unknown animal in the wild, (s)he tries to classify it as ...
4
votes
2answers
203 views

What is the scientific basis for long-term negative physiological effects of overstudying?

I am interested in long term negative physiological effects that some students experience following overstudying. What is the scientific basis for overstudying? Is over studying correlated with ...
4
votes
2answers
288 views

What is the name of the cognitive bias where an expert overestimates the knowledge of others?

I'm looking for a name of a cognitive bias that describes the following phenomenon: A person has been exposed to some area of expertise from a very early age (think 7-10), and for an extended period ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

Regarding “a human brain can hold enough information to fill 10 libraries”, can we quantify the memory required for a given task?

It is not the exact phrase, but I have heard variations of this claim. I am wondering whether such claim is supported by a study or experiment. I am also curious if there is a way to sort of vaguely ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Does intermittent fasting increase intelligence?

A little Background: The protocol I am taking about is 16-20 hours of fasting and a 4-8 hour eating window (e.g. fasting between 6 PM and 10 AM). I have been doing IF (intermittent fasting) for 7 ...
4
votes
2answers
69 views

Do hints improve memorization when using spaced repetition?

For example, I'm learning geography using the spaced repetition method. I have some program which asks me questions like, "In which country Melbourne is located?", and I have to recall the country ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

Are imprinting and computer literacy connected?

I've recently became aware of the phenomenon of imprinting, in which baby animals start to associate with the first moving object with eyes that they see during a critical period of their infancy. ...
4
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2answers
326 views

What brain skill does Nonogram (Picross) games develop?

I've been playing Nonogram Picross a lot lately. I really like it and you can always find a harder challenge but I would hate to waste my time for nothing. What brain skill does Nonogram (Picross) ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Do 10.000 hours of practice make you an expert?

With his book "Outliers" Malcolm Gladwell has widely popularized the idea that the requirement to become an expert in any field is largely to invest at least 10.000 hours of deliberate practice. ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

Is there a difference between the time/effort it takes for the blind and the sighted to learn to read Braille?

The visually deprived brain undergoes extensive remodeling due to cross-modal plasticity. This leads to increased areas of the cortex being available for other purposes such as tactile processing. Now ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

What are the predominant cognitive effects that influence textual learning and recall?

I am a rulebook writer and editor, and I have been digging into the literature for cognitive effects and heuristics that affect one's ability to learn and remember complicated concepts from text. For ...
4
votes
3answers
189 views

Free software to run online visual category learning experiment

Is there any open software to support a visualization category learning experiment? It should be open-source, and I can add more functions designed by myself to implement this experiment.
4
votes
1answer
230 views

Time pressure and learning

What are the effects of time pressure (salient vs. non-salient) and learning? Salient time pressure is basically when you have a countdown timer in front of you. Non salient time pressure would be ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

What positive techniques can be used to motivate individuals resistant to common gamification techniques?

A previous question I asked dealt with Gamification techniques to encourage people to perform online workplace training. We are hoping that we can introduce some game techniques to lift the ...
4
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1answer
55 views

Does a short nap improve learning efficiency?

When one attempts to learn a new skill (e.g., play a guitar), it is often heard that the first hour of practice is more effective than the second. I have heard some people say that even 10 minutes of ...